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Glossary of Biographic Terms
beginning with letter G
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gable Tweet Definition of gable Like Definition of gable on Facebook
noun 
  1. (architecture) The triangular area of wall adjacent to two sloped roofs.
     
Gage Tweet Definition of Gage Like Definition of Gage on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A surname.
  2. (given name, male), modern transferred use of the surname.
     
gale Tweet Definition of gale Like Definition of gale on Facebook
noun 
  1. A strong wind, more than a breeze, less than a storm; number 7 through 9 winds on the 12 step Beaufort scale.
  2. An outburst, especially of laughter.
a of laughter
  1. A shrub, sweet gale (Myrica gale) growing on moors and fens.
  2. (archaic) A light breeze.
  3. (archaic) A periodic payment, such as is made of a rent or annuity.
Gale day - the day on which rent or interest is due. Definition from 1913 Webster.
     
Galen Tweet Definition of Galen Like Definition of Galen on Facebook
proper noun (given=yes)
  1. A male given name.
     
Galileo Tweet Definition of Galileo Like Definition of Galileo on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. w:Galileo Galilei, Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), an Italian thinker and key figure in the scientific revolution who improved the telescope, made astronomical observations, and put forward the basic principle of relativity in physics.
     
gall Tweet Definition of gall Like Definition of gall on Facebook
noun (countable galls and uncountable)
  1. (anatomy) (obsolete) (uncountable) bile, Bile, especially that of an animal; the greenish, profoundly bitter-tasting fluid found in bile ducts and gallbladders, structures associated with the liver.
  2. (anatomy) The gallbladder.
    1611 He shall flee from the iron weapon and the bow of steel shall strike him through. It is drawn and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall. Job 20:24 & 25 KJV
    1. (uncountable) Great misery or physical suffering, likened to the bitterest-tasting of substances.
    1611 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth and wormwood " Deuteronomy 29:18 KJV
    1. (countable) A blister or tumor-like growth found on the surface of plants, caused by burrowing of insect larvae into the living tissues, especially that of the common oak gall wasp (Cynips quercusfolii).
    1974 Even so, Redi retained a belief that in certain other cases--the origin of parasites inside the human or animal body or of grubs inside of oak galls--there must be spontaneous generation. Bit by bit the evidence grew against such views. In 1670 Jan Swammerdam, painstaking student of the insect's life cycle, suggested that the grubs in galls were enclosed in them for the sake of nourishment and must come from insects that had inserted their semen or their eggs into the plants. " http://etext.virginia.edu/cgi-local/DHI/dhi.cgi?id=dv2-34 Dictionary of the History of Ideas.
    1. (countable) A bump-like imperfection resembling a gall.
    1653 But first for your Line. First note, that you are to take care that your hair be round and clear, and free from galls, or scabs, or frets: for a well- chosen, even, clear, round hair, of a kind of glass-colour, will prove as strong as three uneven scabby hairs that are ill-chosen, and full of galls or unevenness. You shall seldom find a black hair but it is round, but many white are flat and uneven; therefore, if you get a lock of right, round, clear, glass-colour hair, make much of it. " Izaak Walton, The Compleat Angler, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=659275809&tag=Walton,+Izaak:+The+Compleat+Angler:+or,+The+Contemplative+Man`s+Recreation,+1653+(1927)&query=+gall&id=WalAngl Chapter 21.
    1. (uncountable) A feeling of exasperation.
    1792 It moves my to hear a preacher descanting on dress and needle-work; and still more, to hear him address the British fair, the fairest of the fair, as if they had only feelings. " Mary Wollstonecraft, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=748183189&tag=Wollstonecraft,+Mary,+1759-1797:+A+vindication+of+the+rights+of+woman,+1892&query=gall+to&id=WolVind A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
    1. (uncountable) An action demonstrating impudence or brazenness; temerity, chutzpah.
    1918 "Durn ye!" he cried. "I'll lam ye! Get offen here. I knows ye. Yer one o' that gang o' bums that come here last night, an' now you got the to come back beggin' for food, eh? I'll lam ye!" and he raised the gun to his shoulder. " Arthur Conan Doyle, The Oakdale Affair, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=124017217&tag=Burroughs,+Edgar+Rice,+1875-1950:+The+Oakdale+Affair,+1918&query=the+gall&id=BurOakd Chapter 6.
    1. (medicine) (obsolete) (countable) A sore or open wound caused by chafing, which may become infected, as with a blister.
    1892 The runaway slave came to my house and stopt outside,
    I heard his motions crackling the twigs of the woodpile,
    Through the swung half-door of the kitchen I saw him limpsy and weak,
    And went where he sat on a log and led him in and assured him,
    And brought water and fill'd a tub for his sweated body and bruis'd feet,
    And gave him a room that enter'd from my own, and gave him some coarse clean clothes,
    And remember perfectly well his revolving eyes and his awkwardness,
    And remember putting plasters on the galls of his neck and ankles;
    He staid with me a week before he was recuperated and pass'd north,
    I had him sit next me at table, my fire-lock lean'd in the corner. " Walt Whitman, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&grouping=match&docs=TEI2&query=galls&sample=1-100&id=Whi1855 "Song of Myself", Leaves of Grass''.
    1. (countable) A sore on a horse caused by an ill-fitted or ill-adjusted saddle; a saddle sore.
    Riding a horse with bruised or broken skin can cause a , which frequently results in the white saddle marks seen on the withers and backs of some horses. " http://www.cdc.gov/nasd/docs/d000001-d000100/d000027/d000027.html National Ag Safety Database (Centers for Disease Control).
    1. (countable) A pit caused on a surface being cut caused by the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
verb 
  1. To be troubled or bothered by.
1883 I went below, and did what I could for my wound; it pained me a good deal, and still bled freely; but it was neither deep nor dangerous, nor did it greatly me when I used my arm. " w:Robert Louis Stevenson, Robert Louis Stevenson, ''w:Treasure Island, Treasure Island, http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=595860674&tag=Stevenson,+Robert+Louis,+1850-1894:+Treasure+Island,+1883&query=+gall&id=SteTrea Chapter 27.
  1. To harass, to harry, often with the intent to cause injury.
June 24, 1778 The disposition for these detachments is as follows -- Morgans corps, to gain the enemy's right flank; Maxwells brigade to hang on their left. Brigadier Genl. Scott is now marching with a very respectable detachment destined to the enemys left flank and rear. " George Washington, The Writings of George Washington From the Original Manuscript Sources: http://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=675205858&tag=Washington,+George,+1732-1799:+The+writings+of+George+Washington+from+the+original+manuscript+sources:+Volume+12,+1745-1799&query=+gall&id=WasFi12 Volume 12, 1745-1799.
  1. To chafe, to rub or subject to friction; to create a sore on the skin.
  2. To exasperate.
1979 Metrinko was hungry, but he was galled by how self-congratulatory his captors seemed, how generous and noble and proudly Islamic. " Mark Bowden, "Captivity Pageant", The Atlantic, Volume 296, No. 5, pp. 92-97, http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200512/december-1979/4 December, 1979.
  1. To cause pitting on a surface being cut from the friction between the two surfaces exceeding the bond of the material at a point.
Improper cooling and a dull milling blade on titanium can the surface
     
gallant Tweet Definition of gallant Like Definition of gallant on Facebook
noun 
  1. (dated) fashionable young man, who is polite and attentive to women
adjective (rfc-level, Adjective at L4+ not in L3 POS section)
  1. brave, valiant
  2. honourable
  3. grand, noble
     
Gallo Tweet Definition of Gallo Like Definition of Gallo on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A brand of low-priced California wine
     
garbo Tweet Definition of garbo Like Definition of garbo on Facebook
noun 
  1. (slang) a rubbish collector.
     
garden Tweet Definition of garden Like Definition of garden on Facebook
noun 
  1. A decorative place outside, usually where plants are grown for food (vegetable garden) or ornamental purposes (flower garden).
  2. (italbrac, in plural gardens) Such an ornamental place to which the public have access.
  3. The grounds at the front or back of a house.
  4. (slang) pubic hair, Pubic hair or the genitalia it masks.
    • 1995: Lee Tyler, Biblical Sexual Morality and What About Pornography? viewed at http://www.etext.org/Religious.Texts/Polyamory/BiblcaLSexPornMorality on 9 May 2006 - Blow on my speaking of her genitalia, so the spices of it may flow out. Let my Beloved come into His her pubic area and eat His pleasant fruits. (A commentary on Song of Solomon 4:16, which was written in Hebrew c950 BC; book footnotes shown here bracketed within the text; many scholars disagree with the Biblical interpretation, which is included as evidence of usage in 1995 rather than intended meaning in 950 BC.)
    • c2004: Hair Care Down There, Inc, The History of Hair Removal viewed at http://www.haircaredownthere.com/articles.asp on 9 May 2006 - Primping and pruning the secret might seem like a totally 21st century concept, but the fact is women have gotten into below-the-belt grooming since before the Bronze Age.
    • 2006: Guest on Female First Forum at http://www.femalefirst.co.uk/board/viewtopic.php?t=4636&start=15&sid=1eeba9e1263e75b259d0d72ed4ed9f0c posting on Fashionable to shave the pubic area?? viewed on 9 May 2006 - A woman's unshaven dark pubic triangle, glistening with pussy nectar and promising access to a hidden of delights.
adjective 
  1. Of, relating to, in, from or for use in a garden.
garden salad (= a salad from a garden)
garden shed (= a shed in a garden)
     
Garfield Tweet Definition of Garfield Like Definition of Garfield on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English surname, thought to be habitational
  2. w:James Garfield, James Garfield the 20th President of the United States (1831-1881)
  3. a comic strip character
     
Garland Tweet Definition of Garland Like Definition of Garland on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A large suburb of Dallas, Texas (USA)
     
garner Tweet Definition of garner Like Definition of garner on Facebook
noun 
  1. A granary; a store of grain.
That our garners may be full, affording all manner of store: that our sheep may bring forth thousands and ten thousands in our streets (Psalm 144:13, KJV)
  1. An accumulation of something
     
garnet Tweet Definition of garnet Like Definition of garnet on Facebook
noun 
  1. (mineralogy) Hard transparent minerals that are often used as gemstones and abrasives.
  2. (color) A dark red.
<table><tr><td>garnet colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. 722F37" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
adjective 
  1. (color) of a dark red colour.
     
Garrick Tweet Definition of Garrick Like Definition of Garrick on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English habitational surname from Garwick in Lincolnshire.
  2. An English surname from the (Ger.) ger + ric - spear power.
  3. (given name, male), derived from the surname.
     
garrison Tweet Definition of garrison Like Definition of garrison on Facebook
noun 
  1. A permament military post
  2. The troops stationed at such a post
verb 
  1. To assign troops to a military post
  2. To convert into a military fort
     
Gary Tweet Definition of Gary Like Definition of Gary on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male).
     
Gascoigne Tweet Definition of Gascoigne Like Definition of Gascoigne on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English surname.
     
gasser Tweet Definition of gasser Like Definition of gasser on Facebook
noun 
  1. Something highly entertaining or remarkable.
     
gates Tweet Definition of gates Like Definition of gates on Facebook
noun 
  1. (plural of, gate)
verb 
  1. (third-person singular of, gate)
     
gaunt Tweet Definition of gaunt Like Definition of gaunt on Facebook
adjective (er, est)
  1. lean, angular and bony
  2. haggard, drawn and emaciated
  3. bleak, barren and desolate
     
gauss Tweet Definition of gauss Like Definition of gauss on Facebook
noun 
  1. The unit of magnetic field strength in cgs systems of units, equal to 0.0001 tesla.
     
Gay Tweet Definition of Gay Like Definition of Gay on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, female, )
  2. (given name, male, ). Sometimes a shortened form of Gabriel.
  3. An English surname.
     
George Tweet Definition of George Like Definition of George on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male).
  2. (slang), (archaic) A coin with King George"s profile.
Take the Georges, Pew, and don"t stand here squalling. &mdash; Robert Louis Stevenson.
     
Gerard Tweet Definition of Gerard Like Definition of Gerard on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male).
     
gibbons Tweet Definition of gibbons Like Definition of gibbons on Facebook
noun 
  1. (plural of, gibbon)
     
Gibson Tweet Definition of Gibson Like Definition of Gibson on Facebook
noun 
  1. A cocktail; a dry martini with a small white onion.
  2. A hacker or crackers primary target during a malicious computer hack. The Gibson is usually the most important system in a network.
proper noun 
  1. An English and Scottish patronymic surname, from Gibb.
  2. A manufacturer of acoustic and electric guitars.
     
Gilbert Tweet Definition of Gilbert Like Definition of Gilbert on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male)
     
Glasgow Tweet Definition of Glasgow Like Definition of Glasgow on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A city in Lanarkshire and the largest in Scotland.
     
glass Tweet Definition of glass Like Definition of glass on Facebook
noun ]]
  1. (uncountable) A solid, transparent substance made by melting sand with a mixture of soda, potash and lime.
The tabletop is made of .
  1. A vessel (especially one made of glass) from which drinks may be drunk.
Fill my with milk please.
  1. The quantity of liquid contained in such a vessel.
Would you like a of milk.
  1. (context, physics, uncountable) Amorphous (non-crystalline) substance.
A popular myth is that window actually is an extremely viscous liquid.
  1. A mirror.
She adjusted her lipstick in the .
  1. (cattag2, Basketball, Colloquial) The backboard.
He got the rebound off of the .
  1. (icehockey) The clear protective screen surrounding a hockey rink.
He fired the outlet pass off the .
verb (glasses, glassing, glassed)
  1. (UK, colloquial) To strike (someone), particularly in the face, with a drinking glass with the intent of causing injury.
adjective (no (compar) or (superl))
  1. (colloquial) Fragile.
He has a ankle.
     
glazer Tweet Definition of glazer Like Definition of glazer on Facebook
noun 
  1. One who applies glazing, as in pottery, etc.; one who gives a glasslike or glossy surface to anything; a calenderer or smoother of cloth, paper, etc. 2. Slang reference to a person who is prone to endless monologuing; derived from the common practice of talking at you until your eyes "glaze" over.
     
Glenn Tweet Definition of Glenn Like Definition of Glenn on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English and Scottish male given name; a variant of Glen
     
goes Tweet Definition of goes Like Definition of goes on Facebook
verb 
  1. (third-person singular of, go)
     
Goethe Tweet Definition of Goethe Like Definition of Goethe on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A surname of German derivation
  2. w:Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Johann Wolfgang Goethe
     
gold Tweet Definition of gold Like Definition of gold on Facebook
noun 
  1. A heavy yellow elemental metal of great value, with atomic number 79 and symbol Au.
  2. (countable) A coin made of this material, or supposedly so.
  3. (countable) A bright yellow colour, resembling the metal gold.
<table><tr><td>gold colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. FFD700" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    1. (countable) The bullseye of an archery target.
    2. (countable) A gold medal.
    France has won three golds and five silvers.
    1. (figuratively) Anything or anyone considered to be very valuable.
adjective 
  1. Made of gold.
  2. Having the colour of gold.
     
goldsmith Tweet Definition of goldsmith Like Definition of goldsmith on Facebook
noun 
  1. A person who forges things out of gold, especially jewelry.
     
gooch Tweet Definition of gooch Like Definition of gooch on Facebook
noun 
  1. (slang) The perineum.
     
Gordon Tweet Definition of Gordon Like Definition of Gordon on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A Scottish surname and clan name derived from a place name, of uncertain meaning.
  2. (given name, male), transferred use of the surname since nineteenth century.
     
gore Tweet Definition of gore Like Definition of gore on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, obsolete, _, except in dialects) dirt, Dirt, filth.
  2. blood, Blood, especially that from a wound when thickened due to exposure to the air.
verb (gor, ing)
  1. (context, of an animal) To pierce with the horns.
The bull gored the matador.
     
Gorki Tweet Definition of Gorki Like Definition of Gorki on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a city in Belarus
     
goujon Tweet Definition of goujon Like Definition of goujon on Facebook
noun 
  1. a thin strip of food, usually fish or chicken
     
Grace Tweet Definition of Grace Like Definition of Grace on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, female) from the noun grace
     
graham Tweet Definition of graham Like Definition of graham on Facebook
noun 
  1. flour made by grinding the wheat berry including the bran
     
Grange Tweet Definition of Grange Like Definition of Grange on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (usually, with "The") National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry, an association of farmers; one of the branch lodges of this association
     
Grant Tweet Definition of Grant Like Definition of Grant on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English surname and a Scottish clan name, from a nickname "large", Anglo-Norman grand.
  2. (given name, male), transferred use of the surname.
     
grass Tweet Definition of grass Like Definition of grass on Facebook
noun (es, -)
  1. (context, countable, uncountable) Any plant of the family Poaceae, characterized by leaves that arise from nodes in the stem, wrap around it for a distance, and leave, especially those grown as ground cover rather than for grain.
  2. A lawn.
  3. (context, slang, uncountable) marijuana, Marijuana.
  4. (slang) An informer, police informer; one who betrays a group (of criminals, etc) to the authorities.
verb (grass, es)
  1. (transitive) To lay out on the grass; to knock down (an opponent etc.).
    • 1893, Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Naval Treaty", Norton 2005, p.709:
    • :He flew at me with his knife, and I had to him twice, and got a cut over the knuckles, before I had the upper hand of him.
      1. (context, transitive, or, intransitive, slang) To act as a grass or informer, to betray; to report on (criminals etc) to the authorities.
     
gravely Tweet Definition of gravely Like Definition of gravely on Facebook
adverb 
  1. In a grave or serious manner.
     
Graves Tweet Definition of Graves Like Definition of Graves on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a region close to Bordeaux in south-western France
  2. the dry white wine produced in this region
  3. an English surname, derived from Grave
     
Gray Tweet Definition of Gray Like Definition of Gray on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an English surname; a nickname for someone with a gray beard or hair
     
Green Tweet Definition of Green Like Definition of Green on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A common English surname; either a topographic name for someone who lived near a village green, or was just fond of the colour
     
Greene Tweet Definition of Greene Like Definition of Greene on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English surname, a variant of Green.
     
Gregory Tweet Definition of Gregory Like Definition of Gregory on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male).
     
Grey Tweet Definition of Grey Like Definition of Grey on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an English surname, alternative spelling of Gray
     
Griffith Tweet Definition of Griffith Like Definition of Griffith on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A Welsh male given name, Anglicized from Gruffudd
     
Grignard Tweet Definition of Grignard Like Definition of Grignard on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (chemistry) Franí§ois Auguste Victor Grignard 1871-1935, French chemist and Nobel laureate
     
gross Tweet Definition of gross Like Definition of gross on Facebook
noun (pl=gross, pl2=grosses)
  1. A unit of amount = twelve dozen = 144 pcs.
  2. The total nominal earnings or amount, before taxes, expenses, exceptions or similar are deducted. That which remains after all deductions is called net.
  3. The bulk, the mass, the masses.
verb (gross, es)
  1. To earn money, not including expenses.
The movie ed three million on the first weekend.
adjective (er, more)
  1. disgusting, Disgusting.
  2. coarse, Coarse, rude, vulgar, obscene, or impure.
1874: Dodsley et al., A Select Collection of Old English Plays
    • :But man to know God is a difficulty, except by a mean he himself inure, which is to know God's creatures that be: at first them that be of the est nature, and then ... them that be more pure.
      1. great, Great, large, palpable, bulky, or fat.
      2. great, Great, serious, flagrant, or shameful
      a gross mistake
      gross injustice
      gross negligence
      1. the whole amount; entire; total before any deductions.
      w:Gross Domestic Product, gross domestic product
      1. dull, Dull.
     
grouchy Tweet Definition of grouchy Like Definition of grouchy on Facebook
adjective 
  1. irritable, Irritable; easily upset; angry; tending to complain.
His boss gets when deadlines draw near.
     
grove Tweet Definition of grove Like Definition of grove on Facebook
noun 
  1. A medium sized collection of trees.
     
groves Tweet Definition of groves Like Definition of groves on Facebook
noun 
  1. (plural of, grove)
     
grow Tweet Definition of grow Like Definition of grow on Facebook
verb (grows, growing, grew, grown)
  1. (intransitive) To become bigger.
Children quickly.
  1. (intransitive) To appear or sprout.
The plant began to .
A long tail began to from his backside.
  1. (transitive) To cause something to become bigger, especially plants.
He grows peppers and squash each summer in his garden.
     
guest Tweet Definition of guest Like Definition of guest on Facebook
noun 
  1. a recipient of hospitality, specifically someone staying by invitation at the house of another
  2. a patron or customer in a hotel etc.
  3. an invited visitor or performer to an institution or to a broadcast
verb 
  1. (intransitive) to appear as a guest, especially on a broadcast
     
guise Tweet Definition of guise Like Definition of guise on Facebook
noun 
  1. Customary way of speaking or acting; custom; fashion; manner; behavior; mien; mode; practice; -- often used formerly in such phrases as: at his own guise; that is, in his own fashion, to suit himself.
    • 1924: Aristotle. Metaphysics. Translated by W. D. Ross. Nashotah, Wisconsin, USA: The Classical Library, 2001. Available at: <http://www.classicallibrary.org/aristotle/metaphysics/>. Book 1, Part 5.
    • : dialecticians and sophists assume the same as the philosopher
    • External appearance in manner or dress; appropriate indication or expression; garb; shape.
    • Cover; cloak; as, under the guise of patriotism.
     
Gunter Tweet Definition of Gunter Like Definition of Gunter on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (context, obsolete) (given name, male) used in medieval England.
     
Gutenberg Tweet Definition of Gutenberg Like Definition of Gutenberg on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. Johannes Gutenberg, a German printer who independently invented movable type (though it had previously been invented in East Asia centuries earlier).
  2. Project Gutenberg.
  3. A lunar crater.
(wikipedia, Gutenberg (crater))      

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