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Glossary of Governance - Government Terms
beginning with letter G
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gauleiter Tweet Definition of gauleiter Like Definition of gauleiter on Facebook
noun
  1. (historical) An official in charge of a district of Nazi Germany.
  2. Any overbearing or unpleasant official, especially a local official.
    • 1973: Five minutes later, Martland and his gauleiters canter in and whisk poor Hockbottle off to the Cottage Hospital of evil fame. " Kyril Bonfiglioli, Don't Point That Thing at Me (Penguin 2001, p. 30)
GCC Tweet Definition of GCC Like Definition of GCC on Facebook
initialism
  1. originally stood for "GNU C Compiler", but now stands for "GNU Compiler Collection".
    A collection of compilers for C, C++, Fortran, etc. The compilers aim to be first and foremost standards-compliant and correct. This differs from other compilers many of which are developed by commercial companies and specialised to show off their hardware or software. Java support (GCJ) is a new and not yet robust.
    1. w:Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Gulf Cooperation Council
general election Tweet Definition of general election Like Definition of general election on Facebook
noun
  1. An election, usually held at regular intervals, in which candidates are elected in all or most constituencies of a nation
gentleman Tweet Definition of gentleman Like Definition of gentleman on Facebook
noun (gentlemen)
  1. A man of breeding or higher class.
  2. A polite term referring to a man.
Please direct this to the menswear department.
  1. (context, in plural only) A polite form of address to a group of men.
Follow me, gentlemen.
  1. (gentlemen's) Toilets intended for use by men.
gentlewoman Tweet Definition of gentlewoman Like Definition of gentlewoman on Facebook
noun (Plural:gentlewomen)
  1. (context, obsolete) A woman of the nobility
Quotations
: "Gentlewoman: Since his majesty went into the field, I have seen her rise from her bed, throw her night-gown upon...", from w:Macbeth, Macbeth by w:William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare.
gerontocracy Tweet Definition of gerontocracy Like Definition of gerontocracy on Facebook
noun
  1. government by old people.
gerrymander Tweet Definition of gerrymander Like Definition of gerrymander on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of gerrymandering.
By this iniquitous practice, which is known as the , the party in a minority in each State is allowed to get only about one-half or one-quarter of its proper share of representation.
  1. A voting district skewed by gerrymandering.
Any citizen looking at a map of district 12 could immediately tell that it was a because of the ridiculous way it cut across 4 counties while carving up neighborhoods in half.
verb (wikipedia, gerrymandering)
  1. (transitive) To divide a geographic area into voting districts in such a way as to give an unfair advantage to one party in an election.
  2. (transitive, by extension) To draw dividing lines for other types of districts in an unintuitive way to favor a particular group or for other perceived gain.
The superintendent helped the school district lines in order to keep the children of the wealthy gated community in the better school all the way across town.
Gov. Tweet Definition of Gov. Like Definition of Gov. on Facebook
abbreviation
  1. (title) Governor
govern Tweet Definition of govern Like Definition of govern on Facebook
verb
  1. (transitive) To make and administer the public policy and affairs of; to exercise sovereign authority in.
  2. (transitive) To control the actions or behavior of; to keep under control; to restrain.
Govern yourselves like civilized people.
a student who could not his impulses.
  1. (transitive) To exercise a deciding or determining influence on.
Chance usually governs the outcome of the game.
  1. (transitive) To control the speed, flow etc. of; to regulate.
a valve that governs fuel intake.
  1. (intransitive) To exercise political authority; to run a government.
  2. (intransitive) To have or exercise a determining influence.
governance Tweet Definition of governance Like Definition of governance on Facebook
noun
  1. the process, or the power, of governing; government or administration
  2. the specific system by which a political system is ruled
  3. the group of people who make up an administrative body
  4. the state of being governed
In business, governance is the accountability for: consistent, cohesive policies, processes and decision rights.      
government Tweet Definition of government Like Definition of government on Facebook
noun
  1. the body with the power to make and/or enforce laws for a country, land area, people, or organization.
  2. a group of people who hold a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in a given territory.
  3. the state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.
  4. the management or control of a system.
  5. the tenure of a chief of state.
governor Tweet Definition of governor Like Definition of governor on Facebook
noun
  1. The leader of a region or state that is a member of a federation or an empire. In Roman Empire, Rome, they were endorsed by the emperor and appointed by the Senate. In the modern United States, they are elected by the people of that state.
  2. A device which regulates or controls some action of a machine through automatic feedback.
  3. (informal) father
  4. (informal) boss, employer
GPU Tweet Definition of GPU Like Definition of GPU on Facebook
initialism
  1. Graphics Processing Unit
Grand Duchy Tweet Definition of Grand Duchy Like Definition of Grand Duchy on Facebook
noun
  1. A dominion or nation ruled by an grand duke or grand duchess as a self-governing state. See also: duchy
grand duke Tweet Definition of grand duke Like Definition of grand duke on Facebook
noun
  1. ruler or monarch of a Grand Duchy, grand duchy
  2. son or grandson of a czar (emperor) of the Russian Empire. (A more literal translation of the Russian would be "grand prince".)
grant-in-aid Tweet Definition of grant-in-aid Like Definition of grant-in-aid on Facebook
noun
  1. The giving of national funds to subsidize a local or regional project
  2. Providing funds to an institution (such as a school) or person to subsidize a specific project or activity, such as a scholarship
grass roots Tweet Definition of grass roots Like Definition of grass roots on Facebook
noun
  1. (idiom) People and society at the local level rather than at the national centre of political activity
  2. The essential foundation or source of something
Great War Tweet Definition of Great War Like Definition of Great War on Facebook
proper nounThe great, Great war, War
  1. World War I
Green Tweet Definition of Green Like Definition of Green on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A common English surname; either a topographic name for someone who lived near a village green, or was just fond of the colour
Green Party Tweet Definition of Green Party Like Definition of Green Party on Facebook
proper noun the
  1. The particular green party of a country.
gubernatorial Tweet Definition of gubernatorial Like Definition of gubernatorial on Facebook
adjective
  1. Related to a governor.
gynecocracy Tweet Definition of gynecocracy Like Definition of gynecocracy on Facebook
noun
  1. A society ruled by women.

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