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Glossary of Physiology Terms
beginning with letter C
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calcification Tweet Definition of calcification Like Definition of calcification on Facebook
noun
  1. The process of change into a stony or calcareous substance by the deposition of lime salt; -- normally, as in the formation of bone and of teeth; abnormally, as in calcareous degeneration of tissue.
calcify Tweet Definition of calcify Like Definition of calcify on Facebook
verb (calcif, i, ed)
  1. (transitive) to make something hard and stony by impregnating with calcium salts
  2. (intransitive) to become hard and stony by impregnation with calcium salts
catabolize Tweet Definition of catabolize Like Definition of catabolize on Facebook
verbto catabolize (intransitive)
  1. to undergo catabolism
to catabolize (transitive)
  1. to cause a substance to undergo catabolism
  2. to produce a substance using catabolism
catamenia Tweet Definition of catamenia Like Definition of catamenia on Facebook
nounpl
  1. the female period, menstrual discharge
center Tweet Definition of center Like Definition of center on Facebook
noun
  1. The middle portion of something; the part well away from the edges.
  2. (geometry) The point on a line that is midway between the ends.
  3. (geometry) The point in the interior of a circle that is equidistant from all points on the circumference of the circle.
  4. (rfv-sense) A person who is self-centered.
  5. (geometry) The point in the interior of a sphere that is equidistant from all points on the surface of the sphere.
  6. (geometry) The point in the interior of any figure of any number of dimensions that has as its coordinates the arithmetic mean of the coordinates of all points on the perimeter of the figure.
  7. A place where some function or activity occurs.
shopping ;
convention
  1. A topic that is particularly important in a given context.
the of the controversy
the of attention
  1. (basketball) The player, generally the tallest, who plays closest to the basket.
  2. (Icehockey) The forward that generally plays between the left wing and right wing and usually takes the faceoffs.
  3. The person who holds the ball at the beginning of each play.
verb (transitive)
  1. To cause (an object) to occupy the center of an area.
  2. To cause (some attribute, such as a mood or voltage) to be adjusted to a value which is midway between the extremes.
  3. To concentrate on (something), to pay close attention to (something).
(center-centre-verb) adjective
  1. Of, at, or related to a center.
centrifugal Tweet Definition of centrifugal Like Definition of centrifugal on Facebook
adjective
  1. Tending, or causing, to recede from the center.
  2. (botany) (a) Expanding first at the summit, and later at the base, as a flower cluster. (b) Having the radicle turned toward the sides of the fruit, as some embryos.
cerumen Tweet Definition of cerumen Like Definition of cerumen on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. Earwax.
challenge Tweet Definition of challenge Like Definition of challenge on Facebook
noun
  1. An instigation or antagonization intended to convince a person to perform an action they otherwise would not.
  2. A difficult task.
  3. A judge's interest in the result of the case for which he or she should not be allowed to sit the case.
Consanguinity in direct line is a for a judge when he or she is sitting cases.
verb (challeng, ing)
  1. To invite someone to take part in a competition.
  2. To dare someone.
  3. To dispute something.
  4. To make a formal objection to a juror.
chemoreception Tweet Definition of chemoreception Like Definition of chemoreception on Facebook
noun
  1. the physiological response of a sense organ to a chemical stimulus
chemoreceptor Tweet Definition of chemoreceptor Like Definition of chemoreceptor on Facebook
noun
  1. a sense organ, or one of its cells (such as those for the sense of taste or smell), that can respond to a chemical stimulus; a chemosensor
chemosensory Tweet Definition of chemosensory Like Definition of chemosensory on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, or relating to a chemosensor, or to the perception of chemical signals by the senses; especially of the prception of taste and smell
chronotropic Tweet Definition of chronotropic Like Definition of chronotropic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Things that affect or change the heart rate or pulse (i.e. the time between "p waves").
chyme Tweet Definition of chyme Like Definition of chyme on Facebook
noun
  1. The thick semifluid mass of partly digested food that is passed from the stomach to the duodenum (trans-top, chyme)
    • Japanese: 糜粥 (ゃ, bijaku)
      (trans-mid)
      (trans-bottom)
circulation Tweet Definition of circulation Like Definition of circulation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of moving in a circle, or in a course which brings the moving body to the place where its motion began.
  2. The act of passing from place to place or person to person; free diffusion; transmission.
  3. Currency; circulating coin; notes, bills, etc., current for coin.
  4. The extent to which anything circulates or is circulated; the measure of diffusion; as, the circulation of a newspaper.
  5. The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular system, by which it is brought into close relations with almost every living elementary constituent. Also the movement of the sap in the vessels and tissues of plants.
cold spot Tweet Definition of cold spot Like Definition of cold spot on Facebook
noun
  1. (physiology) A sensory area in the skin that responds to a decrease in temperature.
compensation Tweet Definition of compensation Like Definition of compensation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or principle of compensate, compensating.
  2. That which constitutes, or is regarded as, an equivalent; that which makes good the lack or variation of something else; that which compensates for loss or privation; amends; remuneration; recompense.
  3. The extinction of debts of which two persons are reciprocally debtors by the credits of which they are reciprocally creditors; the payment of a debt by a credit of equal amount; a set-off.
  4. A recompense or reward for some loss or service.
  5. An equivalent stipulated for in contracts for the sale of real estate, in which it is customary to provide that errors in description, etc., shall not avoid, but shall be the subject of compensation.
  6. The relationship between air temperature outside a building and a calculated target temperature for provision of air or water to contained rooms or spaces for the purpose of efficient heating. In building control systems the compensation curve is defined to a compensator for this purpose.
complexion Tweet Definition of complexion Like Definition of complexion on Facebook
noun
  1. The quality, colour, or appearance of the skin on the face.
  2. (figuratively) The outward appearance of something.
conduction Tweet Definition of conduction Like Definition of conduction on Facebook
noun
  1. (physics) The conveying of heat or electricity through material.
continence Tweet Definition of continence Like Definition of continence on Facebook
noun
  1. The voluntary control of urination and defecation.
  2. moderation, Moderation or self-restraint, especially in sexual activity; abstinence.
(seeCites)      
contraction Tweet Definition of contraction Like Definition of contraction on Facebook
noun
  1. A reduction in size or activity.
''The country's economic was caused by high oil prices.
  1. The shortening of a muscle when it is used.
  2. A strong and often painful shortening of the uterine muscles prior to or during childbirth.
  3. (grammar) a shortened word or phrase, with the missing letters represented by the apostrophe.
"Don't" is a of "do not."
cytolysis Tweet Definition of cytolysis Like Definition of cytolysis on Facebook
noun
  1. The pathological breakdown of a cell due to the bursting of the cell membrane caused by osmosis
(wikipedia, Cytolysis)      

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