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Glossary of Biochemistry Terms
beginning with letter E
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elastase Tweet Definition of elastase Like Definition of elastase on Facebook
noun
  1. An endopeptidase enzyme involved in the breakdown of elastin.
category:Enzymes      
elastin Tweet Definition of elastin Like Definition of elastin on Facebook
noun
  1. (protein) A protein, similar to collagen, found in connective tissue that has elastic properties.
endoenzyme Tweet Definition of endoenzyme Like Definition of endoenzyme on Facebook
noun
  1. (enzyme) Any enzyme that functions within the cell in which it was generated.
endogenous Tweet Definition of endogenous Like Definition of endogenous on Facebook
adjective
  1. produced, originating or growing from within
  2. of a disease, caused by factors within the body
endonuclease Tweet Definition of endonuclease Like Definition of endonuclease on Facebook
noun
  1. (enzyme) Any enzyme which catalyzes the cleavage of nucleic acids so as to produce variously sized fragments.
endopeptidase Tweet Definition of endopeptidase Like Definition of endopeptidase on Facebook
noun
  1. (enzyme) Any of a group of enzymes, such as trypsin, chymotrypsin, pepsin and elastase, which catalyze the splitting of polypeptide chains.
endorphin Tweet Definition of endorphin Like Definition of endorphin on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) Any of a group of peptide hormones found in the brain that act as neurotransmitters and have properties similar to morphine.
endotoxin Tweet Definition of endotoxin Like Definition of endotoxin on Facebook
noun
  1. Any toxin secreted by a microorganism and released into the surrounding environment only when it dies
enzymatic Tweet Definition of enzymatic Like Definition of enzymatic on Facebook
adjective
  1. of, relating to, or caused by enzymes
enzyme Tweet Definition of enzyme Like Definition of enzyme on Facebook
noun
  1. (biochemistry) A globular protein that catalysis, catalyses a biological chemical reaction.
EPA Tweet Definition of EPA Like Definition of EPA on Facebook
initialism
  1. w:Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Protection Agency
epinephrine Tweet Definition of epinephrine Like Definition of epinephrine on Facebook
noun
  1. (hormone) adrenaline, Adrenaline: a catecholamine hormone secreted by the adrenal gland in response to stress (when it stimulates the autonomic nervous system); used medicinally as a heart stimulant, vasoconstrictor and bronchial relaxant.
  2. (neurotransmitter) A neurotransmitter which is synthesized from norepinephrine.
ergosterol Tweet Definition of ergosterol Like Definition of ergosterol on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, steroid hormone, mycology) The steroid precursor of vitamin D2. It is found in cell membranes of fungi, and is their functional equivalent of cholesterol. It is also found in the membranes of some protists.
essential amino acid Tweet Definition of essential amino acid Like Definition of essential amino acid on Facebook
noun
  1. (amino acid) Those of the naturally occurring amino acids, that the human body cannot synthesize, and so must be provided by dietary protein.
estrogen Tweet Definition of estrogen Like Definition of estrogen on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) Any of a group of steroids that are secreted by the ovaries and function as female sex hormones.
estrogenic Tweet Definition of estrogenic Like Definition of estrogenic on Facebook
adjective
  1. (steroid) Of, relating to, or acting like estrogen.
  2. (medicine) Causing estrus.
estrone Tweet Definition of estrone Like Definition of estrone on Facebook
noun
  1. (steroid hormone) An estrogenic hormone excreted by the ovaries; sometimed manufactured synthetically for use in cases of estrogen deficiency.
exoenzyme Tweet Definition of exoenzyme Like Definition of exoenzyme on Facebook
noun
  1. (enzyme) Any enzyme, generated by a cell, that functions outside of that cell.
exogenous Tweet Definition of exogenous Like Definition of exogenous on Facebook
adjective
  1. (biology) produced or originating outside of an organism
  2. (medicine) of a disease: having an external cause
exopeptidase Tweet Definition of exopeptidase Like Definition of exopeptidase on Facebook
noun
  1. (enzyme) Any of a group of enzymes which catalyze the removal of a single amino acid from the end of a polypeptide chain.
exotoxin Tweet Definition of exotoxin Like Definition of exotoxin on Facebook
noun
  1. Any toxin secreted by a microorganism into the surrounding environment

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