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Glossary of Legal Terms
beginning with letter L
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laches Tweet Definition of laches Like Definition of laches on Facebook
  1. Legal doctrine that a person who waits too long to bring a claim allege, alleging a wrong shall not be permitted to seek an equitable remedy.
lapse Tweet Definition of lapse Like Definition of lapse on Facebook
  1. A temporary failure; a slip.
  2. A decline or fall in standards.
  3. A pause in continuity.
  4. An interval of time between events.
  5. A termination of a right etc, through disuse or neglect.
  6. (weather) A marked decrease in air temperature with increasing altitude because the ground is warmer than the surrounding air. This condition usually occurs when skies are clear and between 1100 and 1600 hours, local time. Strong convection currents exist during lapse conditions. For chemical operations, the state is defined as unstable. This condition is normally considered the most unfavorable for the release of chemical agents. See lapse rate.
  7. A common-law rule that if the person to whom property is will
    1. Verb, willed were to die before the testator, then the gift would be ineffective.
verb (laps, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To suffer a
    1. Noun, lapse
larceny Tweet Definition of larceny Like Definition of larceny on Facebook
noun (larcenies, -)
  1. The unlawful taking of personal property with intent to deprive the rightful owner of it permanently.
  2. A larcenous act attributable to an individual.
That young man already has four assaults, a DUI, and a on his record.
Law Tweet Definition of Law Like Definition of Law on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an English surname
  2. a diminutive of Lawrence
lawbreaker Tweet Definition of lawbreaker Like Definition of lawbreaker on Facebook
noun (Plural: lawbreakers)
  1. One who breaks (violates) the law, a criminal.
lawful Tweet Definition of lawful Like Definition of lawful on Facebook
  1. Conforming to, permitted by, or recognised by law or rules.
lawsuit Tweet Definition of lawsuit Like Definition of lawsuit on Facebook
  1. In civil law, a case where two or more people disagree and need a court to help them resolve their differences.
bring lawsuit against somebody
file lawsuit      
lawyer Tweet Definition of lawyer Like Definition of lawyer on Facebook
  1. A professional person authorized to practice law, conduct lawsuits or give legal advice .
  2. By extension, a person who argues points of law.
legacy Tweet Definition of legacy Like Definition of legacy on Facebook
noun (legacies)
  1. money or property bequeathed to someone in a will
  2. Something inherited from a predecessor; a heritage
w:John Muir, John Muir left as his an enduring spirit of respect for the environment.
  1. The descendant of an alumnus
Because she was a , her mother's sorority rushed her.
  1. (computing) of a computer system that has been in service for many years and that a business still relies upon, even though it is becoming expensive or difficult to maintain
  2. left behind; old or no longer in active use
    They expect it to take years to process and import all the data.
legalism Tweet Definition of legalism Like Definition of legalism on Facebook
  1. A philosophy of focusing on the text of written law to the exclusion of the intent of law, elevating strict adherence to law over justice, mercy and common sense.
  2. A legal axiom; a statement couched as a proverb expressing a rule of law.
legatee Tweet Definition of legatee Like Definition of legatee on Facebook
noun (Plural: legatees)
  1. One who receives a legacy.
legator Tweet Definition of legator Like Definition of legator on Facebook
  1. A donor.
let Tweet Definition of let Like Definition of let on Facebook
  1. A hindrance.
...without let or hindrance (on all commonwealth passports)
  1. (context, tennis) The hindrance caused by the net during serve, only if the ball falls legally.
verb (lets, letting, let, or rarely letten)
  1. To allow.
  2. To put up for rent.
letters patent Tweet Definition of letters patent Like Definition of letters patent on Facebook
noun letter patent (Plural: )
  1. A type of legal document which is an open letter issued by an authority granting a right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or organization.
limit Tweet Definition of limit Like Definition of limit on Facebook
noun (plural: limits)
  1. A restriction; a bound beyond which one may not go.
There are several existing limits to executive power.
Two drinks is my limit tonight.
  1. (math) A value to which a sequence converges.
The sequence of reciprocals has zero as its limit.
  1. (math) Any of several abstractions of this concept of limit.
Category theory defines a very general concept of limit.
  1. (poker) Short for fixed limit.
  1. (poker) Being a fixed limit game.
limitation Tweet Definition of limitation Like Definition of limitation on Facebook
  1. the act of limiting or the state of being limited
  2. a restriction that limits something
  3. a defect or shortcoming in something
  4. a time period during which some legal action mat be brought
line Tweet Definition of line Like Definition of line on Facebook
noun (rfex)
  1. A rope, cord, string, or thread; a slender, strong cord, or a cord of any thickness; a hawser.
(rfdate) Who so layeth lines for to latch fowls. " Piers Plowman
fishing , anchor , clothes, tow
  1. A path through two or more points (see also segment); a continuous mark.
    • 1816: w:Percy Shelley, Percy Shelley, The Daemon of the World
    • : The atmosphere in flaming sparkles flew; / And where the burning wheels / Eddied above the mountain"s loftiest peak / Was traced a of lightning.
      1. A more or less threadlike mark of a pen, pencil, or graver; any long mark.
      a chalk
      1. (geometry) An infinitely extending one-dimensional figure that has no curvature; one that has length but not breadth or thickness.
      2. (context, geometry, informal) A line segment; a continuous finite segment of such a figure.
      3. A row of letters, text, words, etc, written or printed, as on paper or a CRT screen; especially a row of words extending across a page or column.
    • 1609: w:Shakespeare, Shakespeare, s:The Sonnets/71, Sonnet 71
    • : Nay if you read this , remember not, / The hand that writ it.
      1. A sentence of dialogue in a script or screenplay, or delivered by an actor or performer.
      (rfdate) It"s a small part, I have 12 lines in the movie. " Geneveve Bujold in Earthquake
      1. The official, stated position (or set of positions) of an individual or group, particularly a political or religious faction.
      Remember, your answers must match the party .
      (rfdate) Their is gone out through all the earth. " Ps. xix. 4
      1. A letter, a written form of communication.
      Drop me a .
      1. The wire connecting one telegraphic station with another, a telephone or internet cable between two points: a telephone or network connection.
      I tried to make a call, but the was dead.
      a dedicated
      a shared
      1. A more-or-less straight sequence of people, objects, etc., often waiting to be processed or deal with, dealt with, a queue; a continued series or rank.
      The forms on the right.
      There is a of houses.
      1. (military) A row of men who are abreast of one another, whether side by side or some distance apart; opposed to column. .]]
    • 1817: w:Percy Shelley, Percy Shelley, s:The Revolt of Islam, The Revolt of Islam
    • : A band of brothers gathering round me, made, / Although unarmed, a steadfast front, ... now the / Of war extended, to our rallying cry / As myriads flocked in love and brotherhood to die.
      (rfdate) Unite thy forces and attack their lines. " Dryden
      1. (military) The regular infantry of an army, as distinguished from militia, guards, volunteer corps, cavalry, artillery, etc.
      2. (context, military) A trench or rampart.
    • 1917, w:John Masefield, John Masefield, The Old Front Line
    • : This description of the old front line, as it was when the Battle of the Somme began, may some day be of use. ... It is hoped that this description of the will be followed by an account of our people's share in the battle.
      1. The products or services sold by a business.
      of business
      1. From the services a business sells, the business itself.
      How many buses does the have?
      The air is in danger of bankruptcy.
      A ship of the .
      1. (context, fencing, "line of engagement") The position in which the fencers hold their swords.
      2. (graphtheory) An edge of a graph.
      3. (cricket) The horizontal path of a ball towards the batsman (see also length).
      4. (context, baseball, slang, 1800s, "the line") The batter"s box.
      5. (obsolete) flax, Flax; linen, particularly the longer fiber of flax.
      (rfdate) Garments made of . " Spenser
      1. The course followed by anything in motion; hence, a road or route.
      The arrow descended in a curved .
      w:Antarctica, The place is remote from lines of travel.
      1. direction, Direction
      the of sight or the of vision
      1. (poetic) A verse, or the words which form a certain number of foot, feet, according to the measure.
      (rfdate) In the preceding Ulysses speaks of Nausicaa. " Broome
      1. Course of conduct, thought, occupation, or policy; method of argument; department of industry, trade, or intellectual activity.
      (rfdate) He is uncommonly powerful in his own , but it is not the of a first-rate man. " Coleridge
      1. The exterior limit of a figure, plat, or territory; a boundary; a contour; an outline; a demarcation.
    • 1674 " w:John Milton, John Milton, s:Paradise Lost, Paradise Lost, book IV
    • : Eden stretchd her Line / From Auran Eastward to the Royal Towrs / Of great Seleucia,
      1. A threadlike crease marking the face or the hand; hence, characteristic mark.
      (rfdate) Though on his brow were graven lines austere. " Byron
      (rfdate) He tipples palmistry, and dines On all her fortune-telling lines. " Cleveland
      1. lineament, Lineament; feature; figure (of one's body).
    • circa, c 1609: W:Shakespeare, Shakespeare, s:The Tragedy of Cymbeline, The Tragedy of Cymbeline
    • : I mean, the lines of my body are as well drawn as his.
      1. A series or succession of ancestors or descendants of a given person; a family or race; compare lineage.
    • 14th century, c: w:Geoffrey Chaucer, Geoffrey Chaucer s:The Canterbury Tales, The Canterbury Tales
    • : Of his lineage am I, and his offspring / By very ,
    • circa, c 1604: w:Shakespeare, Shakespeare, s:Macbeth, Macbeth
    • : They hail'd him father to a of kings.
    • 1651: w:Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Hobbes, s:Leviathan, Leviathan
    • : The rest of the history of the Old Testament derives the succession of the of David to the Captivity, of which was to spring the restorer of the kingdom of God ...
      1. A connected series of public conveyances, and hence, an established arrangement for forwarding merchandise, etc.
      a of stages
      an express
      1. The track and roadbed of a railway; railroad.
      2. (geography) A circle of latitude or of longitude, as represented on a map.
      3. (context, geography, "the line" or "equinoctial line") The equator.
      to cross the
      1. A long tape, or a narrow ribbon of steel, etc., marked with subdivisions, as feet and inches, for measuring; a tapeline.
      2. (context, biblical) That which was measured by a line, as a field or any piece of land set apart; hence, allotted place of abode.
      (rfdate) The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant places; yes. I have a goodly heritage. " Ps. xvi. 6
      1. (engineering) The proper relative position or adjustment of parts, not as to design or proportion, but with reference to smooth working.
      the engine is in or out of
      1. (music) One of the straight horizontal and parallel prolonged strokes on and between which the notes are placed.
      2. (context, stock exchange) A number of shares taken by a jobber.
      3. (context, trade) A series of various qualities and values of the same general class of articles.
      a full of hosiery
      a of merinos
      1. A measure of length equal to one twelfth of an inch.
    • 1883: Alfred Swaine Taylor, Thomas Stevenson, The principles and practice of medical jurisprudence
    • : The cutis measures in thickness from a quarter of a to a and a half (a is one-twelfth of an inch).
      1. (nautical) A rope on a nautical vessel. (Usually a rope is still in its packing; usually, once removed, it is 'line'.)
verb (lin, ing)
  1. (transitive) To cover the inside/inner surface of (something).
The bird lines its nest with soft grass.
to a cloak with silk or fur
to a box with paper or tin
  1. (transitive) To fill or supply (something), as a purse with money.
(rfdate) The charge amounteth very high for any one man"s purse, except lined beyond ordinary, to reach unto. " Carew.
  1. (transitive) To place (objects) into a line (usually used with "up"); to form into a line; to align.
to troops (rfex, some more, please)
  1. (transitive) To place persons or things along the side of for security or defense; to strengthen by adding; to fortify.
to works with soldiers
  • 1599 " w:William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, s:The_Life_of_Henry_the_Fifth, Henry V, ii 4
  • : Line and new repair our towns of war With men of courage and with means defendant.
    1. (transitive) To mark with a line or lines, to cover with lines.
  • to a copy book
    1. (context, transitive, obsolete) To represent by lines; to delineate; to portray.
  • 1598 " w:William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, s:As You Like It, As You Like It, iii 2
  • : All the pictures fairest lined Are but black to Rosalind.
    1. (context, transitive, obsolete) To impregnate (applied to brute animals). " Creech.
    2. (transitive) To read or repeat line by line.
  • to out a hymn
    1. (context, intransitive, "line up") To form or enter into a line.
    2. (context, intransitive, baseball) To hit a line drive; to hit a line drive which is caught for an out. Compare fly and ground.
    1. Jones lined to left in his last at-bat.
    lis pendens Tweet Definition of lis pendens Like Definition of lis pendens on Facebook
    1. a notice of pending litigation against a property
    litigant Tweet Definition of litigant Like Definition of litigant on Facebook
    1. A party suing or being sued in a lawsuit, or otherwise calling upon the judicial process to determine the outcome of a suit.
    litigate Tweet Definition of litigate Like Definition of litigate on Facebook
    verb (litigat, ing)
    1. (intransitive, construed with on) To go to law.
    litigator Tweet Definition of litigator Like Definition of litigator on Facebook
    1. A person employed to litigate, a lawyer skilled in arguing in court.
    litigious Tweet Definition of litigious Like Definition of litigious on Facebook
    1. Of or relating to litigation.
    2. Inclined to engage in lawsuits.
    3. argumentative, Argumentative or combative.
    livery Tweet Definition of livery Like Definition of livery on Facebook
    noun (liveries)
    1. Any distinctive uniform worn by a group, such as the uniform worn by chauffeurs and male servants.
    By wearing , the brewers publicly expressed guild association and solidarity; - J. M. Bennett
    1. (archaic) the rental of horses and/or carriages; the rental of canoes; the care and/or boarding of horses for money.
    2. The delivery of property from one owner to the next.
    3. The paint scheme of an aircraft or airline.
    4. A taxicab or limousine.
    verb (liveries, liverying, liveried)
    1. (archaic) To clothe in.
    He liveried his servents in the most modest of clothing
    location Tweet Definition of location Like Definition of location on Facebook
    1. A particular place in physical space.
    long Tweet Definition of long Like Definition of long on Facebook
    1. (linguistics) A long vowel.
    1. (intransitive) To await, to aspire, to want (for something to occur)
    She longed for him to come back.
    1. Having much distance from one terminating point on an object or an area to another terminating point. Long usually applies to horizontal dimensions. (italbrac, see Usage Notes)
    It's a way from the Earth to the Moon.
    1. Of things that take much time or are of great duration.
    The pyramids of Egypt have been around for a time.
    1. (finance) possessing or owning stocks, bonds or other financial instruments.
    2. (cricket) of a fielding position, close to the boundary (or closer to the boundary than the equivalent short position)
    1. Over a great distance in space.
    He threw the ball .
    1. For a duration in time.
    Will this interview take ?
    lunacy Tweet Definition of lunacy Like Definition of lunacy on Facebook
    noun (lunacies, -)
    1. (Of a person or group of people) the state of being mad, insanity.
    2. Something deeply misguided.
    lunatic Tweet Definition of lunatic Like Definition of lunatic on Facebook
    1. an insane person

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