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Glossary of High Fidelity - Sound Systems Terms
beginning with letter C
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capstan Tweet Definition of capstan Like Definition of capstan on Facebook
noun (plural: capstans)
  1. A vertical cleated drum or cylinder, revolving on an upright spindle, and surmounted by a drumhead with sockets for bars or levers. It is much used, especially on shipboard, for moving or raising heavy weights or exerting great power by traction upon a rope or cable, passing around the drum. It is operated either by steam power or by a number of men walking around the capstan, each pushing on the end of a lever fixed in its socket.
     
cartridge Tweet Definition of cartridge Like Definition of cartridge on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, firearms) The package consisting of the bullet, primer, and casing containing gunpowder; a round of ammunition.
  2. (A general sense that arose by extension from the sense of firearm cartridge) A prefabricated subassembly that can be easily installed in or removed from a larger mechanism or replaced with another interchangeable subassembly.
  3. (computing) A vessel which contains the ink or toner for a computer printer and can be easily replaced with another.
  4. (computing) Magnetic tape storage, used for storing (backup) copies of data.
  5. (obsolete) A small paper package, e.g. in an old book about making printer's type: After all the type has been cast: "The Boy will paper up each sort in a by itself".
     
cassette Tweet Definition of cassette Like Definition of cassette on Facebook
noun 
  1. A small flat case containing magnetic tape on two reels, used to record and play back audio and video material.
  2. Any similar small cartridge, such as for a computer disk.
  3. (photography) A lightproof container for photographic film.
  4. (genetics) A modular DNA sequence encoding one or more genes for a single biochemical function.
  5. (bicycle part) A set of sprockets mounted onto a splined shaft on the freehub.
<gallery>
Image:CassetteTypes1.jpg, audio cassettes
Image:Famicom ROM cassette.jpg, ROM cassette
Image:Tessina Film.jpg, film cassette
Image:SRAM cassette.jpg, bicycle cassette
</gallery>      
CD Tweet Definition of CD Like Definition of CD on Facebook
initialism (pos_n)
  1. compact disk: A form of digital media that is based on the use of a laser to read from a plastic disc in a reader device known as a CD drive. It comes in several varieties including the CD-ROM (ROM=read-only memory) which cannot be written to except during manufacturing, the CD-R (recordable), which can be written to exactly once, and the CD-RW (re-writable), which can be written to as many times as one wishes (to a limit).
  2. Certificate of deposit: used by financial institutions
  3. Corps diplomatique: a decal found on automobiles to indicate diplomatic status
  4. Creative director: head of the creative department (e.g. advertising agencies)
  5. Corporate design: specific design features of a company, corporate identity CI
  6. Collision detection: used by an Ethernet network to detect when two computers are sending frames at the same time, and also to deal with such collisions when they happen
  7. circular dichroism
     
channel Tweet Definition of channel Like Definition of channel on Facebook
noun 
  1. The physical confine of a river or slough, consisting of a bed and banks.
''The water coming out of the waterwheel created a standing wave in the .
  1. The natural or man-made deeper course through a reef, bar, bay, or any shallow body of water.
A was dredged to allow ocean-going vessels to reach the city.
  1. The navigable part of a river.
We were careful to keep our boat in the .
  1. A narrow body of water between two land masses.
The English Channel lies between France and England.
  1. (electronics) A connection between initiate, initiating and terminate, terminating nodes of a circuit.
The guard-rail provided the between the downed wire and the tree.
  1. (electronics) The narrow conducting portion of a MOSFET transistor.
    1. (communication) The part that connects a data source to a data sink.
    A stretches between them.
    1. (communication) A path for conveying electrical or electromagnetic signals, usually distinguished from other parallel paths.
    We are using one of the 24 channels.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via physical separation, such as by multipair cable.
    The is created by bonding the signals from these four pairs.
    1. (communication) A single path provided by a transmission medium via spectral or protocol separation, such as by frequency or time-division multiplexing.
    Their call is being carried on 6 of the T-1 line.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies, usually in conjunction with a predetermined letter, number, or codeword, and allocated by international agreement.
    KNDD is the at 107.7 MHz in Seattle.
    1. (context, broadcasting) A specific radio frequency or band of frequencies used for transmitting television.
    NBC is on 11 in San Jose.
    1. (context, storage) The portion of a storage medium, such as a track or a band, that is accessible to a given reading or writing station or head.
    This chip in this disk drive is the device.
    1. (context, technic) The way in a turbine pump where the pressure is built up.
    The liquid is pressurized in the lateral .
verb 
  1. To direct the flow of something.
We will the traffic to the left with these cones.
  1. To assume the personality of another person, typically a historic figure, in a theatrical or paranormal presentation.
When it is my turn to sing Karaoke, I am going to Ray Charles.
     
Chip Tweet Definition of Chip Like Definition of Chip on Facebook
noun See chip proper noun 
  1. A male given name.
verb See chip      
coaxial Tweet Definition of coaxial Like Definition of coaxial on Facebook
adjective 
  1. (geometry) Having a common central axis.
     
crossover Tweet Definition of crossover Like Definition of crossover on Facebook
noun 
  1. A place where one thing cross, crosses over another.
  2. The means by which the crossing is made.
  3. (w:genetics, genetics) the result of the exchange of genetic material during meiosis.
  4. A blend of multiple style, styles of music, intended to appeal to a wider audience.
  5. An automobile that is a mix of two kinds of automobiles, i.e. the w:Pontiac_Torrent, Pontiac Torrent.
  6. (railroading) A pair of switches and a short, diagonal length of track which together connect two parallel tracks and allow passage between them.
     

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