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Glossary of Pathology Terms
beginning with letter T
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tabes Tweet Definition of tabes Like Definition of tabes on Facebook
noun 
  1. (medical) A kind of slow bodily waste
    1. Verb, wasting or emaciate, emaciating disease, often accompanying a chronic disease.
     
tabes dorsalis Tweet Definition of tabes dorsalis Like Definition of tabes dorsalis on Facebook
noun 
  1. locomotor ataxia
  • 1970: Malcolm X: the death of terminal fibrillation, as elegant as the trembling of hands in " JG Ballard, The Atrocity Exhibition
     
TB Tweet Definition of TB Like Definition of TB on Facebook
initialism 
  1. tuberculosis
  1. (baseball) The statistic reporting "Total Bases". A single is counted as one, a double as two, a triple as three, and a home run as four bases.
     
tear Tweet Definition of tear Like Definition of tear on Facebook
noun 
  1. A hole or break caused by tearing.
A small is easy to mend, if it is on the seam.
verb (tears, tearing, tore, torn)
  1. (transitive) To rend (a solid material) by holding or restraining in two places and pulling apart, whether intentionally or not; to destroy or separate.
He tore his coat on the nail.
  1. (transitive) (followed by off or out) To remove by tearing.
Tear the coupon out of the newspaper.
  1. (intransitive) To become torn, especially accidentally.
My dress has torn.
  1. (intransitive) To move at excessive speed.
He went tearing down the hill at 90 miles per hour.
     
tendinitis Tweet Definition of tendinitis Like Definition of tendinitis on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pathology) Inflammation of a tendon.
     
tenesmus Tweet Definition of tenesmus Like Definition of tenesmus on Facebook
noun 
  1. The painful and often ineffectual straining to relieve the bowels
  2. a painfully urgent need to urinate of defecate that results in little being passed
     
tennis elbow Tweet Definition of tennis elbow Like Definition of tennis elbow on Facebook
noun 
  1. a painful inflammation of the extensor tendon of the humerus caused by overuse of the muscles of the lower arm
     
teratoma Tweet Definition of teratoma Like Definition of teratoma on Facebook
noun (pl=teratomas, pl2=teratomata)
  1. (pathology) A benign or malignant tumour, especially of the gonads, that arises from germ cells and consists of different types of tissue such as skin, hair, or muscle.
    • 1972, Patrick O'Brian, Post Captain:
    • : "What is a ?" asked Jack, holding the object in his hand. "A kind of grenado?" "It is an inward wen, a tumour: we find them, occasionally, in the abdominal cavity. Sometimes they contain long black hair, sometimes a set of teeth: this has both hair and teeth."
     
terminal Tweet Definition of terminal Like Definition of terminal on Facebook
noun 
  1. A building in an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes.
  2. A rail station where service begins and ends; the end of the line. For example: Grand Central Terminal in New York City.
  3. In electronics, the end of a line where signals are either transmitted or received, or a point along the length of a line where the signals are made available to apparatus.
  4. An electric contact on a battery.
  5. In telecommunications, the apparatus to send and/or receive signals on a line, such as a telephone or network device.
  6. In the context of computer hardware, a device for entering data into a computer or a communications system and/or displaying data received, especially a device equipped with a keyboard and some sort of textual display.
  7. A computer program that emulates a terminal (6).
adjective 
  1. Fatal, resulting in death.
  2. Appearing at the end, top or apex of a physical object.
  3. Occurring at the end of a word, sentence, or period of time.
     
tetanus Tweet Definition of tetanus Like Definition of tetanus on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pathology) A serious and often fatal disease arising through infection of an open wound by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium tetani that is found in soil and the intestines and faeces of animals. The bacteria produce an exotoxin which causes spasmodic contraction of voluntary muscles, especially those of the neck and jaw.
    1. (physiology) A state of muscle tension caused by sustained contraction arising from a rapid series of nerve impulses which do not allow the muscle to relax.
     
tetany Tweet Definition of tetany Like Definition of tetany on Facebook
noun (tetanies)
  1. (medicine) A condition characterized by painful muscular spasms, caused by faulty calcium metabolism
     
tetraplegia Tweet Definition of tetraplegia Like Definition of tetraplegia on Facebook
noun 
  1. paralysis of all four limbs
  2. Complete paralysis from below the jaw
     
third-degree burn Tweet Definition of third-degree burn Like Definition of third-degree burn on Facebook
noun 
  1. A severe burn that destroys skin and underlying tissue and exposes nerve endings.
     
thrill Tweet Definition of thrill Like Definition of thrill on Facebook
noun 
  1. a trembling or quivering, especially one caused by emotion
  2. a cause of sudden excitement; a kick
  3. (medicine) a slight quivering of the heart that accompanies a cardiac murmur
verb 
  1. (transitive) to suddenly excite someone, or to give someone great pleasure; to electrify
  2. (transitive) to cause something to tremble or quiver
  3. (intransitive) to feel a sudden excitement
  4. (intransitive) to tremble or quiver
     
throe Tweet Definition of throe Like Definition of throe on Facebook
noun 
  1. severe spasm of pain
     
thrombosis Tweet Definition of thrombosis Like Definition of thrombosis on Facebook
noun (thrombos, es)
  1. (pathology) The formation of thrombus, thrombi in the blood vessels of a living organism, causing obstruction of the circulation.
     
thrombus Tweet Definition of thrombus Like Definition of thrombus on Facebook
noun (thrombi)
  1. (pathology) A blood clot formed from platelets and other elements; that forms in a blood vessel in a living organism, and causes thrombosis or obstruction of the vessel at its point of formation or travel to other areas of the body.
     
thyrotoxicosis Tweet Definition of thyrotoxicosis Like Definition of thyrotoxicosis on Facebook
noun 
  1. The medical condition caused by the state of raised levels of thyroid hormone.
     
Tia Tweet Definition of Tia Like Definition of Tia on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, female) invented in the latter half of the twentieth century. It can be explained as a short form of Letitia or Venetia, or from Estonian Tiia, pet form of Dorothea.
     
tinea Tweet Definition of tinea Like Definition of tinea on Facebook
noun 
  1. A fungal infection of the skin known generally as ringworm.
     
tinnitus Tweet Definition of tinnitus Like Definition of tinnitus on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pathology) The perception of noise, such as a ringing or beating sound, which has no external source.
     
toxic shock syndrome Tweet Definition of toxic shock syndrome Like Definition of toxic shock syndrome on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pathology) An acute infection by Staphylococcus bacteria, characterised by sudden high fever, muscle aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, and fainting.
     
toxoplasmosis Tweet Definition of toxoplasmosis Like Definition of toxoplasmosis on Facebook
noun 
  1. a parasitic disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii
     
TPN Tweet Definition of TPN Like Definition of TPN on Facebook
initialism 
  1. triphosphopyridine nucleotide
     
transient ischemic attack Tweet Definition of transient ischemic attack Like Definition of transient ischemic attack on Facebook
noun 
  1. (medicine) often colloquially referred to as "mini stroke", is caused a temporary cessation or reduction of blood supply to part of the brain, resulting in brief neurologic dysfunction that usually persists for less than 24 hours. Often shortened to TIA.
     
trouble Tweet Definition of trouble Like Definition of trouble on Facebook
noun 
  1. A distressful or dangerous situation.
  2. A difficulty contributing to such a situation
  3. Efforts taken.
  4. A malfunction, as in "heart trouble".
  5. A violent occurrence.
verb (troubl, ing)
  1. To bother; to annoy.
     
trypanosomiasis Tweet Definition of trypanosomiasis Like Definition of trypanosomiasis on Facebook
noun (trypanosomiases)
  1. (disease) Any of several diseases or infections caused by a trypanosome.
     
tuberculosis Tweet Definition of tuberculosis Like Definition of tuberculosis on Facebook
noun (plural tuberculoses)
  1. (pathology) An infectious disease of humans and animals caused by a species of Mycobacterium mainly infecting the lungs where it causes tubercles characterized by the expectoration of mucus and sputum, fever, weight loss, and chest pain. Transmission is through inhalation or ingestion of bacteria.
     
tumid Tweet Definition of tumid Like Definition of tumid on Facebook
adjective 
  1. swollen, enlarged, bulge, bulging
  2. cancerous, unhealthy
     
tumor Tweet Definition of tumor Like Definition of tumor on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, oncology, pathology) An abnormal growth; differential diagnosis includes abscess, metaplasia, and neoplasia.
     
turgid Tweet Definition of turgid Like Definition of turgid on Facebook
adjective 
  1. distended, Distended beyond the natural state by some internal agent, especially fluid, or expansive force.
"a turgid limb."
  1. (Of language or style) Tediously pompous or bombastic.
     
turgor Tweet Definition of turgor Like Definition of turgor on Facebook
noun 
  1. the pressure produced by a solution in a space that is enclosed by a differentially permeable membrane.
  2. the state of being turgid
     
turn Tweet Definition of turn Like Definition of turn on Facebook
noun 
  1. A change of direction or orientation.
Give the handle a , then pull it.
  1. A movement of an object about its own axis in one direction that continues until the object returns to its initial orientation.
  2. A single loop of a coil.
  3. A chance to use (something) shared in sequence with others.
They took turns playing with the new toy.
  1. One's chance to make a move in a game having two or more players.
  2. A figure in music, often denoted ~, consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below the one indicated, and the note itself again.
  3. (also turnaround) The time required to complete a project.
They quote a three-day on parts like those.
  1. A fit or a period of giddiness.
I've had a funny turn.
  1. A change in temperament or circumstance.
She took a for the worse.
  1. (cricket) A sideways movement of the ball when it bounces (caused by rotation in flight)
  2. (poker) The fourth communal card in Texas hold 'em.
  3. (context, poker, obsolete) The flop (the first three community cards) in Texas hold 'em
  4. (context, electricity) the basic coil element that forms a single conducting loop comprised of one insulated conductor.
verb 
  1. (intransitive) Of a body, person, etc, to move around an axis through itself.
the Earth turns
on the spot
  1. (transitive) To change the direction or orientation of.
Turn the knob clockwise.
  1. (intransitive) To change one's direction of travel.
Turn right here.
  1. (transitive) To position (something) by folding it.
Turn the bed covers.
  1. (transitive) To become.
The leaves brown in autumn.
When I asked him for the money, he turned nasty.
  1. To rebel; to go against something formerly tolerated.
The prisoners turned on the warden.
  1. (transitive) To shape (something) symmetrically by rotating it against a stationary cutting tool, as on a lathe.
She turned the table legs with care and precision.
  1. (intransitive) To sour or spoil; to go bad.
This milk has turned; it smells awful.
  1. (italbrac, usually with over) To complete.
They say they can the parts in two days.
  1. (context, transitive, cricket) Of a bowler, to make (the ball) move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
  2. (context, intransitive, cricket) Of a ball, to move sideways off the pitch when it bounces.
  3. (context, professional wrestling, intransitive) To change personalities, such as from being a face (good guy) to heel (bad guy) or vice versa.
     
tympanites Tweet Definition of tympanites Like Definition of tympanites on Facebook
noun 
  1. (medicine) a distended abdomen as a result of an accumulation of gas
     
tympany Tweet Definition of tympany Like Definition of tympany on Facebook
noun 
  1. the sound made by beating a drum
  1. (medicine) alternative name for tympanites
     
typhogenic Tweet Definition of typhogenic Like Definition of typhogenic on Facebook
adjective 
  1. causing typhus
     
typhoid Tweet Definition of typhoid Like Definition of typhoid on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pathology) typhoid fever
     
typhus Tweet Definition of typhus Like Definition of typhus on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pathology) One of several similar diseases caused by Rickettsiae bacteria. Not to be confused with typhoid fever.
     

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