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Glossary of Computing Terms
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absolute Tweet Definition of absolute Like Definition of absolute on Facebook
noun 
  1. (geometry) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
  2. (grammar) The first of the three degrees of comparison.
  3. That which is independent of context-dependent interpretation, inviolate, fundamental (referring to Adjective Definition 4)
as in moral absolutes
adjective (more absolute or (rarely) absoluter, most absolute or (rarely) absolutest)
  1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command.
    • 1962, Hannah Arendt, On Revolution, (1990), page 155
    • : The more absolute the ruler, the more absolute the revolution will be which replaces him.
      1. complete, Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless.
      absolute perfection
      absolute beauty
    • So absolute she seems, And in herself complete. "w:John Milton, John Milton
      1. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; " opposed to relative and (compar); as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
      Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations.
      1. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
      Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist. The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws.
      1. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
      Note: It is in dispute among philosophers whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
    • To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. "w:William Hamilton, William Hamilton
      1. (rare) Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
    • I am absolute "t was very Cloten. "Shakespeare, Cymbeline, IV,ii
      1. (rare) Authoritative; peremptory.
    • The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. "w:Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Elizabeth Barrett Browning
      1. (chemistry) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
      2. (grammar) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. (See ablative absolute.)
     
access Tweet Definition of access Like Definition of access on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. (uncountable) A way or means of approaching or entering; an entrance; a passage.
    • All was thronged. - Milton
      1. (uncountable) The act of approaching or entering; an advance.
      2. (uncountable) The right or ability of approaching or entering; admittance; admission; accessibility.
    • I did repel his fetters, and denied His to me. - Shakespeare, Hamlet, II-i
      1. (uncountable) Admission to sexual intercourse.
    • During coverture, of the husband shall be presumed, unless the contrary be shown. - Blackstone
      1. (countable) An increase by addition; accession; as, an of territory.
    • I, from the influence of thy looks, receive in every virtue. - Milton
      1. (countable) An onset, attack, or fit of disease; an ague fit.
    • The first looked like an apoplexy. - Burnet
      1. (countable) An outburst of an emotion; a paroxysm; a fit of passion; as, an of fury.
    • 1946: Arnold J. Toynbee, A Study of History (Abridgement of Volumes I-VI by D.C. Somervell)
      : It appears that, about the middle of the fourth century of the Christian Era, the Germans in the Roman service started the new practice of retaining their native names; and this change of etiquette, which seems to have been abrupt, points to a sudden <b>access</b> of self-confidence and self-assurance in the souls of the barbarian personnel which had previously been content to 'go Roman' without reservations.
      1. (uncountable) The right of a non-custodial parent to visit their child.
      2. (uncountable) (computing) The process of locating data in memory.
      3. (uncountable) (internet) connection, Connection to or communication with a computer program or to the Internet.
verb (access, es)
  1. (transitive) To gain or obtain access to.
  2. (transitive) (computing) To have access to (data).
     
access time Tweet Definition of access time Like Definition of access time on Facebook
noun (plural: access times)
  1. (computing) The time interval between the issuing of a request to read data from or write data to a storage device and the completion of this action.
     
accumulator Tweet Definition of accumulator Like Definition of accumulator on Facebook
noun (plural: accumulators)
  1. One who, or that which, accumulates, collects, or amasses.
  2. (mechanics) An apparatus by means of which energy or power can be stored, such as the cylinder or tank for storing water for hydraulic elevators, the secondary or storage battery used for accumulating the energy of electrical charges, etc.
  3. A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon a rope, as in deep-sea dredging
     
ADA Tweet Definition of ADA Like Definition of ADA on Facebook
initialism 
  1. w:American Dental Association, American Dental Association
  2. w:Americans for Democratic Action, Americans for Democratic Action
  3. w:Americans with Disabilities Act, Americans with Disabilities Act
  4. w:Assistant District Attorney, Assistant District Attorney
  5. The enzyme adenosine deaminase, specifically that affects RNA. See ADAR.
  6. w:American Diabetes Association, American Diabetes Association
     
address Tweet Definition of address Like Definition of address on Facebook
noun 
  1. Direction or superscription of a letter, or the name, title, and place of residence of the person addressed.
  2. Act of addressing one's self to a person; verbal application.
  3. A formal communication, either written or spoken; a discourse; a speech; a formal application to any one; a petition; a formal statement on some subject or special occasion; as, an address of thanks, an address to the voters.
  4. Manner of speaking to another; delivery; as, a man of pleasing or insinuating address.
  5. Attention in the way one's addresses to a lady. Addison.
  6. Skill; skillful management; dexterity; adroitness.
  7. (obsolete) Act of preparing one's self. Jer Taylor.
  8. street address
verb (inf=to address, addresses, addressing, addressed or {obsolete) addrest)
  1. (intransitive) (obsolete) To prepare one's self.
Let us to tend on Hector's heels. - Shakespeare
  1. (intransitive) (obsolete) To direct speech.
Young Turnus to the beauteous maid . - Dryden
  1. (transitive) (obsolete) To aim; to direct.
And this good knight his way with me addrest. - Spenser
  1. (transitive) (obsolete) To prepare or make ready.
His foe was soon addressed. - Spenser
Turnus addressed his men to single fight. - Dryden
The five foolish virgins addressed themselves at the noise of the bridegroom's coming. - Jeremy Taylor
  1. (transitive) (reflexive) To prepare one's self; to apply one's skill or energies (to some object); to betake.
These men addressed themselves to the task. - Macaulay
  1. (transitive) (archaic) To clothe or array; to dress.
Tecla ... addressed herself in man's apparel. - Jewel
  1. (transitive) To direct, as words (to any one or any thing); to make, as a speech, petition, etc. (to any one, an audience).
The young hero had addressed his players to him for his assistance. - Dryden
  1. (transitive) To direct speech to; to make a communication to, whether spoken or written; to apply to by words, as by a speech, petition, etc., to speak to; to accost.
Are not your orders to the senate? - Addison
The representatives of the nation addressed the king. - Swift
  1. (transitive) To direct in writing, as a letter; to superscribe, or to direct and transmit; as, he addressed a letter.
  2. (transitive) To make suit to as a lover; to court; to woo.
  3. (transitive) To consign or intrust to the care of another, as agent or factor; as, the ship was addressed to a merchant in Baltimore.
  4. (transitive) To address one's self to; to prepare one's self for; to apply one's self to; to direct one's speech or discourse to.
  5. (transitive) (formal) To handle, discuss about a problem especially to solve it.
This article will how to write a good entry for Wiktionary.
     
ADP Tweet Definition of ADP Like Definition of ADP on Facebook
initialism 
  1. (biochemistry) adenosine diphosphate
     
alphanumeric Tweet Definition of alphanumeric Like Definition of alphanumeric on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Consisting of letters and numbers, especially the characters A to Z (lowercase and uppercase) and 0 to 9
  2. Consisting of these characters plus punctuation and other special characters
     
ALU Tweet Definition of ALU Like Definition of ALU on Facebook
initialism 
  1. (computing), (electronics) arithmetic logic unit.
  2. Abbreviated Line-Up.
  3. Aluminium.
     
American Standard Code for Information Interchange Tweet Definition of American Standard Code for Information Interchange Like Definition of American Standard Code for Information Interchange on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computing) A 7-bit character set and character encoding, abbreviated ASCII. Based on the Roman alphabet as used in modern English, the code is used almost universally on computing machinery.
     
analysis Tweet Definition of analysis Like Definition of analysis on Facebook
noun (countable and uncountable; plural analyses)
  1. The action of taking something apart in order to study it.
  2. (uncountable) (math) The mathematical study of functions, sequences, series, limits, derivatives and integrals.
  3. (logic) Proof by deduction from known truths.
  4. (uncountable) (chemistry) The process of breaking a substance down into its constituent parts.
  5. (countable) (chemistry) The result of this process.
     
analyst Tweet Definition of analyst Like Definition of analyst on Facebook
noun 
  1. someone who analyzes
  2. (mathematics) a mathematician who studies real analysis
  3. (computing) a systems analyst
  4. (psychiatry) a practitioner of psychoanalysis
  5. a chemical analyst; a financial analyst; a business analyst
     
AND Tweet Definition of AND Like Definition of AND on Facebook
noun 
  1. (logic) Alternative form of â§, the conjunction operator.
     
antialiasing Tweet Definition of antialiasing Like Definition of antialiasing on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, anti-aliasing)
  1. (computing) any technique that reduces the appearance of jagged edges in digital images caused by high-contrast borders between pixels.
     
APL Tweet Definition of APL Like Definition of APL on Facebook
initialism 
  1. A Programming Language
     
App Tweet Definition of App Like Definition of App on Facebook
abbreviation 
  1. appeals
  2. application
     
applet Tweet Definition of applet Like Definition of applet on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computing) a small program module that runs under the control of a larger application, typically a web browser
     
application Tweet Definition of application Like Definition of application on Facebook
noun 
  1. The act of applying or laying on, in a literal sense; as, the application of emollients to a diseased limb.
  2. The thing applied.
He invented a new application by which blood might be stanched. --Johnson.
  1. The act of applying as a means; the employment of means to accomplish an end; specific use.
If a right course . . . be taken with children, there will not be much need of the application of the common rewards and punishments. --Locke.
  1. The act of directing or referring something to a particular case, to discover or illustrate agreement or disagreement, fitness, or correspondence; as, I make the remark, and leave you to make the application; the application of a theory.
  2. (computing) A computer program or the set of software that the end user perceives as a single entity as a tool for a well-defined purpose. (Also called: application program; application software.)
  3. A verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school.
December 31 is the deadline for applications
  1. (legalese) To beg, plead, petition, implore, entreat or request.
     
application program Tweet Definition of application program Like Definition of application program on Facebook
noun 
  1. (computing) A computer program written to solve a particular problem or to be used in a particular user-defined application.
     
argument Tweet Definition of argument Like Definition of argument on Facebook
noun 
  1. A fact or statement used to support a proposition; a reason:
  2. A verbal dispute; a quarrel.
  3. A process of reasoning.
  4. (context, philosophy, logic) A series of statements organized so that the final statement is a conclusion which is intended to follow logically from the preceding statements, which function as premises.
  5. (math) The independent variable of a function.
  6. (complang) A value, or reference to a value, passed to a function.
  7. (complang) A parameter in a function definition; a formal argument.
  8. A summary or short statement of the plot or chief points of a book.
     
array Tweet Definition of array Like Definition of array on Facebook
noun 
  1. Clothing and ornamentation.
  2. A collection laid out to be viewed in full.
  3. An orderly series, arrangement or sequence.
Antonym Disarray.
  1. A large collection.
We offer a dazzling array of choices.
  1. (complang) A vector.
  2. (complang) A multidimensional array.
  3. (computing) An associative array.
verb to array
  1. To clothe and ornament oneself.
He was arrayed in his finest robes and jewels.
     
artificial intelligence Tweet Definition of artificial intelligence Like Definition of artificial intelligence on Facebook
noun (AI)
  1. intelligence, Intelligence exhibited by an artificial (non-natural, man-made) entity.
  2. The branch of computer science dealing with the reproduction or mimicking of human-level thought in computers.
  3. The essential quality of a machine which thinks in a manner similar to or on the same general level as a human being.
     
assemble Tweet Definition of assemble Like Definition of assemble on Facebook
verb (assembl, ing)
  1. to put together
He assembled the model ship.
  1. to gather as a group
The parents assembled in the school hall.
     
Assembly language Tweet Definition of Assembly language Like Definition of Assembly language on Facebook
proper noun Assembly Language
  1. (computing) The assembly language of a particular system, or machine.
I've programmed a TRS-80 using BASIC and Assembly Language.
     
asynchronous Tweet Definition of asynchronous Like Definition of asynchronous on Facebook
adjective 
  1. not synchronous; occurring at different times
  2. (computing) (of a request or a message) allowing the client to continue during a processing
     
author Tweet Definition of author Like Definition of author on Facebook
noun 
  1. The originator or creator of a work, especially a literary composition; a writer.
  2. Source of information.
verb 
  1. (context, mainly, US) To create a work by its author.
     

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