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Glossary of Pharmacology Terms
beginning with letter S
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safflower Tweet Definition of safflower Like Definition of safflower on Facebook
noun 
  1. (botany) A cultivated thistle-like plant, Carthamus tinctorius, family Asteraceae, now grown mainly for its oil.
     
Sal Tweet Definition of Sal Like Definition of Sal on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, SAL (disambiguation), Sal)
  1. Diminutive of the male given name Samuel
  2. Diminutive of the female given name Sally.
  3. One of the Cape Verde islands
     
salbutamol Tweet Definition of salbutamol Like Definition of salbutamol on Facebook
noun 
  1. A short-acting bronchodilator used for the relief of bronchospasm in conditions such as asthma and COPD.
     
salt Tweet Definition of salt Like Definition of salt on Facebook
noun 
  1. A common substance recognised chemically as sodium chloride (NaCl?), used extensively as a condiment and preservative.
  2. (chemistry) One of the compounds formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, where a positive ion replaces a hydrogen of the acid.
  3. A kind of marsh at the shore of a sea (short for salt marsh, apparently not in a wide-spread use).
  4. (slang) A sailor (also old salt).
  5. (cryptography) Additional bytes inserted into a plaintext message before encryption, in order to increase randomness and render brute force, brute-force decryption more difficult.
verb 
  1. (transitive) To add salt to.
  2. (mining) To blast gold into (as a portion of a mine) in order to cause to appear to be a productive seam.
  3. (cryptography) To add filler bytes before encrypting, in order to make brute-force decryption more resource-intensive.
  4. To include colorful language in.
  5. To insert or inject something into an object to give it properties it would not naturally have.
adjective 
  1. salty, Salty.
  2. saline, Saline.
     
salve Tweet Definition of salve Like Definition of salve on Facebook
noun 
  1. An ointment, cream or balm with soothing, healing or calming effects
  2. Anything or action that soothes or heals
     
sanitary napkin Tweet Definition of sanitary napkin Like Definition of sanitary napkin on Facebook
noun 
  1. A pad of cotton or other absorbent material worn by women to absorb the menstrual flow.
     
scopolamine Tweet Definition of scopolamine Like Definition of scopolamine on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pharmaceutical drug) A tropane alkaloid obtained from plants of the nightshade family, used as a sedative, to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils for ophthalmic examination.
     
sedative Tweet Definition of sedative Like Definition of sedative on Facebook
noun 
  1. An agent or drug that sedates.
adjective 
  1. calming, Calming, soothing, inducing sleep, tranquilize, tranquilizing
     
shoot Tweet Definition of shoot Like Definition of shoot on Facebook
noun 
  1. The bud of a plant.
  2. A photography session.
  3. (professional wrestling slang) In professional wrestling, an event that is unscripted or legitimate.
verb (shoots, shooting, shot, shot, or rarely shotten)
  1. To fire one or more shots.
The man, in a desperate bid for freedom, grabbed his gun and started shooting anyone he could.
  1. To hit with a shot.
He was shot by a police officer.
  1. To move very quickly and suddenly.
After an initial lag, the experimental group's scores shot past the control group's scores in the fourth week.
  1. To photograph.
  2. To blame a messenger for the contents of the message.
Please don't the messenger.
  1. (professional wrestling) In professional wrestling, to deviate from kayfabe, either intentionally or accidentally; to actually connect with unchoreographed fighting blows and maneuvers, or speak one's mind (instead of an agreed-to script).
  2. (surveying) To measure the distance and direction to (a point).
  3. (sports) To make the stated score.
In my round of golf yesterday I shot a 76.
     
shot Tweet Definition of shot Like Definition of shot on Facebook
noun 
  1. The result of launching a projectile or bullet.
The was wide of the mark.
  1. (sports) The act of launching a ball or similar object toward a goal.
They took the lead on a last-minute .
  1. The heavy iron ball used for the shot put.
  2. (uncountable) Small metal balls used as ammunition.
  3. (military) A solid metal armor-piercing projectile having no bursting charge, that was in use mainly during World War II.
  4. A chance, or an attempt.
I'd like just one more at winning this game.
  1. (finance) A payment (of a bill), a scot or shout.
  2. A measure of alcohol, usually spirits, as taken either from a shot-glass or directly from the bottle. About 44 millilitres; 1.5 ounces. "pony shot"= 30 millilitres; 1 fluid ounce
  3. (rfv-sense) (context, prison) A spoon of coffee.
  4. (context, Filmology) The basic unit of film language.
verb 
  1. (past of, shoot)
adjective 
  1. (colloquial) Worn out.
The real axle will have to be replaced. It's .
  1. (Of material, especially silk) Woven from warp and weft strands of different colours, resulting in an iridescent appearance.
  2. tired, weary
I have to go to bed now, I'm .
     
simple Tweet Definition of simple Like Definition of simple on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, jargon, medicine) A preparation made from one plant, as opposed to something made from more than one plant.
adjective (simpler, simplest)
  1. having few parts or features; having no special features
  2. (colloquial) feeble-minded.
     
simul Tweet Definition of simul Like Definition of simul on Facebook
noun 
  1. A simultaneous exhibition: one player, typically very strong, plays several games at the same time against different opponents, typically weaker.
    • 1969, Anthony Glyn, The Dragon Variation, p96
    • :We're not just starting with Round 1. We're kicking off with a . Four simuls to be exact.
    • 1985, Daryl Lane, William Vernon, & David Carson, The Sound of Wonder, p80
    • :He could have organized a with a rat without blinking an eye.
    • 2003, J.C. Hallman, The Chess Artist, p275
    • :I saw Glenn wrapping up his speech, and told Baynes to come back that evening for the .
adverb sÄ­mÅ­l
  1. at the same time, simultaneously
     
sit Tweet Definition of sit Like Definition of sit on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, rare, Buddhism) an event (usually one full day or more) where the primary goal is to in meditation.
verb (sits, sitting, sat, sat or rarely sitten)
  1. (context, intransitive, of a person) To be in a position in which the upper body is upright and the legs (especially the upper legs) are supported by some object.
After a long day of walking, it was good just to and relax.
  1. (context, intransitive, of a person) To move oneself into such a position.
I asked him to sit.
  1. (context, intransitive, of an object) To occupy a given position permanently.
The temple has sat atop that hill for centuries.
  1. To be a member of a deliberative body.
I currently on a standards committee.
  1. (context, intransitive, of an agreement or arrangement) To be accepted.
How will this new contract with the workers?
I don"t think it will well.
     
snowbird Tweet Definition of snowbird Like Definition of snowbird on Facebook
noun 
  1. A bird seen primarily in the winter time.
  2. A person, usually one who is retired, who travels from a cold climate to a warmer one in the winter.
     
solution Tweet Definition of solution Like Definition of solution on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Solution, Solution (chemistry))
  1. An act, plan or other means, used or proposed, to solve a problem.
  2. (Business) The act or process of explaining or proposing an approach to solving a problem.
  3. (Chemistry) A homogeneous mixture, which may be liquid, gas or solid, formed by dissolving one or more substances.
  4. (Math) The answer to a problem.
  5. Satisfaction of a claim or debt.
     
somnifacient Tweet Definition of somnifacient Like Definition of somnifacient on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Inducing or causing sleep
     
somniferous Tweet Definition of somniferous Like Definition of somniferous on Facebook
adjective 
  1. causing or inducing sleep
     
somnolent Tweet Definition of somnolent Like Definition of somnolent on Facebook
adjective 
  1. drowsy, Drowsy or sleepy.
  2. Causing sleepiness; soporific.
     
soporific Tweet Definition of soporific Like Definition of soporific on Facebook
noun 
  1. Something induce, inducing sleep, especially a drug.
The doctor prescribed a to help him sleep.
adjective 
  1. Tending to induce sleep.
The professor delivered a lecture.
     
sperm Tweet Definition of sperm Like Definition of sperm on Facebook
noun (plural sperms or )
  1. (cytology) The reproductive cell or gamete of the male, the spermatozoon.
  2. The semen
     
Spirit Tweet Definition of Spirit Like Definition of Spirit on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (Holy) : in Christian theology, the Third Person of the Blessed Trinity, the three aspects of God
  2. The name given to a Mars exploration rover launched June 10, 2003. See w:MER-A, wikipedia entry
     
SS Tweet Definition of SS Like Definition of SS on Facebook
initialism 
  1. Schutzstaffel
  2. social security
  3. spousal support
  4. steam ship
     
stomachic Tweet Definition of stomachic Like Definition of stomachic on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Of or related to the stomach.
  2. Beneficial to the stomach or to digestion.
     
strychnine Tweet Definition of strychnine Like Definition of strychnine on Facebook
noun 
  1. (chemistry) A very toxic, colourless crystalline alkaloid, derived from nux vomica, used as a pesticide
     
styptic Tweet Definition of styptic Like Definition of styptic on Facebook
noun 
  1. A substance used for styptic results.
    • 1876: Henry Beasley, The Book of Prescriptions
    • :The powdered gum with resin is used as a ; and the mucilage has been recommended as an application to burns.
    • 1889: John Barclay Biddle, Materia Medica and Therapeutics: For Physicians and Students
    • :Externally, it is applied as a , and in solution, of various strengths, as an astringent.
    • 1990: A. L. Tommie Bass et al., Herbal Medicine Past and Present
    • :Knowledge of puffball's use as a and for hemorrhoids reached Bass through the popular tradition.
adjective 
  1. Bringing about contraction of tissues, especially to stop bleeding
    • 1973: Nicholas Monsarrat, The Kapillan of Malta
      The growth on top was a scrubby plant, unknown anywhere else on Malta, which was believed to have qualities " it could staunch bleeding when packed on top of a wound
     
styptic pencil Tweet Definition of styptic pencil Like Definition of styptic pencil on Facebook
noun 
  1. A short medicated stick, typically containing alum, used to stop bleeding from small wounds (as in shaving).
I said, never clip a dog"s nails without a handy.
     
sulfa Tweet Definition of sulfa Like Definition of sulfa on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Of or containing sulfanilamide.
     
sulfa drug Tweet Definition of sulfa drug Like Definition of sulfa drug on Facebook
noun 
  1. antibiotic, Antibiotic drugs related to sulphonamide in chemical structure, tending to be bacteriostatic rather than bacteriocidal.
category:Pharmaceutical drugs      
sulfonamide Tweet Definition of sulfonamide Like Definition of sulfonamide on Facebook
noun 
  1. (chemistry) Any amide of a sulfonic acid RS(=O)2NR'2.
  2. (pharmaceutical drug) Any of a group of antibiotics; a sulfa drug.
     
sun protection factor Tweet Definition of sun protection factor Like Definition of sun protection factor on Facebook
noun (abbreviated as SPF)
  1. an indication of how long a sunscreen remains effective when applied to the skin
Example: If someone normally burns in 10 minutes with no sunscreen, then a sunscreen with factor 20 will provide protection for up to 20x10 = 200 minutes
     
superscription Tweet Definition of superscription Like Definition of superscription on Facebook
noun 
  1. That which is written or engraved on the surface, outside, or above something else; specifically, an address on a letter, envelope, or the like.
  2. An editorial addition at the beginning, often indicating the authorship of a piece; compare colophon.
1911 By a pure error, or perhaps through a confusion in the traditions, Achish the Philistine (of Gath, 1 Sam. xxi., xxvii.), to whom David fled, is called Abimelech in the to Psalm 34. " s:1911 Encyclopí¦dia Britannica/Abimelech, Encyclopí¦dia Britannica.
  1. The act of superscribe, superscribing.
     
suppository Tweet Definition of suppository Like Definition of suppository on Facebook
noun (suppositor, ies)
  1. (context, medicine) A medicine in the form of a small plug that is inserted into a bodily cavity, especially the rectum or vagina, where it melts at body temperature.
     
synergism Tweet Definition of synergism Like Definition of synergism on Facebook
noun 
  1. synergy
  2. The theological doctrine that one's salvation is brought about by a combination of human will and divine grace
     
syrup Tweet Definition of syrup Like Definition of syrup on Facebook
noun 
  1. Any thick liquid that is added to or poured over food as a flavouring and has a high sugar content. Also any viscous liquid.
maple syrup
  1. (Cockney rhyming slang; shortened from syrup of figs) A wig.
     

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