All Words Glossary

Glossary of Linguistics Terms
beginning with letter L
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L Tweet Definition of L Like Definition of L on Facebook
  1. (sports) The statistic for the number of losses by a team or player limited by some criteria (e.g. this season, at home, on turf)
  1. (alternative spelling of, el (elevated train))
    • 1925 February 21, "Co-operation" (cartoon), w:The New Yorker, The New Yorker, page 2,
lad Tweet Definition of lad Like Definition of lad on Facebook
  1. A boy.
  2. A familiar term of address for a man.
  3. A groom who works with horses (also called stable-lad).
lamed Tweet Definition of lamed Like Definition of lamed on Facebook
  1. (alternative spelling of, lamedh)
  1. (past of, lame)
language Tweet Definition of language Like Definition of language on Facebook
  1. (uncountable) The expression of an understanding — see "Language is Understanding"
  2. (countable) A system of communication using the spoken word or using symbols that represent words or sounds.
the English
  1. (uncountable) The ability to communicate using words.
the gift of
  1. (context, countable, or, uncountable) A nonverbal system of communication.
  1. (context, computing, countable) A computer language.
  2. (uncountable) The vocabulary used in a particular specialist field.
  1. (uncountable) The particular words used in speech or a passage of text.
The he used to talk to me was obscene.
The used in the law does not permit any other interpretation.
laryngeal Tweet Definition of laryngeal Like Definition of laryngeal on Facebook
  1. a laryngeal sound, especially a reconstructed phoneme thought to have existed in Proto-Indo-European
  1. Of or pertaining to a larynx or larynges.
Latin Tweet Definition of Latin Like Definition of Latin on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (uncountable) The language of the ancient Romans; classical Latin.
  2. A person native to ancient Rome or its Empire.
  3. A person who is descended from the ancient Romans.
  4. A person whose native tongue is one descended from Latin, such as a Spaniard or Italian.
(Latin variations) adjective 
  1. Of or relating to Latium (modern Lazio), the region around Rome.
  2. Of or relating to the language spoken in ancient Rome.
  3. Of or relating to the script of the language spoken in ancient Rome and many modern alphabets.
  4. Of or relating to ancient Rome or its Empire.
  5. Of or relating to the customs and people descended from the ancient Romans and their Empire.
  6. Of or from Latin America or of Latin American culture.
Latin alphabet Tweet Definition of Latin alphabet Like Definition of Latin alphabet on Facebook
  1. (uncountable) The 26-letter alphabet consisting of the following letters (presented in majuscule and miniscule pairs):
A a, B b, C c, D d, E e, F f, G g, H h, I i, J j, K k, L l, M m, N n, O o, P p, Q q, R r, S s, T t, U u, V v, W w, X x, Y y, Z z
  1. (countable) any relatively minor variation of the 26-letter Latin alphabet, not including the Cyrillic alphabets
Latinity Tweet Definition of Latinity Like Definition of Latinity on Facebook
noun (Latinities, -)
  1. (uncountable) Latin character
  2. (uncountable) Latin literature considered as a whole
  3. (countable) The quality of a particular person's Latin speech or writing
  4. (countable) A Latinism
Latinize Tweet Definition of Latinize Like Definition of Latinize on Facebook
verb (Latiniz, ing)
  1. (transitive) To translate something into the Latin language; or make a word similar in appearance to a Latin word.
Guglielmus is the Latinized form of William
  1. (transitive) To transliterate something into the characters of the Latin alphabet; to Romanize
The Cyrillic letter � can be Latinized as L
lemma Tweet Definition of lemma Like Definition of lemma on Facebook
noun (s, pl2=lemmata)
  1. (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
  2. (linguistics, usually) A canonical form of a term, particularly in the context of highly inflected languages.
  3. (linguistics, less frequently) A lexeme; all the inflected forms of a term.
level Tweet Definition of level Like Definition of level on Facebook
  1. A tool for finding whether a surface is level, or for creating a horizontal or vertical line of reference.
Hand me the so I can tell if this is correctly installed.
  1. A distance relative to a given reference elevation.
By the end of the day, we'd dug down to the of the old basement floor.
  1. degree, Degree or amount.
The sound is much too high; this hurts my ears.
We've reached a new of success.
  1. (context, gaming) One of several discrete segments of a game generally increasing in difficulty. Often numbered. Often, each level occupies different physical space (although levels are not always vertically stacked).
It took me weeks to get to seven.
Watch out for the next ; the bad guys there are really overpowered.
  1. (context, gaming) A periodic progression of integer values that quantify a character's experience and power.
My half-orc barbarian reached fifth before he was squashed by a troll.
  1. A floor of a multi-storey building.
Take the elevator and get off at the promenade .
verb ;or
(levell, ing)
  1. To adjust so as to make level.
You can the table by turning the pads that screw into the feet.
  1. To destroy by reducing to ground level; to raze.
The hurricane leveled the forest.
  1. (context, gaming) To progress to the next level.
I levelled after defeating the dragon.
  1. To aim or direct (a weapon, a stare, an accusation, etc).
He levelled an accusation of fraud.
  1. (italbrac, US or obsolete) To levy.
    • 2007, Mary Jacoby, EU investigators endorse charges against Intel, Wall Street Journal Europe (17 Jan 07, p. 32, col 5),
    • : Ultimately, Ms. Kroes European Union Antitrust Commissioner could a fine and order Intel to change its business practices.
  1. The same height at all places; parallel to the ground.
This table isn't quite ; see how this marble rolls off it?
  1. At the same height as some reference; constructed as level with.
''We tried to hang the pictures so that the bottom of the frames were with the dark line in the wallpaper.
  1. Being unvaried.
His pulse has been for 12 hours.
  1. Being sensible.
He kept a head under stress.
lexeme Tweet Definition of lexeme Like Definition of lexeme on Facebook
  1. (linguistics) The abstract unit of vocabulary, roughly corresponding to the set of words that are different forms of the same lemma.
lexical Tweet Definition of lexical Like Definition of lexical on Facebook
  1. concerning the vocabulary, words or morphemes of a language
  2. concerning lexicography or a lexicon or dictionary
"Wiktionary is an essentially lexical undertaking."
lexicology Tweet Definition of lexicology Like Definition of lexicology on Facebook
noun (lexicologies)
  1. (context, not countable) specialty in linguistics dealing with the study of the lexicon
    • 1949 The fifth is devoted to doctrine; the sixth and seventh to remarks on syntax and lexicology respectively. — Journal of Theological Studies
      1. a specific theory concerning the lexicon
lexicon Tweet Definition of lexicon Like Definition of lexicon on Facebook
  1. (linguistics) A dictionary that includes or focuses on lexemes.
  2. A dictionary of Classical Greek, Hebrew, Latin, or Aramaic.
  3. (programming) The lexicology of a programming language. (Usually called lexical structure.)
  4. (rare) Any dictionary.
  5. The vocabulary used by or known to an individual. (Also called lexical knowledge)
lexis Tweet Definition of lexis Like Definition of lexis on Facebook
  1. The total set of words in a language.
  2. The vocabulary used by a writer
In this broadsheet newspaper, the reporter uses a complicated and formal which I find hard to understand sometimes.
lingo Tweet Definition of lingo Like Definition of lingo on Facebook
  1. language, especially language peculiar to a particular group or region; jargon or a dialect.
lingua franca Tweet Definition of lingua franca Like Definition of lingua franca on Facebook
noun (plural: see usage note)
  1. a language used by people of diverse speech to communicate with one another, often a basic form of speech with simplified grammar. Nowadays, this term mainly refers to the English language.
lingual Tweet Definition of lingual Like Definition of lingual on Facebook
  1. (phonetics) a sound articulated with the tongue
  1. related to the tongue
  2. related to language or linguistics
  3. (phonetics) articulated with the tongue
  4. (dentistry) Of a lower tooth, on the side facing the tongue. See mesial.
linguist Tweet Definition of linguist Like Definition of linguist on Facebook
  1. one who studies linguistics.
  2. a person skilled in languages.
linguistic Tweet Definition of linguistic Like Definition of linguistic on Facebook
  1. relating to language or linguistics
linguistics Tweet Definition of linguistics Like Definition of linguistics on Facebook
noun plural form as a singular, no article
  1. The scientific study of language.
lipread Tweet Definition of lipread Like Definition of lipread on Facebook
verb (inf=to lipread, lipreads, lipreading, lipread)
  1. To know what a person is saying by watching how their lips move.
lipreading Tweet Definition of lipreading Like Definition of lipreading on Facebook
  1. The act of lipread, reading lips.
  1. (present participle of, lipread)
loan translation Tweet Definition of loan translation Like Definition of loan translation on Facebook
  1. The borrowing of components of a foreign language word and translating them literally
loanword Tweet Definition of loanword Like Definition of loanword on Facebook
  1. A word taken from one language for use, unchanged, in another
The word "exit" is a loanword from Latin.

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