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Glossary of Computing Terms
beginning with letter S
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save Tweet Definition of save Like Definition of save on Facebook
noun 
  1. In various sports, a block that prevents an opponent from scoring
The goaltender made a great .
  1. (baseball) When a relief pitcher comes into a game with a 3 run or less lead, and his team wins while continually being ahead
Jones retired seven to earn the .
  1. (professional wrestling slang) A point in a professional wrestling match when one or more wrestlers run to the ring to aid a fellow wrestler who is being beaten.
The giant wrestler continued to beat down his smaller opponent, until several wrestlers ran in for the . (trans-top, block that prevents an opponent from scoring)
  • Norwegian: redning
    (trans-mid)
    (trans-bottom)
verb (sav, ing)
  1. (transitive) To help (somebody) to survive, or keep (somebody) from harm.
  2. (transitive) To keep (something) safe; to safeguard.
  3. (transitive) To store for future use.
  4. (transitive) To conserve or prevent the waste, wasting of.
  5. (transitive) To obviate or make unnecessary.
  6. (context, transitive, computing) To copy (a file) to disk.
  7. (context, transitive, theology) To redeem or protect someone from eternal damnation.
  8. (intransitive) To economize or avoid waste.
  9. (context, transitive, and, intransitive) To accumulate money or valuables.
     
scan Tweet Definition of scan Like Definition of scan on Facebook
noun 
  1. The result or output of a scan.
After the was done the doctors looked at the images and made a diagnosis.
verb (scan, n, ing)
  1. (obsolete): To mount by steps; to go through with step by step.
  2. To examine sequentially, part by part.
  3. (computing): To create a digital copy of an image using a scanner.
  4. To look about for.
He scanned the horizon.
  1. (poetry) To fit or conform to a specific meter.
     
screen saver Tweet Definition of screen saver Like Definition of screen saver on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computing) a program, running on a personal computer, which, after a designated period of screen inactivity displays a moving image; originally this was to prevent damage to the phosphor but is now used for entertainment or security
     
scroll Tweet Definition of scroll Like Definition of scroll on Facebook
noun 
  1. A roll of paper or parchment; a writing formed into a roll; a schedule; a list.
  2. (architecture) An ornament formed of undulations giving off spirals or sprays, usually suggestive of plant form. Roman architectural ornament is largely of some scroll pattern.
  3. A mark or flourish added to a person's signature, intended to represent a seal, and in some States allowed as a substitute for a seal. U.S. Burrill.
  4. (geometry) a skew surface.
verb 
  1. (context, Computing): to change one's view of data on a computer's display using a scroll bar or a scroll wheel.
     
search Tweet Definition of search Like Definition of search on Facebook
noun 
  1. An act of searching.
  2. (computing) An act of searching for information using a search engine or searching a database, form, table of values and or other applicable items.
verb (search, es)
  1. (transitive) To look throughout (a place) for something. To try and find something.
I searched the garden for the keys and found them in the vegetable patch.
  1. (intransitive) (followed by "for") To look thoroughly.
The police are searching for evidence in his flat.
     
sector Tweet Definition of sector Like Definition of sector on Facebook
noun 
  1. section
  2. zone
  3. a part of a circle, extending to the center
  4. (computing) a fixed-sized unit (traditionally 512 bytes) of sequential data stored on a track of a digital medium (compare to block)
  5. (Military) An area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates, and for which it is responsible.
  6. (Military) One of the subdivisions of a coastal frontier.
  7. (scifi) a fictional region of space designated for navigational or governance purposes; for instance, W:Sector (Star Trek), W:List of Star Wars sectors
     
see Tweet Definition of see Like Definition of see on Facebook
noun 
  1. A diocese; a region of a church, generally headed by a bishop
verb (sees, seeing, saw, seen)
  1. To perceive with the eyes.
  2. To perceive or detect as if by sight.
  3. To form a mental picture of.
  4. To understand.
Do you what I mean?
     
segment Tweet Definition of segment Like Definition of segment on Facebook
noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 Ety section)
  1. a length of some object: a of rope
  2. (mathematics) A straight path between two points that is the shortest distance between them.
  3. a part of a television program
The news showed a on global warming.
  1. (computing) an Ethernet bus
verb (segment)
  1. to divide into segments or sections
Segment the essay by topic.
     
sense Tweet Definition of sense Like Definition of sense on Facebook
noun 
  1. One of the methods for a living being to gather data about the world; sight, smell, hearing, touch, taste.
  2. A general conscious awareness.
a sense of security
  1. Sound practical judgment, as in common sense
  2. The meaning, reason, or value of something.
You don"t make any sense.
  1. A natural appreciation or ability
A keen musical sense
  1. (Pragmatics) The way that a referent is presented.
  2. (Semantics) A single conventional use of a word. I.e., one of the entries for a word in a dictionary.
verb (senses, sensing, sensed)
  1. To use biological senses: to either smell, watch, taste, hear or feel.
  2. To instinctively be aware.
She immediately sensed her disdain.
  1. To comprehend.
     
sentinel Tweet Definition of sentinel Like Definition of sentinel on Facebook
noun 
  1. A sentry or guard.
  2. (computer science) a unique phrase of characters (a string), used to mark a document for processing by a computer program, also called a keyword. For example, an HTML tag such as '<table>' is a form of sentinel as its a unique phrase that is non-reaccuring in the english language. However the use of '<' and 'table' do occur in english but not in this form, so '<table>' is a relatively good sentinel phrase.
     
shift key Tweet Definition of shift key Like Definition of shift key on Facebook
noun 
  1. The key on a typewriter used to select uppercase letters and certain special characters by physically moving the mechanism
  1. (computing) A key on a personal computer or terminal keyboard used to effect the same function, or to change the function of the function keys
     
simulation Tweet Definition of simulation Like Definition of simulation on Facebook
noun 
  1. Something which simulates a system or environment in order to predict actual behaviour.''
This exercise is a simulation of actual battle conditions.
The most reliable simulation predicts that the hurricane will turn north.
  1. The process of simulating.
Despite extensive simulation in the design phase, the aircraft failed to behave as expected.
     
site Tweet Definition of site Like Definition of site on Facebook
noun 
  1. (obsolete) sorrow, Sorrow, grief.
verb (sit, ing)
  1. (architecture) To situate or place a building.
The U.K. government is dusting off an alternative plan to the center at a military outfit such as Porton Down.
     
slipstreaming Tweet Definition of slipstreaming Like Definition of slipstreaming on Facebook
verb 
  1. Present participle of to slipstream.
     
SMART Tweet Definition of SMART Like Definition of SMART on Facebook
initialism 
  1. A mnemonic for goal-setting: specific, Specific, measurable, Measurable, ambitious, Ambitious (yet Achievable), resource, Resource bound, time, Time bound.
     
smiley Tweet Definition of smiley Like Definition of smiley on Facebook
noun 
  1. (rare) A simplified representation of a smiling face.
  2. (Internet) A sequence of keyboard characters used to represent a person's mood or emotion, especially <tt>&nbsp;:), :)</tt> or <tt>&nbsp;:-), :-)</tt> or other smiling depiction.
  3. (slang) Having one's throat slit from side to side.
adjective 
  1. cheerful, Cheerful and happy; smiling.
     
sneakernet Tweet Definition of sneakernet Like Definition of sneakernet on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, computing, informal, humorous) A method of transferring a computer program from one computer to another by copying it to a floppy disk or some other external storage, carrying the disk to the other computer and installing it there, in contrast with electronic methods used by networked computers to transfer data.
     
soft copy Tweet Definition of soft copy Like Definition of soft copy on Facebook
noun (Plural soft copies)
  1. A digital copy of a document, rather than a copy printed on paper.
     
software Tweet Definition of software Like Definition of software on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computing) Encoded computer instructions, usually modifiable (unless stored in some form of unalterable memory such as ROM). Compare hardware.
    • 1958: The "" comprising the carefully planned interpretive routines, compilers, and other aspects of automative programming are at least as important to the modern electronic calculator as its "hardware" of tubes, transistors, wires, tapes and the like. &mdash; The Teaching of Concrete Mathematics, John W. Tukey, in The American Mathematical Monthly, vol. 65, no. 1 (Jan. 1958), pp 1-9.
    • 1953 As originally conceived, the word "" was merely an obvious way to distinguish a program from the computer itself. A program comprised sequences of changeable instructions each having the power to command the behavior of the permanently crafted machinery, the "hardware." Softword: Provenance for the Word "Software" by Paul Niquette ISBN 1-58922-233-http://niquette.com/books/softword/part0.htm
     
sort Tweet Definition of sort Like Definition of sort on Facebook
noun 
  1. A general type.
  2. (informal) A person.
This guy's a decent sort.
  1. An act of sorting.
I had a sort of my cupboard
  1. (computing) An algorithm for sorting a list of items into a particular order.
verb 
  1. (transitive) To separate according to certain criterion, criteria.
  2. (transitive) To arrange into some order, especially numerically, alphabetically or chronologically.
     
source code Tweet Definition of source code Like Definition of source code on Facebook
noun (-, sg=source code)
  1. (computing, uncountable) Human-readable instructions in a programming language, to be transformed into machine instructions by a compiler, interpreter, assembler or other such system.
     
space bar Tweet Definition of space bar Like Definition of space bar on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computing) A key, in the shape of a bar, near the bottom of a keyboard, that generates a space character when pressed
     
SPAM Tweet Definition of SPAM Like Definition of SPAM on Facebook
proper noun &reg;
  1. Tinned meat made mainly from ham by Hormel Foods Corporation.
     
speak Tweet Definition of speak Like Definition of speak on Facebook
noun 
  1. language, jargon, or terminology used uniquely in a particular environment or group.
Corporate speak; IT speak
verb (speaks or archaic, speaketh, speaking, spoke or archaic, spake, spoken)
  1. (intransitive) To communicate with one's voice, to say words out loud.
I was so surprised I couldn't .
You're speaking too fast.
  1. (intransitive) To have a conversation.
It's been ages since we've spoken.
  1. (context, by extension) To communicate or converse by some means other than orally, such as writing or facial expressions.
He spoke of it in his diary
Speak to me only with your eyes.
I just spoke with them on IRC.
Actions louder than words.
  1. (intransitive) To deliver a message to a group; to deliver a speech.
This evening I shall on the topic of correct English usage.
  1. (transitive) To be able to communicate in a language.
I was so surprised that I couldn't a word.
He speaks Mandarin fluently.
     
spool Tweet Definition of spool Like Definition of spool on Facebook
noun 
  1. A device around which thread, wire or cable is wound, especially a cylinder or spindle.
verb 
  1. (computing): To send files to some device or program (a "spooler" or demon) that puts them in a queue for later processing of some kind. Without qualification, the spooler is the "print spooler" controlling output of jobs to a printer; but the term has been used in connection with other peripherals (especially plotters and graphics devices) and occasionally even for input devices.
     
spreadsheet Tweet Definition of spreadsheet Like Definition of spreadsheet on Facebook
noun 
  1. (historic) A sheet of paper, marked with a grid, in which financial data is recorded and totals calculated manually.
  2. (computing) A computer simulation of such a system of recording tabular data, with totals and other formulas calculated automatically.
     
stack Tweet Definition of stack Like Definition of stack on Facebook
noun 
  1. A large pile of hay, grain, straw, or the like, larger at the bottom than the top, sometimes covered with thatch.
  2. A pile of similar objects, each directly on top of the last.
Please bring me a chair from that stack in the corner.
  1. A pile of poles or wood, indefinite in quantity.
  2. A pile of wood containing 108 cubic feet. (~3 m&sup3;)
  3. A smokestack.
  4. (computing) A linear data structure in which the last datum stored is the first retrieved; a LIFO queue.
  5. (computing) A portion of memory in a computer occupied by a data structure, particularly (the stack) that portion of main memory manipulated during machine language procedure call related instructions.
  6. (geology) Coastal landform. A large vertical column of rock in the sea.
  7. (context, library) Compactly spaced bookshelf, bookshelves used to house large collections of books.
  8. (figurative) A large amount of an object.
  9. (military) A pile of rifles or muskets in a cone shape.
  10. (poker) The amount of money a player has on the table.
  11. (architecture) A vertical drain pipe.
verb 
  1. To place one or more objects or material in the form of a stack or on an existing stack.
Please stack those chairs in the corner.
  1. (card games) To arrange the cards in a deck in a particular manner.
This is the third hand in a row you've drawn a four-of-a-kind. Someone is stacking the deck!
  1. (poker) To take all the money another player currently has on the table.
I won Jill's last $100 this hand; I stacked her!
     
statement Tweet Definition of statement Like Definition of statement on Facebook
noun 
  1. a declaration or remark
  2. a presentation of opinion or position
  3. (finance) a document that summarizes financial activity
a bank statement
  1. (computing) an instruction in a computer program
     
storage Tweet Definition of storage Like Definition of storage on Facebook
noun 
  1. The act of storing goods or the state of being stored
  2. A place for storing goods
  3. The price charged for storing goods
  4. (computing) That part of a computer, such as discs, where data is stored for subsequent retrieval (but compare memory).
     
store Tweet Definition of store Like Definition of store on Facebook
noun 
  1. A place where items may be accumulated or routinely kept.
This building used to be a for old tires.
  1. A supply held in storage.
We have a large of beer, in case we're snowed in.
  1. (context, mainly North American) A place where items may be purchased.
I need to get some milk from the grocery .
  1. (context, computing, archaic) Memory.
The main of 1000 36-bit words seemed large at the time.
verb (stor, ing)
  1. (transitive) To keep (something) while not in use, generally in a place meant for that purpose.
I'll these books in the attic.
  1. (context, transitive, computing) Write (something) into memory or registers.
This operation stores the result on the stack.
  1. (intransitive) To remain in good condition while stored.
I don't think that kind of cheese will well in the refrigerator.
     
subroutine Tweet Definition of subroutine Like Definition of subroutine on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computer science) A section of code that implements a task. While it may be used at more than one point in a program, it need not be.
     
supercomputer Tweet Definition of supercomputer Like Definition of supercomputer on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computing) Any computer that has a far greater processing power than others of its day; typically they use more than 1 core and are housed in large clean rooms with high air flow to permit cooling. Typical uses are weather forecasting, nuclear simulations and animations.
     
symbolic Tweet Definition of symbolic Like Definition of symbolic on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Pertaining to a symbol.
  2. Referring to something with an implicit meaning.
     
syntax Tweet Definition of syntax Like Definition of syntax on Facebook
noun (syntaxes or syntices, -)
  1. A set of rules that govern how words are combined to form phrases and sentences.
  2. (context, computing, countable) The formal rules of formulating the statements of a computer language.
  3. (linguistics) The study of the structure of phrases, sentences and language.
     
system Tweet Definition of system Like Definition of system on Facebook
noun 
  1. A collection of organized things; as, a solar system.
  2. A way of organising or planning.
  3. A whole composed of relationships among the members.
  4. In music, a set of staffs that indicate instruments or sounds that are to be played simultaneously.
     
systems analysis Tweet Definition of systems analysis Like Definition of systems analysis on Facebook
noun 
  1. the scientific analysis of systems, and the interactions within them
  1. (computing) a range of techniques used especially in commercial computing in which the needs of a company or its staff are analysed and translated into a technical description of the necessary software - which is then created by programmers
     

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