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Glossary of Linguistics Terms
beginning with letter I
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ideogram Tweet Definition of ideogram Like Definition of ideogram on Facebook
noun 
  1. A symbol which represents the idea of something without indicating the sequence of sounds used to pronounce it. Examples include numerals, many Chinese characters, traffic signs, or graphic symbols such as & and @.
     
ideograph Tweet Definition of ideograph Like Definition of ideograph on Facebook
noun 
  1. ideogram
     
idiolect Tweet Definition of idiolect Like Definition of idiolect on Facebook
noun 
  1. (linguistics) The language variant used by a specific individual.
     
idiom Tweet Definition of idiom Like Definition of idiom on Facebook
noun 
  1. A phrase characteristic of a particular language, that cannot necessarily be fully understood from the separate meanings of the individual words which form it, but instead must be learned as a whole unit of meaning.
You can't translate "kick the bucket" word for word into French with the same meaning because it's an .
  1. A manner of speaking, a way of expressing oneself.
  2. A style (of art, architecture, music, etc.).
  3. An instance of such style.
  4. The term idiom is used by some linguists instead of language or dialect when there is no need to commit oneself to any decision on the status with respect to this distinction. Idiom is used to refer to the studied communicative system (that could be called either a dialect or a language) when its status with respect to this distinction is irrelevant (thus it is a synonym to language in the more general sense).
     
idiomatic Tweet Definition of idiomatic Like Definition of idiomatic on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Pertaining or conforming to the mode of expression characteristic of a language.
  2. Resembling or characteristic of an idiom.
  3. Using many idioms.
  4. (music) Parts or pieces which are written both within the natural physical limitations of the instrument and human body and, less so or less often, the styles of playing used on specific instruments.
     
Ido Tweet Definition of Ido Like Definition of Ido on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An artificial language; a reform of Esperanto.
     
inanimate Tweet Definition of inanimate Like Definition of inanimate on Facebook
adjective 
  1. lack, Lacking the quality or ability of motion; as an inanimate object.
  2. Not being, and never having been alive.
     
informant Tweet Definition of informant Like Definition of informant on Facebook
noun 
  1. One who relays confidential information to someone, especially to the police; an informer.
     
interlanguage Tweet Definition of interlanguage Like Definition of interlanguage on Facebook
noun 
  1. A language created by students of a foreign language, incorporating aspects of their own language.
  2. A common language used by speakers of different languages.
     
Interlingua Tweet Definition of Interlingua Like Definition of Interlingua on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A constructed language based on Romance languages, English, German, Russian and Latin, developed by the International Auxiliary Language Association, and first published in 1951
  2. Latino Sine Flexione
  3. Romanica
     
intuition Tweet Definition of intuition Like Definition of intuition on Facebook
noun 
  1. Immediate cognition without the use of conscious or rational processes.
  2. A perceptive insight gained by the use of this faculty.
     
Ionic Tweet Definition of Ionic Like Definition of Ionic on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A sub-dialect of the Attic-Ionic dialectal group of Ancient Greek consisting of Old Ionic and New Ionic.
adjective 
  1. of or related to Ionians
  2. (architecture) of an order of classical Greek architecture; the Ionic order
     
isogloss Tweet Definition of isogloss Like Definition of isogloss on Facebook
noun 
  1. A line of equal or constant linguistic feature on a graph, chart or map.
     
isolate Tweet Definition of isolate Like Definition of isolate on Facebook
noun 
  1. Something that has been isolated.
verb (isolates, isolating, isolated, isolated)
  1. (transitive) To set apart or cut off from others.
  2. (transitive) To place in quarantine or isolation.
  3. (context, transitive, chemistry) To separate a substance in pure form from a mixture.
  4. (transitive) To insulate, or make free of external influence.
  5. (context, transitive, microbiology) To separate a pure strain of bacteria etc. from a mixed culture.
  6. (transitive) To insulate an electrical component from a source of electricity.
     
isolating Tweet Definition of isolating Like Definition of isolating on Facebook
verb 
  1. (present participle of, isolate)
     

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