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Glossary of Governance - Government Terms
beginning with letter F
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FAA Tweet Definition of FAA Like Definition of FAA on Facebook
initialism
  1. Federal Aviation Administration
  2. Federal Arbitration Act (9 USC 1)
Fabian Tweet Definition of Fabian Like Definition of Fabian on Facebook
noun
  1. A fabian socialist, a gradualist socialist; a member of the Fabian Society.
proper noun
  1. (given name, male) borne by an early pope, rare in English.
adjective
  1. Advocating that socialism be reached through a series of gradual and moderate reforms; believing in the slogan, The movement is everything, the goal is nothing; relating to the Fabian Society, a British socialist society advocating reformist socialism.
fascism Tweet Definition of fascism Like Definition of fascism on Facebook
noun
  1. A political regime based on strong centralized government, suppressing through violence any criticism or opposition of the regime, and exalting nation, state, or religion above the individual.
  2. A system of strong autocracy.
fascist Tweet Definition of fascist Like Definition of fascist on Facebook
noun
  1. A member of a fascist party.
  2. A proponent of fascism.
adjective
  1. Of or relating to fascism.
  2. Supporting the principles of fascism.
  3. (informal) Considered to be unfairly oppressive or needlessly strict.
I have a boss.
FBI Tweet Definition of FBI Like Definition of FBI on Facebook
initialism
  1. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  2. Fixed Bit Index.
  3. Federation of British Industry 1916-1965, forerunner of CBI (Confederation of British Industry).
FCC Tweet Definition of FCC Like Definition of FCC on Facebook
initialism
  1. Federal Communications Commission
federal Tweet Definition of federal Like Definition of federal on Facebook
noun
  1. A law-enforcement official of the FBI; short for federal agent.
adjective
  1. Pertaining to a league or treaty; derived from an agreement or covenant between parties, especially between nations.
  2. Pertaining to the national government level, as opposed to state, provincial, county, city, or town.
Federal Bureau of Investigation Tweet Definition of Federal Bureau of Investigation Like Definition of Federal Bureau of Investigation on Facebook
proper noun (uncountable)
  1. U.S. agency responsible for investigating and preventing crimes against the United States.
federate Tweet Definition of federate Like Definition of federate on Facebook
verb (federates, federating, federated)
  1. To unite in a federation
adjective
  1. federated, united in an alliance or federation
federation Tweet Definition of federation Like Definition of federation on Facebook
noun
  1. An array of nations or states that are unified under one central authority which is elected by its members.
  2. The act of joining several states into the federation. (Australia)
It is 106 years since .
adjective
  1. (Australian English) an architectural style popular around the time of federation.
We live in a house
Fifth Amendment Tweet Definition of Fifth Amendment Like Definition of Fifth Amendment on Facebook
noun
  1. The fifth amendment to the US constitution.
filibuster Tweet Definition of filibuster Like Definition of filibuster on Facebook
noun
  1. A freebooter, or mercenary soldier.
1890These duties involved prodigious physical and mental exertion, in a climate deadly to Europeans. They also involved much voyaging in waters haunted by filibusters and buccaneers. But nothing appears to daunt Labat. As for the filibusters, he becomes their comrade and personal friend; -- he even becomes their chaplain, and does not scruple to make excursions with them. " Lafcadio Hearn, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=350038885&tag=Hearn,+Lafcadio,+1850-1904.:+Two+Years+in+the+French+West+Indies,+1890&query=filibuster&id=HeaTwoY Two Years in the French West Indies.
  1. Delaying tactics, especially long, often irrelevant speeches given in order to delay progress or the making of a decision, especially on the floor of the US senate, Senate.
1919But as the case had dragged on interminably, and he believed, and the world believed, and the Canadians themselves knew, that they intended to and postpone as long as possible, he took the common-sense way to a settlement. " William Roscoe Thayer, Theodore Roosevelt: An Intimate Biography, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=616952574&tag=Thayer,+William+Roscoe:+Theodore+Roosevelt:+An+Intimate+Biography,+1919&query=filibuster&id=ThaTheo Chapter 11.
  1. A member of a legislative body causing such obstruction.
verb
  1. To take part in a private military action in a foreign country.
  2. To use obstructionist tactics in a legislative body.
firman Tweet Definition of firman Like Definition of firman on Facebook
noun
  1. A Royal decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states.
  • 2005: International Law And The Great War, Coleman Phillipson
:It will be noted that the title of Sultan was adopted partly because that of Khedive had been conferred by an Ottoman .
verb
  1. The third-person plural of firmar in the present indicative. (esbot:catline, person=third, count=plural, verb=firmar, tense=present, mood=indicative, ending=ar)
  2. (Latin American Spanish) The second-person plural of firmar in the present indicative. (esbot:catline, person=second, count=plural, verb=firmar, tense=present, mood=indicative, ending=ar)
(esbot:conjugation)      
First World War Tweet Definition of First World War Like Definition of First World War on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The war between the Allies, Allied and Central Powers between 1914 and 1918.
floater Tweet Definition of floater Like Definition of floater on Facebook
noun
  1. Anything that floats.
  2. An employee of a company who does not have fixed tasks to do but fills in wherever needed, usually when someone else is away.
  3. A threadlike speck in the visual field that seems to move, possibly caused by degeneration of the vitreous humour.
  4. An "extra" male at a dinner party, or a young friend of the hostess, whose assignment is to entertain the female guests.
  5. (insurance) A policy covering property at more than one location or which may be in transit.
  6. (police jargon) A floating corpse picked up from a body of water.
  7. (sports) An unaffiliated player.
  8. (surfing) A maneuver in which a surfer transitions above the unbroken face of the wave onto the lip, or on top of the breaking section of the wave.
  9. (vulgar) A piece of faeces that floats.
2004: He left a floater in the toilet. — poetry critical workshop http://poetry.tetto.org/read/11410/
  1. (two-up) A coin which does not spin when thrown in the air.
1998: In this section "floater" means a spin in which at least 1 of the coins does not turn over in the air at least once. — Queensland government Casino Gaming Amendment Rule (No. 2) 1998http://www.legislation.qld.gov.au/LEGISLTN/SLS/1998/98SL233.pdf
  1. Someone who attaches themselves to a group of people, much to the dismay of that group, and repeatedly shows up to participate in group activities despite attempts to get rid of, or "flush," that person.
floor Tweet Definition of floor Like Definition of floor on Facebook
noun
  1. The bottom or lower part of any room; the supporting surface of a room.
the room has a wooden floor
  1. The lower inside surface of a hollow space
the ocean floor
the floor of a cave
  1. A structure formed of beams, girders, etc, with proper covering, which divides a building horizontally into storeys/story, stories.
  2. The supporting surface or platform of a structure such as a bridge.
  3. A storey/story of a building.
live on the third floor
  1. In a parliament, the part of the house assigned to the members, as opposed to the viewing gallery.
  2. Hence, the right to speak at a given time in a legislative assembly.
the senator has the floor
be given the floor
  1. (nautical) That part of the bottom of a vessel on each side of the keelson which is most nearly horizontal.
  2. (mining) The rock underlying a stratified or nearly horizontal deposit.
  3. (mining) A horizontal, flat ore body.
  4. (mathematics) The largest integer less than or equal to a given number.
the floor of 4.5 is 4
foreign Tweet Definition of foreign Like Definition of foreign on Facebook
adjective
  1. From a different country.
foreign students
  1. Belonging to a different culture.
Eating with chopsticks was a foreign concept to him
  1. Of an object, etc, in a place where it does not belong.
foreign body
foreign affairs Tweet Definition of foreign affairs Like Definition of foreign affairs on Facebook
noun
  1. policy of a government in dealing with other country, countries or with activities overseas.
  2. a government office or department charged with handling relations with other countries.
foreign minister Tweet Definition of foreign minister Like Definition of foreign minister on Facebook
noun
  1. The cabinet official in charge of relationships with foreign nations. Secretary of State.
foreign policy Tweet Definition of foreign policy Like Definition of foreign policy on Facebook
noun
  1. A government's policy relating to matters beyond its own jurisdiction: usually relations with other nations and international organisation, international organisations.
  2. Used retrospectively, the sum of a leader or government's dealings and relations with other nations.
Bismarck's foreign policy.
franchise Tweet Definition of franchise Like Definition of franchise on Facebook
noun
  1. A right or privilege officially granted to a person or a company by a government; an acknowledgment of a corporation's existence and ownership.
  2. The authorization granted by a company to sell or distribute its goods or services in a certain area; the grantor or recipient of such authorization.
  3. A legal exemption from jurisdiction.
  4. The membership of a corporation or state; citizenship.
  5. The right of vote, voting at a public election.
  6. An excellent player in a team sport.
verb (franchis, es)
  1. (transitive) To confer certain powers on; grant a franchise to; authorize.
  2. (context, transitive, rare) To set free; invest with a franchise or privilege; enfranchise.
Person Franchise may refer to Jordan McPhee?. A basketball player from Canada.      
free Tweet Definition of free Like Definition of free on Facebook
noun
  1. (aussie-rules) Abbreviation of free kick.
2006: Whether deserved or not, the gave Cresswell the chance to cover himself in glory with a shot on goal after the siren. http://footballlegends.org/daryn_cresswell.htm
verb (free, d)
  1. (transitive) To make free; set at liberty; release; rid of that which confines, limits, embarrasses, or oppresses.
adjective (freer, freest)
  1. Not imprisoned or enslaved.
a man
  1. Obtainable without payment.
All drinks are
  1. (context, also, _, mathematics) unconstrained, Unconstrained.
He was given rein to do whatever he wanted
The group on three generators
  1. Unobstructed, without blockages.
the drain was
  1. Without obligations.
time
  1. (context, of, _, software) With very few limitations on distribution or improvement compared to proprietary software.
We set the rabbit
  1. Being absent from it.
We had a wholesome, filling meal, of meat
  1. (complang) Of identifiers, not bound.
  2. (mycology) Not attached to the stipe.
In this group of mushrooms, the gills are .
adverb
  1. (informal) In a way which is free, especially with regard to contraints or price.
I got this bike .
freedom Tweet Definition of freedom Like Definition of freedom on Facebook
noun
  1. The state of being free, of not being imprisoned or enslaved.
Having recently been released from prison, he didn't know what to do with his newfound .
  1. The state of being free, unconstrained; the lack of a specific constraint, or of constraints in general.
Freedom of speech is a basic democratic value.
Freedom to choose one's own destiny can be frightening.
Every child has a right to from fear and from want.
freedom fighter Tweet Definition of freedom fighter Like Definition of freedom fighter on Facebook
noun
  1. a person involved in armed conflict against an oppressive government etc; an insurgent, rebel or insurrectionist
freeman Tweet Definition of freeman Like Definition of freeman on Facebook
noun (freemen)
  1. A free man, one who is not a serf or slave.
  1. (archaic) A person awarded or inheriting the freedom, with any attached privileges, of a borough or city.
free speech Tweet Definition of free speech Like Definition of free speech on Facebook
noun
  1. the right to express an opinion in public without being restrained or censored
freeze Tweet Definition of freeze Like Definition of freeze on Facebook
noun
  1. A period of intensely cold weather.
  2. (curling) A precise draw weight shot where a delivered stone comes to a stand-still against a stationary stone, making it nearly impossible to knock out.
  3. (finance) A block on pay rises
verb (freezes, freezing, froze or rarely frore, frozen or rarely froren)
  1. (intransitive) To drop to a temperature below zero degrees celsius, where water turns to ice.
    • It didn't this winter, but last winter was very harsh.
      1. (context, intransitive, informal) To be very cold.
    • It's freezing in here!
      1. (intransitive) Especially of a liquid, to become solid due to low temperature.
    • The pond has frozen over.
    • Vodka won't in there, but beer will.
      1. (transitive) To lower something's temperature to the point that it freezes or becomes hard.
    • Don't meat twice.
      1. (intransitive) To become motionless.
    • The squirrel froze when it saw the hawk overhead.
front bench Tweet Definition of front bench Like Definition of front bench on Facebook
noun
  1. In the House of Commons, either of two benches nearest the floor of the chamber, one occupied by the members of the Cabinet and the other by the Shadow Cabinet.
  2. Those Member of Parliament, Members of Parliament occupying the front benches.
FTC Tweet Definition of FTC Like Definition of FTC on Facebook
initialism
  1. Federal Trade Commission (US)

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