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Glossary of Plants Terms
beginning with letter C
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cabbage Tweet Definition of cabbage Like Definition of cabbage on Facebook
noun
  1. An edible plant (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) having a head of green leaf, leaves.
  2. (uncountable) The leaf, leaves of this plant eaten as a vegetable.
Cabbage is good for you.
  1. (offensive) A person with severely reduced mental capacities due to brain damage.
After the car crash, he became a cabbage.
  1. (uncountable, slang) Cloth or clippings cabbaged or purloined by one who cuts out garments.
  2. (uncountable, slang) Money
verb (cabbag, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To form a head like that the cabbage; as, to make lettuce cabbage.
  2. (intransitive) To purloin or embezzle, as the pieces of cloth remaining after cutting out a garment; to pilfer.
cacao Tweet Definition of cacao Like Definition of cacao on Facebook
noun
  1. cacao tree
  2. cocoa bean
cactus Tweet Definition of cactus Like Definition of cactus on Facebook
noun (pl=cacti, pl2=cactuses)
  1. (botany) Any member of the family Cactaceae, a family of flowering New World succulent plants suited to a hot, semi-desert climate.
  2. Any succulent plant with a thick fleshy stem bearing spines but no leaf, leaves, including euphorbs.
adjective
  1. (Australian slang) Non-functional, broken, exhausted.
(commons)      
Cade Tweet Definition of Cade Like Definition of Cade on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An English metonymic occupational surname for a cooper
  2. (given name, male) derived from the surname. Cade Calvert is a character in the novel Gone with the Wind (1936) by Margaret Mitchell.
calamus Tweet Definition of calamus Like Definition of calamus on Facebook
noun
  1. sweet flag, acorus calamus
A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed. Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard, Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices (Song of Solomon 4:12-14, KJV)
  1. a quill
California poppy Tweet Definition of California poppy Like Definition of California poppy on Facebook
noun
  1. A popular flowering garden plant, Eschscholzia californica, native to the south-western United States.
calla Tweet Definition of calla Like Definition of calla on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A South African marsh plant, of the genus Calla, having pale green flowers in a white spathe
camellia Tweet Definition of camellia Like Definition of camellia on Facebook
noun
  1. Any plant of the genus Camellia, shrubs and small trees native to Asia; Camellia japonica is the most popular as a garden plant; Camellia sinensis is the tea plant.
campion Tweet Definition of campion Like Definition of campion on Facebook
noun
  1. any flowering plant of the genus Lychnis.
  2. any flowering plant of the genus Silene.
cane Tweet Definition of cane Like Definition of cane on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) The slender, flexible stem of plants such as bamboo, reed, or the like.
  2. (uncountable) The plant itself.
  3. (uncountable) sugar cane.
  4. (countable) A short wooden or bamboo rod or stick used for corporal punishment.
  5. (the cane; uncountable) Corporal punishment consisting of a beating with a cane.
The teacher gave his student the cane for throwing paper.
  1. (countable) A strong short staff used for support during walking by the disabled or infirm.
After breaking his leg, he needed to use a cane to walk.
  1. (countable) A long collapsible (and usually white for improved visibility) wooden, metal or plastic rod used by blind people to feel for obstacle, obstacles in their path.
verb (can, ing)
  1. (context, UK, slang) To strike or beat, notably with a cane or similar implement; to destroy.
  2. (context, UK, slang) To do something well, in a competent fashion.
cantaloupe Tweet Definition of cantaloupe Like Definition of cantaloupe on Facebook
noun
  1. (Europe) A type of melon, Cucumis melo cantaloupensis,. Also known as "true cantaloupe".
  2. A type of melon, Cucumis melo reticulatus , with sweet orange flesh and a rough skin resembling netting. Also known as muskmelon or rockmelon.
cape gooseberry Tweet Definition of cape gooseberry Like Definition of cape gooseberry on Facebook
noun
  1. a tropical South American plant, Physalis peruviana, with a bright yellow, edible fruit
caper Tweet Definition of caper Like Definition of caper on Facebook
noun
  1. A frolicsome leap or spring; a skip; a jump, as in mirth or dancing; a prank.
  2. A vessel formerly used by the Dutch, privateer.
  3. The pungent grayish green flower bud of the European and Oriental caper (Capparis spinosa), which is pickled and eaten.
  4. A plant of the genus Capparis; -- called also caper bush, caper tree.
  5. A crime (esp. theft) or a story about such a crime.
verb
  1. To leap or jump about in a sprightly manner; to cut capers; to skip; to spring; to prance; to dance.
caprifig Tweet Definition of caprifig Like Definition of caprifig on Facebook
noun
  1. A fig tree which produces both male and female flowers and is used to fertilize the female trees of the species.
  2. The accessory fruit of this tree, which is considered inedible by humans.
capsicum Tweet Definition of capsicum Like Definition of capsicum on Facebook
noun
  1. any of several tropical American plants, of the genus Capsicum, that are cultivated as edible peppers
  2. the fruit of these plants, the bell peppers
caraway Tweet Definition of caraway Like Definition of caraway on Facebook
noun
  1. A biennial plant native to Europe and Asia, mainly grown for its seed to be used as a culinary spice.
  2. The seed-like fruit of the caraway plant.
carnation Tweet Definition of carnation Like Definition of carnation on Facebook
noun
  1. a type of flower, originally flesh-coloured, but now found in a variety of colours.
  2. (botany) a type of Eurasian plant (Dianthus caryophyllus) widely cultivated for its flowers.
  3. (colour) a rose, rosy pink colour; sometimes, a deep red colour.
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adjective
  1. (colour) of a rosy pink or red colour.
carrot Tweet Definition of carrot Like Definition of carrot on Facebook
noun
  1. A vegetable with a nutritious, juicy, orange, sweet root.
cascara Tweet Definition of cascara Like Definition of cascara on Facebook
noun
  1. A North American buckthorn, Rhamnus purshiana, whose bark is used as a laxative
cashew Tweet Definition of cashew Like Definition of cashew on Facebook
noun
  1. A tree in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae, native to northeastern Brazil, now widely grown in tropical climates for its cashew nuts and cashew apples.
  2. A cashew nut.
cassava Tweet Definition of cassava Like Definition of cassava on Facebook
noun
  1. manioc, the source of tapioca
  2. A starchy pulp made with the roots of this tropical plant.
Cassiope Tweet Definition of Cassiope Like Definition of Cassiope on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Cassiopeia)
  1. (greekmyth): Proud wife of Cepheus and mother of Andromeda, queen of Eritrea. When she boasted that her beauty was equal to that of the Nereids, she was punished by Poseidon.
  2. (constellation): A circumpolar constellation of the northern sky representing Queen Cassiopeia from Greek myth. The constellation lies between Cepheus and Perseus.
castor bean Tweet Definition of castor bean Like Definition of castor bean on Facebook
noun
  1. the seed of the castor oil plant, Ricinus communis; used in the production of castor oil and of the poison ricin
catnip Tweet Definition of catnip Like Definition of catnip on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) Any of the about 250 species of flowering plant of the genus w:Nepeta, Nepeta, family w:Lamiaceae, Lamiaceae, certain of which are said to have medicinal qualities.
  2. Nepeta cataria and Nepeta grandiflora (and perhaps other species), which are well-known for causing an apparently harmless pheromone-based intoxication among certain cats.
Some cats go bonkers over ; others ignore it.
  1. Welcomely refreshing or rejuvenating.
''Her phone call was to my ears.
cauliflower Tweet Definition of cauliflower Like Definition of cauliflower on Facebook
noun
  1. An annual variety of Brassica oleracea, or cabbage, of which the cluster of young flower stalks and buds is eaten as a vegetable.
  2. The edible head or "curd" of a cauliflower plant.
Cedar Tweet Definition of Cedar Like Definition of Cedar on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (computing) A programming language.
celandine Tweet Definition of celandine Like Definition of celandine on Facebook
noun
  1. Either of two unrelated flowering plants
  1. The greater celandine
  2. The lesser celandine
celeriac Tweet Definition of celeriac Like Definition of celeriac on Facebook
noun
  1. a form of celery, Apium graveolens, having an aromatic taproot eaten as a vegetable
celery Tweet Definition of celery Like Definition of celery on Facebook
noun (celeries)
  1. A European herb (Apium graveolens) of the carrot family.
  2. (uncountable) The stalks of this herb eaten as a vegetable.
cereal Tweet Definition of cereal Like Definition of cereal on Facebook
noun (countable and uncountable; pluralcereals)
  1. (countable) A type of grass (such as wheat, rice or oats) cultivated for its edible grains.
  2. (uncountable) The grains of such a grass.
  3. (uncountable) Breakfast cereal; (countable) a particular type of breakfast cereal.
(uncountable): Would you like some cereal?
(countable): Which cereal would you like for breakfast?
chard Tweet Definition of chard Like Definition of chard on Facebook
noun
  1. Artichoke leaves and shoots, blanched to eat.
  2. (uncountable) An edible leafy vegetable, Beta vulgaris var. cicla, with a slightly bitter taste
chayote Tweet Definition of chayote Like Definition of chayote on Facebook
noun
  1. A tropical American perennial herbaceous vine having tendrils, tuberous roots, and a green, pear-shaped fruit cooked as a vegetable.
  2. The fruit of this plant.
cherimoya Tweet Definition of cherimoya Like Definition of cherimoya on Facebook
noun
  1. A subtropical tree, scientific name Annona cherimola, native to mountainous areas South America
  2. A conical fruit with white flesh, distinguished by its irregular pattern on the skin, the fruit of the cherimoya (defn 1.) tree, also known as a custard apple in some regions.
cherry Tweet Definition of cherry Like Definition of cherry on Facebook
noun (cherr, ies)
  1. a small fruit, usually red, black or yellow, with a smooth hard seed and a short hard stem.
  2. a tree or shrub that bears cherries.
  3. the wood of a cherry tree.
  4. (colour) a bright red color, colour
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    1. (slang) virginity, particularly of a woman.
adjective
  1. containing or having the taste of cherries.
  2. (colour) of a bright red colour.
  3. (informal, often, of cars) In excellent condition; mint condition.
chervil Tweet Definition of chervil Like Definition of chervil on Facebook
noun
  1. A leafy herb, resembling parsley with a mild flavour of anise.
chestnut Tweet Definition of chestnut Like Definition of chestnut on Facebook
noun (pluralchestnuts)
  1. A tree or shrub of the genus Castanea.
  2. The nut of this tree or shrub.
  3. A dark, reddish-brown colour/color.
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    1. A reddish-brown horse.
    2. The wood of a chestnut tree.
    3. (Often "old chestnut") a worn-out meme; a work so often repeated as to have grown tiresome.
    4. A part of a horse found on the inner leg, similar to a birthmark on a human.
adjective (no (compar) or (superl))
  1. (colour) of a deep reddish brown colour, like that of a chestnut.
chia Tweet Definition of chia Like Definition of chia on Facebook
noun
  1. a Mexican plant, Salvia columbariae, related to mint; it has blue flowers and edible seeds
chickpea Tweet Definition of chickpea Like Definition of chickpea on Facebook
noun
  1. An annual Asian plant (Cicer arietinum) in the pea family, widely cultivated for the edible seeds in its short inflated pods.
  2. A seed of this plant, often used as a food.
chickweed Tweet Definition of chickweed Like Definition of chickweed on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of several small-leaved herbs of the genera Cerastium and Stellaria
chickweed wintergreen Tweet Definition of chickweed wintergreen Like Definition of chickweed wintergreen on Facebook
noun
  1. Trientalis europaea; a plant in the Primulaceae family
chicory Tweet Definition of chicory Like Definition of chicory on Facebook
noun
  1. Either of two plants of the Asteracaea family: true chicory (Cichorium intybus) and endive (Cichorium endivia)
chili Tweet Definition of chili Like Definition of chili on Facebook
noun (pl=chilis, pl2=chilies)
  1. The spicy fresh or dried fruit of any of several cultivated varieties of capsicum, used especially to add heat, or as a flavouring in cooking; associated with Mexican, Indian and Tex-Mex cuisine.
chili pepper Tweet Definition of chili pepper Like Definition of chili pepper on Facebook
noun
  1. Any fruit of a plant of the botanical genus Capsicum, noted for their spicy and burning flavor due to presence of capsaicin. Not all chili peppers are particularly spicy but all true chili peppers contain some (in contrast to the bell pepper which is not a true chili pepper and does not).
chive Tweet Definition of chive Like Definition of chive on Facebook
noun
  1. A plant that is perennial (Latin Allium schoenoprasum), related to the onion.
  2. (in plural chives) The leaves of this plant used as a herb.
chrysanthemum Tweet Definition of chrysanthemum Like Definition of chrysanthemum on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of many flowering perennial plants, of the genus Chrysanthemum, native to China, that have showy radiate
    1. Adjective, radiate heads
chufa Tweet Definition of chufa Like Definition of chufa on Facebook
noun
  1. a European sedge of the genus Cyperus having small edible tubers
cilantro Tweet Definition of cilantro Like Definition of cilantro on Facebook
noun
  1. (italbrac, herb) the leaves of the coriander plant.
cinchona Tweet Definition of cinchona Like Definition of cinchona on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of several South American trees, of the genus Cinchona, cultivated for its medicinal bark.
    • 2001: German chemists were the first to isolate pure drug chemicals from herbal medicines, with the isolation of morphine from crude opium in 1803 and quinine from the bark of the tree in 1820. " Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 8)
      1. The bark of these trees, that yields quinine alkaloids used to treat malaria.
cinnamon Tweet Definition of cinnamon Like Definition of cinnamon on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) a tropical Asian tree with an aromatic bark.
  2. (uncountable) a spice from the dried aromatic bark of the cinnamon tree, either rolled into strips or ground into a powder.
  3. (countable) a yellowish-brown color, colour, the color of cinnamon.
<table><tr><td>cinnamon colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. 8A563A" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
adjective
  1. containing cinnamon, or having a cinnamon taste.
  2. of a yellowish-brown colour.
citron Tweet Definition of citron Like Definition of citron on Facebook
noun
  1. (colour) a greenish yellow colour.
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    1. a small citrus tree, Citrus medica
    2. the fruit of a citron tree.
    3. the candied rind of the citron fruit.
adjective
  1. (colour) of a greenish yellow colour.
citronella Tweet Definition of citronella Like Definition of citronella on Facebook
noun
  1. A tropical Asian grass, Cymbopogon nardus, that has lemon-scented leaves
  2. An essential oil obtained from this plant
citrus Tweet Definition of citrus Like Definition of citrus on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of several shrubs or trees of the family Rutaceae
  2. The fruit of such plants, generally spherical, oblate, or prolate, consisting of an outer glandular skin called zest, an inner white skin, and generally between 8 and 16 sectors filled with pulp consisting of cells with one end attached to the inner skin. Citrus fruits include orange, grapefruit, lemon, lime, and citron.
adjective
  1. of, or relating to citrus plants or fruit
cleavers Tweet Definition of cleavers Like Definition of cleavers on Facebook
noun
  1. (plural of, cleaver)
clementine Tweet Definition of clementine Like Definition of clementine on Facebook
noun
  1. A cross between a tangerine and Seville orange.
cloudberry Tweet Definition of cloudberry Like Definition of cloudberry on Facebook
noun (cloudberr, ies)
  1. A species of slow-growing bramble, Rubus chamaemorus.
  2. The fruit of these plants.
clove Tweet Definition of clove Like Definition of clove on Facebook
noun (plural cloves)
  1. A very pungent aromatic spice, the unexpanded flower bud of the clove tree (Eugenia aromatica syn. Caryophullus aromatica), a native of the Molucca Isles.
  2. any one of the separate bulbs that make up the larger bulb of garlic
  3. an old English measure of weight, containing 7 pounds; half a stone.
Quotations
  • 1866: By a statute of 9 Hen. VI. it was ordained that the wey of cheese should contain 32 cloves of 7 lbs. each, i.e. 224 lbs., or 2 cwts. &mdash; James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 1, p. 169.
verb
  1. Past participle of cleave
clover Tweet Definition of clover Like Definition of clover on Facebook
noun
  1. A plant of the genus Trifolium with leaves usually divided into three (rarely four) leaflets and with white or red flowers.
club moss Tweet Definition of club moss Like Definition of club moss on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various simple microphyllous vascular plants, of the family Lycopodiaceae, that resemble mosses and produce spores.
coca Tweet Definition of coca Like Definition of coca on Facebook
noun
  1. The dried leaf of a South American shrub (Erythroxylon coca).
cockscomb Tweet Definition of cockscomb Like Definition of cockscomb on Facebook
noun
  1. The fleshy red crest of a rooster
  2. A red cap once worn by court jesters
  3. An annual garden plant, Celosia cristata, having showy red clusters of flowers
  1. (archaic) A conceited dandy
  2. (nautical) A serrated cleat once fitted to the yards of a square-rigged ship and used when the sail was being reefed
cockspur Tweet Definition of cockspur Like Definition of cockspur on Facebook
noun
  1. The spur of a gamecock
  2. Any of several unrelated thorny shrubs
coco Tweet Definition of coco Like Definition of coco on Facebook
noun
  1. coconut palm
  2. coconut
adjective
  1. Of a chocolate-like nature. Containing or flavoured like chocolate.
Cocoa Tweet Definition of Cocoa Like Definition of Cocoa on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Cocoa (API))
  1. (computing) an object-oriented programming API for Mac OS X
cocoa bean Tweet Definition of cocoa bean Like Definition of cocoa bean on Facebook
noun
  1. seed of the cacao plant; used to make chocolate, cocoa and cocoa butter
coconut Tweet Definition of coconut Like Definition of coconut on Facebook
noun
  1. The fruit of the coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, having a fibrous husk surrounding a large seed.
  2. The hard-shelled seed of this fruit, having white flesh and a fluid-filled central cavity.
  3. The edible white flesh of this fruit.
  4. The coconut palm.
  5. (pejorative) A Hispanic person who acts "white" (Western).
  6. (context, New Zealand, pejorative) A Pacific islander.
coffee Tweet Definition of coffee Like Definition of coffee on Facebook
noun
  1. A beverage made by infuse, infusing the beans of the coffee plant in hot water.
  2. A serving of the beverage coffee
We"d like three coffees on this table please
  1. The seeds of the plant used to make coffee, misnamed "beans" due to their shape.
  2. A tropical plant of the genus Coffea.
  3. (colour) A pale brown colour, like that of milk coffee.
<table><tr><td>coffee colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
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adjective
  1. (colour) Of a pale brown colour, like that of milk coffee.
cohosh Tweet Definition of cohosh Like Definition of cohosh on Facebook
noun
  1. A perennial American herb (Caulophyllum thalictroides), whose rootstock is used in medicine.
Cole Tweet Definition of Cole Like Definition of Cole on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An English surname, possibly a nickname from col, Old English "charcoal,coal-black".
  2. A male given name derived from the surname.
coleus Tweet Definition of coleus Like Definition of coleus on Facebook
noun