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Glossary of Ichthyology - Fish Terms
beginning with letter B
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barb Tweet Definition of barb Like Definition of barb on Facebook
noun
  1. The point that stands backward in an arrow, fishhook, etc., to prevent it from being easily extracted. Hence: Anything which stands out with a sharp point obliquely or crosswise to something else.
Having two barbs or points. Ascham.
  1. A beard, or that which resembles it, or grows in the place of it.
  2. (Armor) (Corrupt) Armor for a horse, corrupted from bard.
Quotations
  • 1786: The defensive armor with the horses of the ancient knights ... These are frequently, though improperly, stiled barbs. — Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 29.
The barbel, so called by reason of his barbs, or wattles in his mouth. Walton.
  1. (zoology) One of the side branches of a feather, which collectively constitute the vane.
  2. (zoology) Several species of freshwater fish of the Cyprinid family.
  3. (zoology) A southern name for the kingfishes of the eastern and southeastern coasts of the United States; -- also improperly called whiting.
  4. (botany) A hair or bristle ending in a double hook.
  5. (zoology) A blackish or dun variety of the pigeon, originally brought from Barbary.
  6. (obsolete) A muffler, worn by nuns and mourners.
  7. Paps, or little projections, of the mucous membrane, which mark the opening of the submaxillary glands under the tongue in horses and cattle. The name is mostly applied when the barbs are inflamed and swollen. Written also barbel and barble.
  8. (obsolete) A bit for a horse.
verbto barb (barbed, barbing)
  1. To furnish with barbs, or with that which will hold or hurt like barbs, as an arrow, fishhook, spear, etc.
But rattling storm of arrows barbed with fire. Milton.
  1. (Armor) (Corrupt) To cover a horse in armor, corrupted from bard.
Quotations
  • 1592: And now, in stead of mounting barbed steeds To fright the souls of fearful adversaries, He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber... — William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act I, Scene I, line 10.
    1. (obsolete) To shave or dress the beard of.
    2. (obsolete) To clip; to mow.
barbel Tweet Definition of barbel Like Definition of barbel on Facebook
noun
  1. fresh water fish
barracuda Tweet Definition of barracuda Like Definition of barracuda on Facebook
noun (plural or barracudas)
  1. Any large marine fish of the genus Sphyraenus that have elongated bodies, a projecting lower jaw and displaying prominent fang-shaped teeth.
barramundi Tweet Definition of barramundi Like Definition of barramundi on Facebook
noun
  1. A species of diadromous fish, of the Centropomidae family, order Perciformes
basking shark Tweet Definition of basking shark Like Definition of basking shark on Facebook
noun
  1. A very large shark, Cetorhinus maximus, that feeds at or close to the surface by filtering plankton from the water and is found in all the world's temperate oceans.
Beluga Tweet Definition of Beluga Like Definition of Beluga on Facebook
noun
  1. A whale, Delphinapterus leucas, related to the Narwhal
Betta Tweet Definition of Betta Like Definition of Betta on Facebook
noun
  1. a genus of fish, including species Betta splendens, the Siamese fighting fish
proper noun
  1. A female given name, diminutive of Elisabetta
bichir Tweet Definition of bichir Like Definition of bichir on Facebook
noun
  1. A group of ray-finned fish of the family Polypteridae in the order Polypteriformes
blacksmith Tweet Definition of blacksmith Like Definition of blacksmith on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who forges iron.
  2. (colloquial) A person who shoes horses (properly a farrier).
bleak Tweet Definition of bleak Like Definition of bleak on Facebook
noun
  1. A small European river fish (Alburnus alburnus), of the family Cyprinidae; the blay.
adjective (bleak, er)
  1. Without color; pale; pallid.
  2. desolate, Desolate and exposed; swept by cold winds.
  3. Cold; cheerless; as, a bleak blast.
(rfex)      
blenny Tweet Definition of blenny Like Definition of blenny on Facebook
noun (pluralblennies)
  1. Any of various marine fishes from the suborder Blennioidei that are generally small and dwell on the sea floor.
Blowfish Tweet Definition of Blowfish Like Definition of Blowfish on Facebook
proper noun ;Blowfish
  1. (context, Computing): A symmetric block cipher encryption algorithm used in modern cryptographic software, designed by Bruce Schneier in 1993.
bluefish Tweet Definition of bluefish Like Definition of bluefish on Facebook
noun (es, pl2=bluefish)
  1. A voracious fish, of the genus Pomatomus, found in waters of the Atlantic and Indian Ocean
bluegill Tweet Definition of bluegill Like Definition of bluegill on Facebook
noun
  1. a North American sunfish; Lepomis macrochirus
bocaccio Tweet Definition of bocaccio Like Definition of bocaccio on Facebook
noun
  1. A venomous marine fish, taxonomic name Sebastes paucispinis, in the Sebastinae subfamily found in the subtropical Eastern Pacific.
bonefish Tweet Definition of bonefish Like Definition of bonefish on Facebook
noun
  1. any of various game fish, of the family Albulidae, found in shallow, tropical waters
bonito Tweet Definition of bonito Like Definition of bonito on Facebook
noun (plural or bonitos)
  1. Any of various marine fish of the genus Sarda, that are related to and resemble the tuna.
  2. A large tropical fish, the skipjack, allied to the tunny, Katsuwonus pelamis or Orcynus pelamys.
borer Tweet Definition of borer Like Definition of borer on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who bores, who drills
  2. A tool used for drilling.
  3. An insect or insect larva that bores into wood.
  4. One of the many types of mollusc that bore into soft rock.
bowfin Tweet Definition of bowfin Like Definition of bowfin on Facebook
noun
  1. A voracious ganoid fish (Amia calva) found in the fresh waters of the United States; the mudfish; -- called also Johnny Grindle, and dogfish.
brill Tweet Definition of brill Like Definition of brill on Facebook
adjective
  1. Wonderful, clever, amusing. Denotes approval of the noun it is applied to, comparable to "cool."
Brit Tweet Definition of Brit Like Definition of Brit on Facebook
noun
  1. (informal) A Briton.
brook trout Tweet Definition of brook trout Like Definition of brook trout on Facebook
noun
  1. a fish of the subspecies Salmo trutta fario.
brotula Tweet Definition of brotula Like Definition of brotula on Facebook
noun
  1. A family of ophidiiform fishes, of the taxonomic family Bythitidae, who bear live young
brown trout Tweet Definition of brown trout Like Definition of brown trout on Facebook
noun (pl=brown trout)
  1. A species of freshwater trout, Salmo trutta, that is native to Europe and Asia.
Buffalo Tweet Definition of Buffalo Like Definition of Buffalo on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A city in New York State, very near Niagara Falls.
bullhead Tweet Definition of bullhead Like Definition of bullhead on Facebook
noun (bullhead)
  1. any of a variety of related species of generally dark-colored catfish
bull shark Tweet Definition of bull shark Like Definition of bull shark on Facebook
noun
  1. a shark, Carcharhinus leucas, that is common in both temperate and tropical coastal waters
bumper Tweet Definition of bumper Like Definition of bumper on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone or something that bumps.
  2. (cricket) A bouncer.
  3. (automotive) Parts at the front and back of a vehicle which are meant to absorb the impact of a collision.
  4. Any mechanical device used to absorb an impact, soften a collision, or protect against impact.
    • The company sells screw-on rubber bumpers and feet.
      1. (billiards) A side wall of a pool table.
      2. A drinking vessel filled to the brim.
      3. (context, television, radio) A short ditty or jingle used to separate a show from the advertisements.
adjective
  1. large, Large; filled to the bumpers at the top of a silo.
    • We harvested a crop of arugula and parsnips this year.
burbot Tweet Definition of burbot Like Definition of burbot on Facebook
noun
  1. A freshwater fish, taxonomic name Lota lota, similar to the ling and the cusk, which spawns in the winter.
butt Tweet Definition of butt Like Definition of butt on Facebook
noun
  1. The rear end of an animal or human; rear end.
  2. (slang) The buttocks; used as a euphemism, less objectionable than arse/[[ass
    • Get up off your and get to work.
      1. (slang) Body; self.
    • Get your to the car.
    • We can't chat today. I have to get my to work before I'm late.
      1. The larger or thicker end of anything; the blunt end, in distinction from the sharp end; as, the butt of a rifle. Formerly also spelled but.
      2. A limit; a bound; a goal; the extreme bound; the end.
    • 1604, William Shakespeare, Othello, Act V, Scene II, line 267.
    • :Here is my journey's end, here is my / And very sea-mark of my utmost sail.
      1. A mark to be shot at; a target.
    • 1598, William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act I, Scene II, line 186.
    • :To which is fixed, as an aim or ...
    • 1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 37.
    • :The inhabitants of all cities and towns were ordered to make butts, and to keep them in repair, under a penalty of twenty shillings per month, and to exercise themselves in shooting at them on holidays.
      1. A piece of land left unplowed at the end of a field.
      2. A person at whom ridicule, jest, or contempt is directed; as, the butt of the company.
      3. A push, thrust, or sudden blow, given by the head of an animal; as, the butt of a ram.
      4. A thrust in fencing.
      5. (lacrosse) The plastic or rubber cap used to cover the open end of a lacrosse stick's shaft in order to prevent injury.
      6. The portion of a half-coupling fastened to the end of a hose.
      7. The end of a connecting rod or other like piece, to which the boxing is attached by the strap, cotter, and gib.
      8. (context, mechanical) A joint where the ends of two objects come squarely together without scarfing or chamfering; " also called a butt joint.
      9. (context, carpentry) A kind of hinge used in hanging doors, etc.; so named because fastened on the edge of the door, which butts against the casing, instead of on its face, like the strap hinge; also called butt hinge.
      10. (context, shipbuilding) The joint where two planks in a strake meet.
      11. (context, leather trades) The thickest and stoutest part of tanned oxhides, used for soles of boots, harness, trunks.
      12. The hut or shelter of the person who attends to the targets in rifle practice.
      13. (context, English units) An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 126 wine gallon]s; [[equivalent to the pipe.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205.
    • : Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons. "
      1. A wooden cask for storing wine, usually containing 126 gallons.
    • 1611, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act II, Scene II, line 121.
    • : ...I escap'd upon a of sack which the sailors heav'd o'erboard...
verb (butts, butting, butted, butted)
  1. To strike bluntly, particularly with the head.

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