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Glossary of Biochemistry Terms
beginning with letter D
Browse the Biochemistry Glossary
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D Tweet Definition of D Like Definition of D on Facebook
noun
  1. a grade awarded for a class, better than outright failure (which can be F or E depending on the institution) and worse than a C
proper noun
  1. (snooker) The semicircle on the baulk line, inside which the cue ball must be placed at a break-off
abbreviation
  1. Defense
  2. (US politics) Democrat
  3. Deny
  4. Divorced
  5. Down
  6. Drive
  7. Dutch language.
=      
denature Tweet Definition of denature Like Definition of denature on Facebook
verb (denatures, denaturing, denatured, denatured)
  1. to take away a natural characteristic or inherent property of a thing or a person
  2. (in reference to alcohol) to add something that makes alcohol unsuitable for consumption but leaves the alcohol suitable for other purposes
    • While you cannot drink denatured alcohol, you can still use it to remove sticker glue from most surfaces.
deoxycorticosterone Tweet Definition of deoxycorticosterone Like Definition of deoxycorticosterone on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) A steroid hormone, produced in the adrenal cortex; sometimes manufactured synthetically for use in cases of adrenal insufficiency.
deoxyribose Tweet Definition of deoxyribose Like Definition of deoxyribose on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A derivative of the pentose sugar ribose in which the 2' hydroxyl (-OH) is reduced to a hydrogen (H); it is a constituent the nucleotides that comprise the biopolyer, deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA.
detoxification Tweet Definition of detoxification Like Definition of detoxification on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of remove, removing toxins.
dextrin Tweet Definition of dextrin Like Definition of dextrin on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) a range of polymers of glucose, intermediate in complexity between maltose and starch, produced by the enzymatic hydrolysis of starch; used commercially as adhesives
dextrose Tweet Definition of dextrose Like Definition of dextrose on Facebook
noun
  1. the naturally-occuring dextrorotatory form of glucose
DHA Tweet Definition of DHA Like Definition of DHA on Facebook
initialism
  1. DocosaHexaenoic? Acid
dialytic Tweet Definition of dialytic Like Definition of dialytic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to dialysis
diastase Tweet Definition of diastase Like Definition of diastase on Facebook
noun
  1. (enzyme) Any one of a group of enzymes which catalyses the breakdown of starch into maltose; mostly amylase
digest Tweet Definition of digest Like Definition of digest on Facebook
noun
  1. That which is digested; especially, that which is worked over, classified, and arranged under proper heads or titles
  2. A compilation of statutes or decisions analytically arranged; a summary of laws.
Comyn's Digest
the United States Digest
  1. Any collection of articles, as an Internet mailing list "digest" including a week's postings, or a magazine arranging a collection of writings.
Reader's Digest is published monthly.
verb (rfc-level, Verb at L4+ not in L3 POS section)
  1. (transitive) To distribute or arrange methodically; to work over and classify; to reduce to portions for ready use or application.
to laws
  1. (transitive) To separate (the food) in its passage through the alimentary canal into the nutritive and nonnutritive elements; to prepare, by the action of the digestive juices, for conversion into blood; to convert into chyme.
  2. (transitive) To think over and arrange methodically in the mind; to reduce to a plan or method; to receive in the mind and consider carefully; to get an understanding of; to comprehend.
  3. (context, transitive, chemistry) To soften by heat and moisture; to expose to a gentle heat in a boiler or matrass, as a preparation for chemical operations.
  4. (intransitive) To undergo digestion; as, food digests well or ill.
dinucleotide Tweet Definition of dinucleotide Like Definition of dinucleotide on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) any molecule consisting primarily of two nucleotide units
dipeptide Tweet Definition of dipeptide Like Definition of dipeptide on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) an organic compound formed from two amino acids joined by a peptide bond
dopamine Tweet Definition of dopamine Like Definition of dopamine on Facebook
noun
  1. (neurotransmitter) A neurotransmitter associated with movement, attention, learning, and the brain's pleasure and reward system.
dopaminergic Tweet Definition of dopaminergic Like Definition of dopaminergic on Facebook
adjective
  1. The quality of containing, involving, or transmitting dopamine.
The nucleus accumbens is one of the most studied nuclei in the system.
  1. The quality of being related to dopamine.
category:Neuroscience
category:Neurotransmitters

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