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Glossary of Mining Terms
beginning with letter S
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salt Tweet Definition of salt Like Definition of salt on Facebook
noun
  1. A common substance recognised chemically as sodium chloride (NaCl?), used extensively as a condiment and preservative.
  2. (chemistry) One of the compounds formed from the reaction of an acid with a base, where a positive ion replaces a hydrogen of the acid.
  3. A kind of marsh at the shore of a sea (short for salt marsh, apparently not in a wide-spread use).
  4. (slang) A sailor (also old salt).
  5. (cryptography) Additional bytes inserted into a plaintext message before encryption, in order to increase randomness and render brute force, brute-force decryption more difficult.
verb
  1. (transitive) To add salt to.
  2. (mining) To blast gold into (as a portion of a mine) in order to cause to appear to be a productive seam.
  3. (cryptography) To add filler bytes before encrypting, in order to make brute-force decryption more resource-intensive.
  4. To include colorful language in.
  5. To insert or inject something into an object to give it properties it would not naturally have.
adjective
  1. salty, Salty.
  2. saline, Saline.
salt mine Tweet Definition of salt mine Like Definition of salt mine on Facebook
noun
  1. any mine used for the extraction of salt
  2. (context, by extension) any laborious work, especially in a confined space
scuttle Tweet Definition of scuttle Like Definition of scuttle on Facebook
noun
  1. A container like an open bucket (usually to hold and carry coal).
verbto scuttle (scuttled, scuttling)
  1. (transitive) To deliberately sink a ship or boat by order of the commander, rather than by enemy action.
Set Tweet Definition of Set Like Definition of Set on Facebook
proper noun (also Seth)
  1. An ancient Egyptian god, variously described as the god of chaos, the god of thunder and storms, or the god of destruction.
shaft Tweet Definition of shaft Like Definition of shaft on Facebook
noun
  1. the long narrow body of a spear or arrow
  2. a beam or ray of light
  3. any long thin object, such as the handle of a tool, one of the poles between which an animal is harnessed to a vehicle, the drive shaft of an engine
  4. the main axis of a feather
  5. (lacrosse) the long narrow body of a lacrosse stick
  6. a long narrow passage sunk into the earth, for mining etc
  7. a vertical passage housing a lift or elevator
  8. a ventilation or heating conduit
  9. a malicious act, as in "to give someone the shaft"
shield Tweet Definition of shield Like Definition of shield on Facebook
noun
  1. (Armor) A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body.
Quotations
  • 1599: Knocks go and come; God's vassals drop and die; And sword and shield, In bloody field, Doth win immortal fame. — William Shakespeare, Henry V, Act III, Scene II, line 8.
1786: The shields used by our Norman ancestors were the triangular or heater shield, the target or buckler, the roundel or rondache, and the pavais, pavache, or tallevas. — Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 22.
  1. Anything which protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.
Quotations
1592: Go muster men. My counsel is my shield; We must be brief when traitors brave the field. — William Shakespeare, Richard III, Act 4, Scene 3, line 56.
  1. Figuratively, one who protects or defends.
Quotations
1611: Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward. The Holy Bible, King James Version, Genesis 15:1.
  1. (botany) In lichens, a hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.
  2. (heraldry) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms.
  3. (geology) A large expanse of exposed stable Precambrian rock.
  4. (mining) (Mining) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.
  5. A spot resembling, or having the form of a shield.
Bespotted as with shields of red and black. Spenser.
  1. (obsolete) A coin, the old French crown, or écu, having on one side the figure of a shield.
  2. (scifi) A field of energy which protects or defends.
  3. (colloquial) A police badge
Quotations
The chief put something in his hand and Bosch looked down to see the gold detective's . http://www.michaelconnelly.com/Book_Collection/Closers/ClosersExcerpt/closersexcerpt.html
  1. (transport) A sign or symbol, usually containing numbers and sometimes letters, identifying a highway route.
verb
  1. To protect, to defend.
    • 2004: w: Chris Wallace (journalist), Chris Wallace, Character: Profiles in Presidential Courage
    • :Shots rang out and a 15-year-old boy, shielding a woman from the line of fire, was killed.
      1. (electricity) to protect from the influence of
shift Tweet Definition of shift Like Definition of shift on Facebook
noun
  1. (historical) a type of women's undergarment, a slip
Just last week she bought a new at the market.
  1. a change of workers, now specifically a set group of workers or period of working time
We'll work three shifts a day till the job's done.
  1. an act of shifting; a slight movement or change
There was a in the political atmosphere.
  1. the gear mechanism in a motor vehicle
Does it come with a stick-?
  1. a button on a keyboard, chiefly for switching between upper and lower case
If you press -P, the preview display will change.
verb
  1. (transitive) To change, swap
His political stance shifted daily.
  1. (transitive) to move from one place to another; to redistribute
We'll have to these boxes to the downtown office.
  1. (intransitive) to change position
She shifted slightly in her seat.
  1. (intransitive) To change gears (in a car).
I crested the hill and shifted into fifth.
  1. (context, transitive, computing) to remove the first value from an array.
  2. (transitive) to dispose of
How can I a grass stain?
  1. (intransitive) to hurry
If you , you might make the 2:19.
  1. (Ireland, crude slang) to engage in sexual petting.
shot Tweet Definition of shot Like Definition of shot on Facebook
noun
  1. The result of launching a projectile or bullet.
The was wide of the mark.
  1. (sports) The act of launching a ball or similar object toward a goal.
They took the lead on a last-minute .
  1. The heavy iron ball used for the shot put.
  2. (uncountable) Small metal balls used as ammunition.
  3. (military) A solid metal armor-piercing projectile having no bursting charge, that was in use mainly during World War II.
  4. A chance, or an attempt.
I'd like just one more at winning this game.
  1. (finance) A payment (of a bill), a scot or shout.
  2. A measure of alcohol, usually spirits, as taken either from a shot-glass or directly from the bottle. About 44 millilitres; 1.5 ounces. "pony shot"= 30 millilitres; 1 fluid ounce
  3. (rfv-sense) (context, prison) A spoon of coffee.
  4. (context, Filmology) The basic unit of film language.
verb
  1. (past of, shoot)
adjective
  1. (colloquial) Worn out.
The real axle will have to be replaced. It's .
  1. (Of material, especially silk) Woven from warp and weft strands of different colours, resulting in an iridescent appearance.
  2. tired, weary
I have to go to bed now, I'm .
skip Tweet Definition of skip Like Definition of skip on Facebook
noun
  1. A leaping, jumping or skipping movement.
  2. An open-topped rubbish bin, ranging in size from perhaps 1.5x1.5 metres up to 6x3 metres, designed to be lifted onto the back of a truck to take away both bin and contents. See also skep.
  3. (slang) An Australian person of Anglo-Celtic descent. Used by people of southern European descent (those who the "skips" in turn call "wogs"), not used by Anglo Australians themselves. Usually taken to be from w:Skippy the Bush Kangaroo, Skippy the Bush Kangaroo and not of itself insulting (though might be used as such).
2001: Effie: How did you find the second, the defacto, and what nationality is she? <br> Barber: She is Australian.<br> Effie: Is she? Gone for a skip. You little radical you. <br> &mdash; w:Mary Coustas, Mary Coustas as her character w:Effie, Effie, TV series Effie: Just Quietly, 2001, episode Nearest and Dearest
  1. (curling)The player who call the shots, calls the shots and traditionally throws the last two rocks
  2. Short for skipper, the master or captain of a ship.
verb (skip, p, ed)
  1. To move by hopping on alternate feet.
  2. To leap about lightly.
  3. To skim, ricochet or bounce over a surface.
  4. To omit or disregard intermediate items or stages.
my heart just skipped a beat.
  1. To place an item in a skip.
slack Tweet Definition of slack Like Definition of slack on Facebook
noun
  1. (uncountable) Small coal; coal dust.
  2. (countable) A valley, or small, shallow dell.
  3. (uncountable) The part of anything that hangs loose, having no strain upon it.
The of a rope or of a sail.
  1. (countable) A tidal marsh or shallow, that periodically fills and drains.
verb
  1. (context, followed by "off") to procrastinate; to be lazy
  2. (context, followed by "off") to refuse or dislike exerting effort
adjective
  1. lax, Lax; not tense; not hard drawn; not firmly extended.
a rope
  1. Weak; not holding fast.
a hand
  1. Remiss; backward; not using due diligence or care; not earnest or eager.
in duty or service
  1. Not violent, rapid, or pressing.
Business is .
adverb
  1. Slackly.
dried hops
slag Tweet Definition of slag Like Definition of slag on Facebook
noun
  1. The impurity, impurities which result and are separated out when melting a metal or refine, refining it from its ore; also, vitrify, vitrified cinders.
  2. The scoria of a volcano.
  3. (context, UK, AU, pejorative) A woman (sometimes a man) who has loose morals relating to sex.
verb (slags, slagging, slagged, slagged)
  1. (transitive) To make slag.
  2. (transitive) To talk badly about someone; to denigrate someone.
sludge Tweet Definition of sludge Like Definition of sludge on Facebook
noun
  1. unpleasant viscous oozy sewage ejection
sluice Tweet Definition of sluice Like Definition of sluice on Facebook
noun
  1. An artifical passage for water, fitted with a valve or gate, as in a mill stream, for stopping or regulating the flow; also, a water gate of flood gate.
  2. Hence, an opening or channel through which anything flows; a source of supply.
Each of affluent fortune opened soon. -Harte.
This home familiarity . . . opens the sluices of sensibility. -I. Taylor.
  1. The stream flowing through a flood gate.
  2. (Mining): A long box or trough through which water flows, -- used for washing auriferous earth.
verb (sluic, ing)
  1. To emit by, or as by, flood gates. R. Milton.
  2. To wet copiously, as by opening a sluice; as, to sluice meadows. Howitt.
He dried his neck and face, which he had been sluicing with cold water. -De Quincey.
  1. To wash with, or in, a stream of water running through a sluice; as, to sluice eart or gold dust in mining.
slumgullion Tweet Definition of slumgullion Like Definition of slumgullion on Facebook
noun
  1. A stew of meat and vegetables.
  2. A beverage made watery, such as weak coffee or tea.
  3. A reddish muddy deposit in mining sluices.
  4. A sperm whaleman's term, roughly equivalent to the right whaleman's "gurry" which, according to Herman Melville, "designates the dark, glutinous substance which is scraped off the back of the Greenland or Right Whale, and much of which covers the decks of those inferior souls who hunt that ignoble Leviathan."(Melville 323) Derivation for this term likely originates with the word "slobgollion" which is, according to Melville's Moby Dick, "an appelation original with the whaleman, and even so is the nature of the substance. It is an ineffably oozy, stringy affair, most frequently found in the tubs of sperm, after a prolonged squeezing, and subsequent decanting. I hold it to be the wondrously thin, ruptured Membranes of the case, coalescing." (Melville 323)
small Tweet Definition of small Like Definition of small on Facebook
adjective
  1. Not large or big; insignificant; few in numbers or size.
A serving of ice cream.
A group.
He made us all feel .
  1. (figurative) young, Young, as a child.
Remember when the children were ?
spile Tweet Definition of spile Like Definition of spile on Facebook
noun
  1. A spigot or plug.
  2. A spout inserted in a tree to draw off sap.
  3. A bollard. Spile is the word most frequently used on the Great Lakes to indicate a bollard.
spoil Tweet Definition of spoil Like Definition of spoil on Facebook
noun
  1. (Also in plural: spoils) plunder, Plunder taken from an enemy or victim.
  2. (uncountable) Material (such as rock or earth) removed in the course of an excavation, or in mining or dredge, dredging.
verb (spoils, spoiling, spoiled or spoilt)
  1. (transitive) To ruin.
  2. (transitive) To coddle or pamper to excess.
  3. (intransitive) Of food, to become bad, sour or rancid.
step Tweet Definition of step Like Definition of step on Facebook
noun (plural:steps)
  1. An advance or movement made from one foot to the other; a pace.
  2. A rest, or one of a set of rests, for the foot in ascending or descending, as a stair, or a rung of a ladder.
  3. running board where passengers step to get on and off the bus - the driver must have a clear view of the step in order to prevent accidents.
The breadth of every single or stair should be never less than one foot. - Sir H. Wotton
  1. The space passed over by one movement of the foot in walking or running; as, one step is generally about three feet, but may be more or less. Used also figuratively of any kind of progress; as, he improved step by step, or by steps.
To derive two or three general principles of motion from phenomena, and afterwards to tell us how the properties and actions of all corporeal things follow from those manifest principles, would be a very great in philosophy. - Isaac Newton
  1. A small space or distance; as, it is but a .
  2. A print of the foot; a footstep; a footprint; track.
  3. Gait; manner of walking; as, the approach of a man is often known by his step.
  4. Proceeding; measure; action; an act.
The reputation of a man depends on the first steps he makes in the world. - Alexander Pope
Beware of desperate steps. The darkest day, Live till to-morrow, will have passed away. - William Cowper
I have lately taken steps . . . to relieve the old gentleman's distresses. - G. W. Cable
  1. (plural): Walk; passage.
Conduct my steps to find the fatal tree. - John Dryden
  1. (plural): A portable framework of stairs, much used indoors in reaching to a high position
  2. (nautical) In general, a framing in wood or iron which is intended to receive an upright shaft; specif., a block of wood, or a solid platform upon the keelson, supporting the heel of the mast.
  3. (Machines): One of a series of offsets, or parts, resembling the steps of stairs, as one of the series of parts of a cone pulley on which the belt runs
  4. (Machines): A bearing in which the lower extremity of a spindle or a vertical shaft revolves.
  5. (music) The interval between two contiguous degrees of the scale.
Usage note: The word tone is often used as the name of this interval; but there is evident incongruity in using tone for indicating the interval between tones. As the word scale is derived from the Italian scala, a ladder, the intervals may well be called steps.
  1. (Kinematics): A change of position effected by a motion of translation. - W. K. Clifford
verb (step, p, ing)
  1. (intransitive) To move the foot in walking; to advance or recede by raising and moving one of the feet to another resting place, or by moving both feet in succession.
  2. (intransitive) To walk; to go on foot; esp., to walk a little distance; as, to step to one of the neighbors.
  3. (intransitive) To walk slowly, gravely, or resolutely.
Home the swain retreats, His flock before him stepping to the fold. - Thomson?
  1. (intransitive)(figuratively) To move mentally; to go in imagination.
They are stepping almost three thousand years back into the remotest antiquity. - w:Alexander Pope, Alexander Pope
  1. (transitive) To set, as the foot.
  2. (transitive) (nautical) To fix the foot of (a mast) in its step; to erect.
stopping Tweet Definition of stopping Like Definition of stopping on Facebook
verb
  1. (present participle of, stop)
strike Tweet Definition of strike Like Definition of strike on Facebook
noun
  1. (baseball) a status resulting from a batter swinging and missing a pitch, or having a pitch pass over home plate at a height between a batter's shoulders and knees, or hitting a ball into foul territory without being caught
  2. (bowling) the act of knocking down all ten pins in on the first roll of a frame
  3. a work stoppage
  4. a blow or application of physical force against something
  5. (finance) In an option contract, the price at which the holder buys or sells if they choose to exercise the option.
  6. An old English measure of corn equal to the bushel.
Quotations
  • 1882: The sum is also used for the quarter, and the for the bushel. &mdash; James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 207.
    1. (cricket) the status of being the batsman that the bowler is bowling at
verb (strikes, striking, struck, struck or stricken)
  1. To delete or cross out; to scratch or eliminate.
Please the last sentence.
  1. To hit.
Strike the door sharply with your foot and see if it comes loose.
  1. To stop working to achieve better working conditions.
The workers struck for a week before the new contract went through.
  1. (obsolete) To surrender (strike one's colors)
  2. To impress, seem or appear.
Golf has always struck me as a waste of time.
  1. To manufacture, as by stamping.
''We will a medal in your honour
  1. (nautical) To haul down, or lower a mast, a flag or cargo etc
  2. (nautical) To capitulate: to signal a surrender by hauling down the colours.
stringer Tweet Definition of stringer Like Definition of stringer on Facebook
noun
  1. Someone who threads something.
  2. Someone who leads someone along.
  3. A horizontal timber that supports upright posts.
  4. A local freelance reporter for a national or regional newspaper.
  5. (surfing) Wooden strip running lengthwise down the centre of a surfboard, for strength.
Line up the 1/2 template with the (or draw a center line) &mdash; Stephen Pirsch http://www.surfersteve.com/shaping.htm
  1. (baseball, slang) An 1800s baseball term meaning a hard-hit ball.
  2. (fishing) A cord or chain, sometimes with additional loop, loops, that is threaded through the mouth and gills of caught fish.
Janice pulled the bluegill out of the water and added it to her .
strip Tweet Definition of strip Like Definition of strip on Facebook
noun
  1. a long, thin piece of a bigger item
    • You use strips of paper in papier mache.
      1. a series of drawings, a comic
      2. a landing strip
      3. a street with multiple shopping or entertainment possibilities
      4. (fencing) The fencing area, roughly 14 meters by 2 meters.
      5. (UK football) the uniform of a football team, or the same worn by supporters.
verb (strip, p, ing)
  1. (transitive) To remove or take away.
    • Norm will the old varnish before painting the chair.
      1. (transitive) To take off clothing.
      2. (intransitive) To do a striptease.
      3. (transitive) To completely take away, to plunder.
    • The robbers stripped Norm of everything he owned.
      1. (transitive) To remove the threads from a screw or the teeth from a gear.
      2. (transitive) To remove color from hair, cloth, etc. to prepare it to receive new color.
      3. (transitive) (in Bridge) To remove all cards of a particular suit from another player. (See also, strip-squeeze.)

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