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Glossary of Machining Terms
beginning with letter S
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saddle Tweet Definition of saddle Like Definition of saddle on Facebook
noun
  1. A seat (tack) for a rider placed on the back of a horse or other animal
  2. A seat on a bicycle, motorcycle etc
  3. A cut of meat that includes both loins and part of the backbone
  4. A ridge, in the shape of a saddle, between two hills
  5. The raised floorboard in a doorway.
verb (saddl, es)
  1. to put a saddle on an animal
  2. to get into a saddle
  3. (idiomatically) to burden or encumber
scuff Tweet Definition of scuff Like Definition of scuff on Facebook
verb
  1. To mishit (a shot on a ball) due to poor contact with the ball.
  2. To scrape the feet while walking.
adjective
  1. Caused by scraping, usually with ones feet.
Someone left marks in the sand.
sector Tweet Definition of sector Like Definition of sector on Facebook
noun
  1. section
  2. zone
  3. a part of a circle, extending to the center
  4. (computing) a fixed-sized unit (traditionally 512 bytes) of sequential data stored on a track of a digital medium (compare to block)
  5. (Military) An area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates, and for which it is responsible.
  6. (Military) One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier.
  7. (scifi) a fictional region of space designated for navigational or governance purposes; for instance, W:Sector (Star Trek), W:List of Star Wars sectors
seize Tweet Definition of seize Like Definition of seize on Facebook
verb (seiz, ing)
  1. To grab, to capture.
  2. To take advantage of an opportunity.
  3. To have a seizure.
  4. To bind or lock in position immovably.
Rust caused the engine to , never to run again.
servo Tweet Definition of servo Like Definition of servo on Facebook
noun
  1. A servomechanism or servomotor
  2. Abbreviation of service station, being a place for cars etc to buy petrol and various convenience items, with or without actual car service facilities.
Man arrested after allegedly driving car through servo — title of w:Australian Broadcasting Commission, Australian Broadcasting Commission News Radio item, 3 June 2005 http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200606/s1654443.htm
shaft Tweet Definition of shaft Like Definition of shaft on Facebook
noun
  1. the long narrow body of a spear or arrow
  2. a beam or ray of light
  3. any long thin object, such as the handle of a tool, one of the poles between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle, the drive shaft of an engine
  4. the main axis of a feather
  5. (lacrosse) the long narrow body of a lacrosse stick
  6. a long narrow passage sunk into the earth, for mining etc
  7. a vertical passage housing a lift or elevator
  8. a ventilation or heating conduit
  9. a malicious act, as in "to give someone the shaft"
sheave Tweet Definition of sheave Like Definition of sheave on Facebook
noun
  1. A wheel having a groove in the rim for a rope to work in, and set in a block, mast, or the like; the wheel of a pulley.
shock absorber Tweet Definition of shock absorber Like Definition of shock absorber on Facebook
noun
  1. A mechanical device designed to smooth out or damp any sudden shock impulse and dissipate kinetic energy; usually consists of a combination of a spring and a dashpot
shroud Tweet Definition of shroud Like Definition of shroud on Facebook
noun
  1. That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.
  2. Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
  3. That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
  4. A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.
  5. The branching top of a tree; foliage.
  6. (Nautical) A rope or cable serving to support the mast sideways.
    • See also Wikipedia article on (w, Shroud (sailing))
      1. One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.
verb
  1. To cover with a shroud.
  2. (idiomatic): To conceal or hide from view, as if by a shroud.
The details of the plot were shrouded in mystery.
slave Tweet Definition of slave Like Definition of slave on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who is owned by another, as their property.
  2. A person who is forced to work for another, especially without pay.
  3. A person who is forced to perform sexual acts or other acts on a regular or continuing basis against their will.
  4. (engineering) A device that is controlled by another device.
  5. (engineering) An information worker who has signed a non-compete clause, in return for employment.
verb (slav, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To work hard.
I was slaving all day over a hot stove.
sleeve Tweet Definition of sleeve Like Definition of sleeve on Facebook
noun
  1. the part of a garment that covers the arm
The sleeves on my coat are too long.
  1. a (usually tubular) covering or lining
This bearing requires a sleeve so the shaft will fit snugly.
slide Tweet Definition of slide Like Definition of slide on Facebook
noun
  1. A toy for children where they climb up and then slide, glide down again.
The long, red was great fun for the kids.
  1. The event of large amounts of rubble, earth and stones moving down the slope of a hill or from a mountain.
The closed the highway.
  1. A lever that can be moved in two directions.
  2. A valve that works by sliding such as in a trombone.
  3. A transparent image, to be projected to a screen.
  4. (baseball) The act of droping down and skidding into a base
verb (slides, sliding, slid)
  1. (transitive) To cause to move in continuous contact with a surface
He slid the boat across the grass.
  1. (intransitive) To move in continuous contact with a surface.
The safe slid slowly.
  1. (intransitive) To move on a low friction surface.
The car slid on the ice.
  1. (intransitive, baseball) To drop down and skid into a base.
Jones slid into second.
  1. (intransitive) To lose one"s balance on a slippery surface.
He slid while going around the corner.
  1. (intransitive) To let pass without action.
''The administrator let the minor infraction with only a disapproving look.
slinger Tweet Definition of slinger Like Definition of slinger on Facebook
noun
  1. someone who slings or who uses a sling
slip Tweet Definition of slip Like Definition of slip on Facebook
noun
  1. An act or instance of slipping.
  2. A women's undergarment worn under a skirt or dress.
  3. A small piece of paper.
  4. A berth for a boat or ship.
  5. A mistake or error (slip of the tongue.)
  6. (uncountable) In ceramics, a thin, slippery mix of clay and water.
  7. (cricket) Any of several fielding positions to the off side of the wicket keeper, designed to catch the ball after being deflected from the bat; a fielder in that position (See first slip, second slip, third slip, fourth slip and fifth slip.)
  8. The difference between the speed of a rotating magnetic field and the speed of its rotor.
verb (slip, p, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To lose one's traction on a slippery surface; to slide due to a lack of friction.
  2. (intransitive) To err.
  3. (transitive) To pass (a note, etc.)
    • 1883, w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island
    • : We slipped along the hedges, noiseless and swift...
slippage Tweet Definition of slippage Like Definition of slippage on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of slipping, especially from a secure location.
  2. The amount something has slipped.
  3. A lessening of performance or achievement.
  4. A decrease in motion, or in the power of a mechanical system due to slipping.
  5. The difference between estimated and actual transaction costs.
snap ring Tweet Definition of snap ring Like Definition of snap ring on Facebook
noun
  1. A circular spring, having a small break in its circumference, used as a fastener
spider Tweet Definition of spider Like Definition of spider on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various eight-legged, predatory arthropods, of the order Araneae, most of which spin webs to catch prey.
  2. (internet) A program which follows links on the World Wide Web in order to gather information.
  3. (context, chiefly, Australian) A "float"; a drink made by mixing ice-cream and a soda or fizzy drink (such as lemonade).
  4. (slang) A spindly person.
  5. (context, snooker, billiards) A stick with an arch-shaped head that is used to support the cue when the cue ball is out of reach at normal extension
verb
  1. (internet, of a computer program) to follows links on the World Wide Web in order to gather information.
''The online dictionary is regularly spidered by search engines.
spline Tweet Definition of spline Like Definition of spline on Facebook
noun (pluralsplines)
  1. A rectangular piece that fits grooves like key seats in a hub and a shaft, so that while the one may slide endwise on the other, both must revolve together.
  2. A flexible strip of metal or other material, that may be bent into a curve and used in a similar manner to a ruler to draw smooth curves between points.
  3. (context, mathematics, computing) Any of a number of smooth curves used to join points.
spring Tweet Definition of spring Like Definition of spring on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) Traditionally the first of the four seasons, in which plants spring from the ground and trees come into blossom; typically regarded as being from March 21 to June 20 in the Northern Hemisphere and from September 21 to December 20 in the Southern Hemisphere.
  2. (countable) Spring tide; a tide of greater-than-average range, that is, around the first or third quarter of a lunar month, or around the times of the new or full moon.
  3. (countable) A place where water emerges from the ground.
  4. (uncountable) The property of a body of springing to its original form after being compressed, stretched, etc.
  5. (countable) A mechanical device made of flexible or coiled material that exerts force when it is bend, bent, compressed or stretched.
  6. (context, countable, nautical) A rope attaching the bow of a vessel to the stern-side of the jetty, or vice versa, to stop the vessel from swaying.
  7. (context, countable, slang) An erection of the penis.
  8. (countable) The source of an action
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973, ยง 9.
    • : ... discover, at least in some degree, the secret springs and principles, by which the human mind is actuated in its operations?
verb (springs, springing, sprang, sprung)
  1. To start to exist.
Sometimes the ideas to life fully formed.
  1. To jump or leap.
He sprang up from his seat.
  1. (slang) To release or set free, especially from prison.
steam engine Tweet Definition of steam engine Like Definition of steam engine on Facebook
noun
  1. A machine that heats water to become steam and uses its pressure to drive a piston or turn a turbine.
  2. A steam-powered locomotive
steamroller Tweet Definition of steamroller Like Definition of steamroller on Facebook
noun
  1. a steam-powered heavy road roller
  2. (context, by extension) any seemingly irresistible force
  3. a pipe, used for smoking cannabis, open at both ends and having a bowl near one end; it rolls the smoke(steam)
(wikipedia, steamroller (pipe)) verb
  1. to level a road using a steamroller
  2. to proceed ruthlessly against all opposition as if with an overwhelming force; to overpower
steam shovel Tweet Definition of steam shovel Like Definition of steam shovel on Facebook
noun
  1. An industrial machine designed to effect a shovelling action through steam power.
Stirling engine Tweet Definition of Stirling engine Like Definition of Stirling engine on Facebook
noun
  1. A heat engine of the external combustion piston engine type.
stonecutter Tweet Definition of stonecutter Like Definition of stonecutter on Facebook
noun
  1. Somebody who cuts, carves or dresses stone.
  2. A machine that is used to cut stone or concrete.
strap Tweet Definition of strap Like Definition of strap on Facebook
noun
  1. A long, narrow, pliable strip of leather, cloth, or the like.
    • Specifically, a strip of thick leather used in flogging.
    • : A lively cobbler that . . . had scarce passed a day without giving her (his wife) the discipline of the . --Addison.
      1. Something made of such a strip, or of a part of one, or a combination of two or more for a particular use.
      2. A piece of leather, or strip of wood covered with a suitable material, for sharpening a razor; a strop.
      3. A narrow strip of anything, as of iron or brass. Specifically:
    • (context, carpentry, machinery) A band, plate, or loop of metal for clasping and holding timbers or parts of a machine.
    • (nautical) A piece of rope or metal passing around a block and used for fastening it to anything.
      1. (botany) The flat part of the corolla in ligulate florets, as those of the white circle in the daisy.
    • (botany) The leaf, exclusive of its sheath, in some grasses.
      1. A shoulder strap, see under shoulder.
      2. (slang) A gun, normally a personal firearm such as a pistol or machine pistol.
verb (straps, strapping, strapped, strapped)
  1. (transitive) To beat or chastise with a strap.
  2. (transitive) To fasten or bind with a strap.
  3. (transitive) To sharpen by rubbing on a strap, or strop; as, to strap a razor.
strip Tweet Definition of strip Like Definition of strip on Facebook
noun
  1. a long, thin piece of a bigger item
    • You use strips of paper in papier mache.
      1. a series of drawings, a comic
      2. a landing strip
      3. a street with multiple shopping or entertainment possibilities
      4. (fencing) The fencing area, roughly 14 meters by 2 meters.
      5. (UK football) the uniform of a football team, or the same worn by supporters.
verb (strip, p, ing)
  1. (transitive) To remove or take away.
    • Norm will the old varnish before painting the chair.
      1. (transitive) To take off clothing.
      2. (intransitive) To do a striptease.
      3. (transitive) To completely take away, to plunder.
    • The robbers stripped Norm of everything he owned.
      1. (transitive) To remove the threads from a screw or the teeth from a gear.
      2. (transitive) To remove color from hair, cloth, etc. to prepare it to receive new color.
      3. (transitive) (in Bridge) To remove all cards of a particular suit from another player. (See also, strip-squeeze.)
stripper Tweet Definition of stripper Like Definition of stripper on Facebook
noun
  1. one who removes their clothing, especially as a form of paid entertainment
  2. a chemical or tool used to remove paint, sheathing, etc. from something
strop Tweet Definition of strop Like Definition of strop on Facebook
noun
  1. A strap; more specifically a piece of leather or a substitute (notably canvas), or strip of wood covered with a suitable material, for sharpening a razor, in this sense also called razor strop.
  2. A bad mood or temper (see stroppy.)
verb (strop, p, ing)
  1. (obsolete) To strap.
  2. (recorded since 1842; now most used) To sharpen (a razor) with a strop.
One should the razor before shaving.
stud Tweet Definition of stud Like Definition of stud on Facebook
noun
  1. A male animal, especially a stud horse (stallion), kept for breeding.
  2. herd or group of such male animals, kept primarily for breeding
  3. place (e.g. ranch) which keeps such animal(s)
  4. (colloquial) A sexually attractive man; also a lover in great demand.
sump Tweet Definition of sump Like Definition of sump on Facebook
noun
  1. A hollow or pit into which liquid drains, such as a cesspool, cesspit or sink.
  2. The lowest part of a mine shaft into which water drains.
  3. (automotive) The crankcase or oil reservoir of an internal combustion engine.
  4. (nautical) The pit at the lowest point in a circulation, circulating or drainage system. (FM 55-501)
surge Tweet Definition of surge Like Definition of surge on Facebook
noun
  1. (nautical) The swell or heave of the sea. (FM 55-501).
  2. A sudden rush, flood or increase which is transient.
He felt a of excitement.
  1. A sudden electrical spike or increase of voltage and current.
A power
verb (surg, es)
  1. (intransitive) To rush, flood, or increase suddenly.
Toaster sales surged last year.
  1. (context, transitive, nautical) To slack off a line.
sweep Tweet Definition of sweep Like Definition of sweep on Facebook
noun
  1. The person who steers a dragon boat.
  2. A person who stands at the stern of a surf boat, steering with a steering oar and commanding the crew.
  3. A chimney sweep.
  4. A search (typically for bugs electronic listening devices).
  5. (cricket) A batsman's shot, played from a kneeling position with a swinging horizontal bat.
  6. A lottery, usually on the results of a sporting event, where players win if their randomly chosen team wins.
Jim will win fifty dollars in the office if Japan wins the World Cup.
  1. A flow of water parallel to shore caused by wave action at an ocean beach or at a point or headland.
verb (sweeps, sweeping, swept)
  1. (transitive) To clean (a floor, etc) using a broom or brush.
  2. (intransitive) To move through an (horizontal) arc or similar long stroke.
    • 2005, w:Plato, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. w:Stephanus pagination, 236d.
    • : has the course of the argument so accustomed you to agreeing that you were swept by it into a ready assent?
      1. (transitive) To search (a place) methodically.
      2. (cricket) To play a sweep shot.
      3. (curling) To brush the ice in front of a moving stone, causing it to travel farther and to curl less.
      4. (transitive) (ergative) To move something in a particular motion, as a broom
synchroscope Tweet Definition of synchroscope Like Definition of synchroscope on Facebook
noun
  1. An instrument that indicates the degree to which two alternating current systems are synchronised with each other; used especially in electricity generation
  2. An instrument used to synchronise the propellers of a twin-engine aircraft

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