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Glossary of Biochemistry Terms
beginning with letter G
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galactosamine Tweet Definition of galactosamine Like Definition of galactosamine on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) an amino derivative of the sugar galactose; found in glycolipids and in mucopolysaccharides
gamma globulin Tweet Definition of gamma globulin Like Definition of gamma globulin on Facebook
noun , ╬│-globulin
  1. a fraction of blood serum containing the most antibody, antibodies.
  2. a class of protein, proteins in the blood, identified by their position after w:serum protein electrophoresis, serum protein electrophoresis. The most significant gamma globulins are antibodies.
gel Tweet Definition of gel Like Definition of gel on Facebook
noun
  1. A semi-solid to almost solid colloid of a solid and a liquid, such as jelly, cheese or opal.
  2. Any intended for a particular cosmetic use, such as for styling the hair.
verb (gell, ing)
  1. (transitive) To apply (cosmetic) to (the hair, etc).
  2. (intransitive) To become a .
genetic engineering Tweet Definition of genetic engineering Like Definition of genetic engineering on Facebook
noun
  1. the deliberate modification of the genetic structure of an organism
ghost Tweet Definition of ghost Like Definition of ghost on Facebook
noun
  1. (obsolete) The spirit; the soul of man.
Then gives her grieved thus to lament. — Spenser
  1. The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death; an apparition; a specter.
The mighty ghosts of our great Harrys rose. — Shakespeare.
I thought that I had died in sleep/And was a blessed . — Coleridge
  1. Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image; a phantom; a glimmering.
not a of a chance
the of an idea
Each separate dying ember wrought its upon the floor. — Poe
  1. A false image formed in a telescope, camera, or other optical device by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.
  2. An unwanted image similar to and overlapping or adjacent to the main one on a television screen, caused by the transmitted image being received both directly and via reflection.
  3. A ghostwriter.
gibberellin Tweet Definition of gibberellin Like Definition of gibberellin on Facebook
noun
  1. (hormone) Any of a class of diterpene plant growth hormones first isolated from the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi.
gliadin Tweet Definition of gliadin Like Definition of gliadin on Facebook
noun
  1. A minor protein (along with gluten and glutelin) in wheat; it may cause a toxic reaction in some people.
globulin Tweet Definition of globulin Like Definition of globulin on Facebook
noun
  1. (protein) A protein found in blood and various other structures; one of the two parts of hÝŽmoglobin.
glucocorticoid Tweet Definition of glucocorticoid Like Definition of glucocorticoid on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) Any of a group of steroid hormones, produced by the adrenal cortex, that are involved in metabolism and have anti-inflammatory properties.
glucosamine Tweet Definition of glucosamine Like Definition of glucosamine on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of polysaccharides such as chitin; it is marketed as a dietary supplement supposedly to reduce the symptoms of arthritis
glucose Tweet Definition of glucose Like Definition of glucose on Facebook
noun
  1. A simple monosaccharide sugar with the formula C6H12O6 which is a principal source of energy for most living things.
glutamic acid Tweet Definition of glutamic acid Like Definition of glutamic acid on Facebook
noun
  1. (amino acid) A nonessential amino acid, ╬~+mn~-amino-glutaric acid, occurring widely in animal and plant tissues; the salt, monosodium glutamate is used as a flavour-enhancing seasoning.
glutamine Tweet Definition of glutamine Like Definition of glutamine on Facebook
noun
  1. (amino acid) A nonessential amino acid C5H10N2O3 found in most animal and plant proteins.
glutelin Tweet Definition of glutelin Like Definition of glutelin on Facebook
noun
  1. A minor protein (along with gluten and gliadin) in wheat
glycine Tweet Definition of glycine Like Definition of glycine on Facebook
noun
  1. (amino acid) A nonessential amino acid, amino-acetic acid, C2H5NO2 found in most proteins but especially in sugar cane; the simplest amino acid.
glycogen Tweet Definition of glycogen Like Definition of glycogen on Facebook
noun
  1. (carbohydrate) A polysaccharide that is the main form of carbohydrate storage in animals; converted to glucose as needed.
glycolipid Tweet Definition of glycolipid Like Definition of glycolipid on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) an association of a carbohydrate and a phospholipid, such as phosphatidylinositol, found in cell membranes
glycolysis Tweet Definition of glycolysis Like Definition of glycolysis on Facebook
noun
  1. (biology) The cellular degradation of the simple sugar glucose to yield ATP as an energy source.
glycoprotein Tweet Definition of glycoprotein Like Definition of glycoprotein on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A protein with covalently bonded carbohydrates
glycosaminoglycan Tweet Definition of glycosaminoglycan Like Definition of glycosaminoglycan on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) any polysaccharide that ia a polymer of amino sugars; they are the carbohydrate units of proteoglycans
glycoside Tweet Definition of glycoside Like Definition of glycoside on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, organic chemistry, biochemistry) A molecule in which a sugar group is bound to a non-sugar group by a nitrogen or oxygen atom. They yield a sugar after undergoing hydrolysis.
glycuronic acid Tweet Definition of glycuronic acid Like Definition of glycuronic acid on Facebook
noun
  1. (obsolete),(chemistry) any uronic acid
GMP Tweet Definition of GMP Like Definition of GMP on Facebook
initialism
  1. guanosine monophosphate (guanylic acid)
  2. Good Manufacturing Practices
(wikipedia, Good Manufacturing Practice) category:Biochemistry      
gonadotropin Tweet Definition of gonadotropin Like Definition of gonadotropin on Facebook
noun
  1. any of a group of protein hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the pituitary gland of vertebrates
guanine Tweet Definition of guanine Like Definition of guanine on Facebook
noun
  1. (chemistry) A substance obtained from guano, found in the liver and other tissues of animals; as a base it pairs with cytosine in DNA and RNA.
guanosine Tweet Definition of guanosine Like Definition of guanosine on Facebook
nounguanoosine
  1. (biochemistry),(genetics) a nucleoside derived from guanine and ribose
guanylic acid Tweet Definition of guanylic acid Like Definition of guanylic acid on Facebook
noun (abbreviated as GMP)
  1. (biochemistry) the nucleotide guanosine monophosphate formed during protein synthesis

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