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Glossary of Textiles Terms
beginning with letter S
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sackcloth Tweet Definition of sackcloth Like Definition of sackcloth on Facebook
noun
  1. A coarse hessian style of cloth used to make sacks.
  2. (Usually paired with 'ashes'), garments worn as an act of penance. Now often used figuratively.
After he realised the gravity of his crime he spent some time wearing sackcloth and ashes.
sacking Tweet Definition of sacking Like Definition of sacking on Facebook
noun
  1. Cheap rough cloth such as would be used to make bags (sacks).
The farmer grabbed a handful of and rubbed down the cow.
verb
  1. (present participle of, sack)
sailcloth Tweet Definition of sailcloth Like Definition of sailcloth on Facebook
noun
  1. A strong, durable fabric suitable for making sails for ships or boats. This term can be used even when the fabric is used for other purposes.
sanglier Tweet Definition of sanglier Like Definition of sanglier on Facebook
noun
  1. (obsolete) A full-grown wild boar.
sateen Tweet Definition of sateen Like Definition of sateen on Facebook
noun
  1. A type of cotton cloth with a shiny surface and dull back, woven using the technique that, when applied to silk or nylon, results in cloth called satin.
satin Tweet Definition of satin Like Definition of satin on Facebook
noun
  1. A cloth woven from silk, nylon or polyester with a glossy surface and a dull back. (The same weaving technique applied to cotton produces cloth termed sateen).
adjective
  1. Smooth and shiny, glossy. Particularly describing a type of paint.
satinet Tweet Definition of satinet Like Definition of satinet on Facebook
noun
  1. a faux satin usually made of synthetic fiber or cotton.
Saxony Tweet Definition of Saxony Like Definition of Saxony on Facebook
proper noun
  1. One of the component states of Germany according to the current administrative division of the nation.
say Tweet Definition of say Like Definition of say on Facebook
verb (says, saying, said)
  1. To pronounce
Please your name slowly and clearly.
  1. To recite
Martha, will you grace?
  1. To communicate, either verbally or in writing
He said he would be here tomorrow.
  1. To indicate in a written form
The sign says it's 50 kilometres to Paris.
scatter rug Tweet Definition of scatter rug Like Definition of scatter rug on Facebook
noun
  1. a small rug, especially one of several used as floor covering
scour Tweet Definition of scour Like Definition of scour on Facebook
verb
  1. To clean, polish, or wash something by scrubbing it vigorously.
He scoured the burner pans, to remove the burnt spills.
  1. To search an area thoroughly.
They scoured the scene of the crime for clues.
  1. (veterinary medicine) Of livestock, to suffer from diarrhea.
If a lamb is scouring, do not delay treatment.
  1. To move swiftly.
scrim Tweet Definition of scrim Like Definition of scrim on Facebook
noun
  1. A kind of light cotton or linen fabric, often woven in openwork patterns, -- used for curtains, etc,.
  2. A large military scarf, usually camouflage coloured and used for concealment when not used as a scarf.
scutch Tweet Definition of scutch Like Definition of scutch on Facebook
noun
  1. An implement used to separate the fibres of flax by beating them
verb (scutch, es)
  1. to beat or flog, especially for extracting the fibers from flax stalks
  • 2005: "Scutching": the title of subsection 32.10.3 in section 32.10 "PROCESSING FIBER FLAX" " John Martin, Warren Leonard, David Stamp, Richard Waldren, Principles of Field Crop Production (4th Edition)
  • 1976: His prey was more often the over-scutched huswives, the threepenny whores with well-whipped backs, both from the beadle and their own hot-blooded clients. " Robert Nye, Falstaff =
  • selvage Tweet Definition of selvage Like Definition of selvage on Facebook
    noun
    1. The edge of a woven fabric, where the weft (side-to-side) threads run around the warp (top to bottom) threads, creating a finished edge.
    2. Any edge of fabric finished so as to prevent raveling.
    3. The border on a sheet of postage stamps.
    sendal Tweet Definition of sendal Like Definition of sendal on Facebook
    noun
    1. A light silk cloth
    Serge Tweet Definition of Serge Like Definition of Serge on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. (given name, male), the French form of Sergius.
    sericulture Tweet Definition of sericulture Like Definition of sericulture on Facebook
    noun
    1. the cultivation of silk
    Set Tweet Definition of Set Like Definition of Set on Facebook
    proper noun (also Seth)
    1. An ancient Egyptian god, variously described as the god of chaos, the god of thunder and storms, or the god of destruction.
    sett Tweet Definition of sett Like Definition of sett on Facebook
    noun (pluralsetts)
    1. The system of tunnels that is the home of a badger.
    2. The pattern of distinctive threads and yarns that make up the plaid of a Scottish tartan.
    3. A small. square-cut piece of quarried stone used for paving and edging.
    shaft Tweet Definition of shaft Like Definition of shaft on Facebook
    noun
    1. the long narrow body of a spear or arrow
    2. a beam or ray of light
    3. any long thin object, such as the handle of a tool, one of the poles between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle, the drive shaft of an engine
    4. the main axis of a feather
    5. (lacrosse) the long narrow body of a lacrosse stick
    6. a long narrow passage sunk into the earth, for mining etc
    7. a vertical passage housing a lift or elevator
    8. a ventilation or heating conduit
    9. a malicious act, as in "to give someone the shaft"
    shag Tweet Definition of shag Like Definition of shag on Facebook
    noun
    1. Matted material; rough massed hair, fibres etc.
    2. Coarse shredded tobacco.
    3. A type of rough carpet pile.
    verb (shagg, ing)
    1. (intransitive) To shake, wiggle around.
    2. (transitive) To have sexual intercourse with.
    3. To chase after; especially : to chase after and return (a ball) hit usually out of play
    =      
    shed Tweet Definition of shed Like Definition of shed on Facebook
    noun
    1. (obsolete) A distinction or dividing-line.
    2. (obsolete) A parting in the hair.
    3. (obsolete) An area of land as distinguished from those around it.
    verb (sheds, shedding, shed)
    1. (context, transitive, archaic) To part or divide.
    A metal comb her golden hair.
    1. (context, transitive, archaic) To pour; to make flow.
    I have the blood of our enemies.
    1. (transitive) To allow to flow or fall.
    I didn't many tears when he left me.
    1. (transitive) To radiate, cast, give off
    Can you any light on this problem?
    1. (context, transitive, intransitive) To cast off, to let fall, be divested of.
    When we found the snake, it was in the process of shedding its skin.
    sheer Tweet Definition of sheer Like Definition of sheer on Facebook
    noun
    1. (nautical) The curve of the main deck or gunwale from bow to stern.
    2. (nautical) An abrupt swerve from the course of a ship.
    verb
    1. (nautical) To swerve from a course.
    2. To shear. (rare/archaic?)
    adjective (er, more)
    1. (context, textiles) Very thin or transparent.
    Her light, dress caught everyone's attention.
    1. pure, Pure; unmixed; being only what it seems to be.
    I think it is genius to invent such a thing.
    This poem is nonsense.
    1. Straight up and down; vertical; perpendicular.
    It was a drop of 180 feet.
    adverb
    1. Clean, clean; quite; at once.
    shiner Tweet Definition of shiner Like Definition of shiner on Facebook
    noun
    1. (countable) One that shines.
    2. (countable) (italbrac, colloquial) A bruised eye.
    3. (countable) A silver minnow.
    shive Tweet Definition of shive Like Definition of shive on Facebook
    noun
    1. A slice, especially of bread.
      • 1980, Anthony Burgess, Earthly Powers:
      • :In my cool room with the shutters shut and the thin shives of air and light coming through the slats, I cried myself to sleep in an overloud selfpitying transport.
        1. (obsolete) A sheave.
        2. A beam or plank of split wood.
        3. A flat, wide cork for plugging a large hole.
    short Tweet Definition of short Like Definition of short on Facebook
    noun
    1. A short circuit.
    2. (baseball) shortstop
    Jones smashes a grounder between third and .
    verb
    1. (transitive) To cause a short circuit
    adjective
    1. Having a small distance from one end or edge to another, either horizontally or vertically dimensions.
    2. A word or phrase that can be said or written in less time to represent another word or phrase.
    "Tater" is for "potato".
    1. (context, of a person) With less height
    2. (cricket, of a ball) that bounced relatively far from the batsman
    3. (cricket, of a fielder or fielding position) relatively close to the batsman
    adverb
    1. (cricket) of a cricket ball, to bounce relatively far from the batsman so that it bounces higher than normal; opposite of full
    shrink Tweet Definition of shrink Like Definition of shrink on Facebook
    noun
    1. (slang) A psychiatrist or therapist, also referred to as a head-shrinker.
    verb (shrinks, shrinking, shrank, shrunk)
    1. (intransitive) To contract, to become smaller, especially through exposure to cold and moisture.
    This garment will when wet.
    1. (transitive) To cause something to shrink (intransitive)
    2. (intransitive) To attempt to avoid an unwanted or intimidating duty; as, to shrink from a task.
    shrinkage Tweet Definition of shrinkage Like Definition of shrinkage on Facebook
    noun
    1. the act of shrinking, or the proportion by which something shrinks
    2. the loss of merchandise through theft
    Silesia Tweet Definition of Silesia Like Definition of Silesia on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. A region of central Europe.
    silk Tweet Definition of silk Like Definition of silk on Facebook
    noun
    1. (uncountable) A fine fiber excreted by the silkworm or other arthropod (such as a spider).
    The thread was barely visible.
    1. (uncountable) A fine, soft cloth woven from silk fibers.
    I had a small square of , but it wasn't enough to make what I wanted.
    1. The gown worn by a Senior (i.e. Queen's/King's) Counsel
    2. (colloquial) a Senior (i.e. Queen's/King's) Counsel
    simple Tweet Definition of simple Like Definition of simple on Facebook
    noun
    1. (context, jargon, medicine) A preparation made from one plant, as opposed to something made from more than one plant.
    adjective (simpler, simplest)
    1. having few parts or features; having no special features
    2. (colloquial) feeble-minded.
    sinnet Tweet Definition of sinnet Like Definition of sinnet on Facebook
    noun
    1. (nautical) a braided cord
    • 2004: Last night, the men were gathered on the foredeck laying up grass into for ropes by lantern-light & the prohibition on "supernuminaries" on the foredeck seemed not to apply. " David Mitchell, Cloud Atlas
    skein Tweet Definition of skein Like Definition of skein on Facebook
    noun
    1. A quantity of yarn, thread, or the like, put up together, after it is taken from the reel. A skein of cotton yarn is formed by eighty turns of the thread round a fifty-four inch reel.
    2. (italbrac-colon, Wagon Making) A metallic strengthening band or thimble on the wooden arm of an axle.
    3. (italbrac-colon, zoology, provincial England) A group of wild fowl, (e.g. goose, geese, goslings) when they are in flight.
    skirting Tweet Definition of skirting Like Definition of skirting on Facebook
    verb
    1. (present participle of, skirt)
    sleazy Tweet Definition of sleazy Like Definition of sleazy on Facebook
    adjective (sleazi, er)
    1. Marked by low quality; inferior; inadequate.
    2. Dishonorable; base; vulgar; raunchy
    sliver Tweet Definition of sliver Like Definition of sliver on Facebook
    noun
    1. A long piece cut or rent off; a sharp, slender fragment; a splinter.
    2. A strand, or slender roll, of cotton or other fiber in a loose, untwisted state, produced by a carding machine and ready for the roving or slubbing which preceeds spinning.
    3. Bait made of pieces of small fish. Cf. Kibblings.
    4. (New York) A narrow high-rise apartment building.
    verb
    1. (transitive) To cut or divide into long, thin pieces, or into very small pieces; to cut or rend lengthwise; to slit; as, to sliver wood.
    slug Tweet Definition of slug Like Definition of slug on Facebook
    noun (wikipedia, Slug (disambiguation), slug)
    1. Any of many terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks, having no (or only rudimentary) shell
    2. (physics, rarely used) the Imperial (English) unit of mass that accelerates by 1 foot per second squared (1 ft/s²) when a force of one pound-force (lbf) is exerted on it.
    3. A discrete quantity of one fluid that flows though the line surrounded by another.
    4. A bullet.
    5. A counterfeit coin, especially one used to steal from vending machines.
    6. A shot of a drink, usually alcoholic.
    7. A title, name or header
    8. (slang) A lazy person, a sluggard.
    9. (context, television editing) A black screen
    10. (context, typesetting) A piece of typemetal imprinted by a Linotype machine; also a black mark placed in the margin to indicate an error
    verb (slug, g, ed)
    1. To drink quickly; to gulp.
    2. To down a shot.
    3. (transitive) To hit very hard.
    He insulted my mother, so I slugged him.
    The batter slugged the ball out of the park.
    spin Tweet Definition of spin Like Definition of spin on Facebook
    noun
    1. circular, Circular motion.
    2. (physics) A quantum angular momentum associated with subatomic particles, which also creates a magnetic moment.
    3. A favourable comment or interpretation intended to bias opinion on an otherwise unpleasant situation.
    4. (cricket) rotation, Rotation of the ball as it flies through the air; sideways movement of the ball as it bounces.
    5. A condition of flight where a stalled aircraft is simultaneously pitching, yawing and rolling in a spinning motion.
    verb (spins, spinning, spun or span, spun)
    1. To turn around quickly.
    2. To present, describe, or interpret, or to introduce a bias or slant so as to give something a favorable or advantageous appearance.
    2006. In every administration there will be spokesmen and public affairs officers who try to spin the news to make the president look good. But this administration is trying to spin scientific data and muzzle scientists toward that end. — The Washington Post Editorial, The Politics of Science, Thursday, February 9, 2006; Page A22 http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/02/08/AR2006020801991.html.
    1. (context, cricket, of a bowler) To make the ball move sideways when it bounces on the pitch.
    2. (context, cricket, of a ball) To move sideways when bouncing.
    adjective
    1. (cricket) Describing a spin bowler, or his style of bowling.
    spindle Tweet Definition of spindle Like Definition of spindle on Facebook
    noun
    1. (spinning) a distaff, the rod used for spinning and then winding natural fibres, especially wool.
    2. a rod which turns, or on which something turns.
    3. a worldwide tree of the genus Euonymus, originally used for making the spindles used for spinning wool.
    4. an upright spike for holding paper documents by skewering.
    verb (spindl, ing)
    1. To make into a long tapered shape.
    2. To impale on a device for holding paper documents.
      Do not fold, or mutilate this document.
    spinning frame Tweet Definition of spinning frame Like Definition of spinning frame on Facebook
    noun
    1. a machine that draws and twists fibres and then winds it onto spools or spindles
    spinning jenny Tweet Definition of spinning jenny Like Definition of spinning jenny on Facebook
    noun (wikipedia, Spinning Jenny)
    1. an early spinning machine having multiple spools
    spinning wheel Tweet Definition of spinning wheel Like Definition of spinning wheel on Facebook
    noun
    1. a domestic device for making yarn or thread; having a single spindle and a wheel driven by hand or foot
    spool Tweet Definition of spool Like Definition of spool on Facebook
    noun
    1. A device around which thread, wire or cable is wound, especially a cylinder or spindle.
    verb
    1. (computing): To send files to some device or program (a "spooler" or demon) that puts them in a queue for later processing of some kind. Without qualification, the spooler is the "print spooler" controlling output of jobs to a printer; but the term has been used in connection with other peripherals (especially plotters and graphics devices) and occasionally even for input devices.
    sprang Tweet Definition of sprang Like Definition of sprang on Facebook
    verb
    1. (simple past of, spring)
    staple Tweet Definition of staple Like Definition of staple on Facebook
    noun
    1. A basic or essential supply.
    2. A basic food.
      • Rice is a in the diet of many cultures.
    verb (stapl, ing)
    1. (transitive) To secure with a staple.
    stapler Tweet Definition of stapler Like Definition of stapler on Facebook
    noun
    1. A device which binds together sheets of paper by driving a thin metal staple through the sheets and simultaneously folding over the ends of the staple against the back surface of the paper. Compare staple gun.
    stretch Tweet Definition of stretch Like Definition of stretch on Facebook
    noun
    1. An act of stretching.
    I was right in the middle of a when the phone rang.
    To say crossing the street was brave was quite a stretch.
    1. The ability to lengthen when pulled.
    That rubber band has quite a bit of stretch.
    1. A course of thought which similarly diverts from 'straight' logic
    2. A segment of a journey or route.
    It was an easy trip except for the last , which took forever.
    1. (baseball) A quick pitching delivery used when runners are on base where the pitcher slides his leg instead of lifting it.
    2. (baseball) A long reach in the direction of the ball with a foot remaining on the base by a first baseman in order to catch the ball sooner.
    3. A length of time
    He did a 7-year in jail.
    verb (stret, ch, es)
    1. (transitive) To lengthen by pulling.
    I stretched the rubber band until it almost broke.
    1. (transitive) To pull tight.
    First, the skin over the frame of the drum.
    1. (transitive) To get more use than expected from a limited resource.
    I managed to my coffee supply a few more days.
    1. (transitive) To try to make too much of.
    To say crossing the street was brave is stretching the meaning of "brave" considerably.
    1. (intransitive) To lengthen when pulled.
    The rubber band stretched almost to the breaking point.
    1. (intransitive) To extend one"s limbs or body in order to stretch the muscles.
    I woke up, yawned and stretched.
    stripe Tweet Definition of stripe Like Definition of stripe on Facebook
    noun
    1. A long, straight region of a single colour.
    2. (in plural) The badge worn by certain officers in the military or other forces.
    substantive Tweet Definition of substantive Like Definition of substantive on Facebook
    noun
    1. (grammar) A word that names or refers to a person, place, thing, or idea. noun, Nouns, pronouns, adjectives, present participles, determiners, and numerals may all function as substantives in English and many other languages.
    adjective
    1. Of the essence or essential element of a thing; as, "substantive information".
    2. Having substance and prompting thought.
    3. Applying to essential legal principles and rules of right; as, "substantive law".
    suede Tweet Definition of suede Like Definition of suede on Facebook
    noun
    1. A type of soft leather, made from calfskin, with a brushed texture to resemble fabric, often used to make boots, clothing and fashion accessories.
    2. (modifying a noun and functioning as an adjective) Made of suede.
    suiting Tweet Definition of suiting Like Definition of suiting on Facebook
    verb
    1. (present participle of, suit)
    Swiss Tweet Definition of Swiss Like Definition of Swiss on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. A person from Switzerland or of Swiss descent.
    adjective
    1. Of, from, or pertaining to Switzerland, the Swiss people or the Swiss language.
    swivel Tweet Definition of swivel Like Definition of swivel on Facebook
    noun
    1. (Mechanical): A piece, as a ring or hook, attached to another piece by a pin, in such a manner as to permit rotation about the pin as an axis.
    2. (military) A small piece of ordenance, turning on a point or swivel; -- called also swivel gun. --w:Wilhelm.
    3. (slang) strength of mind or character that enables one to overcome adversity; confidence; will -- Bob ain't got no swivel.

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