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Glossary of Machining Terms
beginning with letter G
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gab Tweet Definition of gab Like Definition of gab on Facebook
noun
  1. idle, Idle chatter
verb (gab, b, ing)
  1. to talk or chatter a lot, usually on trivial subjects
gall Tweet Definition of gall Like Definition of gall on Facebook
noun (countable galls and uncountable)
  1. (anatomy) (obsolete) (uncountable) bile, Bile, especially that of an animal; the greenish, profoundly bitter-tasting fluid found in bile ducts and gallbladders, structures associated with the liver.
  2. (anatomy) The gallbladder.
    1611 He shall flee from the iron weapon and the bow of steel shall strike him through. It is drawn and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall. Job 20:24 & 25 KJV
    1. (uncountable) Great misery or physical suffering, likened to the bitterest-tasting of substances.
    1611 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth and wormwood " Deuteronomy 29:18 KJV
    1. (countable) A blister or tumor-like growth found on the surface of plants, caused by burrowing of insect larvae into the living tissues, especially that of the common oak gall wasp (Cynips quercusfolii).
    1974 Even so, Redi retained a belief that in certain other cases--the origin of parasites inside the human or animal body or of grubs inside of oak galls--there must be spontaneous generation. Bit by bit the evidence grew against such views. In 1670 Jan Swammerdam, painstaking student of the insect's life cycle, suggested that the grubs in galls were enclosed in them for the sake of nourishment and must come from insects that had inserted their semen or their eggs into the plants. " http://etext.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv2-34 Dictionary of the History of Ideas.
    1. (countable) A bump-like imperfection resembling a gall.
    1653 But first for your Line. First note, that you are to take care that your hair be round and clear, and free from galls, or scabs, or frets: for a well- chosen, even, clear, round hair, of a kind of glass-colour, will prove as strong as three uneven scabby hairs that are ill-chosen, and full of galls or unevenness. You shall seldom find a black hair but it is round, but many white are flat and uneven; therefore, if you get a lock of right, round, clear, glass-colour hair, make much of it. " Izaak Walton, The Compleat Angler, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=659275809&tag=Walton,+Izaak:+The+Compleat+Angler:+or,+The+Contemplative+Man`s+Recreation,+1653+(1927)&query=+gall&id=WalAngl Chapter 21.
    1. (uncountable) A feeling of exasperation.
    1792 It moves my to hear a preacher descanting on dress and needle-work; and still more, to hear him address the British fair, the fairest of the fair, as if they had only feelings. " Mary Wollstonecraft, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=748183189&tag=Wollstonecraft,+Mary,+1759-1797:+A+vindication+of+the+rights+of+woman,+1892&query=gall+to&id=WolVind A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
    1. (uncountable) An action demonstrating impudence or brazenness; temerity, chutzpah.
    1918 "Durn ye!" he cried. "I'll lam ye! Get offen here. I knows ye. Yer one o' that gang o' bums that come here last night, an' now you got the to come back beggin' for food, eh? I'll lam ye!" and he raised the gun to his shoulder. " Arthur Conan Doyle, The Oakdale Affair, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=124017217&tag=Burroughs,+Edgar+Rice,+1875-1950:+The+Oakdale+Affair,+1918&query=the+gall&id=BurOakd Chapter 6.
    1. (medicine) (obsolete) (countable) A sore or open wound caused by chafing, which may become infected, as with a blister.
    1892 The runaway slave came to my house and stopt outside,
    I heard his motions crackling the twigs of the woodpile,
    Through the swung half-door of the kitchen I saw him limpsy and weak,
    And went where he sat on a log and led him in and assured him,
    And brought water and fill'd a tub for his sweated body and bruis'd feet,
    And gave him a room that enter'd from my own, and gave him some coarse clean clothes,
    And remember perfectly well his revolving eyes and his awkwardness,
    And remember putting plasters on the galls of his neck and ankles;
    He staid with me a week before he was recuperated and pass'd north,
    I had him sit next me at table, my fire-lock lean'd in the corner. " Walt Whitman, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&grouping=match&docs=TEI2&query=galls&sample=1-100&id=Whi1855 "Song of Myself", Leaves of Grass''.
    1. (countable) A sore on a horse caused by an ill-fitted or ill-adjusted saddle; a saddle sore.
    Riding a horse with bruised or broken skin can cause a , which frequently results in the white saddle marks seen on the withers and backs of some horses. " http://www.cdc.gov/nasd/docs/d000001-d000100/d000027/d000027.html National Ag Safety Database (Centers for Disease Control).
    1. (countable) A pit caused on a surface being cut caused by the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
verb
  1. To be troubled or bothered by.
1883I went below, and did what I could for my wound; it pained me a good deal, and still bled freely; but it was neither deep nor dangerous, nor did it greatly me when I used my arm. " w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, ''w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=595860674&tag=Stevenson,+Robert+Louis,+1850-1894:+Treasure+Island,+1883&query=+gall&id=SteTrea Chapter 27.
  1. To harass, to harry, often with the intent to cause injury.
June 24, 1778The disposition for these detachments is as follows -- Morgans corps, to gain the enemy's right flank; Maxwells brigade to hang on their left. Brigadier Genl. Scott is now marching with a very respectable detachment destined to the enemys left flank and rear. " George Washington, The Writings of George Washington From the Original Manuscript Sources: http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=675205858&tag=Washington,+George,+1732-1799:+The+writings+of+George+Washington+from+the+original+manuscript+sources:+Volume+12,+1745-1799&query=+gall&id=WasFi12 Volume 12, 1745-1799.
  1. To chafe, to rub or subject to friction; to create a sore on the skin.
  2. To exasperate.
1979Metrinko was hungry, but he was galled by how self-congratulatory his captors seemed, how generous and noble and proudly Islamic. " Mark Bowden, "Captivity Pageant", The Atlantic, Volume 296, No. 5, pp. 92-97, http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200512/december-1979/4 December, 1979.
  1. To cause pitting on a surface being cut from the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
Improper cooling and a dull milling blade on titanium can the surface
gasket Tweet Definition of gasket Like Definition of gasket on Facebook
noun
  1. Any mechanical seal that serves to fill the space between two objects, generally to prevent leakage between the two objects while under compression.
gearing Tweet Definition of gearing Like Definition of gearing on Facebook
noun
  1. The ratio of a system of gears.
The 4x4 could climb well as it had relatively low .
gearwheel Tweet Definition of gearwheel Like Definition of gearwheel on Facebook
noun
  1. Alternative spelling of gear wheel
gin Tweet Definition of gin Like Definition of gin on Facebook
noun
  1. (obsolete) A trick; a device or instrument.
  2. A snare or trap for game.
  3. A machine for hoisting or moving heavy objects.
  4. A pile driver.
  5. A windpump.
  6. A cotton gin.
= verb (gin, n, ed)
  1. (transitive) To remove the seeds from cotton with a cotton gin.
  2. (transitive) To trap something in a gin.
gland Tweet Definition of gland Like Definition of gland on Facebook
noun
  1. (zoology) an organ which secretes something
  2. (botany) a secretory structure on the surface of an organ.
govern Tweet Definition of govern Like Definition of govern on Facebook
verb
  1. (transitive) To make and administer the public policy and affairs of; to exercise sovereign authority in.
  2. (transitive) To control the actions or behavior of; to keep under control; to restrain.
Govern yourselves like civilized people.
a student who could not his impulses.
  1. (transitive) To exercise a deciding or determining influence on.
Chance usually governs the outcome of the game.
  1. (transitive) To control the speed, flow etc. of; to regulate.
a valve that governs fuel intake.
  1. (intransitive) To exercise political authority; to run a government.
  2. (intransitive) To have or exercise a determining influence.
governor Tweet Definition of governor Like Definition of governor on Facebook
noun
  1. The leader of a region or state that is a member of a federation or an empire. In Roman Empire, Rome, they were endorsed by the emperor and appointed by the Senate. In the modern United States, they are elected by the people of that state.
  2. A device which regulates or controls some action of a machine through automatic feedback.
  3. (informal) father
  4. (informal) boss, employer
gudgeon Tweet Definition of gudgeon Like Definition of gudgeon on Facebook
noun
  1. A small freshwater fish, Gobio gobio, that is native to Europe.

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