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Glossary of Metalics Terms
beginning with letter G
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gag Tweet Definition of gag Like Definition of gag on Facebook
noun 
  1. A device to restrain speech, usually a rag in the mouth and secured there with tape, another rag that has been folded into a narrow strip, or a rubber ball threaded onto a cord or a leather or rubber strap.
(media:sp-t04.jpg, Illustration)
  1. An order or rule forbidding discussion of a case or subject. Also called a gag order.
  2. A joke or other mischievous prank.
verb (gags, gagging, gagged)
  1. To have the vomiting reflex triggered.
    • (U.S. Army slang) Smoke
    • Transitive_verb, Smoke : to order a recruit to exercise until he "gags" (usually spoken in exaggeration)
      1. To restrain someone's speech
     
gall Tweet Definition of gall Like Definition of gall on Facebook
noun (countable galls and uncountable)
  1. (anatomy) (obsolete) (uncountable) bile, Bile, especially that of an animal; the greenish, profoundly bitter-tasting fluid found in bile ducts and gallbladders, structures associated with the liver.
  2. (anatomy) The gallbladder.
    1611 He shall flee from the iron weapon and the bow of steel shall strike him through. It is drawn and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall. Job 20:24 & 25 KJV
    1. (uncountable) Great misery or physical suffering, likened to the bitterest-tasting of substances.
    1611 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth and wormwood " Deuteronomy 29:18 KJV
    1. (countable) A blister or tumor-like growth found on the surface of plants, caused by burrowing of insect larvae into the living tissues, especially that of the common oak gall wasp (Cynips quercusfolii).
    1974 Even so, Redi retained a belief that in certain other cases--the origin of parasites inside the human or animal body or of grubs inside of oak galls--there must be spontaneous generation. Bit by bit the evidence grew against such views. In 1670 Jan Swammerdam, painstaking student of the insect's life cycle, suggested that the grubs in galls were enclosed in them for the sake of nourishment and must come from insects that had inserted their semen or their eggs into the plants. " http://etext.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv2-34 Dictionary of the History of Ideas.
    1. (countable) A bump-like imperfection resembling a gall.
    1653 But first for your Line. First note, that you are to take care that your hair be round and clear, and free from galls, or scabs, or frets: for a well- chosen, even, clear, round hair, of a kind of glass-colour, will prove as strong as three uneven scabby hairs that are ill-chosen, and full of galls or unevenness. You shall seldom find a black hair but it is round, but many white are flat and uneven; therefore, if you get a lock of right, round, clear, glass-colour hair, make much of it. " Izaak Walton, The Compleat Angler, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=659275809&tag=Walton,+Izaak:+The+Compleat+Angler:+or,+The+Contemplative+Man`s+Recreation,+1653+(1927)&query=+gall&id=WalAngl Chapter 21.
    1. (uncountable) A feeling of exasperation.
    1792 It moves my to hear a preacher descanting on dress and needle-work; and still more, to hear him address the British fair, the fairest of the fair, as if they had only feelings. " Mary Wollstonecraft, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=748183189&tag=Wollstonecraft,+Mary,+1759-1797:+A+vindication+of+the+rights+of+woman,+1892&query=gall+to&id=WolVind A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
    1. (uncountable) An action demonstrating impudence or brazenness; temerity, chutzpah.
    1918 "Durn ye!" he cried. "I'll lam ye! Get offen here. I knows ye. Yer one o' that gang o' bums that come here last night, an' now you got the to come back beggin' for food, eh? I'll lam ye!" and he raised the gun to his shoulder. " Arthur Conan Doyle, The Oakdale Affair, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=124017217&tag=Burroughs,+Edgar+Rice,+1875-1950:+The+Oakdale+Affair,+1918&query=the+gall&id=BurOakd Chapter 6.
    1. (medicine) (obsolete) (countable) A sore or open wound caused by chafing, which may become infected, as with a blister.
    1892 The runaway slave came to my house and stopt outside,
    I heard his motions crackling the twigs of the woodpile,
    Through the swung half-door of the kitchen I saw him limpsy and weak,
    And went where he sat on a log and led him in and assured him,
    And brought water and fill'd a tub for his sweated body and bruis'd feet,
    And gave him a room that enter'd from my own, and gave him some coarse clean clothes,
    And remember perfectly well his revolving eyes and his awkwardness,
    And remember putting plasters on the galls of his neck and ankles;
    He staid with me a week before he was recuperated and pass'd north,
    I had him sit next me at table, my fire-lock lean'd in the corner. " Walt Whitman, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&grouping=match&docs=TEI2&query=galls&sample=1-100&id=Whi1855 "Song of Myself", Leaves of Grass''.
    1. (countable) A sore on a horse caused by an ill-fitted or ill-adjusted saddle; a saddle sore.
    Riding a horse with bruised or broken skin can cause a , which frequently results in the white saddle marks seen on the withers and backs of some horses. " http://www.cdc.gov/nasd/docs/d000001-d000100/d000027/d000027.html National Ag Safety Database (Centers for Disease Control).
    1. (countable) A pit caused on a surface being cut caused by the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
verb 
  1. To be troubled or bothered by.
1883 I went below, and did what I could for my wound; it pained me a good deal, and still bled freely; but it was neither deep nor dangerous, nor did it greatly me when I used my arm. " w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, ''w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=595860674&tag=Stevenson,+Robert+Louis,+1850-1894:+Treasure+Island,+1883&query=+gall&id=SteTrea Chapter 27.
  1. To harass, to harry, often with the intent to cause injury.
June 24, 1778 The disposition for these detachments is as follows -- Morgans corps, to gain the enemy's right flank; Maxwells brigade to hang on their left. Brigadier Genl. Scott is now marching with a very respectable detachment destined to the enemys left flank and rear. " George Washington, The Writings of George Washington From the Original Manuscript Sources: http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=675205858&tag=Washington,+George,+1732-1799:+The+writings+of+George+Washington+from+the+original+manuscript+sources:+Volume+12,+1745-1799&query=+gall&id=WasFi12 Volume 12, 1745-1799.
  1. To chafe, to rub or subject to friction; to create a sore on the skin.
  2. To exasperate.
1979 Metrinko was hungry, but he was galled by how self-congratulatory his captors seemed, how generous and noble and proudly Islamic. " Mark Bowden, "Captivity Pageant", The Atlantic, Volume 296, No. 5, pp. 92-97, http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200512/december-1979/4 December, 1979.
  1. To cause pitting on a surface being cut from the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
Improper cooling and a dull milling blade on titanium can the surface
     
gather Tweet Definition of gather Like Definition of gather on Facebook
noun (plural: gathers)
  1. A plait or fold in cloth, made by drawing a thread through it; a pucker.
  2. The inclination forward of the axle journals to keep the wheels from working outward.
  3. The soffit or under surface of the masonry required in gathering. See Gather, v. t., 7.
verb 
  1. To bring together; to collect, as a number of separate things, into one place, or into one aggregate body; to assemble; to muster; to congregate.
  2. To pick out and bring together from among what is of less value; to collect, as a harvest; to harvest; to cull; to pick off; to pluck.
  3. To accumulate by collecting and saving little by little; to amass; to gain; to heap up.
  4. To bring closely together the parts or particles of; to contract; to compress; to bring together in folds or plaits, as a garment; also, to draw together, as a piece of cloth by a thread; to pucker; to plait; as, to gather a ruffle.
  5. To derive, or deduce, as an inference; to collect, as a conclusion, from circumstances that suggest, or arguments that prove; to infer; to conclude.
    I you mean I'm ignorant rather than stupid.
  6. To gain; to win.
  7. To bring together, or nearer together, in masonry, as where the width of a fireplace is rapidly diminished to the width of the flue, or the like.
  8. To haul in; to take up; as, to gather the slack of a rope.
  9. To come together; to collect; to unite; to become assembled; to congregate.
  10. To grow larger by accretion; to increase.
  11. To concentrate; to come to a head, as a sore, and generate pus; as, a boil has gathered.
  12. To collect or bring things together.
     
ghost Tweet Definition of ghost Like Definition of ghost on Facebook
noun 
  1. (obsolete) The spirit; the soul of man.
Then gives her grieved thus to lament. — Spenser
  1. The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death; an apparition; a specter.
The mighty ghosts of our great Harrys rose. — Shakespeare.
I thought that I had died in sleep/And was a blessed . — Coleridge
  1. Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image; a phantom; a glimmering.
not a of a chance
the of an idea
Each separate dying ember wrought its upon the floor. — Poe
  1. A false image formed in a telescope, camera, or other optical device by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.
  2. An unwanted image similar to and overlapping or adjacent to the main one on a television screen, caused by the transmitted image being received both directly and via reflection.
  3. A ghostwriter.
     
gilding Tweet Definition of gilding Like Definition of gilding on Facebook
noun 
  1. (uncountable) The art of applying gold leaf to a surface
  2. (uncountable) Gold leaf
  3. (countable) A coating of gold etc
verb 
  1. (present participle of, gild)
     
glide Tweet Definition of glide Like Definition of glide on Facebook
noun 
  1. The act of gliding.
  2. (linguistics) semivowel, Semivowel
  3. (fencing) An attack or preparatory movement made by sliding down the opponent"s blade, keeping it in constant contact.
verb (glides, gliding, glid, glid or glidden) (glides, gliding, glided or (archaic) glode, glided or (archaic) glode)
  1. (intransitive) To move softly, smoothly, or effortlessly.
  2. (intransitive) To fly unpowered, as of an aircraft.
  3. (transitive) To cause to glide.
     
grain Tweet Definition of grain Like Definition of grain on Facebook
noun 
  1. (uncountable) The harvested seeds of various grass-related food crops eg: wheat, corn, barley.
We stored a thousand tons of for the winter.
  1. (countable) A single seed of grain.
a of wheat
  1. (context, countable, uncountable) The crops from which grain is harvested.
The fields were planted with .
  1. (uncountable) A linear texture of a material or surface.
Cut along the of the wood.
  1. (countable) A single particle of a substance.
a of sand
a of salt
  1. (uncountable) A very small unit of weight, in England equal to 1/480 of an ounce troy, 0.0648 grams or, to be more exact, 64.79891 milligrams. A carat grain or pearl grain is 1/4 carat or 50 milligrams. The old French grain was 1/9216 livre or 53.11 milligrams, and in the mesures usuelles permitted from 1812 to 1839, with the livre redefined as 500 grams, it was 54.25 milligrams.
  2. (materials) a region within a material having a single crystal structure or direction
     
gripper Tweet Definition of gripper Like Definition of gripper on Facebook
noun 
  1. (curling) A rubber or other material attached to a curling shoe to improve traction on the ice
     
grog Tweet Definition of grog Like Definition of grog on Facebook
noun 
  1. an alcoholic beverage made with rum and water, especially that once issued to sailors of the Royal Navy
  2. Any alcoholic beverage
  3. A type of pre-fired clay that has been ground and screened to a specific particle size, also called firesand
     
gunmetal Tweet Definition of gunmetal Like Definition of gunmetal on Facebook
noun 
  1. an alloy of 88% copper, 10% tin and 2% zinc, originally used for making guns
  2. a dark grey colour
     

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