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Glossary of Biographic Terms
beginning with letter F
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Fahrenheit Tweet Definition of Fahrenheit Like Definition of Fahrenheit on Facebook
adjective 
  1. A temperature scale originally defined as having 0 °F as the lowest temperature obtainable with a mixture of ice and salt, and 96 °F as the temperature of the human body, and now defined with 32 °F equal to 0 °C, and each degree Fahrenheit equal to 5/9 of a degree Celsius or 5/9 kelvin.
     
Fairbanks Tweet Definition of Fairbanks Like Definition of Fairbanks on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English habitational surname for someone who lived in any of several places named "fair bank" etc.
  2. A city in Alaska Interior, Alaska.
     
Fairfax Tweet Definition of Fairfax Like Definition of Fairfax on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A surname that was originally a nickname for someone with long hair
  2. Any of several placenames
  3. The title of a Scottish peerage
     
fall Tweet Definition of fall Like Definition of fall on Facebook
noun 
  1. The act of moving in gas or vacuum under the effect of gravity to a lower position.
  2. (chiefly North America, obsolete elsewhere; from the falling of leaves during this season) autumn, Autumn.
  3. A loss of greatness or status; as, the fall of Rome.
  4. (cricket) (of a wicket) The act of a batsman being out.
  5. (In plural only: falls) A waterfall.
  6. (curling) A defect in the ice which causes stones thrown in an area to drift in a given direction
verb (falls, falling, fell or (sense 7 only) (archaic) felled, fallen or (sense 7 ony) (archaic) felled)
  1. (intransitive) To move to a lower position under the effect of gravity
Thrown from a cliff, the stone fell 100 feet before hitting the ground.
  1. to come down, to drop or descend
The rain fell at dawn.
  1. to come to the ground deliberately, to prostrate oneself
He fell to the floor and begged for mercy.
  1. to be brought to the ground; to collapse, to be overthrown or defeated; to die
Rome fell to the Goths in 410 AD.
  1. to be allotted to; to come to through chance or fate
And so it falls to me to make this important decision.
  1. (transitive) (followed by an adjective) To become; to change into the state described by the adjective that follows.
She has fallen ill.
    • Usage note: Now only used in certain set phrases and expressions (see "Derived terms" below).
      1. (transitive) (archaic) To cause something to fall (4); especially to cause a tree to fall (4) by cutting it down.
     
Farmer Tweet Definition of Farmer Like Definition of Farmer on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, NATO code name) the Soviet MiG? 17 aircraft.
     
Faust Tweet Definition of Faust Like Definition of Faust on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a magician and alchemist of German lore who sold his soul to the Devil for knowledge
     
FDR Tweet Definition of FDR Like Definition of FDR on Facebook
initialism 
  1. w:Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States of America.
  2. (context, Communication, electronics) False transmit format Detection Ratio (in UMTS).
     
feller Tweet Definition of feller Like Definition of feller on Facebook
noun 
  1. a person who fells trees; a lumberjack
  2. a fellow
     
Fermi Tweet Definition of Fermi Like Definition of Fermi on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A surname of Italian origin.
  2. The physicist w:Enrico Fermi, Enrico Fermi.
     
field Tweet Definition of field Like Definition of field on Facebook
noun 
  1. A land area free of woodland, cities, and towns; open country.
  2. A wide, open space that is usually used to grow crops or to hold farm animals.
  3. The open country near or belonging to a city -- usually used in plural.
  4. (physics) A region affected by a particular force.
magnetic field
  1. A course of study or domain of knowledge or practice.
  2. (mathematics) A set having two operations called addition and multiplication under both of which all the elements of the set are commutative and associative; for which multiplication distributes over addition; and for both of which there exist an identity element and an inverse element.
The set of rational numbers, <math>\mathbb{Q}</math>, is the prototypical field.
  1. (sport) An area reserved for playing a game.
soccer field
  1. (geology) A region containing a particular mineral.
oil field or oilfield
gold field or goldfield
  1. (heraldry) The background of the shield
  2. (computing) An area of memory or storage reserved for a particular value.
verb 
  1. (context, transitive, sport) To intercept or catch (a ball) and play it.
  2. (context, transitive, sport) To place a team in (a game).
  3. (transitive) To answer, accept or address.
She will questions immediately after her presentation.
     
fielding Tweet Definition of fielding Like Definition of fielding on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, fielding (cricket))
  1. the action of the verb to field
     
fields Tweet Definition of fields Like Definition of fields on Facebook
noun 
  1. Plural of field.
verb 
  1. Third person singular of field.
     
firth Tweet Definition of firth Like Definition of firth on Facebook
noun 
  1. An arm of the sea; a frith.
     
fish Tweet Definition of fish Like Definition of fish on Facebook
noun (collectively (UK) or (US) and when referring to two or more kinds fishes or informally fishies)
  1. (countable) A cold-blooded vertebrate animal that lives in water, moving with the help of fins and breathing with gills.
We have many in our aquarium.
  1. (context, possibly archaic) Any vertebrates that lives in water and cannot live outside it.
  2. (context, collectively) (plural of, fish)
<!--Same as first definition:
  1. (countable) A type of fish.
Salmon is a .
God created all the fishes of the world.
-->
  1. (uncountable) The flesh of the fish used as food.
The seafood pasta had lots of but not enough pasta.
  1. (countable) A period of time spent fishing.
The at the lake didn't prove successful.
  1. (countable) An instance of seeking something.
Merely two fishes for information told the whole story.
  1. (uncountable) A card game in which the object is to obtain pairs of cards.
  2. (context, uncountable, derogatory, slang) Women.
  3. (slang) An easy victim for swindle, swindling.
verb (fish, es)
  1. (intransitive) To try to catch fish, whether successfully or not.
She went to the river to for trout.
  1. (context, intransitive, followed by "about," "around," "through," etc.) To attempt to find or get hold of an object by searching among other objects.
Why are you fishing through in my things?
  1. (context, intransitive, followed by "around") To attempt to obtain information by talking to people.
The detective visited the local pubs fishing around for more information.
  1. (context, intransitive, cricket) Of a batsman, to attempt to hit a ball outside off stump and miss it.
  2. (context, transitive, followed by "for") To attempt to get hold of (an object) that is among other objects.
  • He was fishing for in his pocket the keys.
    1. (context, transitive, figurative, followed by "for") To attempt to gain.
The actors loitered at the door, fishing for compliments.
adjective 
  1. Of or relating to fish.
It was a fine dinner.
  1. Of or relating to fishing.
Put the worm on a hook.
     
Fisher Tweet Definition of Fisher Like Definition of Fisher on Facebook
proper noun (wikipedia, Fisher (surname))
(PersonalName?)
  1. an English occupational surname for a fisherman
     
Fitzgerald Tweet Definition of Fitzgerald Like Definition of Fitzgerald on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An Irish patronymic surname from Gerald
     
Fleming Tweet Definition of Fleming Like Definition of Fleming on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a native or inhabitant of Flanders in Belgium
  2. someone who speaks the Flemish language
  3. an English surname
  4. w:Ian Fleming, Ian Fleming English writer
  5. w:Alexander Fleming, Sir Alexander Fleming Scottish bacteriologist
     
Fletcher Tweet Definition of Fletcher Like Definition of Fletcher on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A surname, from the profession fletcher
     
flinders Tweet Definition of flinders Like Definition of flinders on Facebook
noun (always plural)
  1. fragments, splinters
  • 1985: The heat brought sweat and the sweat blinded. Black gyrated in the fiery air like bats. " Anthony Burgess, Kingdom of the Wicked
     
Flint Tweet Definition of Flint Like Definition of Flint on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A city in Michigan
     
flory Tweet Definition of flory Like Definition of flory on Facebook
adjective (flory)
  1. (heraldry) decorated with fleur-de-lis, fleurs-de-lis
     
Forbes Tweet Definition of Forbes Like Definition of Forbes on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. a family name
  2. (geography) a town in New South Wales, Australia
     
Forester Tweet Definition of Forester Like Definition of Forester on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English topographical surname for someone who lived, or worked in a forest
     
Forster Tweet Definition of Forster Like Definition of Forster on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an English occupational or topographic surname for someone who worked or lived in a forest
     
Foster Tweet Definition of Foster Like Definition of Foster on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. An English surname, variant of Forster
     
Fowler Tweet Definition of Fowler Like Definition of Fowler on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. an English occupational surname for a hunter of birds
     
fox Tweet Definition of fox Like Definition of fox on Facebook
noun 
  1. A small carnivore (Vulpes vulpes), related to dogs and wolves, with red or silver fur and a bushy tail.
  2. Any of numerous species of small wild canids similar to the red fox, this term describing members of at least five genera (see the w:Fox, Wikipedia article on the fox).
  3. A fox terrier.
  4. A cunning person.
  5. (slang) An attractive woman.
verb (fox, es)
  1. (transitive) To trick, fool or outwit (someone) by cunning or ingenuity.
  2. (transitive) To confuse or baffle (someone).
This crossword puzzle has completely foxed me.
  1. (intransitive) To act slyly or craftily.
  2. (intransitive). To discolour paper. Fox marks are spots on paper caused by humidity.
The pages of the book show distinct foxing.
     
France Tweet Definition of France Like Definition of France on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. Country in Western Europe having borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Andorra and Spain. Member state of the European Union. Official name: French Republic (République Franí§aise). Population: 62 million inhabitants.
     
Franco Tweet Definition of Franco Like Definition of Franco on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A masculine given name, originating from Spain or Italy, equivalent to Frank or Francis(cus).
  2. A surname of Spanish origin.
adjective franco
  1. with freightages paid by the destinatary
adverb franco
  1. with freightages paid by the destinatary
     
Frank Tweet Definition of Frank Like Definition of Frank on Facebook
noun 
  1. One of the Franks, a Germanic federation that inhabited parts of what are now France, the Low Countries and Germany.
proper noun 
  1. (given name, male) originally derived from the medieval tribal name, revived in the nineteenth century and now considered as a diminutive of Francis .
     
Frankfurter Tweet Definition of Frankfurter Like Definition of Frankfurter on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. One who is from Frankfurt, Germany.
     
Franklin Tweet Definition of Franklin Like Definition of Franklin on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, US, informal) A one hundred dollar note, which carries the portrait of Benjamin Franklin.
proper noun (given=yes, surname=yes)
  1. A male given name.
  2. An English surname.
  3. w:Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), American author, scientist, inventor, and diplomat, and one of the Founding Fathers.
     
freeman Tweet Definition of freeman Like Definition of freeman on Facebook
noun (freemen)
  1. A free man, one who is not a serf or slave.
  1. (archaic) A person awarded or inheriting the freedom, with any attached privileges, of a borough or city.
     
Freud Tweet Definition of Freud Like Definition of Freud on Facebook
proper noun (surname=yes)
  1. a German surname
     
fried Tweet Definition of fried Like Definition of fried on Facebook
verb 
  1. (past of, fry)
adjective 
  1. cooked by frying
  2. (colloquial) (context, of computer equipment) broken as a result of excessive heat or an electrical surge
    • looks like your motherboard is
     
Friedman Tweet Definition of Friedman Like Definition of Friedman on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. A surname.
     
frost Tweet Definition of frost Like Definition of frost on Facebook
noun 
  1. A cover of minute ice crystals on objects that are exposed to the air. Some of these are tree branches, plant stems, leaves, wires, poles, vehicles, rooftops, or aircraft skin. Frost is the same process by which dew is formed except that the temperature of the frosted object is below freezing. Frost can be light or heavy.
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. § 47.
    • : It is more probable, in almost every country of Europe, that there will be sometime in January, than that the weather will continue open throughout that whole month ;
      1. The cold weather that would cause frost as in (1) to form.
verb 
  1. To coat something (eg a cake) with white icing to resemble frost
  2. To anger or annoy
I think the boss's decision frosted him, a bit.
     
fry Tweet Definition of fry Like Definition of fry on Facebook
noun (pl=fries)
  1. (usually in plural fries) (mainly Canada and US) A fried potato.
  2. (context, Ireland, UK) A meal of fried sausages, bacon, eggs, etc.
     
Fuller Tweet Definition of Fuller Like Definition of Fuller on Facebook
proper noun (surname=yes)
  1. An English surname derived from the name of a person who fulls cloth.
     
funk Tweet Definition of funk Like Definition of funk on Facebook
noun 
  1. (uncountable) A genre of popular music associated with the 1970s and typified by prominent bass guitar and horn section.
  2. (countable) mental depression
  3. (uncountable) A state of fear or panic, especially cowardly
  4. (countable) Foul or unpleasant smell, especially body odour. Examples of 18th Century usage cited in Universal English Dictionary, 1896.
     

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