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Glossary of World History Terms
beginning with letter E
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Earl Tweet Definition of Earl Like Definition of Earl on Facebook
proper noun 
  1. (context, mostly, U.S.) (given name, male) from the English noun earl
earldom Tweet Definition of earldom Like Definition of earldom on Facebook
  1. the rank of being an earl
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, King Richard III
    • :And, look when I am king, claim thou of me / The of Hereford, and all the movables / Whereof the king my brother was possess'd.
      1. The territory controlled by an earl
Edwardian Tweet Definition of Edwardian Like Definition of Edwardian on Facebook
  1. Of the period in British history from circa 1900 to 1910, when Edward VII ruled the British Empire.
effendi Tweet Definition of effendi Like Definition of effendi on Facebook
  1. An educated or well-respected man in an eastern Mediterranean or Arab country; often used as a title of respect or courtesy in Turkey or a former Ottoman territory.
Elector Tweet Definition of Elector Like Definition of Elector on Facebook
  1. A German prince entitled to elect the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
electorate Tweet Definition of electorate Like Definition of electorate on Facebook
  1. The collective people of a country, state, or electoral district who are entitled to vote.
    The votes have been counted and the has spoken.
  2. The geographic area encompassing an electoral district.
    The of Finchley borders on the electorate of Much-Binding-in-the-Marsh, splitting the new housing estate of Royal Cupolas.
  3. The dominion of an Elector in the Holy Roman Empire.
    Fredrick the Great, Elector of Brandenburg and King of Prussia, commanded the most powerful in the Empire.
Elizabethan Tweet Definition of Elizabethan Like Definition of Elizabethan on Facebook
  1. Pertaining to the reign of w:Elizabeth I of England, Queen Elizabeth.
emirate Tweet Definition of emirate Like Definition of emirate on Facebook
  1. the office of an emir
  2. a nation ruled by an emir
emperor Tweet Definition of emperor Like Definition of emperor on Facebook
  1. The male monarch or ruler of an empire.
empire Tweet Definition of empire Like Definition of empire on Facebook
  1. A political unit having an extensive territory or comprising a number of territories or nations and ruled by a single supreme authority.
  2. A group of states or other territories that owe allegiance to a foreign power.
  3. A state ruled by an emperor.
  4. Any vast area under the power of one person; most commonly used in business, e.g. "the McDonalds? empire".
empress Tweet Definition of empress Like Definition of empress on Facebook
  1. The wife or widow of an emperor.
  2. The female monarch of an empire.
enfeoff Tweet Definition of enfeoff Like Definition of enfeoff on Facebook
verb to enfieff
  1. To put (a person) in legal possession of a freehold interest; to transer a fief to.
ermine Tweet Definition of ermine Like Definition of ermine on Facebook
  1. A weasel, Mustela erminea, found in northern latitudes; its dark brown fur turns white in winter (apart from the black tip of the tail)
  2. The white fur of this animal
  3. (poetic) A symbol of purity
  4. (figuratively) The office of a judge
  5. (heraldry) A white field with black spots
  1. To clothe with ermine
esquire Tweet Definition of esquire Like Definition of esquire on Facebook
  1. (archaic) a squire; a youth who in the hopes of becoming a knight attended upon a knight
  2. a lawyer
  3. (obsolete) a shield-bearer, but also applied to other attendants.
    • 1801: w:Joseph Strutt, Joseph Strutt, The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England - The office of the consisted of several departments; the for the body, the of the chamber, the of the stable, and the carving ; the latter stood in the hall at dinner, carved the different dishes, and distributed them to the guests.
      1. a male member of the gentry ranking below a knight
      2. an honorific sometimes placed after a man's name
    • (RQ:Shakespeare Henry 4-2), III-ii - I am Robert Shallow, sir; a poor of the county, and one of the king's justices of the peace.
    • 1875 w:Herbert Broom, Herbert Broom and w:Edward Hadley, Edward Hadley, notes by w:William Wait, William Wait, Commentaries on the laws of England, I-317 - Esquires and gentlemen are confounded together by Sir w:Edward Coke, Edward Coke, who observes that every is a gentleman, and a gentleman is defined to be one qui arma gerit, who bears coat-armour, the grant of which was thought to add gentility to a man's family. It is indeed a matter somewhat unsettled what constitutes the distinction, or who is a real ; for no estate, however large, per se confers this rank upon its owner.
      1. A gentleman who attends or escorts a lady in public.
verb (esquir, ing)
  1. (transitive) (obsolete) To attend, wait on, escort.
estate Tweet Definition of estate Like Definition of estate on Facebook
  1. (legal) Technically, the nature and extent of a person's interest in, or ownership of, land.
    • Broadly, applies to all that a person owns, whether real property, real or personal property, personal property.
      1. An area on land under single ownership. (w:Estate (house))
      2. The property of a deceased person.
      3. A group of buildings built together as a single development on a designated area of land. (w:Housing estate)
      4. A general collective noun.
      5. (context, UK, automotive) An estate car; the body style for cars, popular with families, which has an enclosed area where the boot or trunk would be on a sedan / saloon.
      6. A major social class or order of persons regarded collectively as part of the body politic of the country and formerly possessing distinct political rights (w:Estates of the realm)
eunuch Tweet Definition of eunuch Like Definition of eunuch on Facebook
  1. A castrated human male.
  2. Such a man who was harem guard or in Middle Eastern courts under Roman Emperors, important officials of the state.
  1. Referring to someone or something which has been emasculated. (very rare)
  2. Referring to a castrato, or boy castrated to retain soprano or alto voice.

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