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Glossary of Machining Terms
beginning with letter C
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cage Tweet Definition of cage Like Definition of cage on Facebook
noun (plural:cages)
  1. an enclosure made of bars
  2. the passenger compartment of a lift
verb (cag, ing)
  1. to put into a cage
  2. (advertising, politics) To track individual responses to direct mail.
carriage Tweet Definition of carriage Like Definition of carriage on Facebook
noun
  1. A wheeled vehicle, generally drawn by horse power.
The ride was very romantic.
  1. A railroad car drawn by a locomotive.
  2. (archaic) A manner of walking and moving in general; how one carries oneself.
His noble concealed the heart of a knave.
  1. The part of a typewriter supporting the paper.
  2. (local to New England) A shopping cart.
  3. A baby stroller; a baby carraige.
carrier Tweet Definition of carrier Like Definition of carrier on Facebook
noun
  1. A person or object that carry, carries someone or something else.
aircraft carrier
armored personnel carrier
  1. A company in the business of shipping freight.
  2. A person or animal that transmits a disease to others without itself contracting the disease.
  3. A signal such as radio, sound, or light that is modulated to transmit information.
  4. A mobile network operator; wireless carrier
caster Tweet Definition of caster Like Definition of caster on Facebook
noun 
  1. A wheeled assembly attached to a larger object at its base to facilitate rolling. A caster usually consists of
    • a wheel, which may be plastic, a hard elastomer, or metal
    • an axle
    • a mounting provision, usually a stem, flange, or plate
    • (sometimes) a swivel which allows the caster to rotate for steering
      Many office chairs roll on a set of casters.
    • A shaker with a perforated top for sprinkling condiments such as sugar, salt, pepper, etc.
centrifuge Tweet Definition of centrifuge Like Definition of centrifuge on Facebook
noun
  1. A device in which a mixture of denser and lighter materials (normally dispersed in a liquid) is separated by being spun about a central axis at high speed
  2. An apparatus in which humans are spun to simulate acceleration in an aircraft or spacecraft
verb (centrifug, ing)
  1. To rotate something in a centrifuge in order to separate its constituents
chain drive Tweet Definition of chain drive Like Definition of chain drive on Facebook
noun
  1. A transmission system in which power is transferred to the wheels by means of a chain
chatter Tweet Definition of chatter Like Definition of chatter on Facebook
noun
  1. talk, especially meaningless or unimportant talk
  2. the sound of talking
  3. the sound made by a magpie
  4. an intermittent noise, as from vibration
Proper brake adjustment will help to reduce the .
  1. in national security, the degree of communication between suspect groups and individuals, used to gauge the degree of expected terrorist activity.
The NSA is concerned about increased between known terror groups.
verb
  1. (intransitive) To talk idly.
They knitted and chattered the whole time.
  1. (intransitive) Of teeth, machinery, etc, to make a chattering noise.
He was so cold that his teeth were chattering.
Cheek Tweet Definition of Cheek Like Definition of Cheek on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The word Cheek is also an old family surname from Anglo-Saxon England that predates the Norman invasion. The Cheek family was among the first to immigrate to the US colonies in the early 17th century. The family crest is a white shield with three red crescents.
choke Tweet Definition of choke Like Definition of choke on Facebook
noun
  1. A control on a carburetor to adjust the air/fuel mixture when the engine is cold.
  2. (sports): In wrestling, karate (etc.), a type of hold that can result in strangulation.
  3. A constriction at the muzzle end of a shotgun barrel which effects the spread of the shot.
verb (chok, ing)
  1. (intransitive): To be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe.
  2. (transitive): To prevent someone from breathing by strangling them.
  3. (intransitive): To perform badly at a crucial stage of a competition because one is nervous, especially when one is winning.
Chuck Tweet Definition of Chuck Like Definition of Chuck on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male, , ) (uncountable) A diminutive of the male given name Charles.
    1. (countable) a Chuck Taylor shoe (usually referred to in plural form, Chucks).
clearance Tweet Definition of clearance Like Definition of clearance on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of clearing or something (such as a space) cleared
  2. The distance between two moving objects, especially between parts of a machine
  3. The height or width of a tunnel, bridge or other passage, or the distance between a vehicle and the walls or roof of such passage; a gap, headroom
  4. permission for a vehicle to proceed, or for a person to travel
The plane got from air traffic control, and we were off.
He got to travel to America, even though he had previous links to terrorists
  1. permission to have access to sensitive or secret documents or other information
  2. a sale of merchandise at a reduced price
  3. the processing of cheques at a clearing house
  1. (medicine) the removal of substances from the blood; renal clearance
    1. (context, sports, billiards, snooker, pool) The act of potting all the remaining balls on a table at one visit.
cogwheel Tweet Definition of cogwheel Like Definition of cogwheel on Facebook
noun
  1. A gear wheel
collar Tweet Definition of collar Like Definition of collar on Facebook
noun
  1. The part of a shirt or jacket that fits around the neck and throat.
  2. A similar detachable item
  3. Anything that encircles the neck.
  4. A band or chain around an animal's neck, used to restrain the animal and/or for identification.
Make sure your dog has a holding an identification tag.
See also a Wikipedia article on (w, horse collar).
  1. A part of harness designed to distribute the load around the shoulders of the draft animal.
  2. (context, technology) Any encircling device or structure.
A nylon kept the bolt from damaging the surface underneath.
  1. (context, in compounds) Of or pertaining to a certain category of professions; see -collar.
verb
  1. (transitive) To place a collar on.
Collar and leash your dog.
  1. To seize or detain.
  2. To arrest.
  3. (transitive) To bind in conversation.
I managed to Fred in the office yesterday.
combustion chamber Tweet Definition of combustion chamber Like Definition of combustion chamber on Facebook
noun
  1. An enclosed space, within a heat engine, in which the fuel is mixed and reacted with air or other oxidizing agent in a controlled manner
compound Tweet Definition of compound Like Definition of compound on Facebook
noun
  1. an enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are confined
verb
  1. (intransitive) to come together
  2. (intransitive) to come to terms of agreement
  3. (transitive) to put together
  4. (transitive) to add to
  5. (context, transitive, law) to settle by agreeing on less than the claim
adjective
  1. composed of elements; not simple
concave Tweet Definition of concave Like Definition of concave on Facebook
adjective
  1. curved inward like the inside of a bowl
cone Tweet Definition of cone Like Definition of cone on Facebook
noun
  1. (geometry) A surface of revolution formed by rotate, rotating a line around another line that intersects the first line.
  2. (geometry) A solid of revolution formed by rotating a triangle around a line through and in the plane of the triangle.
  3. Anything shaped like a cone.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998">The Illustrated Oxford Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1998</ref>
  4. The fruit of a conifer.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998"/>
  5. An ice cream cone.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998"/>
  6. A unit of volume, applied solely to marijuana and only while it is in a smokable state; roughly 1.5 cubic centimetres, depending on use.
  7. Any of the small cone-shaped structures in the retina.<ref name="Illustr. Oxford 1998"/>
verb (cones, coning, coned)
  1. (context, pottery) To fashion into the shape of a
    1. Noun, cone.
connecting rod Tweet Definition of connecting rod Like Definition of connecting rod on Facebook
noun
  1. Any rod, in an engine, that transmits power or motion, especially one that connects a reciprocating shaft to a rotating wheel
conveyor Tweet Definition of conveyor Like Definition of conveyor on Facebook
noun
  1. A person that conveys, transports or delivers.
  2. Anything that conveys, transports or delivers.
  3. A mechanical arrangement for transporting material or objects, generally over short or moderate distances, as from one part of a building to another.
conveyor belt Tweet Definition of conveyor belt Like Definition of conveyor belt on Facebook
noun
  1. A continuous flexible band moved by a series of rollers to transport objects or material from one place to another, especially within a factory or mine.
cotter Tweet Definition of cotter Like Definition of cotter on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, mechanical engineering) A pin or wedge inserted through a slot to hold machine parts together.
  2. Erroneously, sometimes used of a cotter pin.
crane Tweet Definition of crane Like Definition of crane on Facebook
noun
  1. A large bird of the order Gruiformes and the family Gruidae having long legs and a long neck which it extends when flying.
  2. A mechanical lifting device, often used for lifting heavy loads for industrial or construction purposes.
verb (cran, ing)
  1. (transitive) To extend (one's neck).
crank Tweet Definition of crank Like Definition of crank on Facebook
noun
  1. (colloquial) an ill-tempered or nasty person
Billy-Bob is a nasty, old ! He chased my cat away.
  1. A bent piece of an axle, or shaft, or an arm attached at right angles to the end of a shaft or wheel, used to impart a circular action to a wheel or other mechanical device and create power; also used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion.
Use the on the motorcycle and go for a ride.
  1. The act of converting power into motion, by turning a crankshaft.
Yes, a was all it needed to start.
  1. (slang) Methamphetamine.
Danny got abscesses from shooting all that bathtub .
  1. Any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage.
So many turning cranks these have, so many crooks. - Spenser.
  1. A twist or turn in speech; a conceit consisting in a change of the form or meaning of a word.
Quips, and cranks, and wanton wiles. - Milton.
  1. (nautical) A ship which, because of insufficient or poorly stowed ballast or cargo, is in danger of overturning
verb
  1. To turn a .
Crank it up!
He's been cranking all day and yet it refuses to .
  1. To cause to spin via other means, as though turned by a crank
I turn the key and the engine; yet it doesn't turn over
  1. To act in a cranky manner; to behave unreasonably and irritably.
Quit cranking about your spilt milk!
  1. To produce or present a desired object.
Crank out the beer!
  1. (intransitive, dated) To run with a winding course; to double; to crook; to wind and turn.
See how this river comes me cranking in. - w:Shakespeare, Shakespeare
crankshaft Tweet Definition of crankshaft Like Definition of crankshaft on Facebook
noun
  1. a rotating shaft that drives (or is driven by) a crank
crest Tweet Definition of crest Like Definition of crest on Facebook
noun
  1. A tuft, or other excrescence or natural ornament, growing on an animal's head; the comb of a cock; the swelling on the head of a serpent; the lengthened feathers of the crown or nape of bird, etc.
  2. The plume of feathers, or other decoration, worn on or displayed above a helmet; the distinctive ornament of a helmet, indicating the rank of the wearer.
  3. (heraldry): A bearing worn, not upon the shield, but usually above it, or separately as an ornament for plate, liveries, and the like. It is a relic of the ancient cognizance. See Cognizance, 4.
  4. The upper curve of a horse's neck.
  5. The ridge or top of a wave.
  6. The summit of a hill or mountain ridge.
  7. The helm or head, as typical of a high spirit; pride; courage.
  8. The ornamental finishing which surmounts the ridge of a roof, canopy, etc.
  9. The top line of a slope or embankment.
verb
  1. Particularly with reference to waves, to reach a peak.
Cross Tweet Definition of Cross Like Definition of Cross on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An English topographic surname for someone who lived near a stone cross on a road
cyclone Tweet Definition of cyclone Like Definition of cyclone on Facebook
noun
  1. A system of winds rotating around a center of low atmospheric pressure. A cyclone rotates counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere (opposite to that of an anticyclone). Modern meteorology restricts the use of the term cyclone to the cyclonic-scale circulations. But, it is still applied popularly to the more or less violent, small-scale circulations such as tornadoes, waterspouts, and dust devils (which may in fact exhibit anticyclonic rotation), and even, very loosely, to any strong wind. Because cyclonic circulation and relative low atmospheric pressure usually coexist, in common practice the terms cyclone and low are used interchangeably. Also, because cyclones nearly always are accompanied by inclement (sometimes destructive) weather, they are frequently referred to simply as storms.
  2. A Southeastern and Indian Ocean weather phenomenon that results in wind speeds of around 150 to 200 km/h.

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