All Words Glossary

Glossary of Plants Terms
beginning with letter G
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galangal Tweet Definition of galangal Like Definition of galangal on Facebook
noun
  1. any of several east Asian plants of the ginger family, used as a spice
  • 1890: The duties on olives, bay leaves, , coffee, cocoa, spices, tea, and sugar, as well as on coal, coke, and peat imported through the western frontier and the Baltic ports, will not be raised. " The Times, 1 Sep 1890, p.3 col. C
gale Tweet Definition of gale Like Definition of gale on Facebook
noun
  1. A strong wind, more than a breeze, less than a storm; number 7 through 9 winds on the 12 step Beaufort scale.
  2. An outburst, especially of laughter.
a of laughter
  1. A shrub, sweet gale (Myrica gale) growing on moors and fens.
  2. (archaic) A light breeze.
  3. (archaic) A periodic payment, such as is made of a rent or annuity.
Gale day - the day on which rent or interest is due. Definition from 1913 Webster.
galingale Tweet Definition of galingale Like Definition of galingale on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of several east Asian plants of the ginger family, used as a spice.
  • 1980: An early English version of marmelade was called charedequynce, of which one version included wine, honey, ginger, , cinnamon and wardens as well as quinces. " The Times, 10 Jan 1980, p.12 col. A
garbanzo Tweet Definition of garbanzo Like Definition of garbanzo on Facebook
noun (plural garbanzos)
  1. An edible pulse, Cicer arietinum, of the family Leguminosae or Fabaceae and subfamily Faboideae or Papilionoideae, of which the plant has white or purple-blue flowers and small feathery leaves on both sides of the stem and yields pods containing two to three peas.
  2. A seed of this plant; the chickpea
garden cress Tweet Definition of garden cress Like Definition of garden cress on Facebook
noun
  1. a plant, Lepidium sativum, whose pungent leaves are used in salads
garget Tweet Definition of garget Like Definition of garget on Facebook
noun
  1. An inflammation on a cow's udder
garlic Tweet Definition of garlic Like Definition of garlic on Facebook
noun
  1. A plant of the genus Allium (related to the onion), having a pungent bulbous root much used in cooking. Scientific name: Allium sativum.
gean Tweet Definition of gean Like Definition of gean on Facebook
noun (plural:geans)
  1. A wild cherry, Prunus avium, native to Europe and western Asia.
gentian Tweet Definition of gentian Like Definition of gentian on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various herbs of the family Gentianaceae found in temperate and mountainous regions with violet or blue flowers.
  2. The dried roots and rhizome of a European gentian, Gentiana lutea, used as a tonic.
geranium Tweet Definition of geranium Like Definition of geranium on Facebook
noun
  1. Any flowering plant of the genus Geranium, the cranesbills, of family Geraniaceae.
  2. The common name for flowering plants of the genus Pelargonium.
  3. (colour) a bright red color tinted with orange, like that of a scarlet geranium.
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adjective
  1. (colour) of a bright red color tinted with orange, like that of a scarlet geranium.
gherkin Tweet Definition of gherkin Like Definition of gherkin on Facebook
noun (pl. gherkins)
  1. A small cucumber pickled whole.
giant sequoia Tweet Definition of giant sequoia Like Definition of giant sequoia on Facebook
proper noun
  1. the USDA-preferred name for the species Sequoiadendron giganteum.
  2. any of the trees belonging to this species, but especially the large and mature trees.
gill Tweet Definition of gill Like Definition of gill on Facebook
noun (rfc-level, Noun at L4+ not in L3 POS section)
  1. The breathing organ of fish and other aquatic animals.
  2. One of the radial folds on the underside of the cap of a mushroom, on the surface of which the spore-producing organs are borne.
ginger Tweet Definition of ginger Like Definition of ginger on Facebook
noun
  1. Any plant of a genus (Zingiber, especially Zingiber officinale) of tropical Asiatic and Polynesian herbs of a family (Zingiberaceae, the ginger family) with pungent aromatic rhizomes used as a condiment and as a stimulant and acarminative.
  2. The rhizome of this plant used as a spice either as it is or in dried powdered form.
  3. (colour) A reddish-brown colour/color.
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    1. (context, colloquial, derogatory) A person with reddish-brown hair.
verbto ginger
  1. to treat with care
adjective ((compar)more ginger, (superl)most ginger)
  1. (used to describe hair) Of a reddish-brown colour.
  2. flavoured with ginger.
  3. (context, Cockney rhyming slang, derogatory) Queer (ie, homosexual) (short for ginger beer, rhyming with queer).
ginkgo Tweet Definition of ginkgo Like Definition of ginkgo on Facebook
noun (pl2=ginkgoes)
  1. A Chinese tree with small fan-shaped leaves and edible seeds.
  2. The seed of the ginkgo tree.
ginseng Tweet Definition of ginseng Like Definition of ginseng on Facebook
noun
  1. any of several plants, of the genus Panax, having forked roots supposed to have medicinal properties
  2. the roots of these plants; extracts of these roots
glad Tweet Definition of glad Like Definition of glad on Facebook
adjective
  1. pleased, happy, satisfied
gladiolus Tweet Definition of gladiolus Like Definition of gladiolus on Facebook
noun (gladioli)
  1. (anatomy) The center part of the sternum.
  2. Any of several flowering plants, of the genus Gladiolus, having sword-shaped leaves and showy flowers on spikes; gladiola
goatsbeard Tweet Definition of goatsbeard Like Definition of goatsbeard on Facebook
noun
  1. (alternative spelling of, goat"s-beard)
Golden Delicious Tweet Definition of Golden Delicious Like Definition of Golden Delicious on Facebook
noun
  1. A variety of apple which is pale yellow/green in color, and has a mild sweet flavour
goldenrod Tweet Definition of goldenrod Like Definition of goldenrod on Facebook
noun
  1. a tall-stemmed, plant with clusters of small yellow flowers.
  2. (colour) a golden-yellow colour, like that of the goldenrod plant.
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adjective
  1. (colour) of a golden-yellow colour, like that of the goldenrod plant.
good-king-henry Tweet Definition of good-king-henry Like Definition of good-king-henry on Facebook
noun
  1. alternative spelling of the plant Good King Henry
gourd Tweet Definition of gourd Like Definition of gourd on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of the climbing or trailing plants from the family Cucurbitaceae, which includes watermelon, pumpkins and cucumbers.
  2. A fruit from a plant that is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family.
  3. The dried and hardened shell of a gourd fruit, made into a drinking vessel, bowl, spoon, or other objects designed for use or decoration.
  1. (slang) head
    • I got so stoned last night. I was out of my .
grama Tweet Definition of grama Like Definition of grama on Facebook
noun
  1. a type of grass, Bouteloua oligostachya
granadilla Tweet Definition of granadilla Like Definition of granadilla on Facebook
noun
  1. any of several passion flowers of tropical America
  2. the edible fruit of these plants
grape Tweet Definition of grape Like Definition of grape on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) A small, round, smooth-skinned edible fruit, usually purple, red, or green, that grows in bunches on certain vines.
  2. (countable) A woody vine that bears clusters of grapes; a grapevine.
  3. (context, countable, uncountable) A dark purple, purplish red colour, the colour of many grapes.
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    1. (uncountable) Grapeshot, grapeshot.
adjective
  1. contain, Containing grapes or having a grape flavor.
  2. Of a dark purplish red colour.
grapefruit Tweet Definition of grapefruit Like Definition of grapefruit on Facebook
noun
  1. A tree of the genus Citrus
  2. the large tart fruit of this tree. Also called pomelo, shaddock.
grapevine Tweet Definition of grapevine Like Definition of grapevine on Facebook
noun
  1. The plant, of genus Vitis, on which grapes grow
  2. An informal person-to-person means of circulating information or gossip.
I heard on the that Jim will be leaving soon.
grass Tweet Definition of grass Like Definition of grass on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. (context, countable, uncountable) Any plant of the family Poaceae, characterized by leaves that arise from nodes in the stem, wrap around it for a distance, and leave, especially those grown as ground cover rather than for grain.
  2. A lawn.
  3. (context, slang, uncountable) marijuana, Marijuana.
  4. (slang) An informer, police informer; one who betrays a group (of criminals, etc) to the authorities.
verb (grass, es)
  1. (transitive) To lay out on the grass; to knock down (an opponent etc.).
    • 1893, Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Naval Treaty", Norton 2005, p.709:
    • :He flew at me with his knife, and I had to him twice, and got a cut over the knuckles, before I had the upper hand of him.
      1. (context, transitive, or, intransitive, slang) To act as a grass or informer, to betray; to report on (criminals etc) to the authorities.
greengage Tweet Definition of greengage Like Definition of greengage on Facebook
noun
  1. A plum with greenish-yellow flesh and skin.
greening Tweet Definition of greening Like Definition of greening on Facebook
noun
  1. The action of the verb to green.
adjective
  1. Becoming green in colour.
green onion Tweet Definition of green onion Like Definition of green onion on Facebook
noun
  1. (U.S.) scallion
green pepper Tweet Definition of green pepper Like Definition of green pepper on Facebook
noun
  1. The green, unripe, form of the sweet bell pepper (unrelated to the spicy chili pepper). Popular in cooking, especially Italian cuisine. The unripe bell pepper is green and generally changes to other colors as it matures, cultivars exist for red, orange, yellow and other shades.
guava Tweet Definition of guava Like Definition of guava on Facebook
noun
  1. A yellowish tropical fruit (psidium guajava) often made into jams and jelly, jellies. The guava fruit is 1ΒΌ to 2 inches, globular or pear-shaped with thin, yellow, green, or brown skin; the meat is yellowish or pale green to pink in color.
  2. A tropical tree which produces such fruit.
gum tree Tweet Definition of gum tree Like Definition of gum tree on Facebook
noun (plural:gum trees)
  1. A eucalyptus tree.

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