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Glossary of Governance - Government Terms
beginning with letter O
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obstruction Tweet Definition of obstruction Like Definition of obstruction on Facebook
noun
obstructionist Tweet Definition of obstructionist Like Definition of obstructionist on Facebook
noun
  1. someone who systematically obstructs the actions of others
  2. someone who attempts to impede the progress of legislation
ochlocracy Tweet Definition of ochlocracy Like Definition of ochlocracy on Facebook
noun (ochlocracies)
  1. mob rule, Mob rule; government by the masses.
octarchy Tweet Definition of octarchy Like Definition of octarchy on Facebook
noun (octarchies)
  1. A government consisting of eight people
  2. An alliance of eight countries
office Tweet Definition of office Like Definition of office on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, office, office (building or room))
  1. A building or room where clerical or professional duties are performed.
  2. A bureau, an administrative unit of government.
  3. A position of responsibility of some authority within an organisation.
  4. ("good office") mediation, Mediation or help in resolve, resolving a dispute.
    • The UN Secretary General uses what is termed his "good offices" (generally meaning his prestige and the weight of the world community he represents) when he meets with world leaders, either publicly or privately, in an effort to prevent international disputes from developing, escalating or spreading.
      1. rite, ceremonial observance of social or religious nature
      2. religious service, especially a liturgy officiated by a Christian priest or minister
      3. major administrative division, notably in certain governmental administrations, either at ministry level (e.g. the British Home Office) or within or dependent on such a department
officeholder Tweet Definition of officeholder Like Definition of officeholder on Facebook
noun
  1. A person who holds an office, especially one appointed or elected to a public office; an incumbent
Old Bailey Tweet Definition of Old Bailey Like Definition of Old Bailey on Facebook
proper nounold, Old bailey, Bailey
  1. (London) a street in the City between Holborn circus and St Paul's Cathedral
  2. (London) the Central Criminal Court in this street
old guard Tweet Definition of old guard Like Definition of old guard on Facebook
noun
  1. A conservative, reactionary faction that is unwilling to accept new ideas
oligarch Tweet Definition of oligarch Like Definition of oligarch on Facebook
noun
  1. A member of an oligarchy, someone who is part of a small group that runs a country.
  2. A very rich person (especially in Russia).
oligarchic Tweet Definition of oligarchic Like Definition of oligarchic on Facebook
adjective
  1. of or pertaining to oligarchy
oligarchy Tweet Definition of oligarchy Like Definition of oligarchy on Facebook
noun (oligarch, ies)
  1. A government] by only a few, often the wealthy.
  2. Those who make up an oligarchic government.
  3. A state ruled by such a government.
OMB Tweet Definition of OMB Like Definition of OMB on Facebook
initialism
  1. Office of Management and Budget (US)
  2. Ontario Municipal Board (Canada)
ombudsman Tweet Definition of ombudsman Like Definition of ombudsman on Facebook
noun (ombudsmen)
  1. An appointed official whose duty is to investigate complaints, generally on behalf of individuals such as consumers or taxpayers, against institutions such as companies and government departments.
  2. A designated internal mediator in an organization whose duty is to assist members with conflict resolution and other problems and to serve as independent consultant to recommend changes to policies or procedures to improve organization effectiveness and efficiency.
omnibus Tweet Definition of omnibus Like Definition of omnibus on Facebook
noun
  1. (obsolete) A vehicle set up to carry many people (now usually called a bus).
  2. A book containing multiple individual works.
  3. A television programme/program consisting of all of the episodes of a soap opera that have been shown in the previous week.
adjective (no (compar) or (superl); used only before a noun)
  1. Containing multiple items.
The legislature enacted an appropriations bill.
  1. An edition of a radio programme consisting of all of the episodes of a soap opera that have been broadcast in the previous week.
The edition of "The Archers" is broadcast every Sunday morning at 11.00
  1. (philately) a stamp issue, usually commemorative, that appears simultaneously in several countries.
opposition Tweet Definition of opposition Like Definition of opposition on Facebook
noun
  1. (astronomy) The apparent relative position of two celestial bodies when one is at an angle of 180 degrees from the other.
  2. The action of opposing or of being in conflict.
  3. An opposite or contrasting position.
  4. An opponent in some form of competition.
  5. A political party opposed to the party or government in power.
  6. In United States intellectual property law, a proceeding in which an interested party seeks to prevent the registration of a trademark or patent.
order of the day Tweet Definition of order of the day Like Definition of order of the day on Facebook
noun
  1. the business to be done by a body (such as a legislature) on a particular day; an agenda
  2. the most significant aspect of something
White tie and tails are the .
organization Tweet Definition of organization Like Definition of organization on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) The quality of being organized.
This painting shows little organization at first glance, but little by little the structure becomes clear.
  1. (countable) A group of people or other legal entities with an explicit purpose and written rules.
In response to the crisis, the nations in the region formed an organization.
If you want to be part of this organization, you have to follow its rules.
  1. (countable) A group of people consciously cooperating.
Over time, the spontaneous movement had become an organization.
out Tweet Definition of out Like Definition of out on Facebook
noun
  1. A means of exit, escape, reprieve, etc.
They wrote the law to give those organizations an .
  1. (baseball) A state in which a member of the batting team is removed from play because the defending team threw the baseball past the batter three times in the strike zone, fielded a ball hit in the air, or fielded a ball hit to the ground and moved the ball to a defender blocking the runner's ability to move from base to base.
  2. (poker) A card which can make a hand a winner.
verb
  1. (transitive) To declare a person to be a homosexual, especially one who is reluctant for this information to be made public.
  2. (transitive) To declare a personal secret belonging to another person.
adjective
  1. Not at home.
Leave a message for me if I'm when you call.
  1. (context, cricket, baseball) Of a player, disqualified from playing further by some action of a member of the opposing team (such as being stump, stumped in cricket).
  2. Openly acknowledging one's homosexuality.
adverb
  1. away, Away from home, not indoors.
Let's eat tonight
  1. Away from; at a distance.
Keep !
  1. Away from the inside or the centre.
The magician pulled the rabbit of the hat.
  1. Into a state of non-operation; into non-existence.
Switch the lights .
Put the fire .
  1. Used to intensify or emphasize.
The place was all decked for the holidays.

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