All Words Glossary

Glossary of Pathology Terms
beginning with letter B
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bend Tweet Definition of bend Like Definition of bend on Facebook
noun
  1. A curve.
    • There's a sharp in the road ahead.
      1. (nautical) Any of the various knots which join the ends of two lines.<!-- or the end of a line into some other object; (the latter are called hitch)
    • Note: In naval parlance, a knot involves splicing the strands of a rope.-->
      1. (context, in plural, medicine, diving) (the bends) A severe condition caused by excessively quick decompression, causing bubbles of nitrogen to form in the blood; decompression sickness.
    • A diver who stays deep for too long must ascend very slowly in order to prevent the bends.
      1. (heraldry) One of the honourable ordinary, ordinaries formed by two diagonal lines drawn from the dexter chief to the sinister base; it generally occupies a fifth part of the shield if uncharged, but if charged one third.
verb (bends, bending, bent)
  1. (transitive) To cause (something) to change its shape into a curve, by physical force, chemical action, or any other means.
    • If you the pipe too far, it will break.
    • Don"t your knees.
      1. (context, transitive, nautical) To tie, as in securing a line to a cleat; to shackle a chain to an anchor; make fast.
    • Bend the sail to the yard.
      1. (context, transitive, music) To smoothly change the pitch of a note.
    • You should the G sligthly sharp in the next measure.
      1. (context, intransitive, nautical) To swing the body when rowing.
      2. (intransitive) To become curved.
    • Look at the trees bending in the wind.
    • To bow properly, at the waist.
      1. (intransitive) To change direction.
    • The road bends to the right
benign Tweet Definition of benign Like Definition of benign on Facebook
adjective
  1. kind, Kind; gentle; mild.
  2. (medicine) Not pose, posing any serious threat to health; not particularly aggressive or recurrent.
benignant Tweet Definition of benignant Like Definition of benignant on Facebook
adjective
  1. kind; gracious; favorable.
beriberi Tweet Definition of beriberi Like Definition of beriberi on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. (pathology) an ailment caused by a deficiency of thiamine (vitamin B1)
berylliosis Tweet Definition of berylliosis Like Definition of berylliosis on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) a chronic disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of beryllium compounds
bilious Tweet Definition of bilious Like Definition of bilious on Facebook
adjective
  1. Suffering from real or supposed liver disorder, thus making one ill-natured.
  2. Of or pertaining to something containing or consisting of bile.
  3. irritable, Irritable or bad tempered: irascible.
The students had learned not to ask questions of the bilious professor.
birthmark Tweet Definition of birthmark Like Definition of birthmark on Facebook
noun (birthmarks)
  1. A mark on the skin formed before birth.
blackhead Tweet Definition of blackhead Like Definition of blackhead on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) A comedo, a skin blemish, a type of acne vulgaris, where a pore becomes clogged with a dark, hard, cheesey keratin-filled substance forming a hard black "head" on the skin's surface.
black lung Tweet Definition of black lung Like Definition of black lung on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) the chronic disease of the lungs, pneumoconiosis, caused by the long-term inhalation of coal dust
bladder Tweet Definition of bladder Like Definition of bladder on Facebook
noun
  1. (zoology) A flexible sac that can expand and contract and that holds liquids or gases.
  2. (anatomy) Specifically, the urinary bladder.
  3. (botany) A hollow, inflatable organ of a plant.
  4. The inflatable bag inside various balls used in sports, such as footballs and rugby balls.
bleed Tweet Definition of bleed Like Definition of bleed on Facebook
verb (bleeds, bleeding, bled)
  1. (intransitive) Of an animal, to lose blood through an injured blood vessel.
  2. To remove air bubbles from a pipe containing fluids.
blockade Tweet Definition of blockade Like Definition of blockade on Facebook
noun
  1. The isolation of something, especially a port, in order to prevent commerce and traffic in or out.
  2. The ships or other forces used to effect the blockade.
verb (blockades, blockading, blockaded)
  1. (transitive) To create a blockade against.
blood poisoning Tweet Definition of blood poisoning Like Definition of blood poisoning on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) The presence in the bloodstream of microorganisms or their toxins in sufficient quantity to cause serious illness.
bloodshot Tweet Definition of bloodshot Like Definition of bloodshot on Facebook
adjective
  1. (context, of the eyes) reddened and inflamed because of congested blood vessels
blotch Tweet Definition of blotch Like Definition of blotch on Facebook
noun
  1. An uneven patch of color or discoloration.
boil Tweet Definition of boil Like Definition of boil on Facebook
noun
  1. A localized accumulation of pus in the skin, resulting from infection.
  2. The point at which fluid begins to change to a vapour.
Add the noodles when the water comes to the .
  1. The collective noun for a group of hawks.
botulism Tweet Definition of botulism Like Definition of botulism on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) A rare but serious medical condition caused by ingesting the nerve toxin botulin, that is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. The bacteria is anaerobic and so grows only in the absence of oxygen, such as in canned foods. Contaminated cans bulge from increased pressure. While modern industrial canning rarely allows botulism to occur it was at one time a significant danger and can still pose a threat in home canned products.
bound Tweet Definition of bound Like Definition of bound on Facebook
noun
  1. (often used in plural) The border of a territory, which one must cross in order to enter or leave the territory.
I reached the northern bound of my property, took a deep breath, and walked on.
Somewhere within these bounds you may find a buried treasure.
  1. (mathematics) a value which is known to be greater or smaller than a given set of values
verb
  1. (past of, bind)
I the splint to my leg.
I had the splint with duct tape.
adjective
  1. (obsolete) ready, Ready, prepared.
  2. Ready to start or go (to); moving in the direction (of).
Is that message bound for me?
Which way are you bound?
The leaking fuel tank was bound to explode sooner or later.
  1. Constrained by something, or constrained to something
He was bound to his chair.
Because of his oath, he was bound to follow the king's command.
bowleg Tweet Definition of bowleg Like Definition of bowleg on Facebook
noun
  1. A leg that curves outward at the knee. It might refer to the leg of a human, animal or even a piece of furniture. For humans this deformity is formally called genu varum.
brachialgia Tweet Definition of brachialgia Like Definition of brachialgia on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) A medical term that literally means "pain in the arm".
bradycardia Tweet Definition of bradycardia Like Definition of bradycardia on Facebook
noun
  1. The condition of having a slow heartbeat, defined as under 60 beats per minute for an adult.
breakbone fever Tweet Definition of breakbone fever Like Definition of breakbone fever on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) Dengue fever.
breakdown Tweet Definition of breakdown Like Definition of breakdown on Facebook
noun
  1. a failure, particularly mechanical; something that has failed
We saw a by the side of the road.
  1. a lapse of mental stability
After so much stress, he simply suffered a and gave up.
  1. further detail or categorization
''Looking at the of the budget, I see a few items we could cut.
  1. (Chemistry:) Breaking of chemical bonds within a compound to produce simpler compounds or elements.
  2. a musical technique, by where the music is stripped down, becoming simpler, and can vary in heaviness depending on the genre
synonym: degradation
Bright's disease Tweet Definition of Bright Like Definition of Bright
noun
  1. any of several diseases of the kidney characterized by inflammation, and the presence of albumin in the urine; nephritis
bromidrosis Tweet Definition of bromidrosis Like Definition of bromidrosis on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) Fetid or foul-smelling perspiration. Also called osmidrosis.
bronchitis Tweet Definition of bronchitis Like Definition of bronchitis on Facebook
noun
  1. An inflammation of the bronchus, bronchi of the lungs, that causes the cilia of the bronchial epithelial cells to stop functioning.
bruise Tweet Definition of bruise Like Definition of bruise on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) A purplish mark on the skin due to leakage of blood from capillary, capillaries under the surface that have been damaged by a blow.
  2. A dark mark on fruit caused by a blow to its surface.
bubo Tweet Definition of bubo Like Definition of bubo on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) An inflamed swelling of a lymph node, especially in the armpit or the groin, due to an infection such as bubonic plague, gonorrhea, tuberculosis or syphilis.
bubonic Tweet Definition of bubonic Like Definition of bubonic on Facebook
adjective (notcomp)
  1. of or pertaining to buboes
    • 1994: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, http://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/prevguid/m0033015/m0033015.asp International Notes Human Plague -- India, 1994 - "In particular, bubonic plague is characterized by painful swelling of lymph nodes (buboes) in the inguinal, axillary, or cervical regions."
bubonic plague Tweet Definition of bubonic plague Like Definition of bubonic plague on Facebook
noun
  1. (disease) A contagious, often fatal, epidemic disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, transmitted by the bite of fleas from an infected person or rodent, especially a rat, and characterized by delirium, chills, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and the formation of buboes.
bulimia Tweet Definition of bulimia Like Definition of bulimia on Facebook
noun
  1. the chronic eating disorder bulimia nervosa
bulla Tweet Definition of bulla Like Definition of bulla on Facebook
noun (bullae)
  1. (medicine) A blister, vesicle, or other thin-walled cavity or lesion.
  2. (context, Archaeology) A clay envelope or hollow ball, typ. with seal impressions or writing on its outside indicating its contents.
  3. In ancient Rome, a kind of amulet or boss.
  4. Later, handwrited document from the papal chancellery.
bunion Tweet Definition of bunion Like Definition of bunion on Facebook
noun
  1. (pathology) A bump or bulge on the first joint of the big toe caused by the swelling of a sac of fluid under the skin.

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