All Words Glossary

Glossary of Pharmacology Terms
beginning with letter A
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aborticide Tweet Definition of aborticide Like Definition of aborticide on Facebook
noun
  1. (medicine): The act of destroying a fetus in the womb; feticide
abortifacient Tweet Definition of abortifacient Like Definition of abortifacient on Facebook
noun
  1. A drug or an agent that causes premature delivery.
adjective
  1. Producing miscarriage
acetaminophen Tweet Definition of acetaminophen Like Definition of acetaminophen on Facebook
noun
  1. A white crystalline compound used in medicine as an anodyne to relieve pain and reduce fever.
acetylcholine Tweet Definition of acetylcholine Like Definition of acetylcholine on Facebook
noun
  1. (neurotransmitter) A neurotransmitter in humans and other animals. It is an ester of acetic acid and choline with chemical formula acetyl, CH<small>3</small>COoxygen, Omethylene, CH<small>2</small>methylene, CH<small>2</small>Nitrogen, N<small~ezentity_gt+ezentity_lt~/small>(methyl, CH<small>3</small>)<small>3</small>.
acetylsalicylic acid Tweet Definition of acetylsalicylic acid Like Definition of acetylsalicylic acid on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, organic chemistry, pharmaceutical drug) The acetate ester of salicylic acid; aspirin.
ACTH Tweet Definition of ACTH Like Definition of ACTH on Facebook
initialism
  1. adrenocorticotropic hormone
actinomycin Tweet Definition of actinomycin Like Definition of actinomycin on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, protein, pharmaceutical drug) A class of toxic polypeptide antibiotics found in soil bacteria of genus Streptomyces.
acyclovir Tweet Definition of acyclovir Like Definition of acyclovir on Facebook
noun
  1. An antiviral drug used in the treatment of genital herpes, under the trade name Zovirax.
category:Pharmaceutical drugs      
addict Tweet Definition of addict Like Definition of addict on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who is addicted, especially to a harmful drug
  2. An adherent or fan (of something)
verb <!--is this true?:
Note that the words Addicts and Addicting are US English only.-->
  1. To cause someone to become addicted, especially to a harmful drug
  2. To involve oneself in something habitually, to the exclusion of almost anything else.
    • They themselves to the civil law. --Evelyn
    • He is addicted to his study. --Beaumont & Fletcher
    • That part of mankind that their minds to speculations. --Adventurer
    • His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity. --Fuller
    • A man gross ... and addicted to low company. --Macaulay
      1. (obsolete) To adapt; to make suitable; to fit.
    • The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the coldness of the place hinders the growth. --Evelyn
addicted Tweet Definition of addicted Like Definition of addicted on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, addict)
adjective
  1. Being physically or psychologically dependent on something.
addiction Tweet Definition of addiction Like Definition of addiction on Facebook
noun
  1. The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination.
  2. A habit or practice that damages, jeopardizes or shortens one's life but when ceased causes trauma.
  3. A pathological relationship to mood altering experience that has life damaging consequences.
His was to courses vain. Shakespeare.
addictive Tweet Definition of addictive Like Definition of addictive on Facebook
noun
  1. A drug that causes an addiction.
  2. Anything that is very habit-forming.
adjective
  1. Causing or tending to cause addiction; habit-forming.
"addictive drugs", "an addictive behavior"
  1. Characterized by or susceptible to addiction.
"an addictive personality"
aflatoxin Tweet Definition of aflatoxin Like Definition of aflatoxin on Facebook
noun
  1. (poison) Any of a family of mycotoxins, produces by molds of the Aspergillus genus, that can be toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic or teratogenic; typically found as contaminants of animal food or peanuts.
agent Tweet Definition of agent Like Definition of agent on Facebook
noun
  1. One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor.
Heaven made us agents, free to good or ill. --Dryden.
  1. One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from him; one intrusted with the business of another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor.
  2. An active power or cause; that which has the power to produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal agent; as, heat is a powerful agent.
  3. (computing) In the client-server model, the part of the system that performs information preparation and exchange on behalf of a client or server. Especially in the phrase &ldquo;intelligent agent&rdquo; it implies some kind of automatic process which can communicate with other agents to perform some collective task on behalf of one or more humans.
agonist Tweet Definition of agonist Like Definition of agonist on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon).
  2. A muscle that contracts while another relaxes.
"when bending the elbow the biceps are the "
  1. (biochemistry) A molecule that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction.
"acetylcholine is an at the a cholinergic receptor"
albuterol Tweet Definition of albuterol Like Definition of albuterol on Facebook
noun
  1. (pharmaceutical drug) The USAN name for salbutamol.
amphetamine Tweet Definition of amphetamine Like Definition of amphetamine on Facebook
noun
  1. (organic compound) 1-phenyl-2-propylamine; a colourless volatile liquid; any of its derivatives.
    1. A class of drugs used as a stimulant of the central nervous system in the treatment of ADHD, depression, and narcolepsy, and abused illegally as a stimulant.
ampicillin Tweet Definition of ampicillin Like Definition of ampicillin on Facebook
noun
  1. A broad-spectrum antibiotic having a beta-lactam structure
ampule Tweet Definition of ampule Like Definition of ampule on Facebook
noun
  1. alternative spelling of ampoule
amyl nitrite Tweet Definition of amyl nitrite Like Definition of amyl nitrite on Facebook
noun
  1. (organic compound) The ester of amyl alcohol and nitrous acid.
  2. (informal) isoamyl nitrite
anabolic steroid Tweet Definition of anabolic steroid Like Definition of anabolic steroid on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) A class of steroid hormones that promote growth of tissue.
anesthetic Tweet Definition of anesthetic Like Definition of anesthetic on Facebook
noun (plural:anesthetics)
  1. A substance utilized by professional anesthesia providers such as anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists to reduce the pain of a patient and/or to render the patient unconscious.
angel dust Tweet Definition of angel dust Like Definition of angel dust on Facebook
noun
  1. phencyclidine, Phencyclidine, a type of dissociative anesthetic.
  2. (Ireland) slang name for clenbuterol, a banned growth hormone formerly used in animal feedlots.
anodyne Tweet Definition of anodyne Like Definition of anodyne on Facebook
noun
  1. (pharmacology) Any medicine or other agent that relieves pain.
  2. (figurative) A source or relaxation or comfort.
adjective
  1. capable, Capable of soothing or eliminating pain.
Paracetamol has an effect.
  1. (figurative) soothing, Soothing or relaxing.
ClassicFM?'s music is rather .
  1. (context, of advice or opinion) noncontentious, Noncontentious, blandly agreeable, unlikely to cause offence or debate.
ClassicFM?'s music is rather .
anorectic Tweet Definition of anorectic Like Definition of anorectic on Facebook
noun
  1. A person suffering from anorexia nervosa; an anorexic.
adjective
  1. Characterised by a lack of appetite, especially as suffering from anorexia nervosa; anorexic.
    • 2005: cultural historians would trace the impact of the drug across a wide spectrum of popular culture, from the Mods of Britain to the new chic of the fashion world as exemplified by models like Twiggy. " Martin Torgoff, Can't Find My Way Home (Simon & Schuster 2005, p. 160)
      1. Causing a loss of appetite.
Antabuse Tweet Definition of Antabuse Like Definition of Antabuse on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A brand name of disulfiram, prescribed to recovering alcoholics.
antacid
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