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Glossary of Pathology Terms
beginning with letter C
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caisson disease Tweet Definition of caisson disease Like Definition of caisson disease on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) (nautical) the painful condition in which bubbles of nitrogen form in body tissues after a person makes too-rapid a transition from high atmospheric pressure to lower atmospheric pressure.
calculus Tweet Definition of calculus Like Definition of calculus on Facebook
noun (calculi, -)
  1. (countable) (mathematics) Any formal system in which symbolic expressions are manipulated according to fixed rules.
vector calculus
  1. (uncountable) (analysis) differential calculus, Differential calculus and integral calculus considered as a single subject.
  2. (countable) (medicine) A stony concretion that forms in a bodily organ.
renal calculus ( = kidney stone)
  1. (uncountable) (dentistry) Deposits of calcium phosphate salts on teeth.
callous Tweet Definition of callous Like Definition of callous on Facebook
adjective
  1. emotion, Emotionally hardened; unfeeling and indifferent to the suffering of others.
She was so that she could criticise a cancer patient for wearing a wig.
  1. Having calluses.
cancerate Tweet Definition of cancerate Like Definition of cancerate on Facebook
verb (cancerates, cancerated, cancerating)
  1. to cause cancer
canker Tweet Definition of canker Like Definition of canker on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A plant disease marked by gradual decay.
  2. A corrode, corroding or sloughing ulcer; especially a spreading gangrenous ulcer or collection of ulcers in or about the mouth. -- called also.
  3. Anything which corrodes, corrupts, or destroys.
  4. A kind of wild, worthless rose; the dog rose.
  1. An obstinate and often incurable disease of a horse's foot, characterized by separation of the horny portion and the development of fungoid growths. Usually resulting from neglected thrush.
verb
  1. (transitive) To affect as a canker; to eat away; to corrode; to consume.
  2. (transitive) To infect or pollute; to corrupt.
  3. (intransitive) To waste away, grow rusty, or be oxidized, as a mineral.
  4. To be or become diseased, or as if diseased, with canker; to grow corrupt; to become venomous.
carbuncle Tweet Definition of carbuncle Like Definition of carbuncle on Facebook
noun
  1. (archaic) A deep-red or fiery colored garnet or other dark red precious stone, especially when cut cabochon.
    • 1602. s:Hamlet, Hamlet by w:William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, act 2 scene 2 line 401:
    • : With eyes like carbuncles, the hellish Pyrrhus...
    • 1611. Old Testament, King James Version, Isaiah 54:12:
    • :And I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones.
      1. An abscess larger than a boil, usually with one or more openings draining pus onto the skin. It is usually caused by bacterial infection.
carcinogen Tweet Definition of carcinogen Like Definition of carcinogen on Facebook
noun
  1. a substance or agent that can cause cancer
carcinoma Tweet Definition of carcinoma Like Definition of carcinoma on Facebook
noun
  1. An invasive malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue that tends to metastasize to other areas of the body.
cardiac arrest Tweet Definition of cardiac arrest Like Definition of cardiac arrest on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, cardiology, pathology) Sudden and completion cessation of the heartbeat resulting in the loss of effective circulation of the blood.
cardiomyopathy Tweet Definition of cardiomyopathy Like Definition of cardiomyopathy on Facebook
noun (pluralcardiomyopathies)
  1. (pathology) The deterioration of the heart muscle.
carphology Tweet Definition of carphology Like Definition of carphology on Facebook
noun
  1. carphologia
carsick Tweet Definition of carsick Like Definition of carsick on Facebook
adjective
  1. dizzy or feeling nauseated due to riding in a vehicle; suffering from motion sickness
carsickness Tweet Definition of carsickness Like Definition of carsickness on Facebook
noun
  1. motion sickness due to riding in a vehicle.
cast Tweet Definition of cast Like Definition of cast on Facebook
noun
  1. A supportive and immobilising device used to help mend broken bones.
The doctor put a on the boy"s broken arm.
  1. The collective group of people performing a play or production together.
He"s in the of Oliver.
  1. The casting procedure.
  2. A small mass of earth excreted by a worm.
  3. An object made in a mould.
  4. The mould used to make cast objects; as, a plaster cast.
  5. A squint.
  6. visual, Visual appearance.
Her features had a delicate to them. (rfex, the ones without)
verb (casts, casting, cast, )
  1. To throw forcefully.
He a stone at the dog.
  1. To throw something down or toss something aside.
to away fear
She the die.
  1. To throw a fishing line or net into the water.
The fisherman the net into the sea.
  1. To assign a role in a play or performance.
The director the part carefully.
  1. (computing) To change a variable type from, for example, integer to real, or integer to text.
Casting is generally an indication of bad design.
  1. Make by pouring into a mould.
  2. (of animals) To lose the hair or fur of the coat, usually in spring.
  3. (context, of fabric) To twist or warp.
  4. (nautical) To bring the bows of a sailing ship on to the required tack just as the anchor is weighed by use of the headsail.
  5. (nautical) To heave the lead and line in order to ascertain the depth of water.
  6. (context, accountancy) To add up a column of figures; cross-cast refers to adding up a row of figures.
(rfex)
catarrh Tweet Definition of catarrh Like Definition of catarrh on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and throat.
cauliflower ear Tweet Definition of cauliflower ear Like Definition of cauliflower ear on Facebook
noun
  1. An ear swollen and deformed by repeated blows, common among boxers.
cavern Tweet Definition of cavern Like Definition of cavern on Facebook
nouncaverns
  1. a large cave
  2. an underground chamber
cerebral palsy Tweet Definition of cerebral palsy Like Definition of cerebral palsy on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, neurology, pathology) A group of conditions, caused by brain damage before birth or during infancy, characterized by impairment of muscular coordination.
cf Tweet Definition of cf Like Definition of cf on Facebook
abbreviation or cf.
  1. confer: compare
  2. see also
initialismCF
  1. (computing) Collaborative Filtering
Chagas' disease Tweet Definition of Chagas Like Definition of Chagas
noun
  1. (disease) A form of trypanosomiasis prevalent in South America, caused by a parasitic trypanosome. It is transmitted to mammals such as humans through an insect bite. Symptoms include fever, oedema, cardiomyopathy, and enlargement of the spleen and lymph nodes; and can be fatal.
chancre Tweet Definition of chancre Like Definition of chancre on Facebook
noun
  1. Skin lesion, sometimes associated with certain contagious diseases like syphilis.
charley horse Tweet Definition of charley horse Like Definition of charley horse on Facebook
noun
  1. A muscle cramp, usually in the thigh or leg.
chickenpox Tweet Definition of chickenpox Like Definition of chickenpox on Facebook
noun (chicken pox)
  1. (pathology) A common childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV), also known as human herpes virus 3 (HHV-3).
chilblain Tweet Definition of chilblain Like Definition of chilblain on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) An itchy purple red inflammation of the skin, especially of the hands, feet and ears. It occurs when capillary, capillaries below the skin are damaged by exposure to cold weather.
chlamydia Tweet Definition of chlamydia Like Definition of chlamydia on Facebook
noun (s, pl2=chlamydiae, -)
  1. (context, pathology, uncountable) Any of several common, often asymptomatic, sexually transmitted diseases caused by the microorganism Chlamydia trachomatis
  2. (context, zoology, countable) Any of various coccoid microorganisms of the genus Chlamydia that are pathogenic to humans and other animals
cholera Tweet Definition of cholera Like Definition of cholera on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) Any of several acute infectious diseases of humans and domestic animals, caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium through ingestion of contaminated water or food, usually marked by severe gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, and dehydration
chordee Tweet Definition of chordee Like Definition of chordee on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) an abnormal downward curve to the erect penis
  • 1963: Enderby, blinking and squinting, noting that he had slept with his teeth in, wondering where he had put his contact lenses, was emboldened by morning to say, "Oughtn"t you to come back to bed for a while?" " Anthony Burgess, Inside Mr Enderby
chorea Tweet Definition of chorea Like Definition of chorea on Facebook
noun
  1. An ancient Greek circle dance accompanied by a chorus.
  2. (medicine) Any of various diseases of the nervous system characterized by involuntary muscular movements of the face and extremities; St. Vitus's dance.
chronic Tweet Definition of chronic Like Definition of chronic on Facebook
noun
  1. (slang) marijuana, Marijuana, typically of high quality.
adjective
  1. (context, of a problem) That which continues over an extended period of time, often associated with suffering ("long suffering").
  2. (medicine) Prolonged or slow to heal. The opposite of acute.
  3. (medicine) A condition of extended duration, either continuous or marked by frequent recurrence. Sometimes implies a worsening condition (a condition which gets worse with each recurrence), though this definition is not inherent in the term.
  4. inveterate, Inveterate or habitual.
a smoker
  1. (informal) Very bad, awful.
that concert was
  1. (informal) Extremely serious.
they left him in a condition
cirrhosis Tweet Definition of cirrhosis Like Definition of cirrhosis on Facebook
noun (cirrhos, es)
  1. (pathology) A chronic disease of the liver caused by damage from toxins (including alcohol), metabolic problems, hepatitis or nutritional deprivation. It is characterised by an increase of fibrous tissue and the destruction of liver cells.
claudication Tweet Definition of claudication Like Definition of claudication on Facebook
noun
  1. a temporary cramp-like pain in the calf muscles
  2. a specific limp caused by this pain
cleft lip Tweet Definition of cleft lip Like Definition of cleft lip on Facebook
noun
  1. (teratology) harelip
cleft palate Tweet Definition of cleft palate Like Definition of cleft palate on Facebook
noun
  1. (teratology) An abnormal condition in which the two plates of the skull that form the hard palate (roof of the mouth) are not completely joined.
clonic Tweet Definition of clonic Like Definition of clonic on Facebook
adjective
  1. pertaining to clonus; having irregular, convulsive spasms.
  • 1973: Hospital attendants stand by to drag the children off, drooling, screaming, having convulsions. " Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow
clonus Tweet Definition of clonus Like Definition of clonus on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) a muscular spasm with regular contractions
cold Tweet Definition of cold Like Definition of cold on Facebook
noun
  1. A condition of low temperature.
Come in, out of the .
  1. (medicine) A common, usually harmless, viral illness, usually with congestion of the nasal passages and sometimes fever.
I caught a miserable and had to stay home for a week.
adjective
  1. (context, of a thing) having a low temperature.
A wind whistled through the trees.
  1. (context, of the weather) causing the air to be cold.
The forecast is that it will be very today.
  1. (context, of a person or animal) feeling the sensation of coldness, especially to the point of discomfort.
She was so she was shivering.
  1. Unfriendly, emotionally distant or unfeeling.
She shot me a glance before turning her back.
  1. Completely unprepared.
The speaker went in and floundered for a topic.
cold sore Tweet Definition of cold sore Like Definition of cold sore on Facebook
noun
  1. a small bump on the lips resulting from infection by the herpes virus
colitis Tweet Definition of colitis Like Definition of colitis on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) inflammation of the colon.
comatose Tweet Definition of comatose Like Definition of comatose on Facebook
adjective
  1. resembling a coma: unconscious
  2. drowsy or lethargic
comedo Tweet Definition of comedo Like Definition of comedo on Facebook
noun (pluralcomedones)
  1. a blackhead
  • 1964: Lying on, in, under her, I pore with squinnying eyes on a mole on that browngold rivercolour riverripple skin with its smell of sun, or else a tiny unsqueezed by the flat and splaying nose. " Anthony Burgess, Nothing Like the Sun
common cold Tweet Definition of common cold Like Definition of common cold on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) A very common, mild viral infection of the nose and throat, whose symptoms include sneezing, sniffling, a running or blocked nose, a sore throat, coughing and a headache.
complication Tweet Definition of complication Like Definition of complication on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or process of complicate, complicating; the state of being complicated; intricate or confused relation of parts; entanglement; complexity.
  2. (medicine) A disease or diseases, or adventitious circumstances or conditions, coexistent with and modifying a primary disease, but not necessarily connected with it.
compromised Tweet Definition of compromised Like Definition of compromised on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, compromise)
adjective
  1. Having been compromised.
concretion Tweet Definition of concretion Like Definition of concretion on Facebook
noun
  1. the process of coalescing into a mass
  2. any solid, hard mass
  3. (geology) a rounded mass of a mineral, sometimes found in sedimentary rock or on the ocean floor
concussion Tweet Definition of concussion Like Definition of concussion on Facebook
noun
  1. a violent collision or shock
  2. an injury to part of the body, most especially the brain, caused by a violent blow, followed by loss of function
congest Tweet Definition of congest Like Definition of congest on Facebook
verb
  1. To overfill or overcrowd.
consolidation Tweet Definition of consolidation Like Definition of consolidation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or process of consolidate, consolidating, making firm, or uniting; the state of being consolidated; solidification; combination.
  2. The combination of several actions into one.
constipation Tweet Definition of constipation Like Definition of constipation on Facebook
noun
  1. Act of crowding anything into a lesser compass, or the state of being crowded or pressed together; condensation.
  2. A state of the bowels in which the evacuations are infrequent and difficult, or the intestines become filled with hardened faeces; costiveness.
contagion Tweet Definition of contagion Like Definition of contagion on Facebook
noun
  1. A disease spread by contact
  2. The spread or transmission of such a disease
  3. The spread of anything harmful, as if it were such a disease
contagious Tweet Definition of contagious Like Definition of contagious on Facebook
adjective ((compar) more contagious, (superl) most contagious)
  1. Of a disease, easily transmitted to others.
  2. Of a fashion, laughter, etc, easily passed on to others.
  3. Of a person, having a disease that can be transmitted to another person by touch.
contuse Tweet Definition of contuse Like Definition of contuse on Facebook
verb (contus, ing)
  1. to bruise
  • 1965: His mouth had been struck or kicked. The lips were severely contused, reddened. " John Fowles, The Magus
contusion Tweet Definition of contusion Like Definition of contusion on Facebook
noun
  1. A wound, such as a bruise, in which the skin is not broken; often having broken blood vessels and discolouration
convulsion Tweet Definition of convulsion Like Definition of convulsion on Facebook
noun
  1. An intense, paroxysmal, involuntary muscular contraction.
  2. An uncontrolled fit, as of laughter; a paroxysm.
  3. Violent turmoil.
Earthquakes and convulsions of nature shake Earth on a regular basis.
COPD Tweet Definition of COPD Like Definition of COPD on Facebook
initialism (wikipedia, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  1. (medicine) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
corn Tweet Definition of corn Like Definition of corn on Facebook
noun
  1. (archaic) A grain or seed.
  2. (uncountable) The grain obtained from a plant, especially of cereal crops.<ref>(cite web , title = Corn , publisher = Oxford University Press , work = Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary , url = http://www.oup.com/oald-bin/web_getald7index1a.pl?search_word=corn)</ref><ref>(cite web , title = Corn , publisher = Merriam-Webster Incorporated , work = Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary , url = http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/corn(/i))</ref>
  3. (uncountable) A cereal plant grown for its grain (locally denoting the leading crop of that district, i.e. oats in parts of Scotland and Ireland, wheat, barley etc. in England and Wales, maize in the Americas).<ref>(cite web , title = Corn , publisher = Oxford University Press , work = Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary , url = http://www.oup.com/oald-bin/web_getald7index1a.pl?search_word=corn)</ref><ref>(cite web , title = Corn , publisher = Merriam-Webster Incorporated , work = Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary , url = http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/corn(/i))</ref>
  1. (US, uncountable) maize, Maize.
    1. (context, US, Canada) Sweetcorn<ref>(cite web , title = Corn , publisher = Merriam-Webster Incorporated , work = Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary , url = http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/corn)</ref><ref>(cite web , title = Sweetcorn , publisher = Oxford University Press , work = Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary , url = http://www.oup.com/oald-bin/web_getald7index1a.pl?search_word=sweetcorn(/i))</ref> (Zea mays var. rugosa).<ref>(cite web , title = Sweetorn , publisher = Merriam-Webster Incorporated , work = Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary , url = http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sweetcorn(/i))</ref>
verb
  1. (context, US, Canada) To granulate - form a substance into grains.
  2. (context, US, Canada) To preserve using coarse salt, e.g. Corned beef.
  3. (context, US, Canada) To provide with corn (typically maize) for feed. e.g. Corn the horses.
corny Tweet Definition of corny Like Definition of corny on Facebook
adjective (corn, ier)
  1. Insipid or trite.
The duct tape and wire were a pretty solution.
  1. Hackneyed or excessively sentimental.
The movie was okay, but the love scene was really .
coronary Tweet Definition of coronary Like Definition of coronary on Facebook
noun (pluralcoronaries)
  1. A coronary thrombosis or heart attack.
Manny had a coronary last week, followed by a triple bypass.
adjective
  1. Crown-shaped, resembling or encircling as a crown, especially with regard to the artery, arteries or veins of the heart.
coronary thrombosis Tweet Definition of coronary thrombosis Like Definition of coronary thrombosis on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, cardiology, pathology) thrombosis, Thrombosis of a coronary artery, that is a blockage to the blood flow in a coronary artery of the heart caused by a blood clot, leading to myocardial infarction.
coryza Tweet Definition of coryza Like Definition of coryza on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) Inflammation of the mucus membranes lining the nasal cavity, usually causing a running nose, nasal congestion and loss of smell.
cough Tweet Definition of cough Like Definition of cough on Facebook
noun
  1. (symptom) A sudden, usually noisy expulsion of air from the lungs, often involuntary.
Behind me, I heard a distinct, dry .
  1. A condition that causes one to cough; a tendency to cough.
Sorry, I can't come to work today " I've got a nasty .
verb
  1. To push air from the lungs in a quick, noisy explosion.
I breathed in a load of smoke by mistake, and started to .
  1. To make a noise like a cough
The engine coughed and sputtered.
cradle cap Tweet Definition of cradle cap Like Definition of cradle cap on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) A form of seborrheic dermatitis that occurs on the scalp of infants
cramp Tweet Definition of cramp Like Definition of cramp on Facebook
noun
  1. A painful contraction of a muscle which cannot be controlled.
  2. A clamp for carpentry or masonry.
verb
  1. (intransitive) (of a muscle) To contract painfully and uncontrollable, uncontrollably.
    1. (transitive) To prohibit movement or expression.
You're cramping my style.
  1. (transitive) To restrain to a specific physical position.
You're going to need to the wheels on this hill.
cretin Tweet Definition of cretin Like Definition of cretin on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who fails to develop mentally and physically due to a congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones.
  2. (pejorative) An idiot.
cretinism Tweet Definition of cretinism Like Definition of cretinism on Facebook
noun
  1. (disease) A condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth due to the untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Tweet Definition of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Like Definition of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease on Facebook
noun (abbreviationCJD)
  1. (context, disease, neurology) A rare, progressive, currently fatal disease of the nervous system, characterized by dementia and loss of muscle control. A prion disease, apparently transmissible from animals to humans by eating infected tissue, as well as from tissue interchanges among humans (corneal transplants, blood transfusions).