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Glossary of Animal Behavior Terms
beginning with letter B
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bleat Tweet Definition of bleat Like Definition of bleat on Facebook
noun
  1. The characteristic cry of a sheep or a goat.
verb
  1. Of a sheep or goat, to make its characteristic cry.
  2. (informal) Of a person, to complain.
The last thing we need is to hear them bleating to us about organizational problems.
bond Tweet Definition of bond Like Definition of bond on Facebook
noun
Evidence of a long-term debt, by which the bond issuer (the borrower) is obliged to pay interest when due, and repay the principal at maturity, as specified on the face of the bond certificate. The rights of the holder are specified in the bond indenture, which contains the legal terms and conditions under which the bond was issued. Bonds are available in two forms: registered bonds, and bearer bonds.
  1. A documentary obligation to pay a sum or to perform a contract; a debenture.
Many say that government and corporate bonds are a good investment to balance against a portfolio consisting primarily of stocks.
  1. A physical connection which binds, a band; often plural.
The prisoner was brought before the tribunal in iron bonds.
  1. An emotional link, connection or union.
They had grown up as friends and neighbors, and not even vastly differing political views could break the of their friendship.
  1. (context, chemistry) A link or force between neighbouring atoms in a molecule.
Organic chemistry primarily consists of the study of carbon bonds, in their many variations.
  1. A binding agreement, a covenant.
Herbert resented his wife for subjecting him to the bonds of matrimony; he claimed they had gotten married while drunk.
  1. A sum of money paid as bail or surety.
The bailiff released the prisoner as soon as the was posted.
  1. Any constraining or cementing force or material.
A of superglue adhered the teacups to the ceiling, much to the consternation of the cafe owners.
  1. (context, construction) In building, a specific pattern of bricklaying.
  2. In Scotland, a mortgage.
verb
  1. (transitive) To connect, secure or tie with a bond; to bind.
The gargantuan ape was bonded in iron chains and carted onto the stage.
  1. (transitive) To cause to adhere (one material with another).
The children bonded their snapshots to the scrapbook pages with mucilage.
  1. (context, transitive, chemistry) To form a chemical compound with.
Under unusual conditions, even gold can be made to bond with other elements.
  1. (transitive) To guarantee or secure a financial risk.
The contractor was bonded with a local underwriter.
  1. To form a friendship or emotional connection.
The men had bonded while serving together in Vietnam.
  1. (transitive) To put in a bonded warehouse.
  2. (context, transitive, construction) To lay bricks in a specific pattern.
  3. (context, transitive, electricity) To make a reliable electrical connection between two conductors (or any pieces of metal that may potentially become conductors).
A house's distribution panel should always be bonded to the grounding rods via a panel bond.
breach Tweet Definition of breach Like Definition of breach on Facebook
noun
  1. The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiry concerning Human Understanding. Section 3. ยง 12.
    • : But were the poet to make a total difression from his subject, and introduce a new actor, nowise connected with the personages, the imagination, feeling a in transition, would enter coldly into the new scene;
      1. Specifically: A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a breach of contract; a breach of promise.
      2. A gap or opening made by breaking or battering, as in a wall or fortification; the space between the parts of a solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture.
      3. A breaking up of amicable relations; rupture.
      4. A breaking of waters, as over a vessel or a coastal defence; the waters themselves; surge; surf.
    • 1719: w:Daniel Defoe, Daniel Defoe, w:Robinson Crusoe, Robinson Crusoe
    • : I cast my eye to the stranded vessel, when, the and froth of the sea being so big, I could hardly see it, it lay so far of; and considered, Lord! how was it possible I could get on shore.
      1. A breaking out upon; an assault.
      2. (archaic) A bruise; a wound.
      3. (archaic) A hernia; a rupture.
verb (breach, es)
  1. (intransitive) To break (in the above senses)
  2. (intransitive) (nautical, of the sea), to break into a ship or into a coastal defence
  3. (intransitive) (context, of a whale) to leap clear out of the water
brood parasite Tweet Definition of brood parasite Like Definition of brood parasite on Facebook
noun
  1. animal that leaves its eggs in the nest of others to be raised.
bugle Tweet Definition of bugle Like Definition of bugle on Facebook
noun
  1. (music) a simple brass instrument consisting of a horn with no valves, playing only pitches in its harmonic series
  2. the often cultivated plant Lamiaceae, lamiaceae
  3. anything shaped like a bugle, round or conical and having a bell on one end
verb (bugl, ing)
  1. to announce, sing, or cry in the manner of a musical bugle
bunt Tweet Definition of bunt Like Definition of bunt on Facebook
noun
  1. The middle part, cavity, or belly of a sail; the part of a furled sail which is at the center of the yard.
The of the sail was green.
  1. (baseball) A ball that has been intentionally hit softly, sometimes with a hands-spread batting stance or with a close-hand, choked-up hand position. No swinging action is involved.
The was fielded cleanly.
  1. (baseball) The act of bunting
The manager will likely call for a here.
  1. (aviation) The second half of an outside loop, from level flight to inverted flight.
burrow Tweet Definition of burrow Like Definition of burrow on Facebook
noun
  1. A tunnel or hole, often as dug by a small creature.
verb
  1. To dig a tunnel or hole.
butt Tweet Definition of butt Like Definition of butt on Facebook
noun
  1. The rear end of an animal or human; rear end.
  2. (slang) The buttocks; used as a euphemism, less objectionable than arse/[[ass
    • Get up off your and get to work.
      1. (slang) Body; self.
    • Get your to the car.
    • We can't chat today. I have to get my to work before I'm late.
      1. The larger or thicker end of anything; the blunt end, in distinction from the sharp end; as, the butt of a rifle. Formerly also spelled but.
      2. A limit; a bound; a goal; the extreme bound; the end.
    • 1604, William Shakespeare, Othello, Act V, Scene II, line 267.
    • :Here is my journey's end, here is my / And very sea-mark of my utmost sail.
      1. A mark to be shot at; a target.
    • 1598, William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act I, Scene II, line 186.
    • :To which is fixed, as an aim or ...
    • 1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 37.
    • :The inhabitants of all cities and towns were ordered to make butts, and to keep them in repair, under a penalty of twenty shillings per month, and to exercise themselves in shooting at them on holidays.
      1. A piece of land left unplowed at the end of a field.
      2. A person at whom ridicule, jest, or contempt is directed; as, the butt of the company.
      3. A push, thrust, or sudden blow, given by the head of an animal; as, the butt of a ram.
      4. A thrust in fencing.
      5. (lacrosse) The plastic or rubber cap used to cover the open end of a lacrosse stick's shaft in order to prevent injury.
      6. The portion of a half-coupling fastened to the end of a hose.
      7. The end of a connecting rod or other like piece, to which the boxing is attached by the strap, cotter, and gib.
      8. (context, mechanical) A joint where the ends of two objects come squarely together without scarfing or chamfering; " also called a butt joint.
      9. (context, carpentry) A kind of hinge used in hanging doors, etc.; so named because fastened on the edge of the door, which butts against the casing, instead of on its face, like the strap hinge; also called butt hinge.
      10. (context, shipbuilding) The joint where two planks in a strake meet.
      11. (context, leather trades) The thickest and stoutest part of tanned oxhides, used for soles of boots, harness, trunks.
      12. The hut or shelter of the person who attends to the targets in rifle practice.
      13. (context, English units) An English measure of capacity for liquids, containing 126 wine gallon]s; [[equivalent to the pipe.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, p. 205.
    • : Again, by 28 Hen. VIII, cap. 14, it is re-enacted that the tun of wine should contain 252 gallons, a of Malmsey 126 gallons, a pipe 126 gallons, a tercian or puncheon 84 gallons, a hogshead 63 gallons, a tierce 41 gallons, a barrel 31.5 gallons, a rundlet 18.5 gallons. "
      1. A wooden cask for storing wine, usually containing 126 gallons.
    • 1611, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act II, Scene II, line 121.
    • : ...I escap'd upon a of sack which the sailors heav'd o'erboard...
verb (butts, butting, butted, butted)
  1. To strike bluntly, particularly with the head.

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