All Words Glossary

Glossary of Linguistics Terms
beginning with letter R
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radical Tweet Definition of radical Like Definition of radical on Facebook
noun 
  1. Person with radical opinions.
  2. (Hist. " 19th-century England) A member of the most progressive wing of the Liberal Party; someone favouring social reform (but generally stopping short of socialism).
  3. (Hist. " Early 20th-century France) A member of an influential, centrist political party favouring moderate social reform, a republican constitution, and secular politics.
  4. (mathematics) The root of a quantity as notated by ân.
  1. (linguistics) In such logogram, logographic writing systems as the Chinese writing system, the portion of a character (if any) that provides an indication of its meaning; contrasted with phonetic.
    1. (linguistics) In Semitic languages, any one of the set of consonants (typically three) that make up a root.
    2. (chemistry) A group of atoms, joined by covalent bonds, that take part in reactions as a single unit.
adjective 
  1. Of or pertaining to the root or root cause of the matter.
  2. Thorough going or fundamental.
The spread of the cancer required radical surgery, and the entire organ was removed.
  1. Favouring fundamental change, or change at the root cause of the matter.
His beliefs are radical.
  1. Slang: Extremely incredible.
That was a radical jump!
  1. (chemistry) Involving free radicals
     
raising Tweet Definition of raising Like Definition of raising on Facebook
verb 
  1. (present participle of, raise)
     
realize Tweet Definition of realize Like Definition of realize on Facebook
verb (realiz, ing)
  1. (transitive) To become aware of a fact or situation.
He realized that he had left his umbrella on the train.
  1. (transitive) To make real; to convert from the imaginary or fictitious into the actual; to bring into concrete existence; to accomplish; as, to realize a scheme or project.
    • We what Archimedes had only in hypothesis, weighting a single grain against the globe of earth. — w:Joseph Glanvill, Joseph Glanvill.
      1. (transitive) To cause to seem real; to impress upon the mind as actual; to feel vividly or strongly; to make one's own in apprehension or experience.
    • Many coincidences . . . soon begin to appear in them Greek inscriptions which ancient history to us. — w:Benjamin Jowett, Benjamin Jowett.
    • We can not it in thought, that the object . . . had really no being at any past moment. — w:Sir William Hamilton, 9th Baronet, Sir William Hamilton.
      1. (transitive) To convert into real property; to make real estate of; as, to realize his fortune.
      2. (transitive) To acquire as an actual possession; to obtain as the result of plans and efforts; to gain; to get; as, to realize large profits from a speculation.
    • Knighthood was not beyond the reach of any man who could by diligent thrift a good estate. — w:Macaulay, Macaulay.
      1. (transitive) To convert into actual money; as, to realize assets.
      2. (transitive) To convert any kind of property into money, especially property representing investments, as shares in stock companies, bonds, etc.
    • Wary men took the alarm, and began to , a word now first brought into use to express the conversion of ideal property into something real. — w:Washington Irving, Washington Irving.
     
reconstruct Tweet Definition of reconstruct Like Definition of reconstruct on Facebook
verb 
  1. To construct again; to restore.
     
redundant Tweet Definition of redundant Like Definition of redundant on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Superfluous; exceeding what is necessary.
  2. Repetitive or needlessly wordy.
  3. (context, mainly, UK) Dismissed from employment because no longer needed.
  4. Involving redundancy in the provision of duplicate circuits or devices.
     
reflex Tweet Definition of reflex Like Definition of reflex on Facebook
noun 
  1. An automatic response to a simple stimulus which does not require mental processing.
  2. (linguistics) A corresponding phoneme in a daughter language.
verb to reflex
  1. to bend, turn back or reflect
  2. to respond to a stimulus
adjective 
  1. bent, turned back or reflected
  2. produced automatically by a stimulus
     
regionalism Tweet Definition of regionalism Like Definition of regionalism on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. Affection, often excessive, to one's own region and to everything related to it.
  2. Political tendency to concede forms of politico-administrative autonomy to regions.
  3. (context, countable, linguistics) A linguistic word or phrase characteristic or limited to a region.
     
register Tweet Definition of register Like Definition of register on Facebook
noun 
  1. A formal recording of names, events, transactions etc.
  2. A book of such entries.
  3. An entry in such a book.
  4. The act of registering.
  5. A device that automatically records a quantity etc.
  6. (computing) Part of the central processing unit used to store and manipulate numbers.
  7. (printing) The exact alignment of lines, margins and colors.
  8. (music) The range of a voice or instrument.
  9. (music) An organ stop.
  10. (Always voluntary) To sign over for safe keeping. Abandons complete ownership for partial.
  11. (linguistics) a style of a language used in a particular context
verb 
  1. (transitive) To enter in a register.
  2. (transitive) To enroll, especially to vote.
  3. (transitive) To record, especially in writing.
  4. (transitive) To express outward signs.
  5. (context, transitive, mail) To record officially and handle specially.
  6. (context, transitive, printing) To adjust so as to be properly aligned.
  7. (intransitive) To place one's name, or have one's name placed in a register.
  8. (intransitive) To enroll as a student.
  9. (intransitive) To make an impression.
  10. (intransitive) To be in proper alignment.
     
relic Tweet Definition of relic Like Definition of relic on Facebook
noun 
  1. Something old kept for sentimental reasons.
  2. (religion) A part of the body of a saint, or an ancient religious object, kept for veneration.
     
resh Tweet Definition of resh Like Definition of resh on Facebook
noun 
  1. The twentieth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, ר.
     
rheme Tweet Definition of rheme Like Definition of rheme on Facebook
noun 
  1. (linguistics) the part of a sentence that provides further information regarding the topic.
     
rho Tweet Definition of rho Like Definition of rho on Facebook
noun 
  1. The name for the seventeenth letter of the Modern Greek and Classical Greek, Classical alphabets and the eighteenth letter of Old Greek, Old and Ancient Greek, Ancient.
     
rhotacism Tweet Definition of rhotacism Like Definition of rhotacism on Facebook
noun 
  1. An exaggerated use of the sound of the letter R
  2. inability, Inability to pronounce the letter R
  3. (linguistics): A linguistic phenomenon in which a consonant changes into an R, such as Latin flos, flos becoming florem, florem in the accusative case.
     
rhyming slang Tweet Definition of rhyming slang Like Definition of rhyming slang on Facebook
noun rhyme, rhyming slang
  1. any system of slang in which a word is replaced with a phrase that rhymes with it; the rhyming word often being dropped.
     
romaji Tweet Definition of romaji Like Definition of romaji on Facebook
noun 
  1. Any system of transliterating Japanese into Latin script.
     
Roman alphabet Tweet Definition of Roman alphabet Like Definition of Roman alphabet on Facebook
noun 
  1. Same as Latin alphabet.
     
romanize Tweet Definition of romanize Like Definition of romanize on Facebook
verb (romaniz, ing)
  1. To transliterate (a script) to the Latin (or English) alphabet.
  2. (colloquial) To phonetically describe each letter of a word (i.e. Alpha, Bravo, Charlie).
     
rune Tweet Definition of rune Like Definition of rune on Facebook
noun 
  1. A letter, or character, belonging to the written language of various ancient Germanic peoples, especially the Scandinavians and the Anglo-Saxons
  2. a Finnish poem
  3. (obsolete) roun
     

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