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Glossary of Governance - Government Terms
beginning with letter C
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c. Tweet Definition of c. Like Definition of c. on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. (context, preposition) circa
The document was written in the Middle Ages, 1250.
  1. (context, noun) city
CAA Tweet Definition of CAA Like Definition of CAA on Facebook
initialism
  1. Court Appointed Attorney
CAB Tweet Definition of CAB Like Definition of CAB on Facebook
initialism
  1. Civil Aeronautics Board
  2. (UK) Citizen's advice bureau
  1. (Ireland) Criminal Assets Bureau. A government agency tasked with recovering the profits of criminal enterprise.
cabal Tweet Definition of cabal Like Definition of cabal on Facebook
noun
  1. A usually secret exclusive organization of individuals gathered for a nefarious purpose.
    • The is plotting to take over the world.
      1. A secret plot.
    • The to destroy the building was foiled by federal agents.
      1. An identifiable group within the tradition of w:Discordianism, Discordianism.
    • 1965 W:Gregory Hill (writer), Greg Hill and w:Kerry Thornley, Kerry Thornley, s:Principia Discordia, Principia Discordia
    • : Some episkoposes have a one-man . Some work together. Some never do explain.
cabinet Tweet Definition of cabinet Like Definition of cabinet on Facebook
noun
  1. A storage closet either separate from, or built into, a wall
  2. (historical) a size of photograph, specifically one measuring 3ž" by 5½"
  • 1891: Holmes took a note of it. "One other question," said he. "Was the photograph a ?" " Arthur Conan Doyle, "A Scandal In Bohemia" (Norton 2005 p.19)
    1. (archaic) A small chamber or private room
    2. A group of advisors to a government or business entity.
cabinet minister Tweet Definition of cabinet minister Like Definition of cabinet minister on Facebook
noun
  1. A politician who is a minister in the cabinet
cacique Tweet Definition of cacique Like Definition of cacique on Facebook
noun
  1. Originally a tribal chief in the Spanish West Indies.
  2. A local political leader in Latin America.
  3. Any of a number of tropical blackbirds from Central America and South America, family Icteridae.
cadastral Tweet Definition of cadastral Like Definition of cadastral on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, or relating to a cadastre
cadastre Tweet Definition of cadastre Like Definition of cadastre on Facebook
noun
  1. a public survey of land for the purpose of taxation
  2. a register of such surveys, showing details of ownership and value
cadre Tweet Definition of cadre Like Definition of cadre on Facebook
noun
  1. frame or framework
  2. (context, military) The framework or skeleton upon which a regiment is to be formed; the officers of a regiment forming the staff.
  3. Core of a managing group
Caesar Tweet Definition of Caesar Like Definition of Caesar on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An ancient Roman family name, notably that of w:Julius Caesar, Gaius Iulius Caesar
  2. A title of Roman emperors.
  3. (figuratively) The government; society; earthly powers.
Render therefore unto the things that are 's; and unto God the things that are God's.
calendar Tweet Definition of calendar Like Definition of calendar on Facebook
noun
  1. Any system by which time is divided into days, weeks, months, and years.
We currently use the Gregorian .
  1. A means to determine the date consisting of a document containing dates and other temporal information.
    • Write his birthday on the hanging on the wall.
      1. A list of planned events.
      The club has a busy this year.
verb
  1. To set a date for a proceeding in court, usually done by a judge at a calendar call.
The judge agreed to a hearing for pretrial motions for the week of May 15, but did not agree to the trial itself on a specific date.
caliph Tweet Definition of caliph Like Definition of caliph on Facebook
noun
  1. The political leader of the Muslim world, successor of Muhammad's political authority, not religious or spiritual
campaign Tweet Definition of campaign Like Definition of campaign on Facebook
noun
  1. a series of operations undertaken to achieve a set goal; as, an election campaign, a military campaign, an advertising campaign
The company is targeting children in their latest advertising .
verb
  1. (intransitive) to take part in a campaign
She campaigned for better social security.
Canton Tweet Definition of Canton Like Definition of Canton on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An alternative (former) name for Guangzhou in China.
  2. An alternative (former) name for Guangdong in China.
  3. A topographical surname of French or Galician derivation
canvass Tweet Definition of canvass Like Definition of canvass on Facebook
noun
  1. a solicitation of voters or opinions
  2. a public opinion survey
verb (canvass, es)
  1. to solicit voters or opinions
  2. to conduct a survey
capital Tweet Definition of capital Like Definition of capital on Facebook
noun
  1. A city designated as a legislative seat by the government or some other authority, often the city in which the government is located; otherwise the most important city within a country or a subdivision of it.
Washington D.C. is the of the United States of America.
The Welsh government claims that Cardiff is Europe"s youngest .
  1. (economics) money, Money and wealth. The means to acquire goods and services, especially in a non-barter system.
  2. An uppercase letter.
  3. (architecture) The uppermost part of a column.
adjective
  1. of prime importance
  2. (context, British) excellent
That is a idea!
  1. involving punishment by death
Not all felonies are crimes.
  1. uppercase
One begins a sentence with a letter.
capitol Tweet Definition of capitol Like Definition of capitol on Facebook
noun (plural:capitols)
  1. Temple of Jupiter in Rome.
  2. The building in Washington, D.C., where the Congress of the United States meets.
    The Capitol building is located smack-dab in the middle of the state Capital.
  3. A building or complex of buildings in which a state legislature meets.
captain Tweet Definition of captain Like Definition of captain on Facebook
noun
  1. An army officer with a rank between the most senior grade of lieutenant and major.
  2. A naval officer with a rank between commander and commodore.
  3. (nautical) The person lawfully in command of a sea-going vessel.
The captain is the last man to leave a sinking ship.
  1. The person lawfully in command of an airliner.
This is your captain speaking. Please fasten your safety belts.
  1. One of the athletes on a sports team who designated to make decisions, and is allowed to speak for his team with a referee or official.
  2. The leader of a group of workers.
John Henry said to the captain,"A man ain't nothing but a man."
Synonyms: supervisor, straw boss, foreman
  1. (American South) An honorific title given to a prominent person. See colonel.
verb
  1. (intransitive) To act as captain
  2. (transitive) To exercise command of a ship, aircraft or sports team.
care Tweet Definition of care Like Definition of care on Facebook
noun
  1. A concern or responsibility.
  • Care should be taken when holding babies.
I don't have a in the world.
  1. The career/subject of looking after people.
  2. Not looked after by parents or foster parents (in care).
verb (car, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To be concerned about, have an interest in.
I don't care what you think.
  1. (intransitive) To look after.
Young children can learn to care for a pet.
  1. (intransitive) To be mindful of.
  2. Polite or formal way to say want.
Would you for another cake?
Would you to dance?
cartel Tweet Definition of cartel Like Definition of cartel on Facebook
noun
  1. A group of businesses that collude to fix prices within an industry or market.
  2. An official agreement between governments at war, especially one concerning the exchange of prisoners
  3. (nautical) a ship used to negotiate with an enemy in time of war, and to exchange prisoners
catchpole Tweet Definition of catchpole Like Definition of catchpole on Facebook
noun
  1. An implement formerly used for seize, seizing and secure, securing a man who would otherwise be out of reach.
  2. A sheriff"s officer, usually one who arrests debtors.
  3. The game of tennis.
catechism Tweet Definition of catechism Like Definition of catechism on Facebook
noun
  1. a book, in question and answer form, summarizing the basic principles of Christianity
  2. a basic manual in some subject
  3. a set of questions designed to determine knowledge
caucus Tweet Definition of caucus Like Definition of caucus on Facebook
noun (pluralcaucuses)
  1. Appointment of or allocation of votes for presidential candidates within a party (United States).
  2. An area in the Eastern European Republic of Armenia.
cave Tweet Definition of cave Like Definition of cave on Facebook
noun
  1. A large, naturally occurring cavity formed underground, often in the face of a cliff or a hillside.
verb (cav, ing)
  1. To surrender.
He caved under pressure. I hate quitters.
  1. To collapse.
"First the braces buckled, then the roof began to , then we ran, before the roof became the floor."
CCC Tweet Definition of CCC Like Definition of CCC on Facebook
initialism
  1. Copyright Clearance Center
  2. Civilian Conservation Corps
CD Tweet Definition of CD Like Definition of CD on Facebook
initialism (pos_n)
  1. compact disk: A form of digital media that is based on the use of a laser to read from a plastic disc in a reader device known as a CD drive. It comes in several varieties including the CD-ROM (ROM=read-only memory) which cannot be written to except during manufacturing, the CD-R (recordable), which can be written to exactly once, and the CD-RW (re-writable), which can be written to as many times as one wishes (to a limit).
  2. Certificate of deposit: used by financial institutions
  3. Corps diplomatique: a decal found on automobiles to indicate diplomatic status
  4. Creative director: head of the creative department (e.g. advertising agencies)
  5. Corporate design: specific design features of a company, corporate identity CI
  6. Collision detection: used by an Ethernet network to detect when two computers are sending frames at the same time, and also to deal with such collisions when they happen
  7. circular dichroism
CEA Tweet Definition of CEA Like Definition of CEA on Facebook
initialism
  1. carcino embryonic antigen
cede Tweet Definition of cede Like Definition of cede on Facebook
verbto cede
  1. to give up, give way, give away
Henry decided to cede the province.
cell Tweet Definition of cell Like Definition of cell on Facebook
noun
  1. A component of an electrical battery.
This MP3 player runs on 2 AAA cells.
  1. A room in a prison for containing inmates.
The combatants spent the night in separate cells.
  1. A room in a monastery for sleeping one person.
Gregor Mendel must have spent a good amount of time outside of his .
  1. A small group of people forming part of a larger organization.
Those three fellows are the local of that organization.
  1. (meteorology) A small thunderstorm, caused by convection, that forms ahead of a storm front.
There is a powerful storm headed our way.
  1. (cytology) The basic unit of a living organism, surrounded by a cell membrane.
There is a virtual zoo of single organisms living in your mouth.
  1. (biology) An cavity in a structure such as a honeycomb or ovary.
The bee filled the with honey.
<!--this is a proper noun sense, and is encyclopedic
  1. (biology) the title of a scientific journal published by Wikipedia:Elsevier, Elsevier
It was published in Cell. ''-->
  1. (computing) The minimal unit of a cellular automaton that can change state and has an associated behavior.
The upper right always starts with the color green.
  1. (communication) A short, fixed-length packet as in Wikipedia:Asynchronous Transfer Mode, asynchronous transfer mode.
Virtual Channel number 5 received 170 cells.
  1. (communication) A region of radio reception that is a part of a larger radio network.
I get good reception in my home because it is near a tower.
  1. (context, US, informal) A cellular phone.
  2. (geometry) A three-dimensional facet of a polytope.
censor Tweet Definition of censor Like Definition of censor on Facebook
noun
  1. One who condemns or censors
  2. (historic) A Roman census administrator, also a judge of public behavior and morality
  3. An official responsible for the removal of objectionable or sensitive content
  4. (psychology) A hypothetical subconscious agency which filters unacceptable thought before it reaches the conscious
  5. (acronym) Censors Ensure No Secrets Over Radios
verb
  1. (transitive) To review in order to remove objectionable content
The man responsible for censoring films has seen some things in his time.
  1. (transitive) To remove objectionable content
census Tweet Definition of census Like Definition of census on Facebook
noun
  1. An official count of members of a population (not necessarily human,) usually residents or citizens in a particular region, often done at regular intervals.
verb (census, es)
  1. The act of collecting a census.
cento Tweet Definition of cento Like Definition of cento on Facebook
noun (pl=centos or (obsolete) centones)
  1. A hotchpotch, a mixture; especially a piece made up of quotations from other authors.
    • 2007: Paradise Lost, as Teskey observes, is a , a vast echo chamber of classical texts, all twisted into new shapes. " William Poole, "Out of his Furrow", London Review of Books 29:3, p. 16
Central Powers Tweet Definition of Central Powers Like Definition of Central Powers on Facebook
proper nouncentral, Central powers, Powers
  1. the countries of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey (or the Ottoman Empire) and Bulgaria who fought against the Allies in World War I
cession Tweet Definition of cession Like Definition of cession on Facebook
noun
  1. That which is ceded. Insurance: (part of) a risk which is transferred from one actor to another.
The reinsurance company accepted a 25% from the direct insurer.
  1. The transfer of a personal claim from a cedent to a cessionary.
CFR Tweet Definition of CFR Like Definition of CFR on Facebook
initialism
  1. Code of Federal Regulations
  2. Council on Foreign Relations
challenge Tweet Definition of challenge Like Definition of challenge on Facebook
noun
  1. An instigation or antagonization intended to convince a person to perform an action they otherwise would not.
  2. A difficult task.
  3. A judge's interest in the result of the case for which he or she should not be allowed to sit the case.
Consanguinity in direct line is a for a judge when he or she is sitting cases.
verb (challeng, ing)
  1. To invite someone to take part in a competition.
  2. To dare someone.
  3. To dispute something.
  4. To make a formal objection to a juror.
chamber Tweet Definition of chamber Like Definition of chamber on Facebook
noun
  1. A room, especially one used primarily for sleeping; bedroom, sleeping room.
    • 1845, w:Edgar Allen Poe, Edgar Allen Poe, s:The Raven, The Raven,
    • : Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
      Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
      While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
      As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my door.
      1. An enclosed space. For example, a test chamber is typically a closable case where devices under test are placed.
      2. In a firearm, this is the portion of the weapon that holds the ammunition round immediately prior to (and during initiation of) its discharge.
      Dianne loaded a cartridge into the of the rifle, then prepared to take aim at the target.
      1. One of the legislative bodies in a government where multiple such bodies exist, or a single such body in comparison to others.
      The resolution, which speedily passed the Senate, was unable to gain a majority in the lower .
verb
  1. To enclose in a room.
She had chambered herself in her room, and wouldn't come out.
  1. To place in a chamber, as a round of ammunition.
The hunter fired at the geese and missed, then shrugged his shoulders and chambered another cartridge.
  1. To create or modify a gun to be a specific caliber.
The rifle was originally chambered for 9MM, but had since been modified for a larger, wildcat caliber.
chancellor Tweet Definition of chancellor Like Definition of chancellor on Facebook
noun
  1. A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction.
chancellorship Tweet Definition of chancellorship Like Definition of chancellorship on Facebook
noun
  1. the status of being a chancellor
chancery Tweet Definition of chancery Like Definition of chancery on Facebook
noun
  1. In England, formerly, the highest court of judicature next to the Parliament, exercising jurisdiction at law, but chiefly in equity; but under the jurisdiction act of 1873 it became the chancery division of the High Court of Justice, and now exercises jurisdiction only in equity.
  2. In the Unites States, a court of equity; equity; proceeding in equity.
charter Tweet Definition of charter Like Definition of charter on Facebook
noun
  1. a document issued by some authority, creating a public or private institution, and defining its purposes and privileges
  2. a similar document conferring rights and privileges on a person, corporation etc
  3. a contract for the commercial leasing of a vessel, or space on a vessel
  4. the temporary hiring or leasing of a vehicle
  5. a deed
adjective
  1. leased or hired
chauvinism Tweet Definition of chauvinism Like Definition of chauvinism on Facebook
noun
  1. Excessive patriotism, eagerness for national superiority; jingoism.
  2. Unwarranted bias, favoritism, or devotion to one's own particular group, cause, or idea.
Feminists say that male is still prevalent in cultures worldwide.
CIA Tweet Definition of CIA Like Definition of CIA on Facebook
initialism
  1. Central Intelligence Agency
  2. Cleveland Institute of Art
  3. Culinary Institute of America
  4. Circuit Interactive Analyzer
circle Tweet Definition of circle Like Definition of circle on Facebook
noun
  1. (geometry): A two-dimensional geometric figure, a line, consisting of the set of all those points in a plane that are equally distant from another point.
The set of all points (x, y) such that <math>(x-1)^2 + y^2 = r^2 </math> is a of radius r around the point (1, 0).
  1. A two-dimensional geometric figure, a disk, consisting of the set of all those points of a plane at a distance less than or equal to a fixed distance from another point.
  2. Any thin three-dimensional equivalent of the geometric figures.
Put on your dunce-cap and sit down on that .
  1. A curve that more or less forms part or all of a circle.
move in a
  1. Orbit.
  2. A specific group of persons.
inner
of friends
  1. (cricket) A line comprising two semicircles of 30 yds radius centred on the wickets joined by straight lines parallel to the pitch used to enforce field restrictions in a one-day match.
verb (circl, ing)
  1. (transitive) To travel around along a curved path.
  2. (transitive) To surround.
  3. (transitive) To place or mark a circle around.
Circle the jobs that you are interested in applying for.
  1. (intransitive) To travel in circles.
Vultures circled overhead.
citizen Tweet Definition of citizen Like Definition of citizen on Facebook
noun
  1. A person that is a legally recognized resident of a city, state or a country.
  2. A national of a country without a monarch as the head of state
citizenship Tweet Definition of citizenship Like Definition of citizenship on Facebook
noun
  1. The status of being a citizen.
City Tweet Definition of City Like Definition of City on Facebook
proper nounthe City
  1. (London) popular, shortened form for City of London, the financial and commercial centre of London
  2. (London) the site of the original Roman Londinium
city council Tweet Definition of city council Like Definition of city council on Facebook
noun
  1. A governing body of people elected to oversee management of a city and represent the interests of residents.
civic Tweet Definition of civic Like Definition of civic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having to do with a city or the people who live there.
Thousands of people came to the Civic Center to show off their pride.
civil Tweet Definition of civil Like Definition of civil on Facebook
adjective
  1. Having to do with people and government office as opposed to the military or religion.
She went into civil service because she wanted to help the people.
  1. Behaving in a reasonable or polite manner.
It was very civil of him to stop the argument.
civil disobedience Tweet Definition of civil disobedience Like Definition of civil disobedience on Facebook
noun
  1. The active refusal to obey certain laws, demands, or commands (which are pointless or detrimental) of an established authority, without resorting to physical violence.
civil servant Tweet Definition of civil servant Like Definition of civil servant on Facebook
noun
  1. A person employed in the civil service; a government employee
civil service Tweet Definition of civil service Like Definition of civil service on Facebook
noun
  1. In parliamentary forms of government, the branches of government that are not military, legislative or judicial, but work to apply its laws and regulations
  2. the body of civilian employees of any level of government, not subject to political appointment and removal, normally hired and promoted largely on the basis of competitive examination.
He's got a steady job in .
classification Tweet Definition of classification Like Definition of classification on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of forming into a class or classes; a distribution into groups, as classes, orders, families, etc., according to some common relations or affinities.
cloakroom Tweet Definition of cloakroom Like Definition of cloakroom on Facebook
noun
  1. A room, in a public building such as a theatre, where coats and other belongings may be left temporarily.
  2. A room where luggage may be left, for example in an airport.
  3. A private lounge next to a legislative chamber.
  4. lavatory, toilet
closure Tweet Definition of closure Like Definition of closure on Facebook
noun
  1. an event or occurence that signifies an ending
  2. a feeling of completeness; the experience of an emotional conclusion, usually to a difficult period
  3. (computing): an abstraction that represents a function within an environment, a context consisting of the variables that are both bound variable, bound at a particular time during the execution of the program and that are within the function's scope
  4. (mathematics): the smallest object that both includes the object as a subset and possesses some given property
cloture Tweet Definition of cloture Like Definition of cloture on Facebook
noun
  1. (legal):In legislative assemblies that permit unlimited debate (Filibuster); a motion, procedure or rule, by which debate is ended so that a vote may be taken on the matter. For example, in the United States Senate, a three-fifths majority vote of the body is required to invoke cloture and terminate debate.
CM Tweet Definition of CM Like Definition of CM on Facebook
initialism