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Glossary of Plants Terms
beginning with letter P
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pachysandra Tweet Definition of pachysandra Like Definition of pachysandra on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A genus of four or five species of evergreen shrubs or subshrubs, belonging to the boxwood family, Buxaceae used ornamentally as groundcover.
palm Tweet Definition of palm Like Definition of palm on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various evergreen trees from the family Palmae or Arecaceae, which are mainly found in the tropics.
  2. The inner and somewhat concave part of the human hand that extends from the wrist to the bases of the fingers.
    • 1990 October 28, w:Paul Simon, Paul Simon, "Further to Fly", w:The Rhythm of the Saints, The Rhythm of the Saints, Warner Bros.
    • : The open of desire wants everything.
      1. The corresponding part of the forefoot of a lower mammal.
      2. A handheld computing device used to store personal data such as calendars and phone numbers.
verb
  1. to hold or conceal something in the palm of the hand
  2. to hold something without bending the fingers significantly
  3. to move something laterally by static friction against the palm of the hand
palmetto Tweet Definition of palmetto Like Definition of palmetto on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) Two closely related genera of New World palms, of the family Arecaceae; (a) Serenoa repens or the saw palmetto is the only species of its genus; it has certain medicinal uses; (b) Sabul, represented by about 15 species, some known commonly as palmettos, others as fan palms.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to a palmetto palm.
  2. Of or pertaining the the US state of South Carolina, as the Palmetto State.
pandanus Tweet Definition of pandanus Like Definition of pandanus on Facebook
noun
  1. the screw pine
panic Tweet Definition of panic Like Definition of panic on Facebook
noun
  1. overpower, Overpowering fright.
verb (panics, panicking, panicked)
  1. To feel overwhelming fear.
pansy Tweet Definition of pansy Like Definition of pansy on Facebook
noun (pansies)
  1. Common name for a cultivated flowering plant, Viola tricolor hortensis, derived from heartsease; many garden varieties are hybrids.
  2. (colour) A deep purple colour, like that of the pansy.
<table><tr><td>pansy colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. 604E97" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    1. (context, pejorative, slang) A male homosexual, especially one who is effeminate.
    2. (slang) A timid man or boy.
adjective
  1. wimpy, Wimpy; spineless; feeble.
  2. (colour) Of a deep purple colour, like that of the pansy.
papaya Tweet Definition of papaya Like Definition of papaya on Facebook
noun
  1. A tropical American evergreen tree, Carica papaya having large, yellow, edible fruit
  2. The fruit of this tree.
papyrus Tweet Definition of papyrus Like Definition of papyrus on Facebook
noun (papyri, pl2=papyruses)
  1. A plant in the sedge family, Cyperus papyrus, native to the Nile river valley.
  2. A material similar to paper made from the papyrus plant.
  3. A scroll or document written on papyrus.
parsley Tweet Definition of parsley Like Definition of parsley on Facebook
noun
  1. (countable) (uncountable) A bright green, biennial herb, Petroselinum crispum or Petroselinum neapolitanum having either flat or curled leaves.
  2. (uncountable) The leaves of this plant used in Middle Eastern, European, and American cooking.
parsnip Tweet Definition of parsnip Like Definition of parsnip on Facebook
noun
  1. A biennial plant, Pastinaca sativa, related to the carrot.
  2. The root of the parsnip, when used as a vegetable.
passionflower Tweet Definition of passionflower Like Definition of passionflower on Facebook
noun
  1. any of very many North American vines, of the family Passifloraceae, that bear edible fruit, called passion fruit.
  2. the flower of this plant
Patience Tweet Definition of Patience Like Definition of Patience on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, female), a virtue name first used by Puritans in the sixteenth century.
peach Tweet Definition of peach Like Definition of peach on Facebook
noun (peaches)
  1. A small Chinese tree (Prunus persica), widely cultivated throughout temperate regions, having pink flowers and edible fruit.
  2. The soft juicy fruit of the peach tree, having yellow flesh, downy, red-tinted yellow skin, and a deeply sculptured pit or stone containing a single seed.
  3. (colour) A light moderate to strong yellowish pink to light orange color.
<table><tr><td>peach colour: &nbsp;</td> <td bgcolor="
  1. FFCF9D?" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    1. (informal) A particularly admirable or pleasing person or thing.
    2. The large, edible berry of the Sarcocephalus esculentus, a rubiaceous climbing shrub of west tropical Africa.
    3. The name of a princess in the video game series, Super Mario. Her last name is Toadstool. She is constantly kidnapped by Bowser.
adjective
  1. (colour) Of the color peach.
  2. Particularly pleasing or agreeable.
peanut Tweet Definition of peanut Like Definition of peanut on Facebook
noun
  1. a legume resembling a nut.
pear Tweet Definition of pear Like Definition of pear on Facebook
noun
  1. An edible fruit produced by the pear tree, similar to an apple but elongated towards the stem.
  2. (also pear tree) A type of fruit tree (Pyrus communis).
A trio of pears pared to a pair of pears.
  1. The wood of the pear tree.
pease Tweet Definition of pease Like Definition of pease on Facebook
noun , plural peasen
  1. (archaic) form of pea, then later of peas
Pelargonium Tweet Definition of Pelargonium Like Definition of Pelargonium on Facebook
noun (sometimes pelargonium)
  1. an extract of the rose geranium, Pelargonium sidoides, used as an alternative medicine
pepper Tweet Definition of pepper Like Definition of pepper on Facebook
noun
  1. A plant of the family Piperaceae.
  2. (uncountable) A spice prepared from the fermented, dried, unripe red berries of this plant.
  3. A fruit of the capsicum: red, green, yellow or white, hollow and containing seeds, and in very spicy and mild varieties.
  4. (baseball) A game used by baseball players to warm up where fielders standing close to a batter rapidly return the batted ball to be hit again
Some ballparks have signs saying "No games".
verb
  1. (transitive) To add pepper to.
  2. (transitive) To strike with something made up of small particles.
  3. (transitive) To be covered with lots of (something made up of small things).
After the hailstorm, the beach was peppered with holes.
  1. (transitive) To add (something) at frequent intervals.
He liked to his conversation with long words.
peppercorn Tweet Definition of peppercorn Like Definition of peppercorn on Facebook
noun ; plural: peppercorns
  1. the seeds of the plant Piper nigrum. Commonly used as a spice, usually but not always ground or crushed.
  2. a small, insignificant quantity, as in peppercorn rent.
peppermint Tweet Definition of peppermint Like Definition of peppermint on Facebook
noun
  1. A hybrid herb of the mint family formed by crossing watermint and spearmint. It has a high menthol content and a sharp flavor. Used in cooking, especially in herb teas and confections.
  2. A confection containing extract of peppermint.
persimmon Tweet Definition of persimmon Like Definition of persimmon on Facebook
noun
  1. A type of fruit, of orange colour, very sweet, quite astringent when immature.
  2. The tree this fruit grows on, a species of ebony, Diospyros kaki.
peyote Tweet Definition of peyote Like Definition of peyote on Facebook
noun
  1. A small, spineless cactus (Lophophora williamsii) found from southwest United States to central Mexico that produces buttonlike tubercle , tubercles that can be chewed as a narcotic. Also called mescal.
  2. A mescal button produced by the plant.
  3. The name-sake source of mescaline.
philodendron Tweet Definition of philodendron Like Definition of philodendron on Facebook
noun
  1. any of several climbing plants, of the genus Philodendron, native to America and the West Indies that are often grown as house plants
phlox Tweet Definition of phlox Like Definition of phlox on Facebook
nounPhlox
  1. Any flowering plant of the genus Phlox, sensitive to drought.
picotee Tweet Definition of picotee Like Definition of picotee on Facebook
noun
  1. A variety of decorative carnation.
verb
  1. The first-person singular of picotear in the present subjunctive. (esbot:catline, person=first, count=singular, verb=picotear, tense=present, mood=subjunctive, ending=ar)
  2. The third-person singular of picotear in the present subjunctive. (esbot:catline, person=third, count=singular, verb=picotear, tense=present, mood=subjunctive, ending=ar)
  3. The third-person singular of picotear in the imperative. (esbot:catline, person=third, count=singular, verb=picotear, tense=imperative, mood=, ending=ar)
(esbot:conjugation)      
pigeon pea Tweet Definition of pigeon pea Like Definition of pigeon pea on Facebook
noun
  1. A tropical African plant (italbrac, Cajanus cajan, formerly Cajanus indicus), having edible seeds.
  2. The edible seed of this plant; dahl
pignolia Tweet Definition of pignolia Like Definition of pignolia on Facebook
noun
  1. A pine nut; the edible seed of a pine tree.
pimpernel Tweet Definition of pimpernel Like Definition of pimpernel on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various plants, of the genus Anagallis, having small red, white or purple flowers; especially the scarlet pimpernel, Anagallis arvensis.
pine Tweet Definition of pine Like Definition of pine on Facebook
noun (countable) and (uncountable)
  1. (countable) A coniferous tree of the genus Pinus, or a tree resembling a member of this genus, in some respect (not even limited to coniferous trees).
  2. (uncountable) The wood of a pine tree.
  3. (archaic) The sense of longing.
pineapple Tweet Definition of pineapple Like Definition of pineapple on Facebook
noun
  1. A tropical plant native to South America, having thirty or more long, spined and pointed leaves surrounding a thick stem.
  2. The ovoid fruit of the pineapple plant, which has very sweet, white or yellow flesh, a tough, spiky shell and a tough, fibrous core.
  3. (slang) A hand grenade.
pinesap Tweet Definition of pinesap Like Definition of pinesap on Facebook
noun
  1. A kind of plant that does not contain clorophyll and obtains its nutrients from non-living organic matter.
pink Tweet Definition of pink Like Definition of pink on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various flowers in the genus Dianthus, sometimes called carnations.
This garden in particular has a beautiful bed of pinks.
  1. (archaic) excellence, perfection
Your hat, madam, is the very of fashion.
  1. hunting pink; scarlet
    • 1986: it is interesting to note the curious legend that the of the hunting field is not due to any optical advantage but to an entirely different reason. Formerly no man might hunt even on his own estate until he had a licence of free warren from the Crown. Consequently he merely hunted by the pleasure of the crown, taking part in what was an exclusively Royal sport by Royal permission. And for this Royal sport, he wore the Kings livery of scarlet. " Michael J O'Shea, James Joyce and Heraldry (SUNY 1986, p. 69)
      1. A colour between red and white; pale red.
      My new dress is a wonderful shade of .
      <!--
    • Any pink object. ---Really?? This definition would be true for any colour then? I'm not convinced.
      ''Oh dear, he's left himself snookered behind the .-->
      1. (context, snooker) One of the colour balls used in snooker with a value of 6 points.
      2. (colloquial) The European minnow.
      3. (colloquial) A young salmon.
      4. (slang) A unlettered and uncultured, but relatively prosperous, member of the middle classes; compare babbitt, bourgeoisie.
      5. (slang) Vulva, in human females
verb
  1. To decorate a piece of clothing or fabric by adding holes or by scalloping the fringe.
  2. To prick with a sword.
adjective
  1. Having a colour between red and white; pale red.
<table><tr><td>pink colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="pink" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
  1. Of a fox-hunter's jacket: scarlet.
  2. Having conjunctivitis.
  3. (obsolete) By comparison to red (communist), describing someone who sympathizes with the ideals of communism without actually being a Russian-style communist: a pinko.
    • 1976: Bhalchandra Pundlik Adarkar, The Future of the Constitution: A Critical Analysis
    • : The word "socialist" has so many connotations that it can cover almost anything from liberalism to red-red communism.
pistachio Tweet Definition of pistachio Like Definition of pistachio on Facebook
noun
  1. A deciduous tree, Pistacia vera, grown in parts of Asia for its drupaceous fruit
  2. The nutlike fruit of this tree
PITA Tweet Definition of PITA Like Definition of PITA on Facebook
noun
  1. (acronym) pain in the ass, Pain in the ass, pain in the arse.
plane Tweet Definition of plane Like Definition of plane on Facebook
noun
  1. (geometry) A flat surface extending infinitely in all directions.
  2. A level of existence. (eg, astral plane)
  3. A roughly flat, thin, often moveable structure used to create lateral force by the flow of air or water over its surface, found on aircraft, submarines, etc.
verb (plan, ing)
  1. (transitive) To smooth (wood) with a plane.
adjective
  1. Of a surface: Perfectly flat or level.
plantain Tweet Definition of plantain Like Definition of plantain on Facebook
noun
  1. A plant of the genus Plantago, with a rosette of sessile leaves about 10 cm long with a narrow part instead of a petiole, and with a spike inflorescence with the flower spacing varying widely among the species. See also psyllium.
  2. A kind of banana that is usually cooked before eating.
(seeCites)      
plum Tweet Definition of plum Like Definition of plum on Facebook
noun
  1. The edible, fleshy stone fruit of Prunus domestica, often of a dark red or purple colour.
  2. The stone-fruit tree which bears this fruit, Prunus domestica.
  3. A dark bluish-red color/colour, the colour of some plums.
<table><tr><td>plum colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. 5F4951" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    1. A desirable thing.
    2. A raisin, when used in a pudding or cake.
    3. (pejorative) A fool, idiot
    4. (slang, usually in plural) A testicle.
    5. The edible, fleshy stone of Prunus mume, an Asian fruit more closely related to the apricot than the plum, usually consumed pickled, dried, or as a juice or wine; ume.
    6. The tree which bears this fruit, Prunus mume. See plum blossom.
adjective (more, -)
  1. (comparable) Of a dark bluish-red colour.
  2. (not comparable) choice, Choice; especially lavish or preferred.
She landed a position as an executive for the firm.
adverb
  1. completely, Completely; utterly.
You're going to think I'm crazy for this, but I want to adopt all seven kittens.
poinsettia Tweet Definition of poinsettia Like Definition of poinsettia on Facebook
noun (pluralpoinsettias)
  1. A plant, Euphorbia pulcherrima, with rather small and insignificant flowers but large brightly coloured leaves.
pokeweed Tweet Definition of pokeweed Like Definition of pokeweed on Facebook
noun
  1. A poisonous North American plant, Phytolacca americana, with reddish stems, broad leaves, clusters of white flowers, and dark purple berries.
polyanthus Tweet Definition of polyanthus Like Definition of polyanthus on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) The oxlip. So called because the peduncle bears a many-flowered umbel.
  2. A bulbous flowering plant of the genus Narcissus.
polygala Tweet Definition of polygala Like Definition of polygala on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) A genus of bitter herbs or shrubs having eight stamens and a two-celled ovary (as the Seneca snakeroot, the flowering wintergreen, etc.); milkwort.
polygonaceous Tweet Definition of polygonaceous Like Definition of polygonaceous on Facebook
adjective
  1. (Botany): Of or pertaining to a family of apetalous plants, Polygonaceae, of which the knotweeds of the genus Polygonum are the type, and which includes also the docks of the genus Rumex, the buckwheat, rhubarb, sea grape of the genus Coccoloba, and several other genera.
polypody Tweet Definition of polypody Like Definition of polypody on Facebook
noun (polypodies)
  1. (botany) Any of many ferns of the genus Polypodium
pomegranate Tweet Definition of pomegranate Like Definition of pomegranate on Facebook
noun
  1. A shrub or small tree bearing the fruit of the same name.
  2. The fruit of the shrub or tree of the same name, about the size of an orange and having a red pulp containing many seeds and enclosed in a thick, hard, reddish skin.
poon Tweet Definition of poon Like Definition of poon on Facebook
noun
  1. (US, caribbean, vulgar slang) vagina
  2. a wimp
poplar Tweet Definition of poplar Like Definition of poplar on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of various deciduous trees of the genus Populus.
Poppy Tweet Definition of Poppy Like Definition of Poppy on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (mostly U.K. ) (given name, female), a flower name used since the end of the nineteenth century.
portulaca Tweet Definition of portulaca Like Definition of portulaca on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of many tropical trailing herbs, of the genus Portulaca, having showy flowers
potato Tweet Definition of potato Like Definition of potato on Facebook
noun (pl=potatoes)
  1. A plant tuber, Solanum tuberosum, eaten as a starchy vegetable, particularly in the Americas and Europe.
prim Tweet Definition of prim Like Definition of prim on Facebook
verb (prims, primming, primmed)
  1. To make affectedly precise or proper.
adjective (primmer, primmest)
  1. prudish, overly correct in behaviour, straight-laced
primavera Tweet Definition of primavera Like Definition of primavera on Facebook
adjective
  1. Describing a light vegetable sauce, especially one served with pasta
Primrose Tweet Definition of Primrose Like Definition of Primrose on Facebook
nounSeeprimroseproper noun
  1. A female given name.
primula Tweet Definition of primula Like Definition of primula on Facebook
noun
  1. (botany) Any plant of the genus Primula; the primroses.
prune Tweet Definition of prune Like Definition of prune on Facebook
noun
  1. (obsolete) A plum.
  2. The dried, wrinkled fruit of certain species of plum.
verb (prun, ing)
  1. (transitive) To remove excess material from a tree or shrub; to trim, especially to make more healthy or productive.
A good grape grower will prune his vines once a year.
  1. (transitive) (figuratively) To cut down or shorten (by the removal of unnecessary material); as, to prune a budget.
Section 3, in its early paragraphs, is a pruning and reshaping of THN 1.1.4"6.
pteridophyte Tweet Definition of pteridophyte Like Definition of pteridophyte on Facebook
noun
  1. Any simple vascular plant that produces spores, but not seeds, and has the diploid stage of its life cycle as the dominant form.
Ferns, lycopods, and scouring rushes are all pteridophytes.
pulse Tweet Definition of pulse Like Definition of pulse on Facebook
noun
  1. Any annual legume yielding from 1 to 12 grains or seeds of variable size, shape and colour within a pod, and used as food for humans or animals.
  2. (physiology) A normally regular beat felt when arteries are depressed, caused by the pumping action of the heart.
  3. A beat, throb.
  4. (music) A periodically recurring short stimulus, perceived as points in time. (DeLone? et. al. (Eds.), 1975, chap. 3) Often the stimuli are defined as identical (Cooper & Meyer, 1960). (rfc, music definition needs rewritten because the current one is copyrighted)
pumpkin Tweet Definition of pumpkin Like Definition of pumpkin on Facebook
noun
  1. A domesticated plant, Cucurbita pepo similar in growth pattern, foliage, flower, and fruit to the squash or melon.
  2. The round yellow or orange fruit of this plant.
    • The Land of Oz, L. Frank Baum, http://www.literature.org/authors/baum-l-frank/the-marvelous-land-of-oz/chapter-01.html:
    • : There were pumpkins in Mombi's corn-fields, lying golden red among the rows of green stalks; and these had been planted and carefully tended that the four-horned cow might eat of them in the winter time.
      1. The color of the fruit of the pumpkin plant
      2. (context, US) A term of endearment for someone small and cute.
    • John Prine, Daddy's Little Pimpkin: You must be daddy's little
purslane Tweet Definition of purslane Like Definition of purslane on Facebook
noun
  1. A widely-grown edible plant, Portulaca oleracea.
pyrethrum Tweet Definition of pyrethrum Like Definition of pyrethrum on Facebook
noun
  1. a perennial African plant, Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium, that is the source of the pyrethrin insecticides

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