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Glossary of Plants Terms
beginning with letter S
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safflower Tweet Definition of safflower Like Definition of safflower on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A cultivated thistle-like plant, Carthamus tinctorius, family Asteraceae, now grown mainly for its oil.
Saffron Tweet Definition of Saffron Like Definition of Saffron on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (rare) (given name, female)
sage Tweet Definition of sage Like Definition of sage on Facebook
noun
  1. A wise man; a man of gravity and wisdom; especially, a man venerable for years, and of sound judgment and prudence; a grave philosopher.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. ยง 34.
    • : we aspire to the magnanimous firmness of the philosophic
adjective (sag, er)
  1. wise
sagebrush Tweet Definition of sagebrush Like Definition of sagebrush on Facebook
noun
  1. any of several North American aromatic shrubs or small trees, of the genus Artemisia, having silver-grey-green leaves
saguaro Tweet Definition of saguaro Like Definition of saguaro on Facebook
noun
  1. A large cactus, Carnegiea gigantea, characterized by "arms".
salt cedar Tweet Definition of salt cedar Like Definition of salt cedar on Facebook
noun
  1. Name for an invasive plant of the Southwest United States (native to Eurasia) of the genus Tamarisk. Originally imported as an ornamental plant when it escapes into the wild it is considered a weed because it crowds out native plants. category:Plants
salvia Tweet Definition of salvia Like Definition of salvia on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A genus of plants in the mint family, including sage.
sandal Tweet Definition of sandal Like Definition of sandal on Facebook
noun
  1. A type of open shoe made up of straps or bands holding a sole to the foot.
sandalwood Tweet Definition of sandalwood Like Definition of sandalwood on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various tropical trees of the genus Santalum, native to India, Hawaii, and many south Pacific islands.
  2. The aromatic heartwood of these trees used in ornamental carving, in the construction of insect-repellent boxes and chests, and as a source of certain perfumes,
sandarac Tweet Definition of sandarac Like Definition of sandarac on Facebook
noun
  1. (Min.) Realgar; red sulphide of arsenic. Archaic
  2. (Bot. Chem.) A white or yellow resin obtained from a Barbary tree (Callitris quadrivalvis or Thuya articulata), and pulverized for pounce; -- probably so called from a resemblance to the mineral.
    Quotations
    • 1952: Oil was also used for making varnish, by dissolving sandarac in it, and as the 'vernysshe' which appears so frequently in accounts was always bought by the pound, the term was evidently applied to the sandarac, or other similar resinous substance. — L.F. Salzman, Building in England, p. 171.
sanicle Tweet Definition of sanicle Like Definition of sanicle on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) Any of several plants, of the genus Sanicula, having palmate compound leaves and small flowers arranged in umbels; the snakeroot.
sapodilla Tweet Definition of sapodilla Like Definition of sapodilla on Facebook
noun
  1. Manilkara zapota is a long-lived, evergreen tree native to the New World tropics. It is also known as Chickoo (also spelled "Chiku") in South Asia.
  2. The fruit from the sapodilla tree. The fruit is 4-8 cm in diameter, has a fuzzy brown skin with earthy brown flesh.
sarsaparilla Tweet Definition of sarsaparilla Like Definition of sarsaparilla on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various tropical American vines, of the genus Smilax, having fragrant roots
  2. The dried roots of these plants, or a flavoring material extracted from these roots
  3. A soft drink flavored with this extract
  4. Any of several North American plants, of the genus Aralia, having umbels and small white flowers
sassafras Tweet Definition of sassafras Like Definition of sassafras on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. Either of several long-lived trees, of the genus Sassafras, of the eastern United States and Asia having mitten-shaped leaves and red, aromatic heartwood
  2. The bark of the root of this plant, used for medicinal and (mostly historically) culinary purposes and used to be a main ingredient in root beer.
sassy Tweet Definition of sassy Like Definition of sassy on Facebook
adjective (sassi, er)
  1. impudent
  2. bold and spirited; cheeky
  3. saucy
  4. vigorous
  5. lively
satinwood Tweet Definition of satinwood Like Definition of satinwood on Facebook
noun
  1. Wood used for crafting fine furniture, particularly for inlay and marquetry, from either w:Chloroxylon swietenia, Chloroxylon swietenia, the Ceylon or East Indian satinwood, or w:Zanthoxylum flavum, Zanthoxylum flavum, the Jamaican or West Indian satinwood.
saxifrage Tweet Definition of saxifrage Like Definition of saxifrage on Facebook
noun (Plural:saxifrages)
(
wikipedia, Saxifrage)
  1. A plant to the genus Saxifraga.
scallion Tweet Definition of scallion Like Definition of scallion on Facebook
noun
  1. (italbrac, now chiefly US) A spring onion, Allium fistulosum.
  2. (italbrac, now chiefly US) Any of various similar members of the genus Allium
  3. (italbrac, now chiefly US) Any onion that lacks a fully-developed bulb.
  4. (context, US, Scotland) A leek.
scarlet pimpernel Tweet Definition of scarlet pimpernel Like Definition of scarlet pimpernel on Facebook
noun
  1. A flowering plant, Anagallis arvensis, of the Primulaceae family, having small orange flowers.
scouring rush Tweet Definition of scouring rush Like Definition of scouring rush on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of certain horsetails, especially rough horsetail (Equisetum hyemale), formerly used for scouring and polishing.
sea urchin Tweet Definition of sea urchin Like Definition of sea urchin on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of many marine echinoderms, of the class Echinoidea, commonly found in shallow water, having a complex chewing structure named Aristotle's lantern
sedge Tweet Definition of sedge Like Definition of sedge on Facebook
noun
  1. Any plant of the genus Carex, perennial, endogenous herbs, often growing in dense tufts in marshy places. They have triangular jointless stems, a spiked inflorescence, and long grasslike leaves which are usually rough on the margins and midrib. There are several hundred species.
sedum Tweet Definition of sedum Like Definition of sedum on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various succulent plants, of the genus Sedum, native to temperate zones; the stonecrop
sequoia Tweet Definition of sequoia Like Definition of sequoia on Facebook
noun
  1. A coniferous evergreen tree, of the genus Sequoia in the wide sense. The USDA-preferred names for these two species are redwood and giant sequoia.
service Tweet Definition of service Like Definition of service on Facebook
noun
  1. (economics) That which is produced, then traded, bought or sold, then finally consumed and consists of an action or work.
Hair care is a industry.
  1. (computing) A function that is provided by one program or machine for another.
This machine provides the name for the LAN.
  1. The military.
I did three years in the before coming here.
  1. A set of dishes or utensils.
She brought out the silver tea .
  1. The act of initially starting, or serving, the ball in play in tennis, volleyball, and other games.
The player had four faults in the set.
  1. A religious rite or ritual.
The funeral was touching.
  1. The serving, or delivery, of a summons or writ.
The happened yesterday.
  1. (public service) that which is provided by the Government or its agents
The Job Centre provides a to the unemployed.
  1. (religion) Doing something for someone else without thought of reward or payment.
verb (servic, ing)
  1. to serve
They the customer base.
  1. to perform maintenance
He is going to the car.
serviceberry Tweet Definition of serviceberry Like Definition of serviceberry on Facebook
noun (serviceberries)
  1. A genus (Amelanchier) of about 25 species of small deciduous trees and large shrubs in the family Rosaceae.
service tree Tweet Definition of service tree Like Definition of service tree on Facebook
noun
  1. Either of two rare Old World deciduous trees, Sorbus domestica and Sorbus torminalis.
sesame Tweet Definition of sesame Like Definition of sesame on Facebook
noun
  1. A tropical Asian plant Sesamum indicum bearing small flat seeds used as food and as a source of oil
  2. The seed of this plant
sisal Tweet Definition of sisal Like Definition of sisal on Facebook
noun
  1. A Central American plant, of the genus Agave, cultivated for its sword-shaped leaves that yield fibers used for rope.
  2. The fibre of the plant
skullcap Tweet Definition of skullcap Like Definition of skullcap on Facebook
noun
  1. a small domed cap that covers from the forehead to just above the back of the neck
sloe Tweet Definition of sloe Like Definition of sloe on Facebook
noun (plural:sloes)
  1. A small, bitter, wild European plum, the fruit of the blackthorn (Prunus spinosa); also, the tree itself.
Snowball Tweet Definition of Snowball Like Definition of Snowball on Facebook
noun ®
  1. a brand of teacake made by Tunnocks
  2. (US, slang) a mix of cocaine and heroin.
snowberry Tweet Definition of snowberry Like Definition of snowberry on Facebook
noun (snowberr, ies)
  1. A shrub of the genus Symphoricarpos.
  2. The fruit of this shrub.
snowflake Tweet Definition of snowflake Like Definition of snowflake on Facebook
noun
  1. A crystal of snow, having approximate hexagonal symmetry
  2. Any of several bulbous European plants, of the genus Leucojum, having white flowers
  3. The snow bunting
soma Tweet Definition of soma Like Definition of soma on Facebook
noun
  1. (anatomy) The whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail.
Sorb Tweet Definition of Sorb Like Definition of Sorb on Facebook
noun (pl. Sorbs)
  1. a Slavic people living in parts of East Germany
  2. any person belonging to this people
sorghum Tweet Definition of sorghum Like Definition of sorghum on Facebook
noun
  1. A cereal, Sorghum vulgare or Sorghum bicolor, the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed.
sorrel Tweet Definition of sorrel Like Definition of sorrel on Facebook
noun
  1. a kind of plant with acidic leaves, especially Rumex acetosa, sometimes used as a salad vegetable
  2. (colour) a brown colour, with a tint of red.
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  1. 8F7763" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
adjective
  1. (colour) of a brown colour, with a tint of red.
soursop Tweet Definition of soursop Like Definition of soursop on Facebook
noun
  1. A small, Brazilian evergreen tree, Annona muricata, having large, spiny, yellow-green fruit; the guanabana
  2. The tart fruit of this tree
sourwood Tweet Definition of sourwood Like Definition of sourwood on Facebook
noun
  1. A North American deciduous shrubby tree, of the genus Oxydendrum, having deep fissures in its bark, and sour tasting leaves
  2. An Australian tree, of the genus Hibiscus; the sorrel tree
soy Tweet Definition of soy Like Definition of soy on Facebook
noun
  1. A Chinese and Japanese liquid sauce for fish, made by subjecting boiled beans to long fermentation and then long digestion in salt and water. US usage prefers the term soy sauce.
I like a little with my rice.
  1. soybean, Soybeans. Often used attributively.
These candles are made from .
The crop is looking good this year.
soybean Tweet Definition of soybean Like Definition of soybean on Facebook
noun
  1. A legume plant (scientific name Glycine max), commonly cultivated for human and animal consumption and as a nitrogen fixing, nitrogen-fixing ground cover.
  2. The edible seed of this plant.
Spanish iris Tweet Definition of Spanish iris Like Definition of Spanish iris on Facebook
noun
  1. a bulbous iris Iris xiphium from the western Mediterranean; it has violet-purple flowers with a short perianth tube
spearmint Tweet Definition of spearmint Like Definition of spearmint on Facebook
noun
  1. An herb (Mentha spicata) of the mint family, commonly used in herb tea, candy and to treat mild stomach ache.
spelt Tweet Definition of spelt Like Definition of spelt on Facebook
noun
  1. A type of wheat, Triticum aestivum spelta
verb
  1. (past of, spell)
sphagnum Tweet Definition of sphagnum Like Definition of sphagnum on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various widely distributed mosses, of the genus Sphagnum, which slowly decompose to form peat.
spiderwort Tweet Definition of spiderwort Like Definition of spiderwort on Facebook
nounSpiderwort
  1. A perennial plant of the Tradescantia genus, found in clumps in woodland and meadow.
spikenard Tweet Definition of spikenard Like Definition of spikenard on Facebook
noun
  1. a perfumed ointment
  2. the plant from which the ointment comes
spinach Tweet Definition of spinach Like Definition of spinach on Facebook
noun
  • (audio, en-us-spinach.ogg, Audio)
  1. A particular edible plant, Spinacia oleracea
Spruce Tweet Definition of Spruce Like Definition of Spruce on Facebook
noun
  1. (obsolete) Prussia.
spurge Tweet Definition of spurge Like Definition of spurge on Facebook
noun
  1. Any plant of the genus Euphorbia exuding a bitter milky juice which was formerly used as a purgative.
squill Tweet Definition of squill Like Definition of squill on Facebook
noun
  1. A European bulbous liliaceous plant (Urginea), of acrid, expectorant, diuretic, and emetic properties used in medicine.
star anise Tweet Definition of star anise Like Definition of star anise on Facebook
noun (plural:star anises)
  1. A plant, Illicium verum, used primarily for its star-shaped seed which resembles anise in scent and flavor, and which is used as a spice. Valued for its decorative shape as well it flavor. Also used commercially as a source of shikimic acid for the production of Tamiflu.
stinkweed Tweet Definition of stinkweed Like Definition of stinkweed on Facebook
noun (plural: stinkweed or stinkweeds)
  1. tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
  2. jimson weed (Datura stramonium)
  3. any other noxious plant
stonewort Tweet Definition of stonewort Like Definition of stonewort on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various complex algae of the family Characeae, known for being branched and having enclosed egg cells.
strawberry Tweet Definition of strawberry Like Definition of strawberry on Facebook
noun (strawberr, ies)
  1. The juicy, usually red, edible fruit of certain plants of the genus Fragaria.
They went to pick strawberries today.
  1. Any plant of the genus Fragaria (that bears such fruit).
She has the best patch I've ever seen.
  1. (colour) A red color, colour, like that of the fruit; strawberry red.
<table><tr><td>strawberry colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. B64140" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    1. (rare) Something resembling a strawberry, especially a reddish bruise or birthmark.
adjective
  1. Containing or having the flavor of strawberries.
I'd like a large shake.
  1. Flavored with ethyl methylphenylglycidate, an artificial compound which is said to resemble the taste of strawberries.
  2. Of a red colour.
The lipstick makes her look younger.
strawberry tree Tweet Definition of strawberry tree Like Definition of strawberry tree on Facebook
noun
  1. an evergreen shrub or small tree in the family Ericaceae, native to the Mediterranean region and western Europe north to western France and Ireland.
string bean Tweet Definition of string bean Like Definition of string bean on Facebook
noun
  1. A long, slender variety of green bean
    Well I rung me a fallout shelter bell / I leaned my head an' I gave a yell / "Give me a , I'm a hungry man" / A shot gun fired an' away I ran / I don't blame him too much though, he didn't know me - Bob Dylan - Talkin' World War III Blues
  2. (fig.) A tall and thin person
strychnine Tweet Definition of strychnine Like Definition of strychnine on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) A very toxic, colourless crystalline alkaloid, derived from nux vomica, used as a pesticide
sugar beet Tweet Definition of sugar beet Like Definition of sugar beet on Facebook
noun
  1. A type of beet whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose.
sugarcane Tweet Definition of sugarcane Like Definition of sugarcane on Facebook
noun
  1. (alternative spelling of, sugar cane)
sugar maple Tweet Definition of sugar maple Like Definition of sugar maple on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A North American hardwood, Acer saccharum, famed as the source of maple sugar and maple flavoring.
sugar pine Tweet Definition of sugar pine Like Definition of sugar pine on Facebook
noun
  1. Pinus lambertiana, the largest species of pine, native to California and Oregon; particularly noted for its huge, distinctive cone.
sumac Tweet Definition of sumac Like Definition of sumac on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Rhus including the poison ivy and poison oak.
  2. A sour spice popular in the Eastern Mediterranean made from the berry, berries of the plant.
sundew Tweet Definition of sundew Like Definition of sundew on Facebook
noun
  1. any of a group of insectivorous plants that catch insects by sticky droplets ("dew") at the end of hairs on the leafs. Most of these plants belong to the genus Drosera: these grow in boggy ground all over the world.
sweet basil Tweet Definition of sweet basil Like Definition of sweet basil on Facebook
noun
  1. (herb) an herb used for seasoning.
sweetbrier Tweet Definition of sweetbrier Like Definition of sweetbrier on Facebook
noun
  1. A Eurasian rose, Rosa eglanteria, having prickly stems, fragrant leaves, pink flowers and red hips
sweet flag Tweet Definition of sweet flag Like Definition of sweet flag on Facebook
noun
  1. a perennial wetland plant, Acorus calamus, with an aromatic medicinal root, formerly used to strew floors, also known as calamus
sweet pea Tweet Definition of sweet pea Like Definition of sweet pea on Facebook
nounSweet pea
  1. A flowering plant, Lathyrus odoratus, grown for its bright colours and sweet fragrance.
  2. an affectionate name for a loved one, usually a child
sweet pepper Tweet Definition of sweet pepper Like Definition of sweet pepper on Facebook
noun
  1. The fruit of a non-spicy variety of pepper (genus Capsicum), also called bell pepper. Available in green, red, yellow and orange skinned varieties (the green is generally the unripe variety and the colored versions the sweeter, ripe fruit).
sweet potato Tweet Definition of sweet potato Like Definition of sweet potato on Facebook
noun
  1. A tropical perennial American vine, Ipomoea batatas, having a fleshy tuber.
  2. The tuber of this plant cooked as a vegetable.
sycamore Tweet Definition of sycamore Like Definition of sycamore on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, US) Any of several North American plane trees, of the genus w:Platanus, Platanus (buttonwood), especially Platanus occidentalis (w:American sycamore, American sycamore).
  2. (context, UK) A large British and European species of maple, Acer pseudoplatanus, known in North America as the sycamore maple.
  3. A large tree bearing edible fruit, Ficus sycomorus, allied to the common fig and found in Egypt and Syria; also called the sycamore fig or the fig-mulberry; the Biblical sycomore.
sycamore maple Tweet Definition of sycamore maple Like Definition of sycamore maple on Facebook
noun
  1. The British and European sycamore tree, Acer pseudoplatanus.

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