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Glossary of Textiles Terms
beginning with letter B
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backhanded Tweet Definition of backhanded Like Definition of backhanded on Facebook
adjective
  1. With the hand turned backward.
    a blow
  2. indirect, Indirect; awkward; insincere; sarcastic.
    a compliment
    1. Turned back
    2. (of writing) inclining to the left
    letters
baize Tweet Definition of baize Like Definition of baize on Facebook
noun
  1. A coarse woolen stuff with a long nap; -- usually dyed in plain colors.
    • 1719: w:Daniel Defoe, Daniel Defoe, w:Robinson Crusoe, Robinson Crusoe
    • : my goods being all English manufacture, such as cloths, stuffs, , and things particularly valuable and desirable in the country, I found means to sell them to a very great advantage...
      1. A thick woolen cloth used for coverings (on billiard tables, bird cages etc.)
      (seeCites)
balbriggan Tweet Definition of balbriggan Like Definition of balbriggan on Facebook
noun
  1. An unbleached, knitted, cotton fabric mostly used for underwear.
barathea Tweet Definition of barathea Like Definition of barathea on Facebook
noun
  1. a soft fabric, made from various combinations of wool, silk and cotton, with a lightly ribbed surface
bare Tweet Definition of bare Like Definition of bare on Facebook
nounthe bare (always with the definite article)
  1. the naked state, nude body
verb (bar, ing)
  1. (transitive) To uncover; to reveal; as, to bare one's teeth, to bare one's soul.
adjective (bar, er)
  1. minimal, Minimal; that is or are just sufficient.
the necessities
  1. naked, Naked, uncovered.
Don't show your backside in public.
  1. Having no supplies.
a room of furniture
The cupboard was .
  1. Having no decoration.
The walls of this room are — why not hang some paintings on them?
  1. Having had what usually covers (something) removed.
The trees were left after the swarm of locusts devoured all the leaves.
  1. (slang) A lot or lots of.
This pornos whack bruv
barleycorn Tweet Definition of barleycorn Like Definition of barleycorn on Facebook
noun
  1. a grain of barley
  2. (context, UK, obsolete) the length of such a grain; a unit of length of approximately one third (or sometimes one quarter) of an inch or 8mm.
  3. (architecture. woodworking) a small groove between two mouldings
  4. In English tradition John Barleycorn personifies beer and whisky which are produced from malt a product of barley.
barre Tweet Definition of barre Like Definition of barre on Facebook
noun
  1. (ballet) A handrail fixed to a wall used for ballet exercises.
barred Tweet Definition of barred Like Definition of barred on Facebook
verb
  1. Past tense of bar.
    He the door at evening.
  2. Prevented.
    He is by term limits from running for a third term in office.
adjective
  1. Having bars, striped.
basketry Tweet Definition of basketry Like Definition of basketry on Facebook
noun
  1. The process of weave, weaving unspun vegetable fibers to make a basket.
bast Tweet Definition of bast Like Definition of bast on Facebook
noun
  1. fibre made from the phloem of certain plants and used for matting and cord.
bat Tweet Definition of bat Like Definition of bat on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of the small, nocturnal, flying mammals of the order Chiroptera, which navigate by means of echolocation. They look like a mouse with membranous wings extending from the forelimbs to the hind limbs or tail. Altogether, there are about 1.000 bat species in the world.
  2. (context, offensive) An old woman.
  3. (1811) A low whore: so called from moving out like a bat in the dusk of the evening.
verb (bats, batting, batted)
  1. (transitive) to hit with a bat.
  2. (intransitive) to take a turn at hitting a ball with a bat in sports like cricket, baseball and softball, as opposed to fielding.
  3. (intransitive) to strike or swipe as though with a bat
The cat batted at the toy.
batik Tweet Definition of batik Like Definition of batik on Facebook
noun
  1. A wax-resist method of dyeing fabric.
batt Tweet Definition of batt Like Definition of batt on Facebook
noun
  1. Pieces of fabric or fibre used for stuffing; batting; insulation
batten Tweet Definition of batten Like Definition of batten on Facebook
noun
  1. A thin strip of wood used in construction to hold members of a structure together or to provide a fixing point.
  2. (nautical) A long strip of wood, metal, fibreglass etc used for various purposes aboard ship, esp. one inserted in a pocket sewn on the sail in order to keep the sail flat.
  3. In stagecraft, a long pipe, usually metal, affixed to the ceiling or fly system in a Theater.
verb
  1. (nautical) to fasten or secure a hatch etc using battens.
batting Tweet Definition of batting Like Definition of batting on Facebook
noun
  1. cotton, wool, silk or synthetic material used to stuff the inside of a mattress, quilt etc
  2. special cotton for surgery.
  3. the act of someone who bats
(wikipedia, batting (cricket))
(
wikipedia, batting (baseball)) verb
  1. (present participle of, bat)
beat Tweet Definition of beat Like Definition of beat on Facebook
noun
  1. A pulsation or throb.
  2. A pulse on the beat level, the metric level at which pulses are heard as the basic unit. Thus a beat is the basic time unit of a piece.
  3. A rhythm.
  4. A pause with the camera focused on one shot, often a characters face (often used in screenplays/teleplays).
  5. The route of a patrol by a guard or officer as in walk the beat.
  6. In newspapering, the primary focus of a reporter's stories (such as police/courts, education, city government, business, etc.).
  7. A small part of a dramatic play.
verb (beats, beating, beat, beaten)
  1. To hit; to knock; to pound; to strike.
As soon as she heard the news, she went into a rage and the wall with her fists until her knuckles bled.
  1. To strike or pound repeatedly, usually in some sort of rhythm.
He danced hypnotically while she the atabaque.
  1. To win against; to defeat; to do better than, outdo, or excel someone in a particular, competitive event.
Jessica had little trouble beating John in tennis. He lost five games in a row.
No matter how quickly Joe finished his test, Roger always him.
  1. (context, intransitive, nautical) To sail to windward using a series of alternate tacks across the wind.
  2. To mix food in a rapid fashion. cf. whip.
Beat the eggs and whip the cream.
adjective
  1. (gay slang) fabulous
Her makeup was beat!
  1. exhausted
After the long day, she was feeling completely .
beater Tweet Definition of beater Like Definition of beater on Facebook
noun
  1. A kitchen implement for mixing.
  2. A stick used to play a percussion instrument.
  3. US colloquial An automobile in poor operating condition.
  4. US colloquial A sleeveless undershirt (short for 'wife beater')
  5. (Beaters) In a hunting party, the group of men used to drive game towards the shooters.
  6. Papermaking machine for processing fibres by fibrillation in order to improve bonding strength
beetle Tweet Definition of beetle Like Definition of beetle on Facebook
noun
  1. Any of numerous species of insect in the order Coleoptera characterized by a pair of hard, shell-like, front wings which cover and protect a pair of rear wings when at rest.
  2. A type of mallet with a large wooden head.
  3. Nickname of two models of car made by w:Volkswagen, Volkswagen.
Bengal Tweet Definition of Bengal Like Definition of Bengal on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A region in the northeast of South Asia.
    1. A player on the team w:Cincinnati Bengals, The Cincinnati Bengals.
    Jones became a in a trade for Smith.
  2. A short-haired domestic cat breed, which originated in the United States. w:Bengal (cat), Wikipedia
Berlin Tweet Definition of Berlin Like Definition of Berlin on Facebook
proper noun
  1. The capital city of Germany.
  2. One of the component states of Germany according to the current administrative division of the nation.
bias Tweet Definition of bias Like Definition of bias on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Bias (disambiguation), bias)
(
es, -, pl2=biasses)
  1. (countable) (uncountable) inclination towards something; predisposition, partiality, prejudice, preference, predilection
    • 1748. David Hume. Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral. London: Oxford University Press, 1973. § 4.
    • : nature has pointed out a mixed kind of life as most suitable to the human race, and secretly admonished them to allow none of these biasses to draw too much
      1. (countable) (textile) the diagonal line between warp and weft in a woven fabric
      2. (electronics) a voltage or current applied for example to a transistor electrode
      3. (statistics) the difference between the expectation of the sample estimator and the true population value, which reduces the representativeness of the estimator by systematically distorting it
verb (bias, es)
  1. (transitive) To place bias upon; to influence.
Our prejudices our views.
Billy Tweet Definition of Billy Like Definition of Billy on Facebook
proper noun
  1. (given name, male), a diminutive of William.
bind Tweet Definition of bind Like Definition of bind on Facebook
noun
  1. A troublesome situation; a problem; a predicament or quandary.
verb (binds, binding, bound or rarely bounden)
  1. To connect
  2. To couple
  3. To put together in a cover, as of books
  4. (computing) to associate an identifier with a value; to associate a variable name with the content of a storage location
blond Tweet Definition of blond Like Definition of blond on Facebook
noun (s, pl2=blondes)
  1. A person of fair skin and fair hair (usually spelled "blonde" when referring to a woman).
  2. A pale golden brown colour.
adjective (er, more)
  1. Of a bleached, or pale golden colour.
  2. Of a blond complexion (referring to a person)
blotch Tweet Definition of blotch Like Definition of blotch on Facebook
noun
  1. An uneven patch of color or discoloration.
bobbin Tweet Definition of bobbin Like Definition of bobbin on Facebook
noun
  1. In a w:sewing machine, sewing machine, the small spool that holds the lower thread.
Wind the bobbin, place it in the machine, and raise the thread.
  1. A spool or cylinder around which wire is coiled.
    • Jan. 8, 2004, Machine Design Magazine, p. 108
    • : Ignition coils using a molded from high-performance polyester withstand open-circuit bench tests to 70kV.
Bolivia Tweet Definition of Bolivia Like Definition of Bolivia on Facebook
proper noun
  1. a country in South America. Official name: Republic of Bolivia.
bolt Tweet Definition of bolt Like Definition of bolt on Facebook
noun
  1. A (usually) metal fastener consisting of a cylindrical body, partially or completely threaded, and a larger head; it is inserted into an unthreaded hole (unlike a screw) up to the head, and a nut is threaded on the other end.
  2. A slide, sliding pin or bar in a lock or latch mechanism.
  3. A bar of wood or metal dropped in hooks on a door and adjoining walls, or between the two sides of a double door, to prevent the door(s) from being forced open.
  4. A sliding mechanism to chamber and unchamber a round in a gun.
  5. A shaft or missile intended to be shot from a crossbow or a catapult, especially a short, stout, blunt-headed arrow.
  6. A lightning spark, i.e. lightning bolt: a bolt from the blue.
  7. A large roll of material, e.g. fabric: a bolt of cloth.
  8. (nautical) The standard measurement of length of canvas for use at sea; 39 yards
verb
  1. To connect or assemble pieces using a bolt.
Bolt the vice to the bench.
  1. To secure a door by locking or barring it.
Bolt the door.
  1. To accelerate suddenly.
The horse bolted.
  1. To escape.
  2. Of a plant, to grow quickly; to go to seed.
Lettuce and spinach will as the weather warms up.
bonded Tweet Definition of bonded Like Definition of bonded on Facebook
verb
  1. (past of, bond)
boon Tweet Definition of boon Like Definition of boon on Facebook
noun
  1. a blessing or benefit
Finding the dry cave was a boon to the weary travellers
Anaesthetics are a great boon to modern surgery
  1. (archaic) that which is asked or granted as a benefit or favor; a gift; a benefaction; a grant; a present
  2. (obsolete) a prayer or petition
adjective
  1. (obsolete) good; prosperous; as, "boon voyage"
  2. kind; bountiful; benign
  3. gay; merry; jovial; convivial
He was a boon companion to have around
boucle Tweet Definition of boucle Like Definition of boucle on Facebook
noun
  1. a fabric of uneven yarn
bow Tweet Definition of bow Like Definition of bow on Facebook
nounverb
brake Tweet Definition of brake Like Definition of brake on Facebook
noun
  1. A device used to slow or stop a vehicle, by friction; often installed on the wheels.
  2. something that slows or stops an action
  3. (nautical) the handle, manned by up to six men, by which a ship's pump was worked
  4. a thicket, or an area overgrown with briers etc.
  5. A type of machine for bending sheet metal. (See wikipedia:Brake (box and pan), wikipedia.)
verb (brak, ing)
  1. To operate a brake.
  2. To be stopped or slowed, as if by a brake.
  3. (archaic) past tense of break
    • Exodus 32:3, KJV: And all the people brake off the golden earrings...
breathe Tweet Definition of breathe Like Definition of breathe on Facebook
verb (breathes, breathing, breathed)
  1. (intransitive) To repeatedly draw air into, and expel it from, the lungs in order to extract oxygen from it and excrete waste products.
  2. (intransitive) To exchange gases with the environment.
Garments made of
  • and similar new materials breathe well and keep the skin relatively dry during exercise.
    1. (intransitive) Figuratively, to be relaxed or calm.
...a child's peaceful breathing...
...the wind breathes through the trees...
  1. (intransitive) Figuratively, to live.
I will not allow it, as long as I still .
  1. (transitive) To repeately draw (something) into, and expel (that thing) from, the lungs.
Try not to too much smoke.
  1. (transitive) To whisper quietly.
He breathed the words into her ear, but she understood them all.
brilliantine Tweet Definition of brilliantine Like Definition of brilliantine on Facebook
noun
  1. A hair pomade, making the hair shine brilliantly.
1921"I wouldn't regret it," said Linda, "if I took Eileen by the shoulders and shook her till I shook the rouge off her cheek, and the brilliantine off her hair, and a million mean little subterfuges out of her soul. Gene Stratton-Porter, Her father`s daughterhttp://etext.virginia.edu/etcbin/ot2www-pubeng?specfile=/texts/english/modeng/publicsearch/modengpub.o2w&act=surround&offset=603552087&tag=Stratton-Porter,+Gene,+1863-1924:+Her+father`s+daughter,+1921&query=brilliantine&id=StrFath Chapter 4.
  1. A smooth shiny, luxurious fabric, often of alpaca or vicuí~+mn~a.
Sunday June 11, 1916 No. 112. Bathing Suit of Brilliantine in Navy Blue and Black, trimmed with white mohair braid and buttons (no bloomers). Special 3.95 " The New York Times, http://memory.loc.gov/service/sgp/sgpnyt/1916/191606/19160611/0010.pdf
  • .pdf
verb (brilliantin, ing)
  1. To apply brilliantine to the hair.
broadcloth Tweet Definition of broadcloth Like Definition of broadcloth on Facebook
noun
  1. A fine smooth-faced woolen cloth for men's garments, usually of double width (i.e., a yard and a half); -- so called in distinction from woolens three quarters of a yard wide.
(Webster)      
broadloom Tweet Definition of broadloom Like Definition of broadloom on Facebook
noun
  1. A wide loom
  2. A carpet woven on a wide loom
adjective
  1. woven on a wide loom, and so needing fewer seams
brocade Tweet Definition of brocade Like Definition of brocade on Facebook
noun
  1. thick heavy fabric into which raised patterns have been woven
broke Tweet Definition of broke Like Definition of broke on Facebook
verb
  1. (simple past of, break)
  2. (context, archaic, or, poetic) (past participle of, break)
    • 1999 October 3, J. Stewart Burns, "Mars University", Futurama, season 2, episode 2, Fox Broadcasting Company
    • : Guenther: I guess the hat must have my fall.
      1. (nautical) The sentence of a court martial which deprived an officer of his commission'
      He was and rendered unfit to serve His Majesty at sea.
adjective
  1. (colloquial) lack, Lacking money; bankrupt
  2. (colloquial) broken, Broken.
brushed Tweet Definition of brushed Like Definition of brushed on Facebook
adjective
  1. rub, rubbed, especially as a finish.
    The aluminum vase had a soft appearence.
buckram Tweet Definition of buckram Like Definition of buckram on Facebook
noun
  1. A coarse cloth of linen or hemp, stiffened with size or glue, used in garments to keep them in the form intended, and for wrappers to cover merchandise.
Quotations
  • 1882: Buckram was probably from the first a stiffened material employed for lining, often dyed. — James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 557.
  1. (Bot.) A plant. See Ramson. Dr. Prior.
buckskin Tweet Definition of buckskin Like Definition of buckskin on Facebook
noun
  1. (colour) a grayish yellow in colour.
<table><tr><td>buckskin colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
  1. 977F73" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    1. the skin of a male deer, a buck
    2. clothing made from buckskin
adjective
  1. (colour) of a grayish yellow in colour.
bunting Tweet Definition of bunting Like Definition of bunting on Facebook
noun
  1. (nautical) A thin cloth of woven wool from which flags are made; it is light enough to spread in a gentle wind but resistant to fraying in a strong wind.
  2. Flags considered as a group.
  3. Strips of material used as festive decoration, especially in the colours of the national flag.
  4. Any of various songbirds of the family Emberizidae having short bills and brown or gray plumage.
burl Tweet Definition of burl Like Definition of burl on Facebook
noun
  1. A knot or lump in thread or cloth.
verbto burl
  1. To remove the knots in cloth
burlap Tweet Definition of burlap Like Definition of burlap on Facebook
noun
  1. A very strong, coarse cloth, made from jute, flax or hemp, and used to make sacks etc

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