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Glossary of Physiology Terms
beginning with letter A
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AB Tweet Definition of AB Like Definition of AB on Facebook
noun
  1. A blood type of the ABO system that has a both blood antigens and may receive all blood types, and donate to AB.
abbreviation
  1. Alberta (Canadian province).
  2. able-bodied seaman.
  3. also.
  4. antiballistic.
  5. Bachelor of Arts.
abduce Tweet Definition of abduce Like Definition of abduce on Facebook
verb (abduc, ing)
  1. (transitive) (obsolete) To draw away, draw or conduct away; to withdraw; to draw to a different part.
If we the eye unto either corner, the object will not duplicate. - Sir T. Browne
abducent Tweet Definition of abducent Like Definition of abducent on Facebook
noun
  1. That which abducts; an abducens.
adjective
  1. Drawing away; pulling aside.
abduct Tweet Definition of abduct Like Definition of abduct on Facebook
verb
  1. (transitive) To take away secretly by force; to carry away (a human being) wrongfully and usually by violence; to kidnap.
  2. (transitive) To draw away, as a limb or other part, from its ordinary position.
ABO system Tweet Definition of ABO system Like Definition of ABO system on Facebook
noun
  1. A system for classifying human blood on the basis of the presence or absence of two antigens in the red cells: there are four such blood types ''(A, B, AB, and O).
absorption Tweet Definition of absorption Like Definition of absorption on Facebook
noun
  1. The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as, the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger.
  2. (context, chemistry, physics) An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc.
  3. (physiology) In living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs.
  4. Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as, absorption in some employment.
adaptation Tweet Definition of adaptation Like Definition of adaptation on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) The quality of being adapted; adaption; adjustment.
  2. (uncountable) Adjustment to extant conditions: as, adjustment of a sense organ to the intensity or quality of stimulation; modification of some thing or its parts that makes it more fit for existence under the conditions of its current environment
  3. (countable)Something which has been adapted; variation.
adducent Tweet Definition of adducent Like Definition of adducent on Facebook
noun
  1. Bringing together or towards a given point; a word applied to those muscles of the body which pull one part towards another. Opposed to abducent.
adduct Tweet Definition of adduct Like Definition of adduct on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) A compound produced by the mixing of two or more chemicals.
verb
  1. (transitive, physiology) To draw towards a common center or a middle line. - Thomas Huxley
adduction Tweet Definition of adduction Like Definition of adduction on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of adducing or bringing forward.
  • An of facts gathered from various quarters. I. Taylor.
    1. (physiology) The action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis; -- opposed to abduction. Dunglison.
aerate Tweet Definition of aerate Like Definition of aerate on Facebook
verb (aerates, aerating, aerated)
  1. To supply oxygen or air.
afferent Tweet Definition of afferent Like Definition of afferent on Facebook
adjective
  1. Carrying towards.
:an afferent nerve carries impulses from the body to the brain
agonist Tweet Definition of agonist Like Definition of agonist on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone involved in a contest or battle (as in an agon).
  2. A muscle that contracts while another relaxes.
"when bending the elbow the biceps are the "
  1. (biochemistry) A molecule that can combine with a receptor on a cell to produce a physiological reaction.
"acetylcholine is an at the a cholinergic receptor"
anabolism Tweet Definition of anabolism Like Definition of anabolism on Facebook
noun
  1. The constructive metabolism of the body, as distinguished from catabolism.
antagonism Tweet Definition of antagonism Like Definition of antagonism on Facebook
noun
  1. a strong natural dislike or hatred; antipathy
antagonist Tweet Definition of antagonist Like Definition of antagonist on Facebook
noun
  1. An opponent or enemy.
  2. One who antagonizes or stirs.
  3. (biochemistry) A chemical that binds to a receptor but does not produce a physiological response, blocking the action of agonist chemicals.
    • 2001: The calcium antagonists represent one of the top ten classes of prescription drugs in terms of commercial value, with worldwide sales of nearly $10 billion in 1999. " Leslie Iversen, Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford 2001, p. 41)
antidromic Tweet Definition of antidromic Like Definition of antidromic on Facebook
adjective
  1. (context, of a nerve impulse) flowing in the opposite direction from normal
antiperistalsis Tweet Definition of antiperistalsis Like Definition of antiperistalsis on Facebook
noun
  1. reversed peristalsis
  2. peristalsis occuring in the opposite direction of the way it typically occurs
apparatus Tweet Definition of apparatus Like Definition of apparatus on Facebook
noun (pl=apparatuses, pl2=apparatus
  1. Englishapparatus)
    1. The entirety of means whereby a specific production is made existent or task accomplished.
    2. A complex machine or instrument.
    3. An assortment of tools or instruments.
    4. a bureaucratic organization, especially one influenced by political patronage.
    5. In the fire service, a vehicle used for emergency response.
    6. (plural of, apparatus)
    • Look at all of those apparatus.
arterial Tweet Definition of arterial Like Definition of arterial on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Arterial road)
  1. A through road.
adjective
  1. Of or relating to an artery.
  2. Of or relating to a route, major.
assimilate Tweet Definition of assimilate Like Definition of assimilate on Facebook
verb (assimilat, ing)
  1. To incorporate nutrients into the body after digestion.
  2. To incorporate or absorb knowledge into the mind.
  3. To absorb a group of people into a community.
  4. To compare something to another similar one.
assimilation Tweet Definition of assimilation Like Definition of assimilation on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of assimilating or the state of being assimilated.
  2. The metabolic conversion of nutriments into tissue.
  3. (context, by extension) The absorption of new ideas into an existing cognitive structure.
  4. (linguistics) The modification of a sound such that it becomes similar to an adjacent sound.
  5. The adoption, by a minority group, of the customs and attitudes of the dominant culture.
Athletic Tweet Definition of Athletic Like Definition of Athletic on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (baseball) A player on the team the "w:Oakland Athletics, Oakland Athletics".
    • Smith became an as a result of a pre-season trade.
autogenous Tweet Definition of autogenous Like Definition of autogenous on Facebook
adjective
  1. produced independent from an external cause or influence, cf. exogenous ::The factors that affect mergers require further study.
autokinesis Tweet Definition of autokinesis Like Definition of autokinesis on Facebook
noun
  1. A visual illusion in which a stationary source of light appears to move
automatic Tweet Definition of automatic Like Definition of automatic on Facebook
noun
  1. A car with automatic transmission.
I never learned to drive a stick. I can only drive an automatic.
  1. A semi-automatic pistol is often referred to as an automatic, although this is not strictly correct.
adjective
  1. Capable of operating without external control or intervention.
The automatic clothes washer was a great labor-saving device
  1. Acting out of habit; without conscious thought.
My reaction of fear was automatic.
  1. Describes a firearm which fires continuously as long as the trigger is pressed and ammunition is not exhausted. Used regarding machine pistols, submachine guns, or machine guns.
automatism Tweet Definition of automatism Like Definition of automatism on Facebook
noun
  1. A disassociative state where a person suffering has no control over their actions.
autonomic Tweet Definition of autonomic Like Definition of autonomic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Acting or occurring involuntarily, without conscious control.
  2. Pertaining to the autonomic nervous system.

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