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Glossary of Biographic Terms
beginning with letter L
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Lafayette Tweet Definition of Lafayette Like Definition of Lafayette on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. w:Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (1757 " 1834), a French aristocrat who is considered a national hero in both France and the United States for his participation in the French and American revolutions.
  2. A large city in Louisiana, USA, named for the Marquis de La Fayette.
     
lake Tweet Definition of lake Like Definition of lake on Facebook
noun 
  1. Large, landlocked, naturally occurring stretch of water.
  2. In dyeing and painting, an often fugitive crimson or vermillion pigment derived from an organic colorant (cochineal or madder, for example) and an inorganic, generally metallic mordant.
  3. (In the plural) an area characterised by its many lakes; e.g., the English Lake District is often shortened to The Lakes.
  4. a, A large amount of liquid: a wine lake.
verb 
  1. to present an offering (obsolete)
  2. to leap, jump, exert oneself, play (mainly dialectal)
     
lam Tweet Definition of lam Like Definition of lam on Facebook
noun 
  1. Used in the expression on the lam to mean that a person is fleeing law enforcement, possibly in hiding.
     
lamas Tweet Definition of lamas Like Definition of lamas on Facebook
noun 
  1. (plural of, lama)
     
lamb Tweet Definition of lamb Like Definition of lamb on Facebook
noun 
  1. A young sheep, of up to one year of age.
  2. The flesh of a lamb used as food.
  3. (figuratively) A person who is meek, docile and easily led.
verb 
  1. (intransitive) Of a sheep, to give birth.
  2. (context, transitive, or, intransitive) To assist (sheep) to give birth.
The shepherd was up all night, lambing her young ewes.
     
land Tweet Definition of land Like Definition of land on Facebook
noun 
  1. The part of Earth which is not covered by oceans or other bodies of water.
  2. Real estate or landed property; a partitioned and measurable area which is owned and on which buildings can be erected.
  3. A country or region.
  4. Ground that is suitable for farming.
  5. (Ireland / Colloquial) a fright.
He got an awful when the police arrived.
verb 
  1. (intransitive) To descend to a surface, especially from the air.
The plane is about to .
  1. (intransitive) To come into rest.
  2. (intransitive) To arrive at land, especially a shore, or a dock, from a body of water.
  3. (transitive) To bring to land.
It can be tricky to a helicopter.
Use the net to the fish.
  1. (transitive) To acquire; to secure.
  2. (transitive) To deliver.
adjective 
  1. Of or relating to land.
  2. Residing or growing on land.
     
landau Tweet Definition of landau Like Definition of landau on Facebook
noun 
  1. a type of lightweight, four-wheeled carriage in which the front and back passenger seats face each other
  • 1891: Away they went, and I was just wondering whether I should not do well to follow them, when up the lane came a neat little , the coachman with his coat only half-buttoned, and his tie under his ear, while all the tags of his harness were sticking out of the buckles. " Arthur Conan Doyle, "A Scandal In Bohemia" (Norton 2005 p.23)
    1. a style of automobile which is based around the idea of landau carriages
     
lang Tweet Definition of lang Like Definition of lang on Facebook
noun 
  1. (form of, Abbreviation, language)
     
Langer Tweet Definition of Langer Like Definition of Langer on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a family name; of the family of the tall man
     
Lansing Tweet Definition of Lansing Like Definition of Lansing on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. Any number of towns in the USA, see
     
Laplace Tweet Definition of Laplace Like Definition of Laplace on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Pierre-Simon Laplace)
  1. (mathematics) Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician 1749-1827, used attributively in the names of various mathematical concepts named after him (see "Derived terms" below)
     
lasso Tweet Definition of lasso Like Definition of lasso on Facebook
noun (pl2=lassoes)
  1. A long rope with a sliding loop on one end, generally used in ranching to catch cattle and horses.
  2. (computing) An image editing function for drawing a line around an object.
verb (lasso, es)
  1. to catch with a lasso
     
laud Tweet Definition of laud Like Definition of laud on Facebook
noun 
  1. Praise or glorification.
  2. A hymn of praise.
  3. (in plural, sometimes Lauds) a prayer service following matins
verb 
  1. (intransitive) To praise, to glorify.
     
lauder Tweet Definition of lauder Like Definition of lauder on Facebook
noun 
  1. One who lauds.
     
laurel Tweet Definition of laurel Like Definition of laurel on Facebook
noun 
  1. An evergreen shrub, of the genus Laurus (L. nobilis), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their axils; -- called also sweet bay. The fruit is a purple berry. It is found about the Mediterranean, and was early used by the ancient Greeks to crown the victor in the games of Apollo. At a later period, academic honors were indicated by a crown of laurel, with the fruit. The leaves and tree yield an aromatic oil, used to flavor the bay water of commerce.
Note: The name is extended to other plants which in some respect resemble the true laurel.
  1. A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; -- especially in the plural; as, to win laurels.
  2. An English gold coin made in 1619, and so called because the king's head on it was crowned with laurel
     
laver Tweet Definition of laver Like Definition of laver on Facebook
noun 
  1. A red alga of the genus Porphyra.
     
Law Tweet Definition of Law Like Definition of Law on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an English surname
  2. a diminutive of Lawrence
     
lawman Tweet Definition of lawman Like Definition of lawman on Facebook
noun (lawmen)
  1. An officer of the law, such as a sheriff or marshal.
     
Lawrence Tweet Definition of Lawrence Like Definition of Lawrence on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male), a spelling variant of Laurence.
     
laxness Tweet Definition of laxness Like Definition of laxness on Facebook
noun 
  1. The property of being lax, lacking strictness.
    There was a certain in safety preparations that made the fire worse.
     
Lazarus Tweet Definition of Lazarus Like Definition of Lazarus on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (New Testament) A man, the brother of Mary and Martha, brought back to life by Jesus after being in the tomb for four days.
    1. (New Testament) A beggar in a parable told by Jesus Christ.
  2. (given name, male, ) A male given name.
verb (Lazarus, es)
  1. To rescue a dying person.
  2. To raise from the dead.
     
Lea Tweet Definition of Lea Like Definition of Lea on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, female), latinized form of Leah.
     
leaf Tweet Definition of leaf Like Definition of leaf on Facebook
noun (leaves)
  1. An organ of a plant typically divided into a flattened portion (the blade) and a narrow stalk (the petiole) and serving as the principal site of photosynthesis and transpiration.
  2. Anything resembling the leaf of a plant.
  3. A sheet of any substance beaten or rolled until very thin.
gold leaf
  1. A sheet of a book, magazine, etc (consisting of two pages, one on each face of the leaf).
  2. (in plural leaves) tea leaf, Tea leaves.
  3. A flat section used to extend the size of a table.
  4. (context, computing, mathematics) In a tree, a node that has no descendants.
verb 
  1. (intransitive) To produce leaves; put forth foliage.
     
lean Tweet Definition of lean Like Definition of lean on Facebook
verb (leans, leaning, leant or leaned)
  1. To hang outwards.
  2. To press against.
adjective (lean, er)
  1. (context, of a person) slim; not fleshy.
  2. (context, of meat) having little fat.
  3. Having little extra or little to spare.
a budget
  1. Of a fuel-air mixture, having more air than is necessary to burn all of the fuel; more air- or oxygen- rich than necessary for a stoichiometric reaction.
     
lecky Tweet Definition of lecky Like Definition of lecky on Facebook
noun 
  1. (slang) electricity
     
Lee Tweet Definition of Lee Like Definition of Lee on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English topographic surname for someone who lived near a meadow
  2. A surname of Chinese origin, a variant of Li (See: æ).
  3. (given name, male) derived from the surname,or a nickname for names such as Leo and Leroy
  4. (given name, female) popular in conjoined names such as Lee Ann or Mary Lee.
  5. Various place names
  6. A river in Co. Cork, Ireland.
     
leech Tweet Definition of leech Like Definition of leech on Facebook
noun 
  1. An aquatic blood-sucking annelid of class Hirudinea, especially Hirudo medicinalis.
  2. A person who derives profit from others, in a parasitic fashion.
  3. (obsolete) A physician.
verb (leech, es)
  1. To apply a medicinally.
  2. To drain the resources of, without giving back.
Bert leeched hundreds of files from the BBS, but never uploaded anything in return.
     
Leicester Tweet Definition of Leicester Like Definition of Leicester on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A city in Leicestershire, England
     
Leidy Tweet Definition of Leidy Like Definition of Leidy on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an American surname, variant of Swiss German Leidig
  2. an American given name derived from the surname
     
Leonard Tweet Definition of Leonard Like Definition of Leonard on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male, ). Diminutives: Len, Lenny.
     
leone Tweet Definition of leone Like Definition of leone on Facebook
noun 
  1. A unit of currency of Sierra Leone, divided into 100 cents.
     
Lermontov Tweet Definition of Lermontov Like Definition of Lermontov on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A town in Russia
  2. w:Mikhail Lermontov, Mikhail Lermontov Russian writer
     
lever Tweet Definition of lever Like Definition of lever on Facebook
noun 
  1. (mechanics) A rigid piece which is capable of turning about one point, or axis (the fulcrum), and in which are two or more other points where forces are applied; — used for transmitting and modifying force and motion. Specif., a bar of metal, wood, or other rigid substance, used to exert a pressure, or sustain a weight, at one point of its length, by receiving a force or power at a second, and turning at a third on a fixed point called a fulcrum. It is usually named as the first of the six mechanical powers, and is of three kinds, according as either the fulcrum F, the weight W, or the power P, respectively, is situated between the other two, as in the figures.
  2. (mechanics) A bar, as a capstan bar, applied to a rotatory piece to turn it.
  3. (mechanics) An arm on a rock shaft, to give motion to the shaft or to obtain motion from it.
verb (levers, levering, levered, levered)
  1. To move with a lever.
    With great effort and a big crowbar I managed to the beam off the floor.
adverb 
  1. (obsolete) Rather. —Chaucer.
For lever had I die than see his deadly face. —Spenser
     
Levi Tweet Definition of Levi Like Definition of Levi on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (biblical) Third son of Jacob, by his wife Leah.
  2. (biblical) One of the Israelite tribes, descended from Levi; the tribe from which priests were selected.
  3. A male given name.
  4. A surname
     
levy Tweet Definition of levy Like Definition of levy on Facebook
noun (pl. levies)
  1. The act of levying
  2. The tax, property or people so levied
verb (lev, i, ed)
  1. To impose a tax or fine, to collect monies due, or to confiscate property
  2. To draft someone into military service
  3. To wage war
     
Lewes Tweet Definition of Lewes Like Definition of Lewes on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a town in East Sussex, England
     
Lewis Tweet Definition of Lewis Like Definition of Lewis on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male) of Norman origin, the English form of Louis.
  2. An English surname derived from the given name
  3. A Welsh surname; anglicized form of Llewellyn
  4. The Isle of Lewis, Scotland.
  5. The title given to a partially apprenticed Freemason who is normally the Master or Son of a practicing Freemason; One practising or learning the degrees of Freemasonary after introduction to the degrees and before full induction or before becoming a Worshipful Brother.
     
lie Tweet Definition of lie Like Definition of lie on Facebook
noun 
  1. An intentionally false statement; a falsehood.
  2. A statement intended to deceive, even if literally true; a half-truth
verb (lies, lying, lay, lain)
  1. (intransitive) To be in a horizontal position.
  2. (intransitive) To be placed or situated.
     
Lincoln Tweet Definition of Lincoln Like Definition of Lincoln on Facebook
proper noun (Lincolns)
  1. A placename, originally in Lincolnshire, England.
  2. An English surname.
  3. w:Abraham Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States during the Civil War.
  4. (given name, male) of American usage, originally in honor of Abraham Lincoln.
  5. A brand of American automobile.
  6. An English breed of sheep.
  7. A county in many U.S. states.
  8. (colloquial, US) A five-dollar bill.
    • 1989, Albert William Gray, Size, page 117
    • :A Jackson, a , three singles. He was seven bucks short, ".
    • 2006, EminemsRevenge?, Jew Girl, page 181
    • : " not only winning the hand, but also collecting a five dollar per player bonus. ". Jonah yelled to Fred, who crumpled up a and tossed it toward him.
     
lind Tweet Definition of lind Like Definition of lind on Facebook
noun 
  1. (obsolete) the lime tree, or linden tree
     
Linnaeus Tweet Definition of Linnaeus Like Definition of Linnaeus on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. Carl (or the latinized Carolus) Linnaeus, also known as Carl von Linné, Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. He is known as the "father of modern taxonomy."
     
lisle Tweet Definition of lisle Like Definition of lisle on Facebook
noun 
  1. A type of strong cotton thread.
  2. cloth, Cloth woven from lisle thread.
     
list Tweet Definition of list Like Definition of list on Facebook
noun 
  1. A strip of fabric, especially from the edge of a piece of cloth.
  2. Material used for cloth selvage.
  • 1893: The charwomen are in the habit of taking off their boots at the commissionaire's office, and putting on slippers. " Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Naval Treaty" (Norton 2005, p.681)
    1. (in plural) The palisades or barriers used to fence off a space for tilting or jousting tournaments.
  • 1819: William de Wyvil, and Stephen de Martival, ... armed at all points, rode up and down the lists to enforce and preserve good order among the spectators. " Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
  • verb 
    1. To create or recite a list.
         
    lister Tweet Definition of lister Like Definition of lister on Facebook
    noun 
    1. A spear armed with three or more prongs, for striking fish.
    2. A person or organisation that creates or maintains lists.
         
    Lloyd Tweet Definition of Lloyd Like Definition of Lloyd on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. A Welsh surname; a nickname for someone with gray hair
    2. A male given name derived from the surname
         
    Locke Tweet Definition of Locke Like Definition of Locke on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. w:John Locke, John Locke (1632 " 1704); an influential English philosopher of the Enlightenment and social contract theorist. He argued that a government could only be legitimate if it received the consent of the governed and protected the natural rights of the governed. If such consent was not given, citizens had a right of rebellion. His writings influenced the American revolutionaries as reflected in the American Declaration of Independence.
         
    lodge Tweet Definition of lodge Like Definition of lodge on Facebook
    noun 
    1. porter, Porter's rooms in the main entrance to a building.
    2. A group of freemasons, the smallest organizational structure of freemasons.
    3. A hotel or resort, usually in a rural area
    4. A building used for recreational use such as a hunting lodge or a summer cabin
    5. A country house
    verb (lodg, ing)
    1. (intransitive) To be firmly fixed in a specified position.
    I've got some spinach lodged between my teeth.
    1. (intransitive) To pay rent to a landlord or landlady who lives in the same house.
    2. (transitive) To supply with a room or place to sleep in for a time.
    3. (transitive) To put money, jewellery, or other valuables for safety.
    4. (transitive) To place (a statement, etc.) with the proper authority, authorities (such as courts, etc.).
         
    Logan Tweet Definition of Logan Like Definition of Logan on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. (given name, male) derived from a Scottish surname "logan".
         
    London Tweet Definition of London Like Definition of London on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. The capital city of the United Kingdom and of England, situated near the mouth of the River Thames in southeast England, with a metropolitan population of more than 12,000,000.
    2. A city in southwestern Ontario, Canada, with a population of approximately 300,000.
    3. (as a modifier) Of, from, or pertaining to London in the UK.
    4. (as a modifier) Of, from, or pertaining to London, Ontario, Canada.
         
    long Tweet Definition of long Like Definition of long on Facebook
    noun 
    1. (linguistics) A long vowel.
    verb 
    1. (intransitive) To await, to aspire, to want (for something to occur)
    She longed for him to come back.
    adjective 
    1. Having much distance from one terminating point on an object or an area to another terminating point. Long usually applies to horizontal dimensions. (italbrac, see Usage Notes)
    It's a way from the Earth to the Moon.
    1. Of things that take much time or are of great duration.
    The pyramids of Egypt have been around for a time.
    1. (finance) possessing or owning stocks, bonds or other financial instruments.
    2. (cricket) of a fielding position, close to the boundary (or closer to the boundary than the equivalent short position)
    adverb 
    1. Over a great distance in space.
    He threw the ball .
    1. For a duration in time.
    Will this interview take ?
         
    Longfellow Tweet Definition of Longfellow Like Definition of Longfellow on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. An English surname, originally a nickname for a tall person
    2. w:Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow American poet
         
    Lopez Tweet Definition of Lopez Like Definition of Lopez on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. A surname of Spanish origin, derived from the Latin for wolf
         
    Lorentz Tweet Definition of Lorentz Like Definition of Lorentz on Facebook
    proper noun (wikipedia, Hendrik Lorentz)
    1. Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate
         
    Lorenz Tweet Definition of Lorenz Like Definition of Lorenz on Facebook
    noun (wikipedia, Lorenz (navigation))
    1. (during World War II) a blind-landing aid used at German military airfields
    proper noun 
    1. w:Konrad Lorenz, Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist and ethologist
         
    Lorraine Tweet Definition of Lorraine Like Definition of Lorraine on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. A région of France.
    2. (given name, female) from the French place name, associated with Laura by folk etymology
         
    loti Tweet Definition of loti Like Definition of loti on Facebook
    noun 
    1. The currency of Lesotho, divided into 100 lisente.
         
    Louis Tweet Definition of Louis Like Definition of Louis on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. (given name, male, , ).
         
    Lovecraft Tweet Definition of Lovecraft Like Definition of Lovecraft on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. w:H.P. Lovecraft, H.P. Lovecraft (1890-1937), an American author of fantasy, horror and science fiction, noted for combining these three genres within single narratives. Lovecraft's works have become highly important and influential among writers and fans of modern horror fiction.
    2. The literature written by H. P. Lovecraft.
    3. A surname.
         
    Lovell Tweet Definition of Lovell Like Definition of Lovell on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. An English surname, originally a nickname from the Norman French for wolf
         
    lover Tweet Definition of lover Like Definition of lover on Facebook
    noun 
    1. A person who love, loves another person.
    Synonyms - see
    1. A sexual partner.
    Synonyms - see WikiSaurus:sexual partner
    1. A person who love, loves something. (connoisseur)
         
    low Tweet Definition of low Like Definition of low on Facebook
    noun 
    1. Something that is low.
    2. A depressed mood or situation.
    He is in a right now
    verb 
    1. (intransitive) To moo.
    The cattle were lowing.
    adjective 
    1. In a position comparatively close to the ground.
    2. Small in height.
    3. depressed, Depressed, sad.
         
    Lowell Tweet Definition of Lowell Like Definition of Lowell on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. An English surname, variant of Lovell
         
    Lucas Tweet Definition of Lucas Like Definition of Lucas on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. (given name, male)
    2. An English surname
    3. Any of several place names
         
    Lucian Tweet Definition of Lucian Like Definition of Lucian on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. A sophist who was of Syrian origin.
         
    lunt Tweet Definition of lunt Like Definition of lunt on Facebook
    noun 
    1. a slow-burning match or torch
    • 1969: Bent down and saw I was right. A lunt up the bugger"s nose. A lunt? said Doctor Copper. Almost as long as your left forefinger, yes, said his visitor. Still burning. " Robert Nye, Tales I Told My Mother
      1. smoke with flames, especially from a pipe
         
    lynch Tweet Definition of lynch Like Definition of lynch on Facebook
    verb (lynch, es)
    1. To execute without a proper legal trial.
    2. To commit an act of violence by a mob upon the body of another person.
         
    Lynn Tweet Definition of Lynn Like Definition of Lynn on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. A surname
    2. (given name, male) usually appearing as a middle name
    3. (given name, female), most popular as a middle name
         
    Lyon Tweet Definition of Lyon Like Definition of Lyon on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. (alternative spelling of, Lyons)
         
    Lyons Tweet Definition of Lyons Like Definition of Lyons on Facebook
    proper noun 
    1. A city in France, the capital of the Rhí´ne-Alpes région.
         

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