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Glossary of Pharmacology Terms
beginning with letter B
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bacitracin Tweet Definition of bacitracin Like Definition of bacitracin on Facebook
nounorBacitracin (uncountable)
  1. A non-prescription antibiotic, usually provided in topical ointment form and discovered as a product of the bacterium Bacillus subtilis.
    <!--From the discussion page for "John Kerry" in Wikipedia:
    • I've seen it both ways but lower case is more common than capitalized.
    • I don't think it's a trademark but I'm not sure. (At http://www.state.nj.us/health/eoh/rtkweb/2142.pdf (last page), "Bacitracin" is given as the chemical name. There are a bunch of other names, possibly trademarks.)
    • The dispute here was about whether it's an antibiotic or an antiseptic, and the former description seems far more common, including in the Wiktionary definition.
    • Wikipedia doesn't want to duplicate Wiktionary. Therefore, articles are routinely deleted on grounds of "dicdef," i.e., if the supposed Wikipedia article is nothing more than a dictionary definition, dump it. There is no Wikipedia article on bacitracin and quite possibly never will be. Now, for our purposes, maybe the link to Wiktionary doesn't really add anything. We could un-link it and just add the parenthetical "(an antibiotic)" after the term. JamesMLane? 09:47, 6 Aug 2004 (UTC)
      -->
bactericide Tweet Definition of bactericide Like Definition of bactericide on Facebook
noun
  1. Any substance that kills bacteria, especially one that is otherwise harmless
barbiturate Tweet Definition of barbiturate Like Definition of barbiturate on Facebook
noun
  1. (organic compound) Any salt or ester of barbituric acid.
  2. (pharmaceutical drug) Any of a class of drugs that act as depressants of the central nervous system and are used as sedatives or hypnotics.
belladonna Tweet Definition of belladonna Like Definition of belladonna on Facebook
noun
  1. a plant, Atropa belladonna, having purple bell-shaped flowers and poisonous black glossy berries; deadly nightshade
  2. an alkaloid extracted from this plant, sometimes used medicinally, containing atropine
Benedict's solution Tweet Definition of Benedict Like Definition of Benedict
nounBenedict"s solution (or Benedict"s reagent or Benedict"s test)
  1. (chemistry) a solution of sodium citrate, sodium carbonate and copper sulphate whose colour changes from blue to yellow or red in the presence of reducing sugars such as glucose
beta blocker Tweet Definition of beta blocker Like Definition of beta blocker on Facebook
noun
  1. (pharmaceutical drug) A blocking agent, one of a class of drugs used to treat hypertension and control the rate at which the heart beats.
biological Tweet Definition of biological Like Definition of biological on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of, pertaining to, or connected with biology.
  2. Related by consanguinity, especially as to parents and children.
botanical Tweet Definition of botanical Like Definition of botanical on Facebook
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to botany; relating to the study of plants; as, a botanical system, arrangement, textbook, expedition.
botulin Tweet Definition of botulin Like Definition of botulin on Facebook
noun
  1. An extremely potent nerve toxin produced by the anaerobic bacteria Clostridium botulinum. Ingesting botulin results in the seriuos medical condition of botulism.
bromide Tweet Definition of bromide Like Definition of bromide on Facebook
noun
  1. (inorganic chemistry) A binary compound of bromine and some other element or radical.
  2. A dose of bromide taken as a sedative.
  3. A dull person with conventional thoughts.
  4. A platitude.
bronchodilator Tweet Definition of bronchodilator Like Definition of bronchodilator on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine) Any drug used to dilate and relax the bronchial passages and ease the flow of air to the lungs
butyrophenone Tweet Definition of butyrophenone Like Definition of butyrophenone on Facebook
noun
  1. (pharmaceutical drug) Any of several pharmaceuticals used to treat psychiatric disorders.

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