All Words Glossary

Glossary of Biographic Terms
beginning with letter B
Browse the Biographic Glossary

babbitt Tweet Definition of babbitt Like Definition of babbitt on Facebook
  1. (transitive) To line with babbitt metal to reduce friction.
Babel Tweet Definition of Babel Like Definition of Babel on Facebook
  1. The city and tower in the land of Shinar where the confusion of languages took place, according to the Bible.
  • Therefore is the name of it called . - Gen. xi. 9.
    1. Alternative spelling of babel.
Bach Tweet Definition of Bach Like Definition of Bach on Facebook
proper nounBach, Johann Sebastian
  1. (music) German organist and composer
  2. His sons: Carl Philipp Emanuel, Johann Christian, Johann Christoph Friedrich, Wilhelm Friedemann (German organists and composers)
bacharach Tweet Definition of bacharach Like Definition of bacharach on Facebook
  1. A kind of wine made at Bacharach on the Rhine.
bacon Tweet Definition of bacon Like Definition of bacon on Facebook
  1. A cut of meat from the sides, belly or back a pig, particularly, or sometimes other animals.
  2. A thin slice of pork in a long strip that is fried to a crisp.
Bailey Tweet Definition of Bailey Like Definition of Bailey on Facebook
proper noun
  1. an English occupational name for a steward or official
  2. an English topographic surname from someone who lived by a bailey (the outer wall of a castle)
  3. (given name, male) derived from the surname.
  4. (mostly U.S:)(given name, female)
Baker Tweet Definition of Baker Like Definition of Baker on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An English occupational surname from a baker, or owner of a communal oven
balboa Tweet Definition of balboa Like Definition of balboa on Facebook
  1. The currency of Panama, divided into 100 centÚsimos
Baldwin Tweet Definition of Baldwin Like Definition of Baldwin on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a surname derived from Germanic words bald, brave + wine, friend
  2. w:Stanley Baldwin, Stanley Baldwin British Prime Minister
ball Tweet Definition of ball Like Definition of ball on Facebook
  1. A solid or hollow sphere.
  2. An object, generally spherical, used for playing games.
  3. A quantity of string, thread, etc., wound into a spherical shape.
of wool
  1. (baseball) A pitch that falls outside of the strike zone.
  2. (context, pinball) An opportunity to launch the ball into play.
  3. (context, ballistics) A solid, sperical nonexplosive missile for a cannon, etc.
  4. (mathematics) The set of points in a metric space lying within a given distance (the radius) of a given point; specifically, the homologue of the disk in a Euclidean space of any number of dimensions.
  5. (context, mathematics, more generally) The set of points in a topological space lying within some open set containing a given point; the analogue of the disk in a Euclidean space.
  6. (context, mildly, vulgar, slang, usually in plural) A testicle.
  7. (context, mildly, vulgar, slang, in plural) nonsense, Nonsense.
That"s a load of balls, and you know it! " Synonyms " See WikiSaurus:Nonsense
  1. (context, slang, in plural) courage, Courage.
I doubt he"s got the balls to tell him off.
  1. (cricket) A single delivery by the bowler, six of which make up an over.
  2. (anatomy) The ball of a foot
  1. (context, transitive, vulgar) To have sexual intercourse with.
balla Tweet Definition of balla Like Definition of balla on Facebook
  1. (context, nonstandard, slang) One who is a superior ball player (usually basketball).
Wow! This guy's a serious ; he's gonna go pro.
Baltimore Tweet Definition of Baltimore Like Definition of Baltimore on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A city in central Maryland, USA
bangs Tweet Definition of bangs Like Definition of bangs on Facebook
noun (plurale tantum)
  1. (context, mostly, US) hair cut so as to hang down over the forehead
  • My keep getting in my eyes when I swim.
    1. (plural of, bang)
  1. (third-person singular of, bang)
banks Tweet Definition of banks Like Definition of banks on Facebook
  1. (plural of, bank)
  1. (third person singular of, bank)
Baraka Tweet Definition of Baraka Like Definition of Baraka on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a surname
barber Tweet Definition of barber Like Definition of barber on Facebook
  1. A person whose profession is cutting (usually male) customers" hair and beards.
  1. To cut the hair or beard of (a person).
bard Tweet Definition of bard Like Definition of bard on Facebook
  1. A professional poet and singer, as among the ancient Celts, whose occupation was to compose and sing verses in honor of the heroic achievements of princes and brave men.
    • 1924: ARISTOTLE. Metaphysics. Translated by W. D. Ross. Nashotah, Wisconsin, USA: The Classical Library, 2001. Available at: <>. Book 1, Part 2.
    • : But the divine power cannot be jealous (nay, according to the proverb, 'bards tell a lie'),
      1. Hence: A poet; as, the bard of Avon.
      2. (Armor) A piece of defensive (or, sometimes, ornamental) armor for a horse's neck, breast, and flanks; a barb. (Often in the plural.)
      3. (Armor) Defensive armor formerly worn by a man at arms.
      4. (Cookery) A thin slice of fat bacon used to cover any meat or game.
      5. The exterior covering of the trunk and branches of a tree; the rind.
      6. Specifically, Peruvian bark.
  1. (Armor) To cover a horse in defensive armor.
  • 1786: The defensive armor with which the horses of the ancient knights or man at arms, men at arms were covered, or, to use the language of the time, barded, consisted of the following pieces made either of metal or jacked leather, the Chamfron, Chamfrein or Shaffron, the Criniere or Main Facre, the Poitrenal, Poitral or Breast Plate, and the Croupiere or Buttock Piece. " Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 29.
    1. (Cookery) To cover (meat or game) with a thin slice of fat bacon.
baring Tweet Definition of baring Like Definition of baring on Facebook
  1. (present participle of, bare)
Barnes Tweet Definition of Barnes Like Definition of Barnes on Facebook
proper noun
  1. an English topographic surname for someone who owned, lived in, or worked in a barn
  2. an English habitational surname for someone from the place of the same name in Surrey
baron Tweet Definition of baron Like Definition of baron on Facebook
  1. The male ruler of a barony.
Barry Tweet Definition of Barry Like Definition of Barry on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male).
  2. A surname derived from the given name, or from place names in Scotland and Wales.
Barton Tweet Definition of Barton Like Definition of Barton on Facebook
proper noun
  1. Any of many placenames in England
  2. An English habitational surname from the placenames
basho Tweet Definition of basho Like Definition of basho on Facebook
  1. (sumo) a sumo tournament of any kind
bass Tweet Definition of bass Like Definition of bass on Facebook
  1. A low spectrum of sound tones.
Peter adjusted the equalizer on his audio equipment to emphasize the .
  1. A section of musical group that produces low-pitched sound, lower than tenor.
The conductor preferred to situate the in the middle rear, rather than to one side of the orchestra.
  1. A male singer who sings in the bass range.
Halfway through middle school, Edgar morphed from a soprano to a , much to the amazement and amusement of his fellow choristers.
  1. An instrument that plays in the bass range, in particular a double bass, bass guitar, electric bass or bass synthesiser.
The musician swung the over his head like an axe and smashed it into the amplifier, creating a discordant howl of noise.
  1. The clef sign that indicates that the pitch of the notes is below middle C; a bass clef.
The score had been written without the treble and , but it was easy to pick out which was which based on the location of the notes on the staff.
  1. Of sound, a voice or an instrument, low in pitch or frequency.
The giant spoke in a deep, , rumbling voice that shook me to my boots.
basso Tweet Definition of basso Like Definition of basso on Facebook
  1. (music) A bass singer, especially in opera.
  2. (music) An instrumental part written for a bass instrument.
bates Tweet Definition of bates Like Definition of bates on Facebook
  1. (third-person singular of, bate)
Batista Tweet Definition of Batista Like Definition of Batista on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A Cuban surname.
Baxter Tweet Definition of Baxter Like Definition of Baxter on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A northern English, and Scottish occupational surname, a variant of Baker
  1. (given name, male, , ) A male given name transferred from the surname
beach Tweet Definition of beach Like Definition of beach on Facebook
  1. A horizontal strip of land, usually sandy, adjoining water.
1988: "Up and down, the lay empty for miles." - Second Son, Robert Ferro
verb (beach, es)
  1. To run (something) aground on a beach.
beadle Tweet Definition of beadle Like Definition of beadle on Facebook
  1. a parish constable
  2. (context, Scottish English, ecclesiastic) an attendant to the minister
  3. a warrant officer
bean Tweet Definition of bean Like Definition of bean on Facebook
  1. The large edible seed of plants of several genera of Fabaceae.
  2. The seed pod of plants of several genera of Fabaceae.
  3. A seed of coffee; coffee in the general.
  4. (British, slang, archaic) a guineau coin.
  5. (British, slang, usually in the negative) money.
I haven't got a .
verb (beans, beaning, beaned)
  1. To hit with a projectile, accurately.
The pitcher beaned the batter, rather than letting him hit another home run.
beard Tweet Definition of beard Like Definition of beard on Facebook
  1. Facial hair on the chin, cheeks and jaw.
  2. (gay slang) A woman who accompanies a gay male in order to give the impression that he is heterosexual.
  1. To boldly and bravely oppose or confront, often to the chagrin of the one being bearded.
Robin Hood is always shown as bearding the sheriff, Sheriff of Nottingham.
Beaumont Tweet Definition of Beaumont Like Definition of Beaumont on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An English habitational surname from either of several places in France
beck Tweet Definition of beck Like Definition of beck on Facebook
  1. (Northern English dialect) A stream or small river.
becket Tweet Definition of becket Like Definition of becket on Facebook
becquerel Tweet Definition of becquerel Like Definition of becquerel on Facebook
  1. In the International System of Units, the derived unit of radioactive activity; the activity of a quantity of radioactive material in which one nucleus decays per second. Symbol: Bq
Bedford Tweet Definition of Bedford Like Definition of Bedford on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The county town of Bedfordshire, England
  2. A truck manufactured by the Bedford company, a subsidiary company of Vauxhall Motors.
beer Tweet Definition of beer Like Definition of beer on Facebook
  1. (uncountable) An alcoholic drink fermented from starch material commonly barley malt, often with hops or some other substance to impart a bitter flavor.
  2. (uncountable) A fermented extract of the roots and other parts of various plants, as spruce, ginger, sassafras, etc.
  3. (uncountable) A solution produced by seeping plant materials in water or another fluid.
  4. (countable) A glass of any of the above beverages.
  5. (context, Chinese English) Any alcoholic beverage.
beers Tweet Definition of beers Like Definition of beers on Facebook
  1. (plural of, beer)
Beethoven Tweet Definition of Beethoven Like Definition of Beethoven on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A surname, usually applying to w:Ludwig van Beethoven, Ludwig van Beethoven
begin Tweet Definition of begin Like Definition of begin on Facebook
verb (begins, beginning, began, begun)
  1. To start, to initiate or take the first step into something.
Bell Tweet Definition of Bell Like Definition of Bell on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A Scottish and northern English surname for a bell ringer, bell maker, or from someone who lived "at the Bell (inn)"
  2. The Bell telephone company (after w:Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone.)
bellow Tweet Definition of bellow Like Definition of bellow on Facebook
  1. the deep roar of a large animal, or any similar loud noise
  1. to make a noise like the deep roar of a large animal
  2. to shout or scream in a deep voice
bellows Tweet Definition of bellows Like Definition of bellows on Facebook
noun (pluralia tantum)
  1. A device for delivering pressurized air in a controlled quantity to a controlled location. At its most simple terms a bellows is a container which is deformable in such a way as to alter its volume which has an outlet or outlets where one wishes to blow air.
  2. Any flexible container or enclosure, as one used to cover a moving joint.
  3. (colloquial, or, archaic) lungs.
  4. (plural of, bellow)
  1. (third-person singular of, bellow)
bench Tweet Definition of bench Like Definition of bench on Facebook
  1. A long seat, for example, in the park.
They sat on a park and tossed bread crumbs to the ducks and pigeons.
  1. In law, the people who decide on the verdict; the judiciary.
They are awaiting a decision on the motion from the .
  1. (context, law, figurative) The place where the judges sit.
She sat on the for 30 years before she retired.
  1. The place where players of a sport sit when not playing.
    He spent the first three games on the , watching.
  2. A place where assembly or hand work is performed; a workbench.
    She placed the workpiece on the , inspected it closely, and opened the cover.''
    1. (weightlifting) A horizontal padded surface, usually with a weight rack, used for support during exercise.
verb (bench, es)
  1. (context, transitive, sports) To sideline; to remove a player from play.
They benched him for the rest of the game because they thought he was injured.
  1. (context, transitive, weightlifting) To lift by bench pressing
I heard he can 150 pounds.
  1. (slang) To push the victim back on the person behind them who is on their hands and knees and end up falling over
Benedict Tweet Definition of Benedict Like Definition of Benedict on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male), best known for the sixth-century founder of the Benedictine order.
  2. A surname derived from the given name.
benet Tweet Definition of benet Like Definition of benet on Facebook
  1. definite singular of ben category:Swedish noun forms
  1. to surround as by a net
Benjamin Tweet Definition of Benjamin Like Definition of Benjamin on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male).
  2. (biblical character) The youngest of the sons of Jacob and Rachel.
Bennett Tweet Definition of Bennett Like Definition of Bennett on Facebook
proper noun
  1. An English surname, diminutive of Benjamin or Benedict.
Benny Tweet Definition of Benny Like Definition of Benny on Facebook
noun (pl=Bennies)
  1. (UK, slang) A stupid or dull-witted person.
  2. (UK, slang) A temper tantrum
proper noun
  1. A male given name; a diminutive of Benjamin.
Bentley Tweet Definition of Bentley Like Definition of Bentley on Facebook
proper noun (pl=Bentleys)
  1. an English surname
  2. a British manufacturer of luxury motor cars
berg Tweet Definition of berg Like Definition of berg on Facebook
  1. City/home
  2. (colloquial) Short form of iceberg.
  3. point
Berkeley Tweet Definition of Berkeley Like Definition of Berkeley on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A given name.
  2. A city in California.
  3. The University of California: .
Berlin Tweet Definition of Berlin Like Definition of Berlin on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The capital city of Germany.
  2. One of the component states of Germany according to the current administrative division of the nation.
Bernard Tweet Definition of Bernard Like Definition of Bernard on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male), borne by medieval European saints.
berry Tweet Definition of berry Like Definition of berry on Facebook
noun (berr, ies)
  1. A small fruit, of any one of many varieties.
  2. A soft fruit which develops from a superior ovary and contains seeds not encased in pits.
best Tweet Definition of best Like Definition of best on Facebook
  1. (uncountable) The supreme effort one can make
I did my .
  1. (countable) The person (or persons) who is (are) most excellent.
  1. (transitive) To beat in a contest.
  1. (superlative of, good, lang=English, POS=adjective)
  1. (superlative of, well, lang=English, POS=adverb)
bias Tweet Definition of bias Like Definition of bias on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Bias (disambiguation), bias)
es, -, pl2=biasses)
  1. (countable) (uncountable) inclination towards something; predisposition, partiality, prejudice, preference, predilection
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. ┬ž 4.
    • : nature has pointed out a mixed kind of life as most suitable to the human race, and secretly admonished them to allow none of these biasses to draw too much
      1. (countable) (textile) the diagonal line between warp and weft in a woven fabric
      2. (electronics) a voltage or current applied for example to a transistor electrode
      3. (statistics) the difference between the expectation of the sample estimator and the true population value, which reduces the representativeness of the estimator by systematically distorting it
verb (bias, es)
  1. (transitive) To place bias upon; to influence.
Our prejudices our views.
Bilbo Tweet Definition of Bilbo Like Definition of Bilbo on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A male given name.
Bilbo Baggins (a character in the w:The Lord of the Rings, Lord of the Rings trilogy)
  1. A surname.
Theodore G. Bilbo
bion Tweet Definition of bion Like Definition of bion on Facebook
  1. A cyborg or robot.
bird Tweet Definition of bird Like Definition of bird on Facebook
noun (tearoom)
  1. The vulgar hand gesture in which the middle finger is extended.
    • 2003, The Beach House, James Patterson&mdash;Then she raised both hands above her shoulders and flipped him the bird with each one.
  1. To observe or identify wild birds in their natural environment.
bishop Tweet Definition of bishop Like Definition of bishop on Facebook
  1. A high ranking official in the Catholic church who governs a diocese, or a similar official in other denominations and religions.
  2. (context, Chess) A piece that may be moved only diagonally.
  3. (slang) penis (see bash the bishop).
Bismarck Tweet Definition of Bismarck Like Definition of Bismarck on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A German family name.
  2. A major German battleship during World War 2.
  3. Otto von Bismarck, one of the prominent German statesmen of the nineteenth century.
  4. (Canada) A jam filled donut. Type of Jam filled donut      
black Tweet Definition of black Like Definition of black on Facebook
  1. (colour) The colour/color perceived in the absence of light.
<table><tr><td height="25">black colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="black" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
  1. A black dye, pigment.
  2. A pen, pencil, crayon, etc., made of black pigment.
  3. (context, sometimes capitalised) A person of African descent.
  4. (context, billiards, snooker, pool) the black: The black ball.
  5. (baseball) The edge of home plate
  1. To make black, to blacken.
    • 1859: Oliver Optic, Poor and