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Glossary of Textiles Terms
beginning with letter L
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lace Tweet Definition of lace Like Definition of lace on Facebook
noun (countable and uncountable; plurallaces)
  1. (uncountable) A light fabric containing patterns of holes, usually built up from a single thread.
  2. (countable) A cord or ribbon passed through eyelets in a shoe or garment, pulled tight and tied to fasten the shoe or garment firmly.
verb (lac, ing)
  1. (transitive) To fasten (something) with laces.
  2. (transitive) To add alcohol, poison, a drug or anything else potentially harmful to (food or drink).
  3. (transitive) To interweave items. (lacing one's fingers together)
  4. (transitive) To interweave the spokes of a bicycle wheel
lame Tweet Definition of lame Like Definition of lame on Facebook
verb (lam, ing)
  1. (transitive) To cause a person or animal to become lame
    • 1877: Anna Sewell, Black Beauty: And if you don't want to your horse you must look sharp and get them stones stuck in hooves out quickly.
adjective (lam, er)
  1. unable to walk properly because of a problem with one's feet or legs
  2. moving with pain or difficulty on account of injury, defect, or temporary obstruction of a function
a leg, arm, or muscle
  1. (context, by extension) hobbling; limping; inefficient; imperfect.
  2. (slang) unconvincing or unbelievable
He had a really excuse for missing the birthday party.
  1. (slang) failing to be cool, funny, interesting, or relevant
He kept telling these jokes all night.
lap Tweet Definition of lap Like Definition of lap on Facebook
noun
  1. The loose part of a coat; the lower part of a garment that plays loosely; a skirt; an apron.
  2. An edge; a border; a hem, as of cloth.
  3. The part of the clothing that lies on the knees or thighs when one sits down; that part of the person thus covered; figuratively, a place of rearing and fostering; as, to be reared in the lap of luxury.
  4. The upper legs of a seated person.
The boy was sitting on his mother's
  1. (italbrac, archaic (17th century)), (euphemistic) The female pudenda.
verb (lap, p, ed)
  1. (transitive) To place or lay (something) so as to overlap another.
One laps roof tiles so that water can run off.
  1. (transitive) To polish, e.g., a surface, until smooth.
  2. (intransitive) To lie partly on or over something; to overlap.
  3. (transitive) To overtake a straggler in a race by completing one more lap than them.
lash Tweet Definition of lash Like Definition of lash on Facebook
noun
  1. The thong or braided cord of a whip, with which the blow is given.
I observed that your whip wanted a lash to it. — Addison.
  1. (obsolete) A leash in which an animal is caught or held; hence, a snare.
  2. A stroke with a whip, or anything pliant and tough.
The culprit received thirty-nine lashes.
  1. A stroke of satire or sarcasm; an expression or retort that cuts or gives pain; a cut.
The moral is a lash at the vanity of arrogating that to ourselves which succeeds well. — L"Estrange
  1. A hair growing from the edge of the eyelid; an eyelash.
  2. In carpet weaving, a group of strings for lifting simultaneously certain yarns, to form the figure.
  3. (Mid-Ulster, Northern Ireland dialect) Excellent, wonderful
We"re off school tomorrow, it"s gonna be lash!
That chinese (food) was lash!''
verb (lash, es)
  1. (transitive) To strike with a lash; to whip or scourge with a lash, or with something like one.
We lash the pupil, and defraud the ward. — Dryden
  1. (transitive) To strike forcibly and quickly, as with a lash; to beat, or beat upon, with a motion like that of a lash.
the whale lashes the sea with its tail.
And big waves lash the frighted shores. — Dryden
  1. (transitive) To throw out with a jerk or quickly.
He falls, and lashing up his heels, his rider throws. — Dryden
  1. (transitive) To scold; to berate; to satirize; to censure with severity.
to lash vice
  1. (transitive) To bind with a rope, cord, thong, or chain, so as to fasten.
to lash something to a spar
lash a pack on a horse's back
  1. (intransitive) To ply the whip; to strike.
  2. (intransitive) To utter censure or sarcastic language.
To laugh at follies, or to lash at vice. — Dryden
adjective
  1. (obsolete) remiss, Remiss, lax.
  2. (obsolete) relaxed, Relaxed.
  3. soft, Soft, watery, wet.
    • 1658: Fruits being unwholesome and before the fourth or fifth Yeare. " Sir Thomas Browne, The Garden of Cyrus (Folio Society 2007, p. 211)
lawn Tweet Definition of lawn Like Definition of lawn on Facebook
noun
  1. a type of thin linen or cotton
  2. (in plural) pieces of this fabric, especially as used for the sleeves of a bishop; the office of bishop
  3. (obsolete) a piece of clothing made from lawn
lay Tweet Definition of lay Like Definition of lay on Facebook
noun
  1. Arrangement or relationship; layout; eg, the lay of the land.
  2. The direction a rope is twisted.
Worm and parcel with the ; turn and serve the other way.
  1. A casual sexual partner.
  2. A ballad or sung poem.
verb (lays, laying, laid)
  1. (transitive) To place something down in a position of rest.
  2. (context, transitive, archaic) To cause to subside or abate.
  3. (transitive) To leave something somewhere.
  4. (transitive) To prepare (e.g., the groundwork, the table).
  5. (transitive) To install certain building materials, laying one thing on top of another (e.g. lay brick, lay flooring.)
  6. (transitive) To produce and deposit (an egg).
  7. (transitive) To have sexual intercourse with someone, especially in a casual manner.
  8. (context, intransitive, non-standard, or, colloquial) To lie.
adjective
  1. Non-professional, not being a member of an organized institution (e.g. scientific lay person).
  2. Not belonging to the clergy.
layer Tweet Definition of layer Like Definition of layer on Facebook
noun
  1. A single thickness of some material covering a surface
  2. A (usually) horizontal deposit; a stratum.
  3. A person who lays things, such as tiles.
  4. A hen kept to lay eggs.
  5. An item of clothing wear, worn under or over another.
leaf Tweet Definition of leaf Like Definition of leaf on Facebook
noun (leaves)
  1. An organ of a plant typically divided into a flattened portion (the blade) and a narrow stalk (the petiole) and serving as the principal site of photosynthesis and transpiration.
  2. Anything resembling the leaf of a plant.
  3. A sheet of any substance beaten or rolled until very thin.
gold leaf
  1. A sheet of a book, magazine, etc (consisting of two pages, one on each face of the leaf).
  2. (in plural leaves) tea leaf, Tea leaves.
  3. A flat section used to extend the size of a table.
  4. (context, computing, mathematics) In a tree, a node that has no descendants.
verb
  1. (intransitive) To produce leaves; put forth foliage.
lease Tweet Definition of lease Like Definition of lease on Facebook
noun
  1. A contract granting use or occupation of property during a specified period in exchange for a specified rent
  2. The period of such a contract
  3. A leasehold
verb (leas, ing)
  1. (transitive) To operate or live in some property or land through purchasing a long-term contract (or leasehold) from the owner (or freeholder).
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To gather what harvesters have left behind; to glean.
Leghorn Tweet Definition of Leghorn Like Definition of Leghorn on Facebook
noun (wikipedia, Leghorn chicken)
  1. A breed of mostly white poultry.
    • "Among the light breeds there are probably more good strains of White than any other variety. The Brown is not quite so popular but is capable of high yields ". The Black is another breed which has enjoyed popularity." See ref. p. 42.
proper noun
  1. (dated) the town of Livorno in Italy
line Tweet Definition of line Like Definition of line on Facebook
noun (rfex)
  1. A rope, cord, string, or thread; a slender, strong cord, or a cord of any thickness; a hawser.
(rfdate) Who so layeth lines for to latch fowls. " Piers Plowman
fishing , anchor , clothes, tow
  1. A path through two or more points (see also segment); a continuous mark.
    • 1816: w:Percy Shelley, Percy Shelley, http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/4654 The Daemon of the World
    • : The atmosphere in flaming sparkles flew; / And where the burning wheels / Eddied above the mountain"s loftiest peak / Was traced a of lightning.
      1. A more or less threadlike mark of a pen, pencil, or graver; any long mark.
      a chalk
      1. (geometry) An infinitely extending one-dimensional figure that has no curvature; one that has length but not breadth or thickness.
      2. (context, geometry, informal) A line segment; a continuous finite segment of such a figure.
      3. A row of letters, text, words, etc, written or printed, as on paper or a CRT screen; especially a row of words extending across a page or column.
    • 1609: w:Shakespeare, Shakespeare, s:The Sonnets/71, Sonnet 71
    • : Nay if you read this , remember not, / The hand that writ it.
      1. A sentence of dialogue in a script or screenplay, or delivered by an actor or performer.
      (rfdate) It"s a small part, I have 12 lines in the movie. " Geneveve Bujold in Earthquake
      1. The official, stated position (or set of positions) of an individual or group, particularly a political or religious faction.
      Remember, your answers must match the party .
      (rfdate) Their is gone out through all the earth. " Ps. xix. 4
      1. A letter, a written form of communication.
      Drop me a .
      1. The wire connecting one telegraphic station with another, a telephone or internet cable between two points: a telephone or network connection.
      I tried to make a call, but the was dead.
      a dedicated
      a shared
      1. A more-or-less straight sequence of people, objects, etc., often waiting to be processed or deal with, dealt with, a queue; a continued series or rank.
      The forms on the right.
      There is a of houses.
      1. (military) A row of men who are abreast of one another, whether side by side or some distance apart; opposed to column. .]]
    • 1817: w:Percy Shelley, Percy Shelley, s:The Revolt of Islam, The Revolt of Islam
    • : A band of brothers gathering round me, made, / Although unarmed, a steadfast front, ... now the / Of war extended, to our rallying cry / As myriads flocked in love and brotherhood to die.
      (rfdate) Unite thy forces and attack their lines. " Dryden
      1. (military) The regular infantry of an army, as distinguished from militia, guards, volunteer corps, cavalry, artillery, etc.
      2. (context, military) A trench or rampart.
    • 1917, w:John Masefield, John Masefield, http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/20616 The Old Front Line
    • : This description of the old front line, as it was when the Battle of the Somme began, may some day be of use. ... It is hoped that this description of the will be followed by an account of our people's share in the battle.
      1. The products or services sold by a business.
      of business
      product
      1. From the services a business sells, the business itself.
      How many buses does the have?
      The air is in danger of bankruptcy.
      A ship of the .
      1. (context, fencing, "line of engagement") The position in which the fencers hold their swords.
      2. (graphtheory) An edge of a graph.
      3. (cricket) The horizontal path of a ball towards the batsman (see also length).
      4. (context, baseball, slang, 1800s, "the line") The batter"s box.
      5. (obsolete) flax, Flax; linen, particularly the longer fiber of flax.
      (rfdate) Garments made of . " Spenser
      1. The course followed by anything in motion; hence, a road or route.
      The arrow descended in a curved .
      w:Antarctica, The place is remote from lines of travel.
      1. direction, Direction
      the of sight or the of vision
      1. (poetic) A verse, or the words which form a certain number of foot, feet, according to the measure.
      (rfdate) In the preceding Ulysses speaks of Nausicaa. " Broome
      1. Course of conduct, thought, occupation, or policy; method of argument; department of industry, trade, or intellectual activity.
      (rfdate) He is uncommonly powerful in his own , but it is not the of a first-rate man. " Coleridge
      1. The exterior limit of a figure, plat, or territory; a boundary; a contour; an outline; a demarcation.
    • 1674 " w:John Milton, John Milton, s:Paradise Lost, Paradise Lost, book IV
    • : Eden stretchd her Line / From Auran Eastward to the Royal Towrs / Of great Seleucia,
      1. A threadlike crease marking the face or the hand; hence, characteristic mark.
      (rfdate) Though on his brow were graven lines austere. " Byron
      (rfdate) He tipples palmistry, and dines On all her fortune-telling lines. " Cleveland
      1. lineament, Lineament; feature; figure (of one's body).
    • circa, c 1609: W:Shakespeare, Shakespeare, s:The Tragedy of Cymbeline, The Tragedy of Cymbeline
    • : I mean, the lines of my body are as well drawn as his.
      1. A series or succession of ancestors or descendants of a given person; a family or race; compare lineage.
    • 14th century, c: w:Geoffrey Chaucer, Geoffrey Chaucer s:The Canterbury Tales, The Canterbury Tales
    • : Of his lineage am I, and his offspring / By very ,
    • circa, c 1604: w:Shakespeare, Shakespeare, s:Macbeth, Macbeth
    • : They hail'd him father to a of kings.
    • 1651: w:Thomas Hobbes, Thomas Hobbes, s:Leviathan, Leviathan
    • : The rest of the history of the Old Testament derives the succession of the of David to the Captivity, of which was to spring the restorer of the kingdom of God ...
      1. A connected series of public conveyances, and hence, an established arrangement for forwarding merchandise, etc.
      a of stages
      an express
      1. The track and roadbed of a railway; railroad.
      2. (geography) A circle of latitude or of longitude, as represented on a map.
      3. (context, geography, "the line" or "equinoctial line") The equator.
      to cross the
      1. A long tape, or a narrow ribbon of steel, etc., marked with subdivisions, as feet and inches, for measuring; a tapeline.
      2. (context, biblical) That which was measured by a line, as a field or any piece of land set apart; hence, allotted place of abode.
      (rfdate) The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant places; yes. I have a goodly heritage. " Ps. xvi. 6
      1. (engineering) The proper relative position or adjustment of parts, not as to design or proportion, but with reference to smooth working.
      the engine is in or out of
      1. (music) One of the straight horizontal and parallel prolonged strokes on and between which the notes are placed.
      2. (context, stock exchange) A number of shares taken by a jobber.
      3. (context, trade) A series of various qualities and values of the same general class of articles.
      a full of hosiery
      a of merinos
      1. A measure of length equal to one twelfth of an inch.
    • 1883: Alfred Swaine Taylor, Thomas Stevenson, The principles and practice of medical jurisprudence
    • : The cutis measures in thickness from a quarter of a to a and a half (a is one-twelfth of an inch).
      1. (nautical) A rope on a nautical vessel. (Usually a rope is still in its packing; usually, once removed, it is 'line'.)
verb (lin, ing)
  1. (transitive) To cover the inside/inner surface of (something).
The bird lines its nest with soft grass.
to a cloak with silk or fur
to a box with paper or tin
  1. (transitive) To fill or supply (something), as a purse with money.
(rfdate) The charge amounteth very high for any one man"s purse, except lined beyond ordinary, to reach unto. " Carew.
  1. (transitive) To place (objects) into a line (usually used with "up"); to form into a line; to align.
to troops (rfex, some more, please)
  1. (transitive) To place persons or things along the side of for security or defense; to strengthen by adding; to fortify.
to works with soldiers
  • 1599 " w:William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, s:The_Life_of_Henry_the_Fifth, Henry V, ii 4
: Line and new repair our towns of war With men of courage and with means defendant.
  1. (transitive) To mark with a line or lines, to cover with lines.
to a copy book
  1. (context, transitive, obsolete) To represent by lines; to delineate; to portray.
  • 1598 " w:William Shakespeare, William Shakespeare, s:As You Like It, As You Like It, iii 2
  • : All the pictures fairest lined Are but black to Rosalind.
    1. (context, transitive, obsolete) To impregnate (applied to brute animals). " Creech.
    2. (transitive) To read or repeat line by line.
    to out a hymn
    1. (context, intransitive, "line up") To form or enter into a line.
    2. (context, intransitive, baseball) To hit a line drive; to hit a line drive which is caught for an out. Compare fly and ground.
    1. Jones lined to left in his last at-bat.
    linen Tweet Definition of linen Like Definition of linen on Facebook
    noun
    1. (uncountable) Thread or cloth made from flax fiber.
    2. (countable) Domestic textiles made from linen or linen-like fabrics, such as tablecloths, bedding, towels, and the such.
    She placed the freshly washed linens into the linen closet.
    1. (colour) A light beige colour, like that of linen cloth.
    <table><tr><td>linen colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
    1. FAF0E6?" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    lingo Tweet Definition of lingo Like Definition of lingo on Facebook
    noun
    1. language, especially language peculiar to a particular group or region; jargon or a dialect.
    linsey-woolsey Tweet Definition of linsey-woolsey Like Definition of linsey-woolsey on Facebook
    noun
    1. a fabric made of both linen and wool.
    lint Tweet Definition of lint Like Definition of lint on Facebook
    noun
    1. a fine material made by scraping cotton or linen cloth; used for dressing wounds
    2. clinging fuzzy fluff that accumulates in one's pockets or navel etc
    3. the fibrous coat of thick hairs covering the seeds of the cotton plant
    linter Tweet Definition of linter Like Definition of linter on Facebook
    noun
    1. The short fibres that cling to cottonseeds after the first ginning.
    lisle Tweet Definition of lisle Like Definition of lisle on Facebook
    noun
    1. A type of strong cotton thread.
    2. cloth, Cloth woven from lisle thread.
    lisse Tweet Definition of lisse Like Definition of lisse on Facebook
    verb
    1. (obsolete) To relieve, mitigate, assuage (pain etc.).
      • Late C14: And on his wey forthward thanne is he fare / In hope for to been lissed of his care. " Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Franklin's Tale", Canterbury Tales
    list Tweet Definition of list Like Definition of list on Facebook
    noun
    1. A strip of fabric, especially from the edge of a piece of cloth.
    2. Material used for cloth selvage.
    • 1893: The charwomen are in the habit of taking off their boots at the commissionaire's office, and putting on slippers. " Arthur Conan Doyle, "The Naval Treaty" (Norton 2005, p.681)
      1. (in plural) The palisades or barriers used to fence off a space for tilting or jousting tournaments.
  • 1819: William de Wyvil, and Stephen de Martival, ... armed at all points, rode up and down the lists to enforce and preserve good order among the spectators. " Walter Scott, Ivanhoe
  • verb
    1. To create or recite a list.
    llama Tweet Definition of llama Like Definition of llama on Facebook
    noun
    1. (zoology) A South American mammal of the camel family, Llama glama, used as a domestic beast of burden and a source of wool and meat.
    loden Tweet Definition of loden Like Definition of loden on Facebook
    noun
    1. a thick waterproof cloth used for coats
    2. (colour) a dark green colour, like that of loden cloth.
    <table><tr><td>loden colour: &nbsp;</td><td bgcolor="
    1. 908867" width="80">&nbsp; </td></tr></table>
    adjective
    1. (colour) of a dark green colour, like that of loden cloth.

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