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Glossary of Governance - Government Terms
beginning with letter R
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r. Tweet Definition of r. Like Definition of r. on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. rare
radical Tweet Definition of radical Like Definition of radical on Facebook
noun
  1. Person with radical opinions.
  2. (Hist. " 19th-century England) A member of the most progressive wing of the Liberal Party; someone favouring social reform (but generally stopping short of socialism).
  3. (Hist. " Early 20th-century France) A member of an influential, centrist political party favouring moderate social reform, a republican constitution, and secular politics.
  4. (mathematics) The root of a quantity as notated by √n.
  1. (linguistics) In such logogram, logographic writing systems as the Chinese writing system, the portion of a character (if any) that provides an indication of its meaning; contrasted with phonetic.
    1. (linguistics) In Semitic languages, any one of the set of consonants (typically three) that make up a root.
    2. (chemistry) A group of atoms, joined by covalent bonds, that take part in reactions as a single unit.
adjective
  1. Of or pertaining to the root or root cause of the matter.
  2. Thorough going or fundamental.
The spread of the cancer required radical surgery, and the entire organ was removed.
  1. Favouring fundamental change, or change at the root cause of the matter.
His beliefs are radical.
  1. Slang: Extremely incredible.
That was a radical jump!
  1. (chemistry) Involving free radicals
raj Tweet Definition of raj Like Definition of raj on Facebook
noun
  1. reign, Reign; rule.
reaction Tweet Definition of reaction Like Definition of reaction on Facebook
noun
  1. An action or statement in response to a stimulus or other event
The announcement of the verdict brought a violent .
You were in the coutroom. What is your ?
When I last tried to eat strawberries I had a terrible allergic .
  1. (chemistry) A transformation in which one or more substances is converted into another by combination or decomposition
    In this , the acid and base will neutralize each other, producing a salt.
reactionary Tweet Definition of reactionary Like Definition of reactionary on Facebook
noun (reactionaries)
  1. such a person
adjective
  1. fanatically opposed to progress or liberalism; very conservative
Rebel Tweet Definition of Rebel Like Definition of Rebel on Facebook
noun
  1. a Confederate soldier
rebellion Tweet Definition of rebellion Like Definition of rebellion on Facebook
noun
  1. Armed resistance to an established government or ruler.
  2. Defiance of authority or control.
recall Tweet Definition of recall Like Definition of recall on Facebook
noun
  1. The action or fact of calling someone or something back.
  2. memory, Memory; the ability to remember.
  3. In w:Information retrieval, Information retrieval, the fraction of (all) relevant material that is returned by a search
verb
  1. (transitive) To call back, bring back or summon to a specific place, station etc.
He was recalled to service after his retirement.
She was recalled to London for the trial.
  1. (transitive) To remember, recollect.
I don't that story.
  1. (transitive) To request or order someone or something to return, especially that a product or batch of products be returned to its manufacturer for repair or replacement
  2. (transitive) To cancel or annul, especially of a journey undertaken by an official.
California voters recalled Governor Gray Davis in 2003.
reconsider Tweet Definition of reconsider Like Definition of reconsider on Facebook
verb
  1. To consider a matter thought already to have been decided.
Is there any way I can get you to reconsider selling your car?
Red Tweet Definition of Red Like Definition of Red on Facebook
noun
  1. A Communist
adjective
  1. Communist
the Army
referendum Tweet Definition of referendum Like Definition of referendum on Facebook
noun (referenda, pl2=referendums)
  1. a direct popular vote on a proposed law or constitutional amendment
  2. a note from a diplomat to his government requesting instructions
regency Tweet Definition of regency Like Definition of regency on Facebook
noun
  1. a system of government that substitutes for the reign of a king or queen when that king or queen becomes unable to rule.
  2. the time during which a regent is in power.
  3. (Regency) in Great Britain, the time during which w:George IV, George, Prince of Wales, was Regent (1811-1820).
regent Tweet Definition of regent Like Definition of regent on Facebook
noun
  1. One who rules because the monarch is too young, absent, or disabled
regime Tweet Definition of regime Like Definition of regime on Facebook
noun
  1. Mode of rule or management
  2. A form of government, or the government in power (as in a socialist regime)
  3. A period of rule
region Tweet Definition of region Like Definition of region on Facebook
noun
  1. Any considerable and connected part of a space or surface; specifically, a tract of land or sea of considerable but indefinite extent; a country; a district; in a broad sense, a place without special reference to location or extent but viewed as an entity for geographical, social or cultural reasons.
the equatorial regions
the temperate regions
the polar regions
the upper regions of the atmosphere
  1. An administrative subdivision of a city, a territory, a country or the European Union.
  2. (historical) Such a division of the city of Rome and of the territory about Rome, of which the number varied at different times; a district, quarter, or ward.
  3. (figuratively) The inhabitants of a region or district of a country.
  4. (anatomy) A place in or a part of the body in any way indicated.
the abdominal regions
  1. (obsolete) place, Place; rank; station; dignity.
  2. (obsolete) The space from the earth's surface out to the orbit of the moon: properly called the elemental region.
regionalism Tweet Definition of regionalism Like Definition of regionalism on Facebook
noun (uncountable)
  1. Affection, often excessive, to one's own region and to everything related to it.
  2. Political tendency to concede forms of politico-administrative autonomy to regions.
  3. (context, countable, linguistics) A linguistic word or phrase characteristic or limited to a region.
regular Tweet Definition of regular Like Definition of regular on Facebook
noun
  1. A member of the British Army as opposed to a member of the Territorial Army or Reserve.
  2. A frequent, routine visitor to an establishment.
  3. (Canadian English) A coffee with one cream and one sugar.
adjective
  1. with constant frequency or pattern.
  2. normal; ordinary
  3. obeying rules
  4. (grammar) (of a verb, plural, etc) following a set or common pattern
The verb "to walk" is regular.
The noun "mouse" has the irregular plural "mice".
  1. frequent or common
He made visits to go see his mother.
  1. (snowboarding): Riding with the left foot forward.
  2. exemplary, Exemplary; excellent example of; utter.
a genius
a John Bull
relief Tweet Definition of relief Like Definition of relief on Facebook
noun
  1. the removal of stress or discomfort
  2. the feeling associated with the removal of stress or dicomfort
  3. something that relieves
  4. the person who takes over a shift for another
Officer Schmidt can finally go home because his has arrived.
  1. aid or assistance offered in time of need
  2. court-ordered compensation, aid, or protection, a redress
  3. tax savings.
  4. a type of artwork in which shapes or figures protrude from a flat background
  5. the difference made noticeable by a variation in light or color
  6. (geology) the different elevations of the earth's surface
reparation Tweet Definition of reparation Like Definition of reparation on Facebook
noun (usually reparations)
  1. A payment of time, effort or money to undue past transgression(s).
  2. The act of renewing, restoring, etc., or the state of being renewed or repaired; as, the reparation of a bridge or of a highway.
repeal Tweet Definition of repeal Like Definition of repeal on Facebook
verb
  1. To cancel.
repeat Tweet Definition of repeat Like Definition of repeat on Facebook
noun (Plural:repeats)
  1. An iteration, a repetition.
    We gave up after the third because it got boring.
  2. A rerun, something that has been down before.
verb
  1. To do again (and again).
repeater Tweet Definition of repeater Like Definition of repeater on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, repeater, repeater (electronic device))
  1. (electronics) an electronic device that receives a weak or low-level signal and retransmits it at a higher level or higher power.
  2. (firearms) a gun that has a store of cartridges and does not need reloading after each shot.
  3. (ufology and similar studies) a person who regularly sees unexplained sightings of paranormal phenomenon.
Note " this term is more commonly used by skeptics of the paranormal, and implies that the witness lacks credibility.
report Tweet Definition of report Like Definition of report on Facebook
noun
  1. A piece of information describing, or an account of certain events given or presented to someone.
A by the telecommunications ministry showed that the phone network has a severe capacity problem.
  1. (ballistics) The loud echo sound from a gun.
    • 1883: w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island
    • : ...a pistol-shot, flash and , came from the hedge-side.
verb
  1. (intransitive) (news) To relate details of an event or incident.
This was our correspondent reporting from Baghdad, Iraq.
  1. (intransitive) (military) To show up or appear at an appointed time; to present oneself.
  2. (transitive): To notify of.
The nuclear plant reported the incident to the authorities.
Riots have been reported from a remote province of the country.
  1. To be accountable.
    The financial director reports to the CEO
represent Tweet Definition of represent Like Definition of represent on Facebook
verb
  1. To present again or anew; to present by means of something standing in the place of; to exhibit the counterpart or image of; to typify.
  2. To portray by pictorial or plastic art; to delineate; as, to represent a landscape in a picture, a horse in bronze, and the like.
  3. To portray by mimicry or action of any kind; to act the part or character of; to personate; as, to represent Hamlet.
  4. To stand in the place of; to supply the place, perform the duties, exercise the rights, or receive the share, of; to speak and act with authority in behalf of; to act the part of (another); as, an heir represents his ancestor; an attorney represents his client in court; a member of Congress represents his district in Congress.
  5. To exhibit to another mind in language; to show; to give one's own impressions and judgement of; to bring before the mind; to set forth; sometimes, to give an account of; to describe.
  6. To serve as a sign or symbol of; as, mathematical symbols represent quantities or relations; words represent ideas or things.
  7. To bring a sensation of into the mind or sensorium; to cause to be known, felt, or apprehended; to present.
  8. To form or image again in consciousness, as an object of cognition or apprehension (something which was originally apprehended by direct presentation). See Presentative, 3.
representation Tweet Definition of representation Like Definition of representation on Facebook
noun
  1. What represent, represents another thing.
  2. Figure, image or idea that substitute, substitutes reality.
  3. Theatrical performance.
representative Tweet Definition of representative Like Definition of representative on Facebook
noun
  1. One who may speak for another in a particular capacity, especially in negotation.
I will send a representative to work out the details of the contract.
  1. A member of the w:US House of Representatives, US House of Representatives.
All representatives face re-election every two years.
  1. (mathematics) A designated member of an equivalence class.
We usually choose 0 and 1 as representatives of the even and odd numbers.
adjective
  1. Typical; having the same properties of interest as a larger group.
Are you sure this paper is representative of your child's writing?
If you took all the fools out of the legislature, it wouldn't be a representative body anymore. — Texas State Senator Carl Parker.
republic Tweet Definition of republic Like Definition of republic on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Republics of Russia)
  1. A state where sovereignty rests with the people or their representatives, rather than with a monarch or emperor; a country with no monarchy.
The U.S.A. is a republic; Great Britain is technically a monarchy.
  1. One of the subdivisions constituting Russia. See oblast.
The Republic of Udmurtia is west of the Permian Oblast.
Republican Tweet Definition of Republican Like Definition of Republican on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (context, UK, Ireland) A supporter of the more militant or radical wing of Irish nationalism; a proponent of a united Ireland.
  2. (context, history, Spain) A supporter of the government side or left-wing side in the Spanish Civil War.
  3. (context, US, politics) A member or supporter of the Republican Party, generally the more right-wing of the two main political parties.
Republican Party Tweet Definition of Republican Party Like Definition of Republican Party on Facebook
noun
  1. one of the two main US political parties
resident Tweet Definition of resident Like Definition of resident on Facebook
noun
  1. person, animal or plant live, living at a location or in an area
  • The w:tiger lily, tiger lily is a of w:Asia, Asia.
    1. a graduated medical student who is receiving advanced training in a specialty
  • She's a in neurosurgery at Mass General.
  • adjective
    1. the person on hand who is the strong, strongest in a particular skill or profession
    • He is our w:UNIX, UNIX expert.
      1. a student in the medical profession who watch, watches a licensed doctor in order to learn a skill
  • For privacy reason, reasons, she request, requested the nurse to leave.
  • resolution Tweet Definition of resolution Like Definition of resolution on Facebook
    noun
    1. The state of being resolute.
    His stalwart resolution is perhaps admirable, perhaps foolish.
    1. A statement of intent, a vow (often New Year's resolution).
    My resolution is to cut back on the fast food this year.
    1. The act of discerning detail.
    2. (computing) The degree of fineness with which an image can be recorded or produced, often expressed as the number of pixels per unit of length (typically an inch).
    Printing at higher resolution will cause a reduction in performance.
    1. (context, computer hardware) The number of pixels in an image that are stored or displayed.
    This monitor's maximum resolution is 800x600.
    1. A formal statement adopted by an assembly.
    2. (science) The separation of the constituent parts (of a spectrum etc).
    3. (science) The degree of fineness of such a separation.
    4. (music) Progression from dissonance to consonance; a chord to which such progression is made.
    responsible Tweet Definition of responsible Like Definition of responsible on Facebook
    adjective
    1. answerable, Answerable for an act performed or for its consequences; accountable; amenable, especially legally or politically.
    Parent are for their child's behaviour.David Bynoe is responsible.''
    1. Capable of responding to any reasonable claim; able to answer reasonably for one's conduct and obligations; capable of rational conduct.
    2. Involving responsibility; involving a degree of personal accountability on the part of the person concerned.
    She has a position in the firm.
    1. Being a primary cause or agent of some event or action; capable of being credited for something, or of being held liable for something.
    Who is for this mess?
    1. Able to be trusted; reliable; trustworthy.
    He looks like a guide.
    restricted Tweet Definition of restricted Like Definition of restricted on Facebook
    adjective
    1. limited within bounds
    2. available only to certain authorized groups of people
    a area
    1. one of the classifications of the secrecy of an official document
    1. (grammar) qualified
      As cat in ginger cat
    revanche Tweet Definition of revanche Like Definition of revanche on Facebook
    noun
    1. revenge or retaliation
    2. the political policy of regaining lost territory
    revanchist Tweet Definition of revanchist Like Definition of revanchist on Facebook
    noun
    1. a revengeful person
    adjective
    1. advocating a policy of revanche
    revenue Tweet Definition of revenue Like Definition of revenue on Facebook
    noun
    1. the net gain before subtracting the loss.
    2. the money flowing into some government or administration cash by taxation
    revisionism Tweet Definition of revisionism Like Definition of revisionism on Facebook
    noun
    1. the advocacy of a revision of some accepted theory, doctrine or a view of historical events
    2. an evolutionary form of Marxism
    revolution Tweet Definition of revolution Like Definition of revolution on Facebook
    noun
    1. A political upheaval in a government or nation state characterized by great change.
    2. The removal and replacement of a government.
    3. The turning of an object around an axis.
    4. In the case of celestial body, celestial bodies - the traversal of one body through an orbit around another body.
    5. A sudden, vast change in a situation or discipline.
    revolutionary Tweet Definition of revolutionary Like Definition of revolutionary on Facebook
    noun (revolutionaries)
    1. A revolutionist; a person who revolts.
    adjective
    1. Of or pertaining to a revolution in government; tending to, or promoting, revolution; as, revolutionary war; revolutionary measures; revolutionary agitators.
    2. (advertising) pertaining to something that portends of great change; overthrowing a standing mindset
    3. (sciences) pertaining to something that revolves
    revolutionize Tweet Definition of revolutionize Like Definition of revolutionize on Facebook
    verb (revolutioniz, es)
    1. to radically or significantly change, as in a revolution
    rider Tweet Definition of rider Like Definition of rider on Facebook
    noun
    1. one who rides, often a horse or motorcycle
    2. (politics) a provision annexed to a bill under the consideration of a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill
    3. an amendment or addition to an entertainer's performance contract, often covering a performer's equipment or food, drinks, and general comfort requirements
    riding Tweet Definition of riding Like Definition of riding on Facebook
    noun
    1. Historically, one of the three administrative divisions of Yorkshire and some other northern county, counties.
    2. A path cut through woodland.
    3. (context, Canadian) Electoral district or constituency.
    verb
    1. (present participle of, ride)
    right Tweet Definition of right Like Definition of right on Facebook
    noun
    1. That which complies with justice, law or reason.
    ''We're on the side of in this contest.
    1. A legal or moral entitlement.
    You have no to talk to me like that!
    1. The right side or direction.
    The pharamcy is just on the past the bookshop.
    1. (context, Politics) The ensemble of right-wing political parties; political conservatives as a group.
    The political holds too much power.
    verb
    1. To correct
    Righting all the wrongs of the war will be impossible.
    1. To set upright
    The tow-truck righted what was left of the automobile.
    1. (intransitive) To return to normal upright position.
    When the wind died down, the ship righted.
    adjective
    1. (archaic) straight, Straight, not bent.
    2. Having reference to a straight line; perpendicular, forming a 90-degree angle.
    The kitchen counter formed a angle with the back wall.
    1. Complying with justice, correctness or reason; correct, just, true.
    I thought you'd made a mistake, but it seems you were all along.
    1. appropriate, Appropriate, perfectly suitable; fit for purpose.
    Is this the software for my computer?
    1. healthy, Healthy, sane, competent.
    I'm afraid my father is no longer in his mind.
    1. Designating the side of the body which is positioned to the east if one is facing north. This arrow points to the right: →
    After the accident, her leg was slighly shorter than her left.
    1. (archaic, sometimes used in titles) To a great extent or degree.
    Sir, I am glad to meet you...
    Members of the Queen's Privy Council are styled The Right Honourable for life.
    The Right Reverend Monsignor Guido Sarducci
    1. (context, Politics) Pertaining to the political right; conservative.
    adverb
    1. exactly, Exactly, precisely.
    The arrow landed in the middle of the target.
    Luckily we arrived at the start of the film.
    1. very, Very, extremely, quite.
    I made a stupid mistake there, didn't I?
      • Ann Hite, Ghost on Black Mountain,
      • : The fog was hard to see through so I was on Tom Pritchard before I saw him.
    right wing Tweet Definition of right wing Like Definition of right wing on Facebook
    noun
    1. (politics) the more right-wing faction of a group or party
    2. (sports) the right-hand side of a sports field
    3. (icehockey) the offensive player who plays to the center's right
    ripper Tweet Definition of ripper Like Definition of ripper on Facebook
    noun
    1. Something that rips (something).
    2. Someone who rips (something).
    3. A legislative bill or act that transfers powers of appointment from the usual holders to a chief executive or a board of officials.
    4. A murderer who kills and often mutilation, mutilates victims with a blade or similar sharp weapon.
    5. (context, mining) A hook-like tool used to tear away ore, rock, etc.
    6. (context, UK, slang) Something that is an excellent example of its kind.
    7. (computing) software, Software that extracts content from files or storage media.
    rooster Tweet Definition of rooster Like Definition of rooster on Facebook
    noun (plural:roosters)
    1. A male of domestic fowl.
    royal Tweet Definition of royal Like Definition of royal on Facebook
    noun
    1. (colloquial) A royal person; a member of a royal family.
    adjective
    1. Of or relating to a monarch or their family.
    2. Having the air or demeanour of a monarch.
    3. (nautical) In large sailing ships, of a mast right above the topgallant mast and its sails.
    • mast, sail
    royalty Tweet Definition of royalty Like Definition of royalty on Facebook
    noun (royalt, ies)
    1. a monarchs or other people of royal rank, plus their families, treated as a group
    2. the rank, status, power or authority of a monarch
    3. a royal right or prerogative, such as the exploitation of a natural resource; the granting of such a right; payment received for such a right
    4. (context, by extension) payment made to a writer, composer, inventor etc for the sale or use of intellectual property, invention etc.
    5. (context, poker, slang) A king and a queen as a starting hand in Texas hold 'em
    rump Tweet Definition of rump Like Definition of rump on Facebook
    noun
    1. the hindquarters of an animal; a cut of beef or veal from the rump
    2. the buttocks

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