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Glossary of Ichthyology - Fish Terms
beginning with letter S
Browse the Ichthyology - Fish Glossary
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sablefish Tweet Definition of sablefish Like Definition of sablefish on Facebook
noun
  1. A dark-coloured marine fish Anoplopoma fimbria of North American Pacific waters
sailfish Tweet Definition of sailfish Like Definition of sailfish on Facebook
noun (plural: )
  1. A fish of the genus Istiophorus, which have a characteristic sail like fin on the back.
salmon Tweet Definition of salmon Like Definition of salmon on Facebook
noun English irregular plurals
(
s, pl2=salmon)
  1. (italbrac, plural ) One of several species of fish of the Salmonidae family.
  2. (italbrac, plural salmons) A yellowish pink colour, the colour of cooked salmon.
<table><tr><td>salmon colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. FCBEAB" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
adjective
  1. Of food, made with salmon.
  2. (colour) Having a yellowish pink colour
sardine Tweet Definition of sardine Like Definition of sardine on Facebook
noun
  1. Any one of several small species of herring which are commonly preserved in olive oil or in tins for food, especially the pilchard, or European sardine (Clupea pichardus). The California sardine (Clupea sagax) is similar. The American sardines of the Atlantic coast are mostly the young of the common herring and of the menhaden.
scad Tweet Definition of scad Like Definition of scad on Facebook
noun (plural scads)
  1. any of several fish, of the genus Decapterus, from the western Atlantic
  2. a large number or quantity (often used in the plural)
scamp Tweet Definition of scamp Like Definition of scamp on Facebook
noun
  1. A rascal, swindler, or rogue; a ne'er-do-well.
While walking home from the bar, he was set upon by a bunch of scamps who stole his hat.
  1. A mischievous person, especially a playful, impish youngster.
My nephew is a little who likes to leave lighted firecrackers under the lawnchairs of his dozing elders.
verb
  1. (dated) To skimp; to do something in a skimpy or slipshod fashion.
    • 1884, s:Author:Samuel Smiles, Samuel Smiles, s:Men of Invention and Industry/Chapter XII, Men of Invention and Industry
    • :His work was always first-rate. There was no scamping about it. Everything that he did was thoroughly good and honest.
schnapper Tweet Definition of schnapper Like Definition of schnapper on Facebook
noun
  1. Alternative spelling of the fish snapper, often used by restauranteurs and fish shop owners. (Reference: Snapper page at sportsfish.com.au http://www.sportsfish.com.au/pages/fishing/fish-saltwater/snapper.html.)
    1. an Australasian fish, Chrysophrys guttulatus; the porgy or snapper
schoolmaster Tweet Definition of schoolmaster Like Definition of schoolmaster on Facebook
noun
  1. The person in charge of a school.
scombroid Tweet Definition of scombroid Like Definition of scombroid on Facebook
adjective
  1. pertaining to a mackerel
  • 1973: "Here then," the kindly face scanning Eventyr, quick as a fire-control dish antenna and even less mercy... " Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow
scooter Tweet Definition of scooter Like Definition of scooter on Facebook
noun
  1. A child's foot-operated vehicle consisting of a long platform between two wheels, the front one of which has an upright handle for steering.
  2. A small motor-powered bicycle of similar design, also motor-scooter
  3. A mobility scooter, i.e. an electric-powered scooter specially designed for disabled and/or elderly people.
  4. (nautical) a sailing vessel with a flat bottom and runners for travelling over ice.
  5. Any of the large, black ducks of the genus Melanitta; the scoter.
scrod Tweet Definition of scrod Like Definition of scrod on Facebook
noun
  1. A generic term for a young (2-lb or less) cod or, less frequently, haddock, split and deboned; rather than a particular type of fish. The term is rare outside of New England and New York.
sea bream Tweet Definition of sea bream Like Definition of sea bream on Facebook
noun
  1. any of several species of marine fish of the families Sparidae or Bramidae found in Atlantic waters
sea horse Tweet Definition of sea horse Like Definition of sea horse on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various small marine fish of the genus Hippocampus that have a horselike head and swim upright.
  2. The walrus.
sea wolf Tweet Definition of sea wolf Like Definition of sea wolf on Facebook
noun
  1. (alternative spelling of, seawolf)
sepia Tweet Definition of sepia Like Definition of sepia on Facebook
noun
  1. (archaic) The cuttlefish.
  2. A dark brown pigment made from the secretions of the cuttlefish.
  3. (colour) A dark, slightly reddish, brown color, colour.
<table><tr><td>sepia colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. 3B3121" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    1. A sepia-coloured drawing or photograph.
adjective
  1. (colour) Of a dark reddish-brown colour.
sergeant Tweet Definition of sergeant Like Definition of sergeant on Facebook
noun
  1. The highest rank of noncommissioned officer in most non-naval military forces and police.
shad Tweet Definition of shad Like Definition of shad on Facebook
noun (plural or shads)
  1. Any one of several species of food fishes of the herring family.
(seeCites)      
shark Tweet Definition of shark Like Definition of shark on Facebook
noun
  1. (zoology) a scaleless fish with a cartilaginous skeleton that has 5 to 7 gill slits on each side of its head
  2. (sports) a person who feigns ineptitude to win money from others, as in "pool shark"
  3. (derisive, colloquial): a (sleazy) lawyer; an ambulance chaser
verb
  1. obsolete: to steal or obtain through fraud.
shiner Tweet Definition of shiner Like Definition of shiner on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) One that shines.
  2. (countable) (italbrac, colloquial) A bruised eye.
  3. (countable) A silver minnow.
Siamese fighting fish Tweet Definition of Siamese fighting fish Like Definition of Siamese fighting fish on Facebook
noun
  1. A freshwater fish, scientific name Betta splendens.
silverfish Tweet Definition of silverfish Like Definition of silverfish on Facebook
noun (plural or silverfishes)
  1. A small wingless insect with silvery scales, a type of bristletail.
silverside Tweet Definition of silverside Like Definition of silverside on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of several small fish, of the family Atherinidae, found along the Atlantic seaboard of the United States.
  2. The upper side of a round of beef.
silversides Tweet Definition of silversides Like Definition of silversides on Facebook
noun
  1. (plural of, silverside)
skipper Tweet Definition of skipper Like Definition of skipper on Facebook
noun
  1. (nautical) The master of a ship.
  2. A coach, director, or other leader.
  3. (cricket) the captain of a cricket team.
= verb
  1. (transitive) To be the skipper of a ship
sleeper Tweet Definition of sleeper Like Definition of sleeper on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) Someone who sleeps.
  2. (countable) A saboteur or terrorist who lives unobtrusively in a community until activated by a prearranged signal; may be part of a sleeper cell.
  3. (countable) A railroad sleeping car.
  4. (countable)(context, rail transport, UK) A horizontal wooden or concrete structural member that supports and ties together railway lines.
    1. Something that achieves unexpected success after an interval of time.
    2. (countable) A goby-like bottom-feeding freshwater fish of the family Odontobutidae. Also "sleeper goby."
    3. (clothing) A type of pajamas, pajama for a person, especially a child, that covers its whole body, including their feet.
    Aaron, Devin, Ryan H., Cody, Ryan O., Wade, Lisa and Laura looked so comfy in their sleepers.
    1. A structural beam in a floor running perpendicular to both the joist, joists beneath and floorboard, floorboards above.
smelt Tweet Definition of smelt Like Definition of smelt on Facebook
noun
  1. a family of small anadromous fish common in the North American Great Lakes
verb
  1. (past of, smell)
smolt Tweet Definition of smolt Like Definition of smolt on Facebook
noun
  1. A young salmon two or three years old, when it has acquired its silvery color.
snapper Tweet Definition of snapper Like Definition of snapper on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of some 100 different species of fish.
    1. The fish Chrysophrys auratus, but usually the adult fish of that species, with the young instead called cockney then red bream then squire, before reaching adulthood. (Reference: Australian Fish and How to Catch Them, Richard Allan, 1990, ISBN 1-86302-674-6, page 309. And Snapper entry in An Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966 http://www.teara.govt.nz/1966/S/Snapper/Snapper/en)
  2. Any of a family of percoid fishes (italbrac, Lutjanidae), esp. the red snapper
  3. (Ireland) (slang) A baby (a human baby).
1993: w:The Snapper, The Snapper &mdash; title of novel and film by w:Roddy Doyle, Roddy Doyle
  1. - the player who snaps the ball to start the play.
snook Tweet Definition of snook Like Definition of snook on Facebook
noun
  1. A freshwater and marine fish of the family Centropomidae in the order Perciformes.
  2. A name for various other fishes.
verbto snook
  1. (obsolete) To sniff out.
spot Tweet Definition of spot Like Definition of spot on Facebook
noun
  1. A stain or disfigure, disfiguring mark.
I have tried everything, and I can"t get this out.
  1. A pimple or pustule.
That morning, I saw that a had come up on my chin.
  1. A round or irregular patch on the surface of a thing having a different color, texture etc. and generally round in shape.
The leopard is noted for the spots of color in its fur.
  1. A small amount or quantity.
Would you like to come round on Sunday for a of lunch?
  1. A particular location or area.
I like to eat lunch in a pleasant outside.
  1. A bright lamp; a spotlight.
  2. A brief advertisement or program segment on television.
Did you see the on the news about the shoelace factory?
verb (spot, t, ing)
  1. (transitive) To see, find; to pick out, notice, locate or identify.
Try to the differences between these two entries.
  1. (finance) To loan a small amount of money to someone.
I"ll you ten dollars for lunch.
  1. To stain; to leave a spot.
Hard water will if it is left on a surface.
  1. (rfv-sense) To remove, or attempt to remove, a stain.
I spotted the carpet where the child dropped spaghetti.
  1. (context, gymnastics, dance, weightlifting) To support or assist a maneuver, or to be prepared to assist if safety dictates.
I can"t do a back handspring unless somebody spots me.
  1. (dance) To keep the head and eyes pointing in a single direction while turning.
Most figure skaters do not their turns like dancers do.
sprat Tweet Definition of sprat Like Definition of sprat on Facebook
noun (plural or sprats)
  1. Any of various small, herring-like, marine fish in the family Clupeidae.
stickleback Tweet Definition of stickleback Like Definition of stickleback on Facebook
noun (pluralsticklebacks)
  1. Any one of numerous species of small fishes of the genus Gasterosteus and allied genera. The back is armed with two or more sharp spines. They inhabit both salt and brackish water, and construct curious nests.
stingray Tweet Definition of stingray Like Definition of stingray on Facebook
noun (pluralstingrays)
  1. any of various large, venomous rays, of the orders Rajiformes and Myliobatiformes, having a barbed, whiplike tail
stockfish Tweet Definition of stockfish Like Definition of stockfish on Facebook
noun (es, pl2=stockfish)
  1. A cod (or similar fish) having been cut open and cured in the open air without salt.
  • 1819: So the Prior of Saint Botolph"s hobbled back again into the refectory, to preside over the and ale, which was just serving out for the friars" breakfast. " Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
stonefish Tweet Definition of stonefish Like Definition of stonefish on Facebook
noun
  1. A venomous tropical marine fish resembling a piece of rock, of the genus Synanceia, found in the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean
sturgeon Tweet Definition of sturgeon Like Definition of sturgeon on Facebook
noun (pl=sturgeon, pl2=sturgeons)
  1. Any marine or freshwater fish of the genus Acipenser that are famed for their roe.
sucker Tweet Definition of sucker Like Definition of sucker on Facebook
noun
  1. A person or thing that sucks
  2. An organ or body part that does the sucking
  3. Animals such as the octopus and remora, which adhere to other bodies with such organs
  4. A piece of candy which is sucked; a lollypop
  5. (context, horticulture) An undesired stem growing out of the roots or lower trunk of a shrub or tree, especially from the rootstock of a grafted plant or tree.
verb
  1. To fool someone; to take advantage of someone.
The salesman suckered him into signing an expensive maintenance contract.
sunfish Tweet Definition of sunfish Like Definition of sunfish on Facebook
noun (pl=sunfish, pl2=sunfishes)
  1. Any of various small freshwater fishes of the family Centrarchidae, often with iridescent colours and having a laterally compressed body.
  2. Any of various large marine fishes of the family Molidae that have an oval compressed body.
surgeonfish Tweet Definition of surgeonfish Like Definition of surgeonfish on Facebook
noun (es, pl2=surgeonfish)
  1. Any of many brightly coloured fishes, of the family Acanthuridae, that have an erect spine near the tail
sweeper Tweet Definition of sweeper Like Definition of sweeper on Facebook
noun
  1. One who sweeps floors or chimneys
  2. A detector (for mines)
  3. A small, tropical marine perciform fish of the family Pempheridae, typically with deeply keeled, compressed bodies and large eyes.
  4. (football) A defender who is the last line of defence before the goalkeeper
  5. (curling) A person who sweeps the ice ahead of the rock in play.
  6. (cricket) A batsman who plays sweep shots
  7. (cricket) A fielding position along the boundary; a fielder in this position
swim bladder Tweet Definition of swim bladder Like Definition of swim bladder on Facebook
noun
  1. A gas-filled sac within the bodies of most fish that variously acts as a float, lung, sound-producing organ or an aid to hearing
swordfish Tweet Definition of swordfish Like Definition of swordfish on Facebook
noun (pl=swordfish, pl2=swordfishes)
  1. A marlin; a large fish with a very long pointy nose, Xiphias gladius.

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