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Glossary of Pathology Terms
beginning with letter S
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saddle sore Tweet Definition of saddle sore Like Definition of saddle sore on Facebook
noun
  1. A gall, a sore developed by a horse from an ill-fitting or ill-adjusted saddle.
adjective
  1. Pertaining to a horse with saddle sores, or to a rider who has been riding too long.
salivate Tweet Definition of salivate Like Definition of salivate on Facebook
verb (salivat, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To produce saliva.
  2. (intransitive) To show eager anticipation at the expectation of something.
He's been salivating over the latest model sports car for awhile now.
salivation Tweet Definition of salivation Like Definition of salivation on Facebook
noun
  1. The process of producing saliva, drooling.
salmonellosis Tweet Definition of salmonellosis Like Definition of salmonellosis on Facebook
noun (salmonelloses)
  1. (medicine) Any of several diseases caused by infection with Salmonella bacteria
salpingitis Tweet Definition of salpingitis Like Definition of salpingitis on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) inflammation of the Fallopian tube or the Eustachean tube as a result of infection
sanies Tweet Definition of sanies Like Definition of sanies on Facebook
noun (sanies)
  1. (medicine) a thin mixture of pus and blood serum discharged from a wound; ichor
sanious Tweet Definition of sanious Like Definition of sanious on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, relating to, or discharging sanies; ichorous
saprogenic Tweet Definition of saprogenic Like Definition of saprogenic on Facebook
adjective
  1. causing or resulting from putrefaction
sarcoma Tweet Definition of sarcoma Like Definition of sarcoma on Facebook
noun (plural:sarcomas or sarcomata)
  1. (pathology) A type of malignant tumor of the bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.
saturnine Tweet Definition of saturnine Like Definition of saturnine on Facebook
adjective
  1. of or born under Saturn's influence
  2. cold and slow to change and reaction (refers to mood)
  3. gloomy, depressed, dull
scab Tweet Definition of scab Like Definition of scab on Facebook
noun
  1. An incrustation over a sore, wound, vesicle, or pustule, formed during healing.
  2. (colloquial or obsolete) The scabies.
  3. The mange, especially when it appears on sheep.
  • 1882: Scab was the terror of the sheep farmer, and the peril of his calling. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 306.
    1. Several different diseases of potato, potatoes producing pits and other damage on their surface, caused by Streptomyces -bacteria.
    2. Short form for common scab, a relatively harmless variety of caused by Streptomyces scabies.
    3. (founding) A slight irregular protuberance which defaces the surface of a casting, caused by the breaking away of a part of the mold.
    4. A mean, dirty, paltry fellow.
    5. (slang) A worker who works for less than the rate fixed by the trade union.
    6. (slang) A strikebreaker.
    7. (botany) Any one of various more or less destructive fungus disease, diseases attacking cultivated plants, and forming dark-colored crustlike spots.
verb (scabs, scabbing, scabbed, scabbed)
  1. (intransitive) To get covered by a scab.
  2. (intransitive) To act as strikebreaker.
  3. (transitive) (Australian slang) To beg (for), cadge, bum
I scabbed some money off a friend.
scabby Tweet Definition of scabby Like Definition of scabby on Facebook
adjective
  1. Affected with scabs; full of scabs.
  2. Diseased with the scab, or mange; mangy.
scald Tweet Definition of scald Like Definition of scald on Facebook
verb
  1. To burn with hot liquid.
  2. (cooking) To heat almost to boiling.
Scald the milk, stop when little bubbles form.
scar Tweet Definition of scar Like Definition of scar on Facebook
noun
  1. A permanent mark on the skin sometimes caused by the healing of a wound.
verb (scarr, ing)
  1. To mark the skin permanently
scarlatina Tweet Definition of scarlatina Like Definition of scarlatina on Facebook
noun
  1. the disease scarlet fever
scarlet fever Tweet Definition of scarlet fever Like Definition of scarlet fever on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) A streptococcal infection, mainly occuring among children, and characterized by a red skin rash, sore throat and fever.
schistosomiasis Tweet Definition of schistosomiasis Like Definition of schistosomiasis on Facebook
noun (schistosomiases)
  1. (medicine) Any of various diseases of humans caused by parasitic blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma
sciatica Tweet Definition of sciatica Like Definition of sciatica on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, pathology, neurology) neuralgia, Neuralgia of the sciatic nerve characterised by pain radiating down through the buttocks and the back of the thigh.
sclerosis Tweet Definition of sclerosis Like Definition of sclerosis on Facebook
noun (plural:scleroses)
  1. (pathology) The abnormal hardening of body tissues, such as an artery.
scoliosis Tweet Definition of scoliosis Like Definition of scoliosis on Facebook
noun (plural:scolioses)
  1. (pathology) A congenital condition where there is abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
(seeCites)      
scratch Tweet Definition of scratch Like Definition of scratch on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) A disruption, mark or shallow cut on a surface made by scratching.
I can"t believe there is a in the paint already.
Her skin was covered with tiny scratches.
  1. (slang) money
I need a little .
verb (scratch, es)
  1. To rub a surface with a sharp object, especially by a living creature to remove itching with nails, claws, etc.
Could you please my back?
  1. To rub the skin with rough material causing a sensation of irritation.
I don't like that new scarf because it scratches my neck.
  1. To mark a surface with a sharp object, thereby leaving; a (noun).
A real diamond can easily a pane of glass.
  1. To remove, ignore or delete.
Scratch what I said earlier; I was wrong.
adjective
  1. for or consisting of preliminary or tentative, incomplete, etc. work
    This is paper, so go ahead and scribble whatever you want on it.
    1. (computer) from scratchpad), describes a data structure or recording medium attached to a machine for testing or temporary-use purposes; one that can be scribbled on without loss. Usually in the combining forms scratch memory, scratch register, scratch disk, scratch tape, scratch volume, scratch space. See also scratch monkey.
scrofula Tweet Definition of scrofula Like Definition of scrofula on Facebook
noun
  1. A form tuberculosis, most common in children, spread by unpasteurized milk from affected cattle. it is manifested by chronic enlargement and cheesy degeneration of the lymph glands, particularly those of the neck, and marked by the tendency to the development of chronic and intractable inflammations of the skin. Treatment is with antibiotics and surgery.
    • 1970: R.H.C. Davis A History of Medieval Europe Longman: SBN 582482089. P298. "(In 1100) It (The Church) relied on the king (of France) for protection and in return gave him authority. It even ..gave support for the claim that by his royal touch, he could miraculously cure the . (A similar claim was made for the kings of England, and was exercised till the reign of Queen Anne; one of the last people to be cured in that way being Dr. Johnson.)
scrofulous Tweet Definition of scrofulous Like Definition of scrofulous on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, related to, or suffering from scrofula
  2. morally degenerate; corrupt (e.g. a scrofulous politician)
scurvy Tweet Definition of scurvy Like Definition of scurvy on Facebook
noun
  1. (disease) A disease caused by insufficient intake of vitamin C leading to the formation of livid spots on the skin, spongy gums, loosening of the teeth and bleeding into the skin and from almost all mucous membranes.
adjective (scurvier, scurviest)
  1. contemptible, Contemptible, despicable, low, disgustingly mean.
sear Tweet Definition of sear Like Definition of sear on Facebook
noun
  1. A scar produced by searing
  2. Part of a gun that retards the hammer until the trigger is pulled.
verb
  1. To char, scorch, or burn the surface of something with a hot instrument
seasick Tweet Definition of seasick Like Definition of seasick on Facebook
adjective
  1. Suffering from sickness, nausea or dizziness due to the motion of a ship at sea.
seasickness Tweet Definition of seasickness Like Definition of seasickness on Facebook
noun
  1. a feeling of nausea, dizziness etc caused by the motion of a ship; a form of motion sickness
seborrhea Tweet Definition of seborrhea Like Definition of seborrhea on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine)A skin disorder causing scaly, flaky, itchy, red skin.
second-degree burn Tweet Definition of second-degree burn Like Definition of second-degree burn on Facebook
noun
  1. a burn, more severe than a first-degree burn, that blisters the skin
seizure Tweet Definition of seizure Like Definition of seizure on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Search and seizure)
  1. The act of taking possession, as by force or right of law.
The search warrant permitted the of evidence.
  1. A sudden attack or convulsion, (e.g. an epileptic seizure).
He fell to the floor and convulsed when the epilectic occurred.
  1. A sudden onset of pain or emotion.
He felt the sudden of pain as the heart attack began.
senility Tweet Definition of senility Like Definition of senility on Facebook
noun
  1. The losing of intelligence due to old age
sepsis Tweet Definition of sepsis Like Definition of sepsis on Facebook
noun (pluralsepses)
  1. (pathology) septicemia, Septicemia
Septic Tweet Definition of Septic Like Definition of Septic on Facebook
noun
  1. In Great Britain and Australia, an American.
septicemia Tweet Definition of septicemia Like Definition of septicemia on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) A disease caused by the presence of pathogenic organisms, especially bacterium, bacteria, or their toxins, in the bloodstream, characterised by chills and fever.
sequela Tweet Definition of sequela Like Definition of sequela on Facebook
noun (sequel, ae)
  1. a disease or condition which is caused by an earlier disease or problem
  • 1970: Complications: haematoma formation is a dangerous of this operation, and careful drainage with polythene tubing was carried out. " JG Ballard, The Atrocity Exhibition
  • 1973: "Ay, ay," said Stephen testily, "it is showy enough to look at, no doubt, but these are only the superficial sequelae. There is no essential lesion." " Patrick O'Brian, HMS Surprise
  • 2003: Self-dosing brought emotional and physical sequelae of its own. " Roy Porter, Flesh in the Age of Reason (Penguin 2004, p. 407)
  • sexually transmitted disease Tweet Definition of sexually transmitted disease Like Definition of sexually transmitted disease on Facebook
    noun (AbbreviatedSTD)
    1. (disease) Any of various diseases that are usually contracted through sexual contact.
    shake Tweet Definition of shake Like Definition of shake on Facebook
    noun
    1. The act of shaking something.
    The cat gave the mouse a .
    1. A milkshake.
    2. Ground-up marijuana.
    verb (shakes, shaking, shook, shaken)
    1. (transitive) (ergative) To cause (something) to move rapidly from side to side.
    The earthquake shook the building.
    1. (transitive) To disturb emotionally; to shock.
    Her father's death shook her terribly.
    1. (transitive) To lose, evade, or get rid of (something)
    I can't the feeling that I forgot something.
    1. (intransitive) To move from side to side.
    She shook with grief.
    1. (intransitive) To shake hands.
    OK, let's on it.
    shatter Tweet Definition of shatter Like Definition of shatter on Facebook
    verb
    1. (transitive) to violently break something into pieces
    2. (transitive) to destroy or disable something
    3. (intransitive) to smash, or break into pieces
    shingles Tweet Definition of shingles Like Definition of shingles on Facebook
    noun
    1. (pathology) (informal) herpes zoster, Herpes zostor.
    2. (plural of, shingle)
    shin splints Tweet Definition of shin splints Like Definition of shin splints on Facebook
    noun ''(plural/singular)
    1. (medicine) A painful inflammation of the muscles in the shins; especially frequent in runners, or a general term for a painful condition in the shins.
    shock Tweet Definition of shock Like Definition of shock on Facebook
    noun
    1. Sudden, heavy impact.
    2. Something so surprising that it is stunning.
    3. More fully electric shock, a sudden burst of electric energy, hitting an animate animal such as a human.
    4. (pathology) A life-threatening medical emergency characterized by the inability of the circulatory system to supply enough oxygen to meet tissue requirements.
    5. A tuft or bunch of something (ie - hair, grass)
    verb
    1. Caused to be emotionally shocked.
    2. Give an electric shock.
    sick building syndrome Tweet Definition of sick building syndrome Like Definition of sick building syndrome on Facebook
    noun (abbreviated as SBS)
    1. the adverse environmental conditions in a building that pose a health risk to its occupants
    2. the symptoms experienced by people who work there
    sickly Tweet Definition of sickly Like Definition of sickly on Facebook
    adjective (sicklier, sickliest)
    1. frequently ill; often in poor health; given to becoming ill; as, a sickly child.
    2. Having the appearance of sickness or ill health; appearing ill, infirm or unhealthy; pale; as a sickly plant.
    3. weak; faint; suggesting unhappiness; as, a sickly smile.
    sickness Tweet Definition of sickness Like Definition of sickness on Facebook
    noun
    1. The quality or state of being sick or diseased; illness; disease or malady.
    I do lament the of the king. -w:William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare
    Trust not too much your now resistless charms; Those, age or soon or late disarms. -Pope.
    1. Nausea; qualmishness; as, sickness of stomach.
    sightless Tweet Definition of sightless Like Definition of sightless on Facebook
    adjective
    1. Without sight; blind.
    silicosis Tweet Definition of silicosis Like Definition of silicosis on Facebook
    noun
    1. A disease of the lungs caused by the inhalation of crystalline silica dust.
    sinus Tweet Definition of sinus Like Definition of sinus on Facebook
    noun (sinuses)
    1. (anatomy) A pouch or cavity in any organ or tissue, especially the paranasal sinus.
    2. (pathology) An abnormal cavity or passage such as a fistula, caused by the destruction of tissue.
    sinusitis Tweet Definition of sinusitis Like Definition of sinusitis on Facebook
    noun
    1. (pathology) inflammation of the paranasal sinuses
    skin and bones Tweet Definition of skin and bones Like Definition of skin and bones on Facebook
    noun
    1. (idiom) Said of one who is emaciated; very skinny, as from lack of nutrition.
    Look at that starving dog; he's nothing more than .
    slash Tweet Definition of slash Like Definition of slash on Facebook
    noun (slash, es)
    1. The symbol, /
    2. A swift and sharp cut with a sword
    3. (slang) A pee, a trip to the toilet to urinate
    Excuse me, I need to take a slash
    1. A work of fiction (frequently fanfiction) based on celebrities or fictional characters involved in a romantic and/or sexual manner. The characters are most commonly of the same gender. The name comes from the use of the slash symbol (/) to separate the names or initials of the characters or persons involved.
    Jim/Bob or J/B
    1. (vulgar, slang) The female genitalia
    verb (slash, es)
    1. To cut across something with a knife, sword etc.
    SLE Tweet Definition of SLE Like Definition of SLE on Facebook
    initialism
    1. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    sleep apnea Tweet Definition of sleep apnea Like Definition of sleep apnea on Facebook
    noun
    1. (pathology) Brief interruptions of breathing during sleep.
    sleeping sickness Tweet Definition of sleeping sickness Like Definition of sleeping sickness on Facebook
    noun
    1. (pathology) An endemic infectious disease of humans and animals in tropical Africa, caused by a parasitic trypanosome, transmitted by the tsetse fly and characterized by fever, severe headache, joint pains and lymph node swelling in the early stages, followed by a neurological phase of extreme weakness, sleepiness, and deep coma leading to death.
    slipped disk Tweet Definition of slipped disk Like Definition of slipped disk on Facebook
    noun
    1. (pathology) A condition where a vertebral disk protrudes into the spinal canal, exerting pressure on spinal nerves and causing backache or sciatica.
    Slough Tweet Definition of Slough Like Definition of Slough on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. A town in west London, close to Heathrow Airport
    smallpox Tweet Definition of smallpox Like Definition of smallpox on Facebook
    noun
    1. (pathology) An acute, highly infectious often fatal disease caused by a virus of the family Poxviridae. It was completly eradicated a few decades ago. Those who survived were left with pockmarks.
    SMD Tweet Definition of SMD Like Definition of SMD on Facebook
    initialism
    1. Solder Mask Defined. (electronics)
    2. Surface Mounted Device. (electronics)
    3. Surface Molecular Dopant. (electronics)
    sniffle Tweet Definition of sniffle Like Definition of sniffle on Facebook
    noun
    1. The act, or the sound of sniffling; the condition of having a runny or wet nose, as from a cold or allergies.
    I sometimes have a during allergy season.
    snivel Tweet Definition of snivel Like Definition of snivel on Facebook
    noun
    1. the act of snivelling
    2. nasal mucus; snot
    verb
    1. to breath heavily through the nose; to sniffle
    2. to whine or complain, whilst crying
    snuffle Tweet Definition of snuffle Like Definition of snuffle on Facebook
    noun
    1. An act of snuffling; sniffing loudly
    sociopath Tweet Definition of sociopath Like Definition of sociopath on Facebook
    noun
    1. A person with an antisocial personality disorder
    2. A psychopath
    sopor Tweet Definition of sopor Like Definition of sopor on Facebook
    noun
    1. an unnaturally deep sleep
    sore Tweet Definition of sore Like Definition of sore on Facebook
    noun
    1. An injured, infected, inflamed or diseased patch of skin.
    They put ointment and a bandage on the .
    adjective (sor, er, est)
    1. Causing pain or discomfort; painfully sensitive.
    Her feet were from walking so far.
    1. Feeling animosity towards; annoyed or angered.
    Joe was at Bob for beating him at checkers.
    1. dire, Dire; distressing.
    The school was in sore' need of textbooks, theirs having been ruined in the flood.
    adverb
    1. (archaic) sorely, Sorely.
    space sickness Tweet Definition of space sickness Like Definition of space sickness on Facebook
    noun
    1. motion sickness caused by the weightlessness of space flight
    spasm Tweet Definition of spasm Like Definition of spasm on Facebook
    noun
    1. A sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle, a group of muscles, or a hollow organ.
    2. A violent, excruciating seizure of pain.
    3. A sudden and temporary burst of energy, activity, or emotion.
    spasmodic Tweet Definition of spasmodic Like Definition of spasmodic on Facebook
    adjective
    1. of, or relating to a spasm; convulsive
    2. intermittent or fitful
    3. erratic
    spastic Tweet Definition of spastic Like Definition of spastic on Facebook
    noun
    1. A person affected by spastic paralysis or spastic cerebral palsy.
    2. (context, slang, pejorative) A clumsy person; see spaz, spazz.
    3. (context, slang, pejorative) One who is hyperactive.
    adjective
    1. (pathology) Of, related to, or affected by spasm.
    2. (pathology) Of or related to spastic paralysis.
    3. (context, slang, pejorative) clumsy, Clumsy.