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Glossary of Pathology Terms
beginning with letter G
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gallstone Tweet Definition of gallstone Like Definition of gallstone on Facebook
noun (plural gallstones)
  1. a small, hard object, in the shape of a pebble, that sometimes forms in the gallbladder or bile duct; composed of cholesterol, bile pigments and calcium salts
ganglion Tweet Definition of ganglion Like Definition of ganglion on Facebook
noun (pl2=ganglia)
  1. (anatomy) a mass of tissue, outside of the brain, containing a cluster of interconnecting nerve cells
  2. By extension, a centre of power or authority
gangrene Tweet Definition of gangrene Like Definition of gangrene on Facebook
  1. The necrosis or rot, rotting of flesh, usually caused by lack of blood supply.
If sets in, we may have to amputate the foot.
gargoylism Tweet Definition of gargoylism Like Definition of gargoylism on Facebook
  1. the dysmorphic facial features found in Hurler's Syndrome and Hunter's Syndrome characterized by thickened gingiva (gums) and upturned nose
gash Tweet Definition of gash Like Definition of gash on Facebook
noun (gashes)
  1. A deep cut.
    • 2006, New York Times, "Bush Mourns 9/11 at Ground Zero as N.Y. Remembers",
    • : Vowing that he was "never going to forget the lessons of that day," President Bush paid tribute last night to the victims of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attack, laying wreaths at ground zero, attending a prayer service at St. Paul"s Chapel and making a surprise stop at a firehouse and a memorial museum overlooking the vast in the ground where the twin towers once stood.
      1. (slang, vulgar) A vulva, pussy
      2. (slang, offensive) A woman
      3. (slang, British Royal Navy) rubbish, Rubbish
      4. (slang) Rubbish on board an aircraft
verb (gash, es)
  1. To make a deep, long cut, to slash.
gastritis Tweet Definition of gastritis Like Definition of gastritis on Facebook
  1. (pathology) Inflammation of the lining of the stomach, characterised by nausea, loss of appetite, and upper abdominal discomfort or pain.
genu valgum Tweet Definition of genu valgum Like Definition of genu valgum on Facebook
  1. (medicine) The condition in which the knees are abnormally close together and the ankles far apart
germ Tweet Definition of germ Like Definition of germ on Facebook
  1. (biology) The small mass of cells from which a new organism develops; a seed, bud or spore.
  2. A pathogenic microorganism.
  3. An idea that forms the basis of some project.
  4. The embryo of a seed, especially of a seed used as a cereal or grain. See w:Cereal germ, Wikipedia article on cereal germ.
German measles Tweet Definition of German measles Like Definition of German measles on Facebook
  1. (disease) rubella, Rubella
gibbous Tweet Definition of gibbous Like Definition of gibbous on Facebook
  1. Characterized by convex, convexity; protuberant.
  2. (astronomy) Phase of moon between first quarter and full or between full and last quarter.
  3. humpback, Humpbacked.
giddy Tweet Definition of giddy Like Definition of giddy on Facebook
  1. very excited or happy
The girls were with excitement about the trip.
  1. Physically insecure, rickety, suspectible to wobble and even break
The troopers were worried about crossing the giddy bridge.
gigantism Tweet Definition of gigantism Like Definition of gigantism on Facebook
  1. The quality or state of being gigantic; being of abnormally large size.
  2. A condition where there is over-production of growth hormone by the pituitary gland in a child before the bone growth plates close, resulting in excessive long bone growth, accompanied by muscular weakness and sexual impotence.
glioma Tweet Definition of glioma Like Definition of glioma on Facebook
noun (plural: gliomas or gliomata)
  1. (pathology) A tumour that arises from glial cells in the brain or spinal cord.
goiter Tweet Definition of goiter Like Definition of goiter on Facebook
  1. An enlargement of the front and sides of the neck caused by an inflammation of the thyroid gland.
gonorrhea Tweet Definition of gonorrhea Like Definition of gonorrhea on Facebook
noun (or gonorrhoea or the clap)
  1. An STD caused by a species of bacteria that affects the mucous membrane of the genital and urinary tracts.
gout Tweet Definition of gout Like Definition of gout on Facebook
  1. (context, pathology, not countable) An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints.
  2. a spurt or splotch (usually followed by the preposition of)
    • 1981, P.D. James, Children of Men, chapter 20, page 137:
      "...small chunks of rubble and gouts of soot had fallen from the chimney, and were ground into the rug under his unwary feet."
    • 2002, Mercedes Lackey, Eric Flint and Dave Freer, The Shadow of the Lion
    • search
      "Another blow sent gouts of blood flying, along with gobbets of flesh."
granulate Tweet Definition of granulate Like Definition of granulate on Facebook
verb to granulate
  1. to segment into tiny grains or particles
granuloma Tweet Definition of granuloma Like Definition of granuloma on Facebook
  1. (medicine) a tumor consisting of a mass of granular tissue that sometimes results from infection or injury
greensickness Tweet Definition of greensickness Like Definition of greensickness on Facebook
  1. chlorosis
greenstick fracture Tweet Definition of greenstick fracture Like Definition of greenstick fracture on Facebook
  1. An incomplete fracture of a long bone in which one side of a bone is broken while the other is bent
gripe Tweet Definition of gripe Like Definition of gripe on Facebook
  1. A complaint; a petty concern.
  2. The name of a specific wire rope, often used on davits and other life raft launching systems.
verb (grip, ing)
  1. To complain; to whine.
grippe Tweet Definition of grippe Like Definition of grippe on Facebook
  1. (pathology) influenza, the flu
growth Tweet Definition of growth Like Definition of growth on Facebook
  1. an increase in size, number, value, or strength
  2. (biology) the act of growing, getting bigger or higher
  3. (biology) something that grows or has grown
  4. (pathology) an abnormal mass such as a tumor

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