All Words Glossary

Glossary of Legal Terms
beginning with letter B
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bailiff Tweet Definition of bailiff Like Definition of bailiff on Facebook
noun 
  1. legal officer to whom some degree of authority, care or jurisdiction is committed
  2. (British) the steward or overseer of an estate
     
ban Tweet Definition of ban Like Definition of ban on Facebook
noun 
  1. prohibition
verb (bans, banning, banned, banned)
  1. To forbid.
Bare feet are banned in this establishment.
     
banc Tweet Definition of banc Like Definition of banc on Facebook
noun 
  1. Marketing slang (chiefly in USA) for the non-banking arms of a financial conglomerate that has "Bank" in its common name. For instance, if the original company was known as Bank of Manhattan, then its insurance business might be known as "Banc of Manhattan Insurance". It is a term of art, a meaningless word, that is meant to suggest the safety and soundness of a bank, without any actual representation of safety or soundness so that they are free to offer risky products without running afoul of false advertising laws.
     
bankrupt Tweet Definition of bankrupt Like Definition of bankrupt on Facebook
verb (bankrupts, bankrupting, bankrupted, bankrupted)
  1. (transitive) To cause to become bankrupt; to make bankrupt.
adjective 
  1. That is formally declared unable to pay its creditors.
     
bankruptcy Tweet Definition of bankruptcy Like Definition of bankruptcy on Facebook
noun 
  1. A legally declared inability of an individual or organisation to pay their creditors.
     
bar Tweet Definition of bar Like Definition of bar on Facebook
noun 
  1. A solid, more or less rigid object with a uniform cross-section smaller than its length.
  2. (metallurgy) a solid metal object with uniform (round, square, hexagonal, octagonal or rectangular) cross-section, whose smallest dimension is .25 inch or greater (US), a piece of thinner material being called a strip.
Ancient Sparta used iron s instead of handy coins in more valuable alloi, to physically disencourage the use of money
  1. A cuboid piece of any solid commodity.
bar of chocolate
bar of soap
  1. A long, narrow drawn or printed rectangle, cuboid or cylinder, especially as used in a bar code or a bar chart.
  2. A business licensed to sell intoxicating beverages for consumption on the premises, or the premises themselves; public house.
  3. The counter of such a premises
  4. A similar device or simply a closet containing alcoholic beverages in a private house or a hotel room.
  5. An official order or pronouncement that prohibits some activity.
  6. (computing, whimsical, derived from fubar) Used to stand for some unspecified entity, usually a second entity following foo.
Suppose we have two objects, foo and bar
  1. (legal: the Bar) Short for the Bar Exam, the legal licensing exam.
He's studying hard to pass the Bar this time; he's failed it twice before.
  1. (British: the Bar) A collective term for barristers.
  2. (British: the Bar) (loosely) The profession of barristers.
  3. (music) A vertical line across a musical staff dividing written music into sections, typically of equal durational value.
  4. (music) One of these musical sections.
  5. (soccer) The crossbar
  6. An addition to a military medal, on account of a subsequent act
  7. A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water.
  8. (nautical) A ridge or succession of ridges of sand or other substance, especially a formation extending across the mouth of a river or harbor or off a beach, and which may obstruct navigation. (FM 55-501).
  9. (heraldry) One of the ordinary, ordinaries in heraldry.
See wikipedia article on the topic: (w, Ordinary (heraldry))
verb (bars, barring, barred, barred)
  1. (transitive) To obstruct the passage of (someone or something).
  2. (transitive) To prohibit.
I couldn't get into the nightclub because I had been barred
  1. (transitive) To lock or bolt with a bar.
bar the door
     
barratry Tweet Definition of barratry Like Definition of barratry on Facebook
noun (barratr, ies)
  1. the act of persistently instigate, instigating lawsuits, often groundless ones <br>
  2. the sale and/or purchase of religious or political positions of power
  3. (context, admiralty, _, law) unlawful or fraudulent acts by the crew of a vessel, harming the vessel's owner.
     
barrister Tweet Definition of barrister Like Definition of barrister on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, law, UK, AU, NZ) A lawyer with the right to speak and argue as an advocate in higher lawcourts.
     
base Tweet Definition of base Like Definition of base on Facebook
noun 
  1. Something from which other things extend; a foundation.
  2. The starting point of a logical deduction or thought.
  3. A permanent structure for housing military personnel and material.
  4. The place where decisions for an organization are made; headquarters.
  5. (chemistry) Any of a class of generally water-soluble compounds, having bitter taste, that turn red litmus blue, and react with acids to form salts.
  6. A safe zone in the children's games of tag and hide-and-go-seek
  7. (architecture) The lowermost part of a column, between the shaft and the pedestal or pavement.
  8. (baseball) One of the three places that a runner can stand in safety.
  9. (biology, biochemistry) A nucleotide's nucleobase in the context of a DNA or RNA biopolymer.
  10. (botany) The end of a leaf,petal or similar organ where it is attached to its support.
  11. (electronics) The name of the controlling terminal of a transistor.
  12. (geometry) The lowest side of a in a triangle or other polygon, or the lowest face of a cone, pyramid or other polyhedron laid flat.
  13. (mathematics) A number raised to the power of an exponent.
The logarithm to 2 of 8 is 3.
  1. (topology) The set of sets from which a topology is generated.
adjective  (baser, basest)
base (more base, most base)
  1. low
  2. inferior
  3. immoral
  4. common
     
battery Tweet Definition of battery Like Definition of battery on Facebook
noun (batter, ies)
  1. A device that produces electricity by a chemical reaction between two substances.
  2. The crime or tort of intentionally striking another person.
  3. A coordinated group of artillery.
  4. An array of similar things.
Schoolchildren take a battery of standard tests to measure their progress.
  1. A set of small cages where hens are kept for the purpose of farm, farming their eggs.
  2. (baseball) The catcher and the pitcher together
  3. (chess) Two or more pieces on the same rank, file, or diagonal
     
bench Tweet Definition of bench Like Definition of bench on Facebook
noun 
  1. A long seat, for example, in the park.
They sat on a park and tossed bread crumbs to the ducks and pigeons.
  1. In law, the people who decide on the verdict; the judiciary.
They are awaiting a decision on the motion from the .
  1. (context, law, figurative) The place where the judges sit.
She sat on the for 30 years before she retired.
  1. The place where players of a sport sit when not playing.
    He spent the first three games on the , watching.
  2. A place where assembly or hand work is performed; a workbench.
    She placed the workpiece on the , inspected it closely, and opened the cover.''
    1. (weightlifting) A horizontal padded surface, usually with a weight rack, used for support during exercise.
verb (bench, es)
  1. (context, transitive, sports) To sideline; to remove a player from play.
They benched him for the rest of the game because they thought he was injured.
  1. (context, transitive, weightlifting) To lift by bench pressing
I heard he can 150 pounds.
  1. (slang) To push the victim back on the person behind them who is on their hands and knees and end up falling over
     
bigamy Tweet Definition of bigamy Like Definition of bigamy on Facebook
noun (bigamies)
  1. The state of having two (legal or illegal) spouses simultaneously
  2. (ecclesiastical) A second marriage
     
bilateral Tweet Definition of bilateral Like Definition of bilateral on Facebook
adjective 
  1. having two sides
  2. involving both sides equally
  3. binding on both parties to an agreement
  4. having bilateral symmetry
  5. (anthropology) involving descent or ascent regardless of sex and side of the family
     
Bill Tweet Definition of Bill Like Definition of Bill on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male), diminutive of William.
  2. (context, UK, slang) A nickname for the British constabulary. Often called "The Bill" or "Old Bill"
  3. (context, US, slang) One Hundred Dollars.
     
bind Tweet Definition of bind Like Definition of bind on Facebook
noun 
  1. A troublesome situation; a problem; a predicament or quandary.
verb (binds, binding, bound or rarely bounden)
  1. To connect
  2. To couple
  3. To put together in a cover, as of books
  4. (computing) to associate an identifier with a value; to associate a variable name with the content of a storage location
     
bipartite Tweet Definition of bipartite Like Definition of bipartite on Facebook
adjective 
  1. having two parts
  2. (context, of an agreement or contract) having two participants; joint
  3. (botany) (of leaves) divided into two at the base
  4. (graph theory) (of graph)
     
body Tweet Definition of body Like Definition of body on Facebook
noun (bodies)
  1. The physical structure of a human or animal seen as one single organism.
I saw them walking from a distance, their bodies strangely angular in the dawn light.
  1. The fleshly or corporeal nature of a human, as opposed to the spirit or soul.
The is driven by desires, but the soul is at peace.
  1. A corpse.
Her was found at four o'clock, just two hours after the murder.
  1. The torso, the main structure of a human or animal frame excluding the extremity, extremities (limbs, head, tail).
The boxer took a blow to the .
  1. The largest or most important part of anything, as distinct from its appendages or accessory, accessories.
The bumpers and front tyres were ruined, but the of the car was in remarkable shape.
  1. (archaic) The section of a dress extending from the neck to the waist, excluding the arms.
Penny was in the scullery, pressing the of her new dress.
  1. An organisation, company or other authoritative group.
The local train operating company is the managing for this section of track.
  1. A group of men or people having a common purpose or opinion; a mass.
I was escorted from the building by a of armed security guards.
  1. A unified collection of details, knowledge or information.
We have now amassed a of evidence which points to one conclusion.
  1. Any physical object or material thing.
All bodies are held together by internal forces.
  1. Substance; physical presence.
We have given to what was just a vague idea.
  1. Comparative viscosity, solidity or substance (in wine, colours etc.).
The rioja, sadly, lacked .
  1. (programming) The code of a subroutine, contrasted to its signature and parameters.W:Subroutine, W
     
bondage Tweet Definition of bondage Like Definition of bondage on Facebook
noun 
  1. The state of being enslaved or the practice of slavery.
In Judeo-Christian tradition, the Israelites fled at the hands of the Egyptians, only to wander in the wilderness for the next four decades.
  1. (context, by extension) The state of lacking freedom; constraint.
He lived in financial to his cocaine habit; no matter how much he earned, it all seemed to disappear up his nose.
  1. The practice of tie up, tying people up for sexual pleasure.
Their marriage broke up when she discovered he had been engaging in games with a local dominatrix while he was supposedly working out at the gym.
     
bondsman Tweet Definition of bondsman Like Definition of bondsman on Facebook
noun (bondsmen)
  1. A male slave.
  2. A male indentured servant.
  3. Someone who signs a bond that states that they have taken responsibility for someone else's obligations.
     
book Tweet Definition of book Like Definition of book on Facebook
noun 
  1. A collection of sheets of paper bound together to hinge at one edge, containing printed or written material, pictures, etc. If initially blank, commonly referred to as a notebook.
  2. A record of betting (from the use of a notebook to record what each person has bet).
I'm running a on who is going to win the race.
  1. A convenient collection, in a form resembling a book, of small paper items for individual use.
a of stamps
a of raffle tickets
  1. A major division of a published work, larger than a chapter, commonly an academic publication or the Bible.
  2. The script of a musical.
  3. (usually, in plural) Records of the accounts of a business.
  4. A long document stored (as data) that is or will become a book; an e-book.
  5. (context, law) A colloquial reference to a book award, a recognition for receiving the highest grade in a class (traditionally an actual book, but recently more likely a letter or certificate acknowledging the achievement).
  6. (context, poker slang) four of a kind
verb 
  1. (transitive) To reserve (something) for future use
I want to a hotel room for tomorrow night
I can tickets for the concert next week
  1. (transitive) To penalise (someone) for an offence.
The police booked him for driving too fast
  1. (context, intransitive, slang) To travel very fast.
He was really booking, until he passed the speed trap.
  1. (transitive) To write down.
They booked that message from the hill
  1. (context, transitive, law) To receive the highest grade in a class.
The top three students had a bet on which one was going to their intellectual property class.
     
bottomry Tweet Definition of bottomry Like Definition of bottomry on Facebook
noun 
  1. (nautical) an early form of maritime contract in which money could be borrowed by the owner of a ship using the ship as collateral
     
bound Tweet Definition of bound Like Definition of bound on Facebook
noun 
  1. (often used in plural) The border of a territory, which one must cross in order to enter or leave the territory.
I reached the northern bound of my property, took a deep breath, and walked on.
Somewhere within these bounds you may find a buried treasure.
  1. (mathematics) a value which is known to be greater or smaller than a given set of values
verb 
  1. (past of, bind)
I the splint to my leg.
I had the splint with duct tape.
adjective 
  1. (obsolete) ready, Ready, prepared.
  2. Ready to start or go (to); moving in the direction (of).
Is that message bound for me?
Which way are you bound?
The leaking fuel tank was bound to explode sooner or later.
  1. Constrained by something, or constrained to something
He was bound to his chair.
Because of his oath, he was bound to follow the king's command.
     
breaking and entering Tweet Definition of breaking and entering Like Definition of breaking and entering on Facebook
noun 
  1. the crime of gaining unauthorized entry into another's property by force
     
brief Tweet Definition of brief Like Definition of brief on Facebook
noun 
  1. An attorney's legal argument in written form for submission to a court.
  2. (colloquial) A short news story or report.
    • We got a news .
      1. (i, in plural for singular object) A short, legless undergarment; briefs.
verb 
  1. (transitive) To knowledgeably summarize a recent development to some person with decision-making power.
The U.S. president was briefed on the military coup and its implications on African stability.
  1. (transitive, law) To write a legal argument and submit it to a court.
adjective 
  1. Of short duration or distance.
  2. concise, Concise.
     
bring Tweet Definition of bring Like Definition of bring on Facebook
verb (brings, bringing, brought, brought)
  1. (transitive) To transport toward somebody/somewhere.
  2. (baseball) To pitch, often referring to a particularly hard thrown fastball.
The closer Jones can really it.
     
burden of proof Tweet Definition of burden of proof Like Definition of burden of proof on Facebook
noun 
  1. The duty of a party in a legal proceeding to prove an assertion of fact; it includes both the burden of production and the burden of persuasion.
     
burgage Tweet Definition of burgage Like Definition of burgage on Facebook
noun 
  1. a medieval tenure in socage under which property in England and Scotland was held under the king or a lord of a town, and was maintained for a yearly rent or for rendering an inferior service (not knight's service) such as watching and warding.
     
burglary Tweet Definition of burglary Like Definition of burglary on Facebook
noun 
  1. the crime of entering a house, with the intent to steal
     

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