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Glossary of Biochemistry Terms
beginning with letter R
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R Tweet Definition of R Like Definition of R on Facebook
noun
  1. The eighteenth letter of the Appendix:Roman script, English alphabet, preceded by Q and followed by S.
abbreviation
  1. (context, US politics) Republican
    1. (film certification) restricted
    2. reverse
    3. right (as opposed to left)
    4. (context, handbells) ring
    5. (context, baseball, cricket) The statistic reporting the number of runs scored by a player
    6. Thursday
recognize Tweet Definition of recognize Like Definition of recognize on Facebook
verb (recogniz, ing)
  1. (transitive) To match something or someone which one currently perceives to a memory of some previous encounter with the same entity.
  2. (transitive) Acknowledge the existence or legality of something.; treat as worthy of consideration or valid.
  3. (transitive) Acknowledge or consider as something.
  4. (transitive) Realize or discover the nature of something; apprehend quality in; realize or admit that.
  5. Give an award.
restriction enzyme Tweet Definition of restriction enzyme Like Definition of restriction enzyme on Facebook
noun
  1. (genetics) An endonuclease that catalyzes double-strand cleavage of DNA containing a specific sequence.
retinol Tweet Definition of retinol Like Definition of retinol on Facebook
noun
  1. A fat-soluble carotenoid vitamin (vitamin A), present in fish oils and green vegetables, essential to normal vision and to bone development.
reverse transcriptase Tweet Definition of reverse transcriptase Like Definition of reverse transcriptase on Facebook
noun
  1. A polymerase that catalyzes the formation of DNA from RNA; found in retroviruses.
rhamnose Tweet Definition of rhamnose Like Definition of rhamnose on Facebook
noun
  1. a methyl-pentose, 6-deoxy-L-mannose, which occurs in the leaves and flowers of poison ivy and is a constituent of many plant glycosides
riboflavin Tweet Definition of riboflavin Like Definition of riboflavin on Facebook
noun
  1. (vitamin) Yellow or orange-yellow water-soluble compound, a member of the vitamin B complex, that acts as a growth-promoting factor in humans and other animals.
ribonuclease Tweet Definition of ribonuclease Like Definition of ribonuclease on Facebook
noun
  1. (enzyme) Any of a group of enzymes which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ribonucleic acid.
ribonucleic acid Tweet Definition of ribonucleic acid Like Definition of ribonucleic acid on Facebook
noun (abbreviationRNA)
  1. A derivative of DNA having ribose in place of deoxyribose, and uracil in place of thymine; its primary function is in the transcription of genetic material and subsequent synthesis of protein.
ribose Tweet Definition of ribose Like Definition of ribose on Facebook
noun
  1. (carbohydrate) A naturally occurring pentose sugar, which is a component of the nucleosides and nucleotides that comprise the nucleic acid biopolymer, RNA. It is also found in riboflavin.

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