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Glossary of Pharmacology Terms
beginning with letter D
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DDS Tweet Definition of DDS Like Definition of DDS on Facebook
initialism 
  1. Doctor of Dental Surgery. (medical)
  2. Direct Digital Synthesis. (electronics)
     
decongestant Tweet Definition of decongestant Like Definition of decongestant on Facebook
noun 
  1. A drug that relieves congestion, e.g. pseudoephedrine.
     
demulcent Tweet Definition of demulcent Like Definition of demulcent on Facebook
noun 
  1. (medicine) A soothing medication used to relieve pain in inflamed tissues
adjective 
  1. soothing or softening
     
deoxycorticosterone Tweet Definition of deoxycorticosterone Like Definition of deoxycorticosterone on Facebook
noun 
  1. (steroid hormone) A steroid hormone, produced in the adrenal cortex; sometimes manufactured synthetically for use in cases of adrenal insufficiency.
     
desipramine Tweet Definition of desipramine Like Definition of desipramine on Facebook
noun 
  1. A tricyclic, heterocyclic drug used to treat depression.
category:Pharmaceutical drugs      
dextroamphetamine Tweet Definition of dextroamphetamine Like Definition of dextroamphetamine on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pharmaceutical drug) One of the stereoisomers of amphetamine; used to stimulate the central nervous system.
     
diacetylmorphine Tweet Definition of diacetylmorphine Like Definition of diacetylmorphine on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pharmaceutical drug) Chemical name for heroin.
     
digestive Tweet Definition of digestive Like Definition of digestive on Facebook
noun 
  1. a substance that aids digestion
adjective 
  1. of, relating to, or functioning in digestion
  2. having the power to cause or promote digestion
     
digitalis Tweet Definition of digitalis Like Definition of digitalis on Facebook
noun (digitales)
  1. A genus of herbaceous shrubs of the Scrophulariaceae family, including the foxglove, Digitalis purpurea.
  2. A medical extract of Digitalis purpurea prescribed for heart failure etc.
    • 2001: The ancient remedy , extracted from the foxglove plant, for example, acts by blocking sodium channels in heart muscle, preventing potentially dangerous overactivity. " Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 25)
     
dispense Tweet Definition of dispense Like Definition of dispense on Facebook
verb (dispenses, dispensing, dispensed, dispensed)
  1. To issue, distribute, or put out.
The vending machine dispensed the coffee before the cup.
  1. To eliminate or do without.
I wish he would with the pleasantries and get to the point.
     
diuretic Tweet Definition of diuretic Like Definition of diuretic on Facebook
noun 
  1. A drug that increases the rate of urine excretion.
adjective 
  1. Increasing the amount or frequency of urination.
     
Don Tweet Definition of Don Like Definition of Don on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A diminutive of the male given name Donald or Gordon.
     
dopamine Tweet Definition of dopamine Like Definition of dopamine on Facebook
noun 
  1. (neurotransmitter) A neurotransmitter associated with movement, attention, learning, and the brain's pleasure and reward system.
     
dosage Tweet Definition of dosage Like Definition of dosage on Facebook
noun 
  1. The administration of a drug etc, in a measured amount; dosing
  2. The addition of a small measured amount of a substance to something e.g. sugar to wine
  3. The measured amount so administered or added; the dose
     
dose Tweet Definition of dose Like Definition of dose on Facebook
noun 
  1. A measured portion of medicine taken at any one time.
  2. The quantity of an agent (not always active) substance or radiation) administered at any one time.
verb (dos, ing)
  1. To administer a dose
  2. To prescribe a dose
     
doxycycline Tweet Definition of doxycycline Like Definition of doxycycline on Facebook
noun 
  1. a tetracycline antibiotic used to treat a variety of infections
     
drug Tweet Definition of drug Like Definition of drug on Facebook
noun 
  1. (pharmacology) Substance used to treat an illness, relieve a symptom or modify a chemical process in the body for a specific purpose.
  2. (pharmacology) A substance, often addictive, which affects the central nervous system.
  3. A chemical or substance, not necessarily for medical purposes, that alters the way the mind or body works.
  4. A drug, especially illegal, taken for recreational use.
    • 1971: We were somewhere around Barstow on the edge of the desert when the drugs began to take hold. " Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (Harper Perennial 2005, p. 3)
verb (drug, g, ed)
  1. (transitive) To administer intoxicating drugs to, generally without the recipient's knowledge or consent.
She suddenly felt strange, and only then realized she'd been drugged.
  1. (transitive) To add intoxicating drugs to with the intention of drugging someone.
She suddenly felt strange. She realized her drink must have been drugged.
     

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