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Glossary of Philosophy Terms
beginning with letter D
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datum Tweet Definition of datum Like Definition of datum on Facebook
noun (Plural: data or datums)
  1. (italbrac-open)plural: data(italbrac-close) a single piece of information
  2. (philosophy) (italbrac-open)plural: data(italbrac-close) a fact known from direct observation
  3. (philosophy) (italbrac-open)plural: data(italbrac-close) a premise from which conclusions are drawn
  4. (cartography) (italbrac-open)plural: datums(italbrac-close) a fixed reference point
     
definiens Tweet Definition of definiens Like Definition of definiens on Facebook
noun (definientia)
  1. That which defines the definiendum in a definition.
     
De Morgan's laws Tweet Definition of De Morgan Like Definition of De Morgan
noun w:Augustus De Morgan, De Morgan's laws plural
  1. (logic) The laws of formal logic that state that the negation of a conjunction of two terms is the disjunction of the negations of each of the terms, and the negation of a disjunction of two terms is the conjunction of the negations of each of the terms.
     
deontology Tweet Definition of deontology Like Definition of deontology on Facebook
noun 
  1. The ethical study of morals, duties and rights with an approach that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, as opposed to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of those actions.
     
determine Tweet Definition of determine Like Definition of determine on Facebook
verb (determin, ing)
  1. To set the limits of.
  2. To ascertain definitely; to figure out.
     
determinism Tweet Definition of determinism Like Definition of determinism on Facebook
noun 
  1. (context, ethics) The doctrine that all actions are determined by the current state and immutable laws of the universe, with no possibility of choice.
  2. (computing) The property of having behavior determined only by initial state and input.
     
dialectical Tweet Definition of dialectical Like Definition of dialectical on Facebook
adjective 
  1. of dialectic; in the manner of dialectic
     
dianoetic Tweet Definition of dianoetic Like Definition of dianoetic on Facebook
adjective 
  1. Pertaining to reason or thinking; intellectual.
     
dilemma Tweet Definition of dilemma Like Definition of dilemma on Facebook
noun 
  1. A circumstance in which a choice must be made between two alternatives that seem equally undesirable.
  2. (disputed) A difficult circumstance or problem.
  3. (logic) A type of syllogism of the form "if A is true then B is true; if C is true then D is true; either A or C is true; therefore either B or D is true".
     
disjunctive Tweet Definition of disjunctive Like Definition of disjunctive on Facebook
adjective 
  1. of a personal pronoun, not used in immediate conjunction with the verb of which the pronoun is the subject, examples:
French moi 'I', 'me'
Irish é 'he', 'him'
     
distribute Tweet Definition of distribute Like Definition of distribute on Facebook
verb (distribut, ing)
  1. (transitive): To divide something into portions and dispense it.
He distributed the bread amongst his followers.
  1. (transitive): To supply goods to retail outlets.
The agency distributes newspapers to local shops.
  1. (transitive): To deliver or pass out something.
A network of children distributes flyers to every house.
  1. (transitive): To scatter or spread something.
I raked the soil then distributed grass seed.
  1. (transitive): To apportion evenly.
The robot's six legs distributed its weight over a wide area.
  1. (transitive): To classify or separate into categories.
The database distributed verbs into transitive and intransitive segments.
  1. (intransitive): (mathematics) To be distributive.
     
distribution Tweet Definition of distribution Like Definition of distribution on Facebook
noun 
  1. a distribution or being distributed; specifically, (a) apportionment by law (of funds, property, etc.), (b) the process by which commodities get to final consumers, including storing, selling, shipping, and advertising, (c) frequency of occurrence or extent of existence
  2. anything distributed; portion; share
  3. the result of distributing; arrangement
  4. (statistics) the relative arrangements of the elements of a statistical population based on some criterion, as frequency, time, or location
     
duration Tweet Definition of duration Like Definition of duration on Facebook
noun 
  1. An amount of time or a particular time interval
     
dynamism Tweet Definition of dynamism Like Definition of dynamism on Facebook
noun 
  1. (philosophy) Any of several philosophical theories that attempt to explain the universe by an immanent force
    1. dynamic energy or drive; oomph or pizzazz
     

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