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Glossary of Biochemistry Terms
beginning with letter C
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calcitonin Tweet Definition of calcitonin Like Definition of calcitonin on Facebook
noun
  1. (hormone) thyrocalcitonin
camp Tweet Definition of camp Like Definition of camp on Facebook
noun
  1. An outdoor place acting as temporary accommodation in tents or other temporary structures.
  2. An organised event, often taking place in tents or temporary accommodation.
  3. A base of a military group, not necessarily temporary.
  4. A group of people with the same ideals or political leanings, strongly supported.
  5. An affect, affected, exaggerate, exaggerated or intentionally tasteless style.
verb
  1. To live in a tent or similar temporary accommodation.
We're planning to in the field until Sunday.
  1. To stay in an advantageous location in a first-person shooter game, for example, next to a power-up or to guard an area.
The easiest way to win on this map is to the double damage.
Go and the flag for the win.
  1. To behave in a camp manner.
Don't up your performance of Malvolio in Twelfth Night this time.
  1. (gay slang) To troll for sexual partners.
Looks like he's going to for some hot bois tonight.
  1. (gay slang) To chat up a guy in the hopes of getting him into bed.
You should that cute guy.
adjective ((compar) camper, (superl) campest)
  1. theatrical, Theatrical; making exaggerated gestures.
  2. (context, of a gay man) Ostentatiously effeminate.
  3. Intentionally tasteless or vulgar, self-parodying.
carotenoid Tweet Definition of carotenoid Like Definition of carotenoid on Facebook
noun
  1. (organic chemistry) Any of a class of yellow to red plant pigments including the carotenes and xanthophylls.
adjective
  1. (organic chemistry) Of, or relating to such a class of pigments.
cascade Tweet Definition of cascade Like Definition of cascade on Facebook
noun
  1. A waterfall or series of small waterfalls
Now murm'ring soft, now roaring in . -Cawper
  1. (figuratively) A stream or sequence of a thing or things occurring as if falling like a cascade.
The rise in serotonin levels sets off a of chemical events — Richard M. Restak, The Secret Life of the Brain, Joseph Henry Press, 2001
  1. A series of electrical components, the output of any one being connected to the input of the next; See also daisy chain
verb (cascad, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To fall as a waterfall or series of small waterfalls.
  2. To occur as a causal sequence.
  3. (archaic) (slang) To vomit.
casein Tweet Definition of casein Like Definition of casein on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A proteid substance present in both the animal and the vegetable kingdom found in milk or in the seeds of leguminous plants.
catalase Tweet Definition of catalase Like Definition of catalase on Facebook
noun
  1. An enzyme found in the liver that catalyses the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen.
category:Enzymes      
catecholamine Tweet Definition of catecholamine Like Definition of catecholamine on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) any of a class of aromatic amines derived from pyrocatechol that are hormones produced by the adrenal gland
cephalin Tweet Definition of cephalin Like Definition of cephalin on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) a phospholipid found particularly in the cells of nervous tissue; it is also the primary phospholipid in bacteria
cetin Tweet Definition of cetin Like Definition of cetin on Facebook
noun
  1. the white, waxy constituent of spermaceti
chemosynthesis Tweet Definition of chemosynthesis Like Definition of chemosynthesis on Facebook
noun
  1. the production of carbohydrates and other compounds from simple compounds such as carbon dioxide, using the oxidation of chemical nutrients as a source of energy rather than sunlight; it is limited to certain bacteria and fungi
chitin Tweet Definition of chitin Like Definition of chitin on Facebook
noun
  1. (carbohydrate) A complex polysaccharide, a polymer of N-acetylglucosamine, found in the exoskeletons of arthropods and in the cell walls of fungi; thought to be responsible for some forms of asthma in humans.
chlorophyll Tweet Definition of chlorophyll Like Definition of chlorophyll on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of a group of green pigments that are found in the chloroplasts of plants and in other photosynthetic organisms such as cyanobacteria
cholesterol Tweet Definition of cholesterol Like Definition of cholesterol on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A sterol lipid synthesized by the liver and transported in the bloodstream to the membranes of all animal cells; it plays a central role in many biochemical processes and, as a lipoprotein that coats the walls of blood vessels, is associated with cardiovascular disease.
cholic acid Tweet Definition of cholic acid Like Definition of cholic acid on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) a steroidal bile acid, C24H40O5, derived from cholesterol
choline Tweet Definition of choline Like Definition of choline on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A hydroxy quaternary ammonium compound with formula (methyl, CH3)3Nitrogen, N+methylene, CH2methylene, CH2hydroxyl, OHX. It is an essential nutrient for cardiovascular and brain health and for cell membrane formation. Discovered by Andreas Strecker in 1862.
chymotrypsin Tweet Definition of chymotrypsin Like Definition of chymotrypsin on Facebook
noun
  1. An endopeptidase enzyme that cleaves peptides at the carboxyl side of tyrosine, tryptophan, and phenylalanine amino acids.
category:Enzymes      
COA Tweet Definition of COA Like Definition of COA on Facebook
initialism
  1. Court of Appeals
coagulate Tweet Definition of coagulate Like Definition of coagulate on Facebook
verb (coagulat, ing)
  1. To cause to congeal, to convert from a liquid to a semisolid mass.
In cheese making Rennet causes milk to into curds that become cheese.
  1. (intransitive) To become coagulated, congealed
coenzyme Tweet Definition of coenzyme Like Definition of coenzyme on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) Any small molecule that is necessary for the functioning of an enzyme.
coenzyme A Tweet Definition of coenzyme A Like Definition of coenzyme A on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A coenzyme, formed from pantothenic acid and adenosine triphosphate, that is necessary for fatty acid synthesis and metabolism.
cofactor Tweet Definition of cofactor Like Definition of cofactor on Facebook
noun
  1. a contributing factor
  1. (biochemistry) a substance, especially a coenzyme or a metal, that must be present for an enzyme to function
  2. (mathematics) the result of a number being divided by one of its factors
collagen Tweet Definition of collagen Like Definition of collagen on Facebook
noun
  1. a glycoprotein that forms elongated fibers, usually found in the extracellular matrix of connective tissue
complex Tweet Definition of complex Like Definition of complex on Facebook
noun (pl=complexes)
  1. A problem.
  2. A collection of buildings with a common purpose, such as a university or military base.
  3. A psychologically based dislike or fear of a particular thing.
Jim has a real complex about working for a woman boss.
  1. A thunderstorm that forms when two storm fronts collide.
  2. (chemistry) A structure consisting of a central atom or molecule weakly connected to surrounding atoms or molecules.
verbto complex (intransitive)
  1. (chemistry) To form a complex with another substance
adjective (wikipedia, complex number)
((
compar) more complex, (superl) most complex)
  1. Made up of multiple parts; intricate or detailed.
  2. Not simple or straightforward.
  3. (mathematics) Of a number, of the form a + bi, where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of −1.
function
  1. (geometry) A curve, polygon or other figure that crosses or intersects itself.
concrescence Tweet Definition of concrescence Like Definition of concrescence on Facebook
noun
  1. the growing together and merging of like or unlike separate parts or particles
2. (art) the juxtapositioning of dissimilar forms or devices that are harmonized at their point of intersection into hybrid transitional shapes or designs. Any emphasis or modification of these transitional forms that are used in the creation of designs and new forms      
corticosteroid Tweet Definition of corticosteroid Like Definition of corticosteroid on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) Any of a group of steroid hormones, secreted by the adrenal cortex, that are involved in a large range of physiological systems.
  2. (context, steroid, pharmacology) Any of several synthetic hormones of related structure.
corticosterone Tweet Definition of corticosterone Like Definition of corticosterone on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) A corticosteroid hormone, produced in the adrenal glands, involved in metabolism.
cortisone Tweet Definition of cortisone Like Definition of cortisone on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) A corticosteroid hormone, closely related to corticosterone, that functions (with adrenaline) to combat stress.
cyanocobalamin Tweet Definition of cyanocobalamin Like Definition of cyanocobalamin on Facebook
noun
  1. (vitamin) cobalmin.
cysteine Tweet Definition of cysteine Like Definition of cysteine on Facebook
noun
  1. (amino acid) A sulphur-containing nonessential amino acid C3H7NO2S found in most animal proteins; it readily oxidizes to cystine.
cystine Tweet Definition of cystine Like Definition of cystine on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) a nonessential amino acid formed by the oxidation of cysteine; it contains two cycteine residues linked by a disulfide bond
cytosine Tweet Definition of cytosine Like Definition of cytosine on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A base, C4H5N3O, which pairs with guanine in DNA and RNA.

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